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TURKISH ff'AR.
Conjiaiitimplr.

TH E Divan have published a most violent manifesto against the Court tif Vienna, of which all the foreign ministers residing here have received a Copy.

The complaints against Russia since the treaty ot Kainafdgt, particularly the hostile invasion of the Crimea, even at the moment when the Russian Minister was pressing for tlit conclusion of a treaty of commerce advantageous to hk court;

Carrying 800 officers and ' seamen j 6 ttF 90, 650; 4 of 80, 600; 11 of 74, 500; » of 64, 4*0.

148 sail of frigates, sloops, and transports, containing 7 battalions of foot, 2 of grenadiers, 2 of chasseurs, 1 of coraques with Jooo horses, 7 of marines.

25 victuallers and hospital ships, mounting 1194 cannons, frigates and transports included, and 28,000 soldiers and seamen.

It is difficult to judge with any preci

the defection of Prince H.Tatlius; the sion from the foreign Gazettes, as trV asylum afforded to Mauro Cordato, Hos- the state of the Russian army; but we

podar of Moldavia, in manifest violation of the last treaty, are the motives by which the Porte justifies her declaration of war against that power. With regard to the House ot Austria, the Porte lets forth, that for these fifty years past Die has carcfullv cultivated peace with Mie Court of Vienna, notwithstanding the favourable opportunities that she might have taken advantage of to recover her former influence in Hungary, particularly in the unfortunate times which followed the death of Charles the Sixth, and during the war of 1756. The Porte then enumerates the different sacrifices she has made; such as the cession of the Buckowina. which was de

ne assured, that it is in a state of the greatest distress in every respect—the troops are mutinous for want of pay, and the army is ill served with provisions. We haveeven authority to sey^ that the Empress is so heartily tired with the war for want of the proper necefseries to carry it on, that a negociatioii is now on foot for France to become the Mediator for putting an end to it.

The Germans are a kind of Psalmfinging Soldiery, flow in attack ana heavy. The Turks impetuous, irregu-i lair, and savage.—At the time they besieged Vienna, the Imperialists were worsted in every rencounter with them: and it is clear, that the relief of that city

mantled by force, and against all right, was accomplished by the Pol'li Horse

as an unfortunate moment; the rrfpon fibility with regard to the Barbary powers, although the Court of Vienna had, till that time, always been herself in treaty -with those regencies as free and iodrpe-mlent states^ la short, the Porte /ets forth, that flic hath opened her ports and her rivers to the trade of Austria, without exacting any equivalent, and all this not from weakness, but for the love of peace. The Porte concludes her manifesto with calling all the powers of Europe to witness the justice of her cause, setting forth, at the sime time, that though her present fituaion is truly critical, yet it is not above tier force3.

The fallowing: is an exact lift of the Ruffian fleet destined for the Streights, index Admiral Greig :— »6 Ships of the line, viz. 3, of 190 guns, Affsd.volvij.no4i. H

under the direction and Generalship ok* John Sobie/ki.

Vienna, April 18. The supplement to our Gazette of the 16th of this month, contains accounts of several skirmishes^ that have taken place in Transylvania. from the 19th to the 31st of March. It thence appears, that the Turks, upon, the whole, evinced extraordinary alacrity in attacking some of our posts, though they were repulsed with considerable loss on their side, and Very little on ours. In Croatia they evinced no less activity.

Vienna, April 30. On the 18th instant, the Emperor arrived at Klerislt, a frontier fortress opposite to Schabatz, before which the Austrians were drawn up preparatory to the siege of it. - Ou the night of the 23d, the approaches being made, the batteries were railed, and his Imperial Majesty arrived at the

camp

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cauip the next morning at day-break, soon after which the batteries were opme<l ; but the Emperor perceiving that the fide next the river was.the moll convenient for a general assault, a detachment of the Free-corps of Servia, and the Riflemen of the regiment of l\t*Pwaradin, were ordered to advance, covered by the regiment of Eiterhazy. This attack proved successful, the enemy being soon obliged to retire to the Citadel, when the Kmperor, desirous to spare the effusion of human blood, and touched with compamon for the women and children, ordered the garrison to be summoned to surrender, which they did immediately at discretion, and were declared prisoners of war; but, in consideration of the brave defence they had made, his Imperial Majesty permitted their wives and children to retire, with their effects, to Zwornick.

