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The report of the murder soon house, when he knew that, in the short reached to Portlaw. Rogers and his footway to Carrick, they must necefwife went to the place, and instantly sarily pass by the green spot in the knew the body of him whom they had mountain which had appeared in hiş in rain endeavoured to diffuade from dream. A number of witnesses came going on with his treacherous' compa- forward; aod the proofs were so strong, nion. They at once spoke out their that the jury, without hesitation, found fufpicions that the murder was perpe. the pannel guilty. It was remarked, trated by the fellow-traveller of the as a singularity, that he happened to deceased. An immediate search was be tried and sentenced by his namemade, and Caulfield was apprehended fake, Sir George Caulfield, at that at Waterford the second day after. time Lord Chief Justice of the King's He was brought to trial at the ensu- Bench, which office he resigned in the ing allizes, and convicted of the fact. Summer of the year 1760. It appeared on the trial, amongst other After fentence, Caulfield confeffed circumstances, that when he arrived the fact. It came out, that Hickey at Carrick, he hired a horse, and a had been in the West Indies two-andboy to conduct him, not by the usual twenty years ; but falling into a bad road, but by that which runs on the state of health, he was returning to North side of the river Suir, to Wa- his native country, -Ireland, bringing terford, intending to take his passage with him some money his industry had in the first ship from thence to New- acquired. The vessel on board which foundland. The boy took notice of he took his passage was, by stress of fome blood on his shirt, and Caulfield weather, driven into Minehead. He gave him half a crown to promise not there met with Frederic Caulfield, an to speak of it. Rogers proved, not Irish failor, who was poor, and much only that Hickey was seen last in disresed for clothes and common company with Caulfield, but that a necessaries. Hickey, compassionating pair of new shoes which Hickey wore his poverty, and finding he was bis bad been found on the feet of Caul- countryman, relieved his wants, and field when he was apprehended; and an intimacy commenced between them. that a pair of old shoes which he had They agreed to go to Ireland togeon at Rogers's house were upon Hick- ther; and it was remarked on their ey's feet when the body was found. pafiage, that Caulfield fjoke contempHe described with great exa&tness tuoully, and often said, it was a pity every article of their cloaihes. Caul. such a puny fellow as Hickey should field, on the cross-examination, shrewd- have money, and he himself be withly a ked him from the dock, Whether out a fhilling. They landed at Wait was not very extraordinary that he, terford, at which place they stayed who kept a public-house, should take fome days, Caulfeld being all the time such particular notice of the dress of supported by Hickey, who bought a stranger, accidentally calling there there fome clothes for him. The ar Rogers, in his answer, said, he had a sizes being held in the town during very particular reason, but was alha- that time, it was afterwards recollecmed to mention it. The court and ted that they were both at the Courtprisoner insisting on his declaring it, louse, and attended the whole of a he gave a circumstantial narrative of trial of a shoemaker, who was convic: his dream, called upon Mr Browne, ted of the murder of his wife.' Buç the prielt, then in the court, to cor- this made no impression on the harroborate bis testimony; and said, that dened mind of Caulfield ; for the vehis wife had severely reproached him ry next day he perpetrated the fame for permitting Hickey to leave their crime on the road betwixt Waterford
and Carrick-on-Suir, near which town which, though in general not a road Hickey's relations lived.
much frequented, yet people at that He walked to the gallows with firm time continually coming in sight prestep, and undaunted countenance. He vented him. spoke to the multitude whe surround- Being frustrated in all his schemesa ed him; and, in the course of his ad- the sudden and total disappointment dress, mentioned that he had been threw him, probably, into an indifferbred at a charter-school, from which ence for life. Some tempers are so he was taken, as an apprenticed fer- stubborn and rugged, that nothing can vant, by William Izod, Esq; of the affect them but immediate sensation. county of Kilkenny. From this sta- If this be united to the darkest ignotion he ran away on being corrected rance, death to such characters will for some faults, and had been absent hardly seem terrible, because they can from Ireland six years.--He confef- form no conception of what it is, and sed also, that he had several times in- still less of the consequences that may tended to murder Hickey on the road follow. between Waterford and Portlaw;
Supposed Blemishes in the late King of Pruffia's Character - ?
