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State of the BAROMETER in inches and decimals, and of Farenheit's THBR

MOMETER in the open air, taken in the morning before fun-rise, and at noon ; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from the 31st of December 1787, to the zoth of January 1788, near the fout of Arthur's Seat.

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29.65 29.475



0.03 0.03 0.02


0.08 0.03






Morning, 'Noon. 1787. Dec. 31

36 41 2788. Jan. 1 47

2 45 46
3 32 39
4 37 41

30 35
7 33 40

38 9 34 1ο

IÍ 26

12 42

41 40

15 25 34

17 39 43

44 37


45 21

46 46
22 32 35
23 43 47

48 50


35 42

27 39 44


39 44 30 27 39



Cloudy, Ditto. Raid. Ditto. Ditto. Clear. Cloudy Clear. Rain. Ditto, Clear. Ditto. Ditto, Rain. Clear. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Sleet. Clear. Ditto Sleet. Ditto. Clear. Sleet. Clear. Cloudy. Clear. Ditto. Cloudy, fm. show Clear.


0.01 0.30 0.06



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Total Rain, 1.03

THERMOMETER. Days. 24. 50 greatest height at noon. 15. 25 leaft dicto, morning.

BAROMETER. Days. 30. 30.445. greatest elevation 3. 28.65 Icalt ditto.






BALGONIE CAST L E. ALGONIE, one of the seats of the Earl of Leven, is pleasantly situated on the banks of the river Leven in the county of Fife. It

came into the possession of the family near 200 years ago ; since which time, the apartments on the North and Ealt sides of the Court have been added. There is no account, nor even tradition with respect to the antiquity of the Tower: It is, however, a noble edifice, and one of the most compleae that is to be met with perhaps in any country. It forms an oblong square, of 65 feet by 50; with walls go feet high and 7 feet thick: and the situation is rendered stronger, on account of the building being placed within a Roman entrenchment ; part of which, an angle and two lides, is still remaining. This Castle stands on the top of a bank, about 50 feet above the level of the rivere The Cattle-Green, (a fine field of 10 acres,) a garden of 14 acres inclosed by a wall 12 feet high, with other level grounds, altogether forming a beautiful rich plain of confiderable extent, are planted in a stile much more magnificent than was commonly used in early times.

To the Publisher of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.



OUR Correspondent in your Ma- Mary's firm friends, and adherents to

gazine of September last, now a- her in her greatest troubles. Is there gain in your Magazine of December, not reason from thence to suspect, thac makes his appearance with a new attack their names have been foisted into this on Mr Whitaker, on which, in my turn, paper, which they never saw? But let I send you the few following striétures: us hear the fact, which is this, that the

The bond of association upon Queen above noblemen, and others present in Mary's forced resignation of the Crown, Parliament, “ folemnly protested, at the with the list of subscriptions subjoined “time of voting, that they consentit to to it, “there is the strongest realon to “na hurt of the Queens Majesties perthink, (says Mr Whitaker) has passed “fen, estait roial, nor crown, farther

through the hands of forgery, and “than hir Hieness wald apprieve hir" that forgery has been bufy in enlar. “ self, being at libertie, nor wald voit in

ging its list of subscribers.” See the “ony thing concerning hir Graces hoBond and Lift, Anderson, vol. II, "nor nor lyfe, but planely opponit thamP. 231.

“ selves in the contrare, howbeit thay The two fubfcriptions following “ have caufit infert uther says in thair Murray's are the Earls of Huntly " pretendit actes, and will suffer in na and Argyle; both of those noblemen, “wayes thair clarkis to giff forth the known to be of the number of Queen “ forfaid protestatiouns*. This paper

A 2

. Cat. Lib. Col. Co I. folio 302. Good. II. 169.

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is signed by Lords Boyd, Herris, Li. escape from Lochleven. For this Dovo
vingstone, &c. the Queen's Commis- glas quotes no less than two authori-
fioners 16th O&. 1568; was presentit. ties. First, a MS. in the Advocates
to Queen Elisabeth's Commissioners, Library: and, fecond, Crawford's
and was never contradi&cd." Was Peci age, who quotes a charter of King
Mt Whitaker rash in fufpecting, after James VI. of the lands of Torthorald,
this public proteftation, that many in favour of Michael Lord Carlyle,
names were foisted into this false list, who is there designed, Frater at Hares
without authority, and in defiance of Jacobi Domini Carlyle.
truth? Your Correspondent does not According to both these authors,
chuse to touch upon this point. He James precedes Michael, who suceed-
cautiously gives it a go-by. Let us ed to James as Frater et Hæres in the
now go on to Lord Carleill's subscrip- barony of Tortorald.
tion in the above list: it stands thus ; But, says your Correspondent, this
Michael Lord Carleyll, with my hand charter in favour of Michael