The garrison consisted os the Aga of the Janissaries, Mahomed, Command *in Chief, and several other Agas, with fifteenother Officers, and about 800 men, horse and foot. There were found in the fort seventeen pieces of cannon of different sizes, and twenty pair of colours.

If the Turks should triumph, what must historians fay of the man who marched to meet the late King of Prussia, and inarched back again ?—who shut up the Scheld and opened it ?—who bullied the Dutch and coaxed them .'—what can they fay, but that Joseph was a man, aud a very common mao too.

HOLLAND.

The Prussian troops on the 29th of April evacuated the post they held at Amsterdam since the month of October, and begin their march in conjunction with other troops that lud been posted in the environs of that city, towards their own country.

FRANCR.

A small publication is circulating ii» Paris, among the friends of Comte Czgfiostro, and the opposing Parliaments, which is Oiled "The memorial which '* the Right Honourable Lord George «' Gordon has written in the prison of "Newgate, and distributed among the "friends of Liberty in France, to call "the general attention to the peculiar '* circumstances of the present situation "of their affairs." It sets forth, in the manner of a remonstrance, the continued persecution, troubles, abuse, and misrepresentation he had experienced from the servants and E^clesustics ot' different

Courts in Europe from the rear i-jn,when he was elected Pr.'fidcnt of the Protestant Associations—;he consequences of that public situation, maintain'-d for so long a period—the manner in which he had constantly exerted the Influence acquired by such perseverance—the notions he entertains of the discontents and commotions now existing in Fiance, and the origin to whuh they might be traced—the calamities likely tu be drawn upon the people of many governments by the warlike negociarions of nation against nation now earning on throughout Europe, in consequence of the Empress of Russia's breach of the peace—the complaint he makes of bekg prosecuted by the Court of Versailles, and hir. desire for peace and quietness on just and righteous grounds—the reafots for the bad terms on which it has been his misfortune to stand with all the different Ministers at St. James's from the year 1779, to the present hour—the origin of the presecutioa he had experienced from the Court of France, not being publicly known, and it having hitherto been attributed to his disapprobation ut the late commercial incorporating treaty, and some publications in a news-pap<.r in favour of CointeCugliostro and Priuce Louis de Rohan, and other Princes and, Nobles who suffer in the Bastile, ar.d in exile.—The memorial attributes the origin of the resentment of the Cabirset of Versailles against him to a transaction relating to the United Sates of America— the motives he assigns for seeking tl at repose in Amsterdam which was denied to him in London—the conduct of the Marquis de Verac, the French Ambassador, upon tbe supposition that Lord George Gordon was come to Amsterdam on purpose to favour t!ie Prince of Orange's cause in the provinces—hi» return to England, and doing everv thing that an honest man could do (as his noble relations can testify) to be reconciled in righteousness to persons in high offices, but w ithout effect—his being dragged from retirement and privacy, where l.e was secreted and not known, to his present confinement, among thieves and murderers, in Newgate, to the great injury of his own health, and the disgrace of his noble family. The memorial closes with his determination not to murmur against the Almighty in his affii-tions, declaring the law of God to be in his heart, and praying for deliverance for himself and his friends. It seems to Lave been written soon aster his confine

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nciit in Newgate, as it breathes a fpirjf ot )i':mi!;at:cn i'uit<d to the ill health he suffered Irom being pursued from place to p!ace, and shifted trom prison to prison hi tie depth or winter. The novelty and 1'iirprizc ot a printed publication from Newgate circulating in Paris, naturally excites the curiosity of the French reader. Several copies arc in the hands of Lord George's friends in London, and one was sent to the Attorney General for •he information of his Majesty's Council.

