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64] Treaty lettoeen G. Britain and the States General. [As p.
ships of war of the attacking powers to enter into any of their ports in said establishment, until peace between the attacking power and the aliy of the contracting party, shall be established; unless the said vessels ih.ill be compel led to take refuge there to avoid perishing or being shipwrecked.
Article VII. ?f it should happen that the two high contracting powers should be equally engaged in war against a common enemy, they reciprocally promise not to disarm but by common consent, and they will confidentially furnish each other with any propositions of peace or of truce that may be made them.
Article VIII. If the high contracting, powers wish to furnish tluir supply of troops in money, it (hall be free for either party to do it, according to a valuation which shall be made in a separate article.
Article IX. The requiring power (hall be obliged, whether the ships, frigates, and troops with which it may be supplied, remain for a long or short time In their ports, to provide whatever may be necessary for them, at the fame price as to their own ships, frigates, or troops. It has been also agreed, that in no. cafe shall the said troops or vessels be at the charge of the requiring party, but they shall nevertheless be at their own disposal during the whole duration of the war in which it shall be engaged.—The succours alluded to shall be entirely regulated according to the orders of the Chiefs who command them, and shall not fe employed separately, nor together, but in concert with the said Chief; as to their operations, they shall be entirely subjected to the orders of the Commander in Chief of the requiring power.
Article X. In the mean time it is agreed that the two powers shall form a Treaty of Commerce, that the subjects of the Republic shall be treated in the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland as the most favoured nation; and the fame shall be observed in the United Provinces towards the subjects of his B. M. It is however to be understood, that this article does not extend to a diminution of the importation duties.
As by the 4th article of the treaty of peace signed in the year 1784, bit B. G. engaged to treat with the Siates General, for the restitution as Negapatam, with its dependencies, in cafe the laid S. M. should have in sutnre any equivalent to offer for it; and as their H. M. have rft. newed their desire of obtaining that iri
the constitution of the United Provinces, according to the resolutions and diplomas of the years 1747 and 1748, by virtue of which the present Stadtholder entered into the possession of those charges in 1766, and has been.reinstated in them in the year 1788, engaging himself to maintain that form of government against all attacks, whether direct or indirect, or of what nature soever.
Article IV. The succours mentioned in the second Article of this Treaty shall consist, on the part of his Britannic Majesty, of 8000 infantry, 2000 cavalry, ix (hips of the line and eight frigates ; and on the part of the States General, in 5000 infantry, toco cavalry, eight (hips of the line and eight frigates, which respective succours shall be provided in two months aster requisition has been made by the party attacked, and shall remain at its disposal, during the whole continuance of the war in which it (hall be engaged; and these succours (whether in (hips, frigates, or troops) shall be paid and kept up by the power supplying them, wherever its ally may chuse they (honld act.
Article V. In cafe the stipulated succours shall not be sufficient for the defence os the requiring power, the required power shall succesiivc.'y augment them, according to the necessities of its allv, it shall assist also with its whole force if circumstances should demand it; but it is expressly agreed in all cases, that the contingent of the States General shall not exceed the valuation of 10,000 infantry, scoo cavalry, 16 ships of the line, and 16 frigates.
Article VI. But as it may happen (conC iering the distance of the possessions of the contracting powers) that the advantages, which should reciprocally result from the conclusion of the present treaty, .may become illusory for the mutual defence of those possessions, before the respective governments could receive orders from Europe. For this purpose, it is stipulated and agreed, that in case one of them shall be hoftilely attacked, whether in Africa or Asia, by an European power, that it shall be enjoined to the Governors of their establishment in those parts of the world, to furnish succour in the most speedy and efficacious manner to the party attacked, or menaced with an attack; and orders to that effect shall be expedited to the said Governors immediately after the conclusion of the said Treaty, and the two high contracting powers shall not permit the
titution, as well as for fixing and determining precisely the sense of the sixth artirle of the same Treaty, concerning the navigation of British subjects in the O-iental Seas. His B. M. in testimony cf las good will to the Republic, is disposed to concur with the views of their H. M. and at the fame time to assure the Kcpuhlic of the new and real advantages of commerce in that part of the world, as soon as an equivalent shall he fixed upon, for which his B- M. will require nothing unfavourable to the interests and reciprocal surety of the twocontracting power* in the Indies j' sand that the aliociations for such arrangements jmay not impede the conclusion of the present Treaty, it is agreed that they shall be settled as soon as possible, and be determined in the space ol six months aster the date of the present Treaty; aud that the convention which shall be made, Ihallhave the sime force as if inserted in the Treaty itself.