, as bro-
at the pen. Al. Hay, Notarius.-It ther and heir to James, is all imagina-
is to be remarked, that this famous ry; for he has searched the register
bond and lift mentions only the year of charters under the great seal, from
(1567), but has no particular date of the year 1536 to 1588, and he can
the day and month when subscribed, and no such charter as the above.
nor witnesses to the subscriptions. Mi- He must be extremely anxious in,
chael, Lord Carleyll, it appears could deed to settle this important point, if
not write his name. He touched the he thinks it fo ; and therefore I scruple
pen; so we must take Alexander Hay not to give him a little further trouble,
Notarius's own subscription for this. Is as I certainly shall not take it my self.
this noted person's veracity to be de- Crawford is an inaccurate writer, but
pended upon ? niger eft, hunc tu Roma. he is no forger. When be quotes a wri-
ne caveto! He was a most active tool ting in ipfisimis verbis, as he does the
of Murray's. He was clerk to his above, and concerning a family now
fecret council

. He compiled the fa- extinct, where he had no interett to mous act of council asserting the pre- induce him to deceive, I incline to tended letters of the Queen to Both- believe him, as Sir R. Douglas did. well, (which first owed their birth to One mistake, however, he probably that very council) to be fubfcrivit by did make. It is not usual in a charter the Queen, when in their very next to design the grantee as Heir, or by appearance before the Parliament they the degree of consanguinity to his prehad no fubfeription. The famous con- decessor. But when the succession is feffion of N. Hubert, who could nei- taken up by the service or return of an ther write his name, nor probably read inquest, then the degree of relationship write, is signed by this active and use to the predeceffor is particularlymen ful notary. May we nor fuspect every tioned in the retour, or return of the thing that comes from fuch contamina- inquest, on which follows the King's "Ted hands?

precept. Crawford probably, for I Let us now consider Mr Whitaker's only make a conjecture, misquotes the argument:

word carta in place of retornatus. In Michael Lord Carlyle, is a subscriber the Records, the Writing, if worth the to the bond 1567 on Queen Mary's searching for, may poslbly be found, or resignation. On the authority of Sir perhaps nor ; as I believe the records Robert Douglas's Peerage, James of fpeciali retours do not go fo far back Lord Carlyle is mentioned by him as as 1529, the date quoted by Crawford. one of the subscribers to the bond of Your Correspondent' concludes Caffociation in favour of Queen Mary, with an air of triumph on the MS. in the following year 1568, upon her quoted by Douglas containing the


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bond of affociation of the nobility in Earl of Huntly, Hew Earl of Eglinfavours of the Queen in May 1568, ton, David Earl of Crawford. But the laft in the list of which is Carleil. the writer of this copy, probably tiring “ But what may surprise Mr Whitaker, of taking down the christian names, " says he, no christian name is affixed after the above four Peers leaves out to it." The inference from his whole the christian names of all the other paper, he concludes, is, that the authen- Peers, and of Lord Carlyle among the ticity of the public instrument 1567 rest. To decide therefore this quesa remains unshaken. I beg leave to tion, which your Correspondent thinks differ from your Correspondent. Wa- of such importance, he must have reving, for a moment, the invincible ob- course to the original bond and lift in jection to the fubfcriptions of the Earls the paper-office. of Argyle and Hundy, which he has As he concludes his paper with a fuppressed, the fubfeription of the last falutary admonition to Mr Whitaker, bond, simply Carleil, news that it could to take heed on whatiground he stands, Dot be the signature of Michael, who I shall venture, in my turn, to give a could not write his name only two or piece of advice to your Correspondente three months before, when Alexander which is, that,—when he means serie Hay, notary, figned for him. But oufly to consult his adversary, and fupthe MS. of the bond of May 1588 will port his own cause, by establishing the not decide this point, it bears to be on authenticity of the bond and list 1567 ly a copy made from the original bond he will fairly take in the whole arguwhich is in the Paper-office at London, ment; the principal part of which he and the copy plainly appears to be ve- has left out, to wit, the objections ry inaccurate in taking down the fub- of Mr Whitaker to the signatures of scriptions: for example, the lift be the Earls of Huntly and Argyle. gins, Archbald Earl of Argyle, George I am, Sir, &c.