Paris. On the 18th April died George Le Cl-'rk, Count de BuiTon, Lord of Mootbart, Marquis of Rougemont, Viscount of Quincy, Intendant of the King's gardens, and cabinets of natural history, member of the Frencii Academy of Sciences; Fellow of the Koyal Society of London, and ofthe Royal and Literary Societies of Merlin, Petersburgli, Bologna, Florence, Edinburgh, Philadelphia, Dijon, Ac. He was one of the most elegant writers in France, in point of style; a man of uncommon genius, and surprising eloquence: the most astonifhiiig interpreter of nature that perhaps ever existed. He 'might have said, Je ne don qu a moijeul route ma rtnmunte. Posterity will certainly place him amongst the greatest men that have adorned Louis the XlVth's age. He was buried at St Med.ird,

To some new and spirits A remonstrances published by the the Parliament of Paris, his Majesty sent the following auswer on the 19th of April:

"1 have read your remonstrances, and it is my wish to answer them with such precision, that you may no longer doubt of my int< ntions, nor again attempt to thwart them. It was quite unnecessary to speak to me of the prescription of registering, or the liberty of suffrages. When I come to my Parliament, it is with a view to be present at the debates naturally resulting from examining the law I purpose to enact; and to deletmine upon having it registered after a proper discussion, which mav throw new lights upon the matter in question. This is what I did the 19th of November last; I heard every member's opinion, but when I am not present at your deliberations, then the majority alone can acquaint me with the result of then). When I am present, I am the only proper judge; for if the majority of voices in my courts were to force my will, monarchy would than become an aristocracy, mute contrary to the rights and interests •f the nation, and to those of sovereignty.

It would be a ftrarge constitution indeed ■to reduce the King's will and amhority to an equality with the opinion of one of his oflicers! Such a form of Government would introduce as many different ways of thinking, as there should be different deliberations in the divers Courts of justice in a kingdom. I must certainly, gentlemen, prevent such a ^misfortune befalling the nation. The 19th cf November every thing was transacted in a legal way. The deliberation was comp'eat, since all your opinions were heard. The votes were not told because I was present, and the majority of voices must never be apparent, when it has not a right to preponderate. Whenever 1 come; to hold a sitting in my Parliament, on a subject of administration or legislation, there must be an Arret, and it is his majesty that ordered it to be pronounces'. The arms or resolutions of my Parliament were therefore highly reprehensible, and I order you again never to publish any tiling of the hind for the future. It is not my intention to alter your register books or your resolutions, but to rectify them, and expunge an error, which I am willing to impute to an unguarded moment of supriL', or to a peremptory illusion. How many laws may you find extremely useful and salutary to the nation, and which are daily approved of by your Judgments that are entirely derived from the Monarch's authority, who had them registered, not ouly without any regard to the majority of voices, but even against that majority, and in spite of the reluctance and resistance of all the Parliaments? These are the principles that ought to regulate your conduct; and I shall never suffer them' to be, in the smallest degree, infringed.

ai. The recalling of the Duke of Orleans, who has been here last Wednesday, diffused an undescribable joy among every class of individuals. His first visit, after his return, was to his Majesty at Versailles. Not the least disturbance in the streets adjacent to the Palais Royal has happened. Proper care had been taken, perhaps, for maintaining order; or, the people tired with unsuccessful expectations two or three times, gave no credit to the report of his Highness being recalled.

Tiie Parliament of Paris may be said to be annihilated, as its functions art: abridged, and some of them transferred to a Court which had, many years since, fallen into disuse, but is now revived and re-established. At his bed of justice, hefd

Flag of a Britilh Vessel lo-wertd to a. French Frigtrtc. { Am.

ged the Court to point out the obnoxious member*, on piin of being guilty of high treason. The members tJicn requested to deliver themselves up ; and M. tl'F.spreincml, alter making an affecting speech to the Court, which wu heard with profound attention, v as Conducted to the state-prison of the island «..!' St Marguerite, and M. de Mosambcrt to that us Pierre Enrife.