Separate Article. In consequence of the eighth article of the Treaty of alliance, the two high contracting powers do aicree, that, in cafe the stipulated succours be supplied in money, they stiall be computed at 100,000 Dutch florins j>er ami. for everv 1000 infantry, and 120,000 of the fame value, for every jecs cavalry per annum, or in the fame proportion by the month.
London, April yo. The city was in general commotion on account of some of the most capital houses in the cotton branch having stopped payment. One of them has stopped for upwards of 400,000!. and it Js said is under acceptances to the amount of i,ooo,cool.; another is 2Co,cool. deficient, and many inferior houses are involved in this unexpected event, which will also extend to Liverpool, Manchester, and many other trading towns.
It is impossible to describe the consternation of the gentlemen concerned in the cotton trade. One house of the first eminence in that branch of business stopped payment for near half a million of money— another of great eminence near Cheap-' Ode—a third in Cheapside, whose extensive connections in Lancashire have occasioned alarm in that part of the coun'try—a fourth in the banking line, a fifth in the fame way. The amount of these declensions is estimated at nearly two millions of money, owing to some late specuhuiona in cotton. Several house., of
inferior note have already stopped—where it will end, time only can determine.
No less than fourteen houses in the cotton and liuen manufactories at Manchester have stopped payment within these three or four days.
The primary cause of the' above disasters was owing to the fame avaricious! principle which ruined a once eminent banker and Hon. Bart, namely, the baneful chance of speculation!
What has accelerated the above catastrophe has been the destructive practice of drawing and re-drawing bills to a great amount, and the vail number cf cotton mills erected, by which the trade has been overdone.
The Seots caliico printer"*, who have been for some time past in a strong contest with those of Manchester, have kep; themselves totally clear from the speculations which have brought on the present insolvency: or at least they have had no connection with the houses who are involved in the embarrassment.
May 1. Came on the St Eustatui* business before the Lords of Appeal.
The whole of the St Eustaiius business appearing to their Lordships one general mass of confusion, it seems but too plainly evident that the whole thereof will never be finished until the great day of jmlgmrnt. They cast great blame upon the irregular, shameful, aud rash proceedings of the agents in particular, as well as the captors. Great neglect is evident in their not transmitting the whole of the papers taken on the island to the Admiralty in England. It seems that what papers were sent, were such mtrrely as might tend to criminate the British subjects concerned: those papers were transmitted from the Admiralty ti> the Secretary of State's Office, where they were devoured by p0Iiti.1l vermin, and not a single vestiye thereof remains to' be found. Lord Cambden professed himself angry whenever the business came across his mind. The goods and merchandise there captured have been sold and confounded, and not even the accounts of the sales are to be found for the purpose of laying before this Honourable Board: their Lordships therefore adjoutned the business until such time that the captors bring forth the accounts of sales, or that the claimants themselves bring such accounts or other effective proofs in their power, thereby to ascertain the amount of the value os such claims as may be liable to a restitution
Ion upon decree. Tlie LordPresidentspoke very ingeniously as to tlie business in general, and said he hid his thoughts \ipon the whale, ac to the fair and to the illicit part in general on both sides the question j and he kept his opinion thereon to himself, and felt himself amazed, that when the matter came before him, all the papers, all the proofs were intirely lost; therefore the belt and only method of coming to the bottom, was lo bring forward the bills of lading and invoices, or copies, if they were to be founds which wan even doubted, as a Vtry large quantity of pipers had been destroyed as well as lost. As to the accounts of, fcles, it may be doubttd whether any was taken, as the captors hastily proceeded irregularly in such sales, the parties concerned being some dead, and others moved to different parts of world. The Board adjourned till to morrow to enter upon the merits of such of the appeals as might lay ready before them. The vacant Prebendary of Norwich fcas been lately given unexpected and unsolicited, bv the Chancellor to the Rev. Mr Potter, of Seaming in Norfolk. This was one of those wayward deeds for which this great man has beer, ever so remarkable.—Mr Potter, it seems, was a schoolfellow of the Chancellor's; since which time, however, they had never any connection cr communication with each other. It is but juilice to fay, that the preferment could no; have been more consistently or more honourably bestowed. Mr Potter is a gentleman of no mean attainments; he has translated Eschylus, Euripides, and Sopbecles; the first of which obtained him an ample share of reputation and of money.—His Sophocles is but just published; and has not yet passed under the examination of the critics.
The BlacUettero mania, which raged so furiously in the course of last Spring at the sale os Dr Wright's Books, has broke out with still greater violence at the present auction ot Major Pearson's Library. This assertion may be countenanced by the following examples:
Wehi;e's Discourse of English Poetrie.
Bought by Mr Steevens, versus Mr
Malone, for 31. $ s. od. Andrew Bordc's Book. Bv the Rev.