his late Majesty of Prussia, Fre, in his turn, was promoted in rank. derick the Great, and the splendour of The Baron occasionally used to visit his reign, will probably, in all future Prussia, to take care of his estate and ages, command admiration. If to family affairs. At the commencement this he possessed the amiable qualities of the late war he was made prisoner ; of the private station, as it is now said he had not thought it honourable to he did in an eminent degree, it will throw up his commission, after being altogether form such a character as permitted so long to enjoy the advansages and philosophers will comtemp- tage of the service. The King of Jate on with delight : fome blemishes Prussia imprisoned him in a close narin his condu& may no doubt be found, row dungeon, almost entirely darka as nothing human can be perfect; but He was chained to a seat in such a many circumstances, however, may manner that, though he might stand appear to deserve blame from being up, he could never lie down. He re. misrepresented, or the motives misun- mained in this situation for years, till derstood. It is on this account that the end of the war, when that excel. I mean to state three instances of his lent princess, the late Empress Queen, conduct, in hopes that some person, made it a fine qua non, a first point, besuitably qualified, will be so obliging fore she would hear of a treaty, that as to correct them where they ihall Baron Trenck should be set at liberty, appear false or exaggerated, and, by and sent to her. The Baron, during explaining his motives, extenuate the his captivity, composed a poem, and, fault.
for want of ink, wrote it in his blood, Baron Trenck was born in Prullia; having contrived to get a quill and but, by some chance, was brought, some scrap of paper. This poem is when a boy, to Vienna ; there educa- published, and tranflated from the ted; and, when of proper age, had a German into French. It has been commiffion given him in the
Imperial furmised, that when he used to visit army. Being a man of respectable con- his estates, he acted as a spy, and
brought intelligence to Vienna. This him, and ingratiating themselves by certainly would have been dishonouracts of kindness. They then took the able and ungrateful in the highest de- proper opportunity to kidnap him; and gree; and, if true, was probably the having money at command, as soon cause of the King's resentment: but as they got him out of the Venetian he should have either had the Ba- territory there was little difficulty in ron tried, and sentenced to death, transporting him through the states of or fet him adrift, and forfeited the Germany to Berlin. He was then éftate.
thrown into a narrow dark dungeon The next instance is so atrocious, at Spandaw, chained in a posture that that it is impossible to conceive how held his body doubled, his breast al. a hero and philosopher, and of so noble most touching his knees, so that he a mind, could have been capable of could never lie or stretch himself. such conduct. A great lady took a The effects of nature not removed, fancy to a poor young Italian, an o- overspread with vermin, he languished pera-dancer. She sent him a mef- in this condition eleven months; when sage, and an intrigue was the conse- the general deliverer, the universal quence. No irregular commerce could benefactor, the friendly hand of Death, long escape the vigilance of Frederick. released him from tyranny and the The discovery, however, was not so extreme of misery. If this story be sudden but that the young Italian had as represented, no terms of cenfure means to avoid the danger, and fly can be too severe. That the criminal
His Majesty sent for with the least possible proportion of the lady; expoftulated with her ; re- guilt should suffer fo unequally, and proached her severely; and then, with- with such deliberate cruelty, is repugout much bustle or exposure, ordered nant to every instance of justice or huher into banishment, and that she manity. How unworthy a great prince, should be treated with decency and to encourage the example of insulting humanity. The unaccountable part another sovereign, and violating the of his proceeding follows. His re- laws of hospitality, by such an attack sentment seems to have rifen to fury on the personal safety of a subject ! It against the poor Italian ; yet surely, is earnestly to be hoped that the cire allowing for human frailty, his share cumstances may admit of being exteof the criminality was most inconsidere nuated, and that fuller information able. The difference of rank is felf- may produce the facts in another evidence that the advances were to him, light. and fuch advances are commands. The last