The members ot' the Parliament have individually protested against raktnp a feat in the new Cour Piemen, and several Peers have written to his Majesty that they have cf me to the tame resolution,

. BJST INDIES.

Extras of a letter from a Gentleman m board tb> Oftrrly, Wamfou, Chirjt, •sVa*. 30. 1787, brought ovtr by tot Wytombe East hidiaman.

<' We met with a very extraordinary circumstance in the Chinese Seas, which may afford some news to Mr. Sargenunt and Mr Birch especially as matter of conversation among gentlemen concerned in our shipping. A large ship appeared ra sight one morning, Sept U, (in lat. Jo, N. longit. about no E.) which spoke US about noon, under French colours ; flic appeared a ;i gun frigate. Jio-bcdy could understand a word they (aid. She pasted os very fast, and at some little distance ahead began to runout her pxn% and make every warlike preparation. We saw on her stern written La Calypso: —We were much astonished: had various, conjectures; the most prevailing opinion was, that me was a pirate. The Captain and Officers gave orders instantly to prepare our ship tor defence; notwith* standing all our guns were in the hold, except ten, and a great deal of lumber on the gun-deck, yet every thing was cleared with the utmost alacrity; the ttn guns loaded, matches lighted, every man at bis quarter all silent, not the least thing on deck in the way. In this state we watted the event, while the seemhig enemy was l*aring down upon us in a very formidable manner; her top* manned, netting stuffed with hammocks, j» guns run out; tompions. taken out, and crowded with men at all quarters. We kept on under easy sail, expecting every moment thev would fire into us. They haii» ed us again j but still we could barely perceive it was French. We have a Frenchnnn among our crew, and the Captain's Cook is a foreigner, who speak; that language. We coujd just auie on, that.

at Versailles .the igth instant, the King published an edict founded on this princi'pie—" That in a great kingdom, there should be only one King, one system of laws, and one Court lor registering and enrolling the laws which extend lo the kingdom at large." Py this edict, then, the rijjht of registering or enrolling the edicts presented in the King's pame,~rbr the general government of the kingdom at large, is for ever taken from the provincial Parliaments, aud vested in a Court (which is now restored) formerly known by the name of La Cour Pleniere, or the Plenary or Supreme Court.

The new edict fixes and ascertains the Vnundaries. of jurisdiction assigned by the King to the Cour PUniere, and to the

■ provincial Parliaments. From the former alone can remonstrances in future

■ be made to the King, relative to the registering and enrolbng of edicts; but the latter may address remonstrances on this subject to this Supreme Court, who are to judge and determine whether or not they shall be carried up to the Throne. J5ut with respect to edicts affecting only

• part*, and not the whole of the kingdom, the provincial Parliament, to whose department such edicts shall refer, may carry their remonstrances directly, and not circuitoufly, to the King.

Such alterations in the civil and criminal codes have been made by his Majesty at his late bed of justice, as are likely to simplify all law proceedings in as great a degree as the restoration of the Cour Pleniere seems calculated for giving activity and energy to the administration of public affairs.

Twelve Peers sent a strong protest to the French Monarch on the subject of arresting, in the Court of Parliament, two of the members of that body. The King refused to receive the deputation, and immediately ordered a regiment of guards to surround the palace, and not to suffer any person to depart thence, Shortly after, M. Degout, commander of a regiment, entered the room where the Parliament was sitting, and, in the. King's name, demanded the two members whom his Majesty had ordered to be arrested, but who had escaped, to be delivered up to him. After a silence of some minutes, the President said, that every person present was a d'Efpremeuil

?md a Mosambert. This declaration was rudly applauded by the whole Court, On this the officer retired for frefli in. fiructions, i and when he returned, char

.Ar*.3 Treaty Ba-saeai G. Britain and t!ie Sates General.