Keith. p. 204.


S in consequence of the labours of quires no proof, because it is plain that cerning Mary Queen of Scots has be- vember would be in bed before ten ir come interesting your readers will learn April. with pleasure, that “in November 1561 The minor is thus proved, “ on the * the went to bed about nine, and there- “ 16th November 1561 Queen Mary "fore in April she would be in bed" was‘not in bed about nine o'clock." «' before ten." Volume iii. p. 334.

Every accurate author writes fyllo- When we have well secured the magistically, although without the pomp jor and the minor points, ergo, muft o and pageantry of fyllogisms.

bey its rulers. The argument, at full length, runs Indeed should it happen, that, at thus :

some given time, between November “ She who goes to bed about nine and April, Queen Mary was not in « in November, would be in bed before 'bed even at midnight; ergo might take "ten in April. -But Queen Mary heart, and say, that major and minor “ went to bed about nine in Novem- put words in her mouth which had ne* ber ;-Ergoshe would be in bed be- ver entered into her imagination, and u fore ten in April."

the might demand a new trial by fylloAs to the major propofition, it re- gifm, I am, &c.



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HIS science, peculiarly English, “ The known hardiness and intres

which, though fashionable, is pidity of these two men will render it Rot yet licensed, and affords an instance needless to say anything in their praise. of the repugnance that may for a time « Gentlemen are desired to come fubfift between the laws and the man- foon, for as this battle has been deferners of a nation, was once as regular red a fortnight, at the particular desire an exhibition, as we now fee at any of of several Noblemen and Gentlemen, the places of publick amusement, the a full

house is early expected. theatres alone excepted. It was en- “ There will be several bye-battles, couraged by the first ranks of the nobi- as usual, particularly one between the lity, patronized by the first subject in noted Buckhorse and Harry Grey, for the realm, and tolerated by the magis- two guineas; and a good day's divere trates. Before the establishment of fion may be depended on. Broughton's amphitheatre, a Booth

Daily Advertiser was ererted at Tottenham Court, in

April 26. 1742. which the proprietor, Mr George Tay. “ At the Great Booth, at Tottenlor, invited the professors of the art to ham-Court, on Wednesday next, the display their fkill, and the publick to - 28th instant, will be a Trial of Manbe present at its exhibition. The brui- hood between the following chamfers then had the reward due to their pions : prowess, in a division of the entrance " Whereas I, William Willis, money, which sometimes was an hun. (commonly known by the name of the dred, or an hundred and fifty pounds. Fighting Quaker) having fought Mr The general mode of sharing was for Smallwood about twelve months fince, two thirds to go to the winning cham. and held him the tightest to it, and pion, while the remaining third was bruised and battered him more than the right of the loser ; thought some- any one he ever encountered, though I times, by an express argreement of the had the ill fortune to be beat by an acparties, the conqueror and the vanquish- cidental fall; the faid Smallwood, ed shared alike: which is to be the flashed with the success blind fortune rule in the approaching fight between then gave him, and the weak attempts Humphreys and Mendoza.

of a few vain Irishmen and boys that We have lately seen in some of the have of late fought him for a minute papers, an Advertisement Extraordi- or two, makes him think himself unnary, as a fatire on the present rage for conquerable : to convince him of the this gymnastick exercise ; but how lit- falfity of which, I invite him to fight tle extraordinary it would have appear. me for ten pounds, at the time and ed about half a century ago, we may place above-mentioned, when I doubt judge from the following advertise. not but I shall prove what I have assertments, which are taken from a news-pa- ed, by pegs, darts, hard blows, falls per of those times.

and ciofs buttocks. November 22, 1742.

WILLIAM WILLIS.” “ This is to acquaint all true lovers I, Thomas Smallwood, known for of manhood, that at the Great Booth, my intrepid manhood and bravery on Tottenham-Court, to morrow, being and off the stage, accept the challenge the 23d instant, it is believed there of this puffing Quaker, and will shew will be one of the most severe Boxing him that he is led by a false spirit, that Matches that has been fought for many means him no other good than that years between

he should be chastised for offering to Richard Hawes Backmaker, and take upon him the arm of Aesh.” THOMAS SMALLWOOD, for sol.



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