Mr Brand, versus Lord Charleinoi.t,
41. 15 s. od. Paradise of Dainty Devises, &c. By Mr
Steevens, versus Malone, 9!. ros. 6d.' tngland'j Helicon, by ditto, versus ditta
j 1. IOS,
Greene's Tracts. By Mr Malone, versus Mr Mason., ^. e $. Stephen Hawes's Temple of Glasse. By
Steevens, versus Mr Malone. 31, jti. Stephen Hawes's Compendious Story,
«c. By Mr Mason, versus Mr Malone.
7I. ros. Skelton's Garland. By the Rev. Mr
Brand, versus the Kirte. 71. 17s. 6d. Taylor's (the Water Poet's Tracts.) Us
Mr Mason, versos Mr Malone. 3}. 10. Watson's Sonnets, Sic. By Mr Steevenr,
versus Mr Malone. 41. 5s. Collection of Old Ballads. By thr Kin«r,
versus Mess. Arnold and Rrtson. 41 i.
May 1. The H. of Com. in a Cimmittee of Supply, came to the Joliov.:;.; . resolutions, viz.
That it is the opinion of tnis commit- . tee, that a sum not exceeding 63,671!. r8s.ad.be granted to his Majesty to mske good the deficicnccs of the year
4,? iol. r is. to make good the like sum to the American Loyalists.
jcool. for losses to persons, on account of the cession of the province of Eact Florida.
ant I. os. 6d to Thomas Cotton.
60,4901. 4s. to the fame person for defraying allowances to American civil officers.
_ 14,2341. 8s for present relief to American sofferers.
19821. iis id. for Bills drawn os ac* count of the Establishment of new South Wales.
25 ,ocol. for the buildings Carrying on at Somerset place.
813I. 13s. 6d. to the Clerk os the Commissioners of Fees.
45331.6 s. 6d. for maintaining coo* Victs at Plymouth.
600I. to the Secretary of Commrffiocera of Publick Accounts. , •
rcool. to the Secretary of woods ans! forests.
30,0831. los. 8$d. for mamtamhjgi cloathing, &c. the convicts employed cm the river Thames.
The Managers of the Impeachment have not hitherto been remarkably ssjrt oessfui in their examination of evidence.* Between want of recoUecrion, and waaf of—something else, we know not wha#: all supericlvws of horror have dwindled to common words.
Though the present State pitrfeesjtisss* was long knovi-u in India before the U»«
ifpitches left that country, yet not a .ig-te Fact haa ar.-ived to support the barges: on the contrary, we have good arhority For believing that the only adices relative to that matter militate rongly on the other side. What a tough iecc us work tint null mike for the :. r. 11 Jj t rs!
The New GuiJe to P.xamwafianst As the Witness states, he knows no iart whatever of i certain transaction, i-ill he inform uj, if he it acquainted pith any other transaction that may have i.inpencd in his own time, or that of hit ;randfather—or the grandfather of any >tber person?
Does the Witness conceive, what a
3oii>-Begum, who may have lust her inr
H-.-cts, may think about an abstruse tran
aclion at Batpni-Bay' And if not, can
i«- sav, in point os fact, what Sir Isaac
great Flood } And if not, what will he as immediately ill point—whether he Cied any tears upon that occasion'? Out" reason for asking this question, is to elucidate more strongly, the manner in which animal] may be tatted in tIJs country.
The Witness nates, "that as circumstances have happened long ago, liie wishes to refresh bil memory.'" We beg leave to aft the Witness>1--whether that is the refreshment he liken best i
The Hvidence declares, " That as he has never been in the country; that as he knows no part of the transactions, and has no acquaintance or knowledge of the defendant, he is not qualified to speak upon the subject." To this opinion we beg leave to signify our Distent —as ignorant, abotninable,prevaricating, monstrous, and wicked, and directly contrary to ear mode cfproceeding. Does not the Witness think, that a man Mcwton would have said to Mrs Wcils's of a high cast in Religion being banged ftnitationif for Forgery is a very extraordinary pro
As the Evidence has declared, that he ceediug? Very injurious to the Judge,
irver took ioo,obol. unjustly, will he jvour us with an account of all his plicate fortune? Has his Wife any jointure.' Is Hie a good woman? What is his own pinion of her, and what think other gentlemen on that subject?
In point of composition—what does he Evidence think of an affidavit? And Joes he imagine serioully upon his oath, fuat Homer ever made an affidavit? And ,f lb; what must be his opinion of a judge s/ho receives one.'
Can he fay, that the Nabob of Arcot '1:inks aoco Women a fittlc too much? *ind tif so, we desire to know, whether he ever had a Mama? or whether the Princess of Oude now knows, or has any ronception, of what some people arc ioinr?