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she wai a King's ihip, and seme intelligible words, among which were " repecte."—Capt. Clarkfon desired the rop

fallant fails tj be lowered, on which the renchman made (nil, and in an hour ■was out of" sight. We could ha*d>y understand, at last, that it was that Homage he wanted. It was very evident, however, it was se. Out men, with true British spirits, were fo eager to commence action, notwithstanding the vast inferiority of force, that an accident had like to lave happened from their ardour. 1 have teen more particular on this article, as it has made so much stir at Canton, that there is no doubt it will be a subject of much conversation in England. It was a national insult.—Captain C *■■

has been unjustly blamed by some her* foi not righting; but I assure yuu it was tiot want of courage. Nothing could be more cool, yet lp rited, than the Officer*, in preparing the ihip for an engagement, if ntceslary. Under the idea of a pirate, the scene was not a little awful; our spree could not have withstood them.

"If any thing should appear in the public prints about it before we arrive, prejudicial to our Captain, pray beg Mr Birch to insert something in contradiction. We found the ship lying at Macao when we arrived there. Some say the commander is a French Chevalier, Commodore of four French men of war at Macao; that he said he was drunk at the time he came up with us, or he siiould oot have behaved ib."

The conduct ofthe Captain, who thus suffered his flag to be lowered to a French frigate, may be justifiable, as he acted from the necessity of the moment; but it is equally certain that the conduct of the French Captain deserves a very severe remonstrance from our Court to that of Versailles.

By a letter from Calcutta, dated the latter end of December, we are informed, That Lord Cormvallis had arrived there on the 10th of November, after a tour of between four and five months, in which he went through all the provinces, and made many reformations, though his report is upon the whole very favourable to the general state of the country. A journal of his proceedings has been sent over to Government, and much approved of.

ENGLAND.

freaty as Defensive Alliance between bis Majesty the King es Great Britain.* and

tbeir Noble and High Mightrnejses tit States General.

THE natural and sincere friendship which has subsisted for so long a time between his Majesty the Kinsj of Great Britain and their High Mightinesses, having received fresh force and increase by the interest which his Britannic Majesty has recently manifested for the conservation of the independence of the Republic, and of the constitution as by law established, His said Majesty and their High Mightinesses have resolved, in order to cement in th; most sohd and durable manner, harmony, confidence, and intercousc between them, to form Permanent engagements by a treaty of defensive alliance lor the good of both parties, and for the iriainteivanee of Uieic ?*neral and separate tranquillity. To ulfll this salutary end, his Majesty the King of Great Britain has named and authorized Sir James Harris, hisJAmbas. sador Extraordinary to the States General; and their High Mightinesses the States General of the United Provinces, have named and authorized M. Vandcc Spiegel, Great Pensionary of Holland.

The above-named, after having communicated their full powers in due fofm, and after having conferred with each o» thcr, agreed to the following Articles.

Article I. There (hall be a sincere amity and union, firm and constant, between his Britannic Majesty, his heirs and sue. cessors, and the above-mentioned States General; so that the high contracting powers shall direct the greatest attention to maintain between them their States and subjects, that friendship and reciprocal intercourse; and they engage to contribute, as much as in their power, to preserve and defend each other mutually in peace and tranquillity.

Article II. In cale one ofthe contracting powers shall be hostilcly attacked by any European power in any part of the world, the other contracting power engages to succour its ally as well by sea as by land, lo gaurantee and maintain each other mutually in possession of all their estates, domains, towns, places, franchises and liberties, belonging to them respectively, before the hostilities commenced. . ,

Article III. His Britannic Majesty guarantees in the most efficacious manner, the hereditary Stadtholdership ot' each Province in the Serene House of Orange, with all its charges and prerogatives, is forming an essential part of

the

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