A* the Evidence declares that, in his
and somewhat disgraceful to the man
questions, we beg he may be made to db so; and if that cannot be done, we beg ipinion, a Commander of* Country ought leave most solemnly to know—what we o be a Creat Man, can he positively as- must do ourselves* .''i—r 'I
rertsin the precise height of the Governor _, '- i,v. .
General? ; - :• • ■ ExtraSof a Letter from Gibraltar,
The Evidence has stated, that he ha* ^artb 3*-'
fndca.vc4srfti to serve his country to the "All communication .between this
»est of Ki« abilities; that ,he has injured place and the territories of the Empcrctr
sis health in that service; that the emo- of Morocco is at an end. No English
laments he has received have been trif
Bish to aft him what he thinks of harig-
ship js now admitted into his ports,: nor are the English allowed to carry merchandize or letters by land. The Emperor has made a demand of the Court •of England of 10,000 barrels of gunpowder, requiring likewise that they send this as a present from him to the Porte.
estroytd at the time of the The following is !i copy of. the curious
letter he sent to afl tri« Consuls at Tangier*, on the 8th instant:
"In the name ot God! To all the Consuls: Peace to him who followeth the right way. • •'
"Know ye, that for these thirty years, ■xre have observtd the conduct of the English, and studied their character; we have always found that they nnrr keep tbeir lutri We never rnuhl dive into their character, because they have no other than that of telling lies. We are
Ordnance - . 419.ee a
Kxpence of maintaining convicts ,-,4,009
Repayments on iddressr3, tec. 4*,cco Civil Establishments in America, together with the expense of Somerset house, African forts, &c. 90,000 Deficiency of grants , iu the year
Estimated deficiency of land and malt 300,000
acquainted with the character of other Kxpence osthe armament 311,000
Christian nations: we know that they keep their word; but a nation like the English, of which there is no knowing the character, who know not how to keep their word, and who only can tell lies, does not deserve that we should speak or write any thing to them; for, according to our religion, a lie is the most abominable of all vices. Their Ambassador Curtis, told us that he had orders from •his Court that the (hips huilt ou our stocks and which we were to lcudto Gibraltar, steroid be there completely refitted. In consequence of which, we sent those ships to Gibraltar, provided with every thing necessary, ana with money j but he sent back our ships, and nothing was done to them : but what offends us most is, that lie even sends Kick the ships which we had sent to conduct them to our brother :the Sultan Abdulhamed, whom God preserve. After this, it is not necessary to add more.—On the 17th of the moon Jumadilala of tlieyear 1702—that is-Teb, 95, I7»8."
A summary and accurate Refnpitidation osthe Heads of the Budget. May 5. Mr Pitt first stated the several articles of supplv, which had been voted for the service of the current year, and which consisted of the following heads-, •viz.
JJavy—18,000 scamea, £. 9-,6,000 ••'■ Ordinary - 700,000
Extraordinary - 600,000
1 Making a total of 2,136,000
Army—Guards and garrisons, plantations, and Gibraltar, half-pay ts the British and American forces,
• to the amount of 2:8,00c!.—
making a total for the army of
• pages from the traops abroad fqf - ,
«'• -.--»*»' , ""-~
- &* .-,./ -■..
Amounting in the whole to£.5,779.363 TU.it a farther sum has been voted to pay of?E«;<-heiiucr bill", and for deficiencies of several funds, tothe r tli of April 1787, which latter vriil never occur again, in consequence osthe consolidation act, but at both these sums (to the amount of 6,078,000!.) are taken on both sides of the account, he omitted them for the fake of perspicuity.
Ways and Means.
Mr Pitt then stated, that, in order* defray these expenecs, Parliament lai already voted land aud malt 2,750*009
That he shook! propose to the Crsimittec to vote a further sum, to be taken as the growing produce of the consolidated fund, between this and the 5th day of April 1780 I.&45.0C9
Imprest monies, to be repaid in the course of the year 200,000
Army savings ot the rear 17S6 200,00
And 1 further sum to be repaid by the India Company, on acconnt of troops, and victualing the fleet in the East Indies coo.r;
Premium on the lottery *5~ifx
Stoppages from the troops for ptovisipns '. I... - -,.» 9 *IiOC'
Exchequer bills, and the stun voted
Mr Pitt stated, that the extra expert of the Navy, Army, and Oidnancf, '•• gethcr with~rh« accidental exyeOct ircurred by the preparation foe wat^aion account of his Roysl Highness t:: . Prineeof Wales, exceeds wiat ru-' • fairly he estimated, at the £ea£c ex|
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