instance is that of a fellow No man now gains by being a Joseph; who was a common soldier, who had and the mode of the age would con- deserted, was retaken, and condemned sider it as a blemish in a man. It is to hard labour at Spandaw. He conwell if public sentiment be not more trived to get off his fetters ; murdered depraved, and even deem it a crime. two of the guard, and made his efcape. The enraged monarch employs three He came over to England'; but not trusty servants to go in search of the thinking himself in safety there, he fugitive, and by every means, by force went in the first velfel to America. He or fraud, to bring him along captive. remained in that country many years, An obscure. Italian is was not so easy and acquired some property. Conceito trace through Germany; but, after ving a longing to see his native couna long search, and never-ceasing in. try, and Hattering himself that both quiry, he was at last found in his na- his crime and his
person would be ę tive county, Venice. The trusty ser- qually forgotten, he ventured coming vaats began by getting acquainted with to Prulla. He there fet up a shop,
and remained unmolested fome little long life and destroy comfort. Some time. It was imposible long to be friend, perhaps, of the illustrious Freconcealed. He was seized, and con- derick may undertake his defence ; if fined at Spandaw ; each arm and leg he succeeds in the attempt, it will be chained together, so that if he raised the highest gratification to the writer or lowered the one, the other of course of this letter. Yours, &c. mult follow. Dirt and wretchedness
A. L. L. furrounded him ; and in 'this state he temained at the late King's death.- P.S. Baron Trenck had a print enHe, beyond doubt, was a great cri- graved representing himself in the ininal; but one cannot but admire that prison. He is in chains, with a the great Frederick should employ his Itool, and a little pitcher, and some thoughts on deliberate cruelty, and re- straw. He gave this about amongit fine so much as to determine to pró- his friends.
Experiments made on the Top of the Peak of Teneriffe, 24th August 1785. By
HE crater of the peak of Tc- that occur in our laboratories. I shall neriffe is a true fulphur-pit
, sic hcre confine myself niercly to the re milar to those of Italy. It is about sults. fifty fathoms long and forty broad, The volatilization and ccoling of tising abruptly from East to Welt. liquors were here very considerable:
At the edges of the crater, parti- Half a minute was sufficient for the cularly on the under fide, are many diflipation of a pretty ftrong dose of Spiracles, or natural chimneys, from æther. which there exhale aqueous vapours
The action of acids on metals, and fulphureous acids, which are so earths, and alkalies, was now; and hot as to make the thermometer rise the bubbles which escaped during the from 90 to 34o. The inside of the effervescence were much larger than crater is covered with yellow, red, or ordinary. The production of vitriols white, argillaceous earth, and blocks was attended with very singular phe of lava partly deco npofed. Under nomena. That of iron affumed all at these blocks are found superb cryf: 'once a very beautiful violet colour, and tals of fulphur ; there are eight-sided that of copper was suddenly precipitathomboidal cryitals, sometimes an inch. ted of a very bright blue colour. in lenge', and, I suppose, they are the I examined the moisture of the air finest crystals of volcanic fulphur that by means of the hygrometer, of pure have ever been found.
alkali, and of vitriolic acid ; and I The water that exhales from the thence concluded, as well as from the fpiracles is perfectly pure, and not in direction of the aqueous vapours, that the least acid, as I was convinced by the air was very dry; for at the end several experiments.
of three hours the vitriolic acid had The elevation of the Peak above suffered hardly any change either in the level of the sea is near 1900 toi- .colour or weight; the fixed alkali refes; which induced me to make seve- mained dry, except near the edges of Jal chemical experiments in order to the vessel that contained it, where it * eompare the phenomena with those was a little moist; and Saussure's hy
gromcter * Journal de Physique.
graméter pointed to 640 as nearly as the form of finall scaly crystals, such the impetuous wind which then blew as were observed by M. Sage. Thefe would permit us to judge.
were very distinct when looked at with Liquors appeared to us to have lost a glass, and they were even visible to nothing of their smell or strength at the naked eye. I think my felf juftithis height, a circumstance which con- fiable in attributing this alteration of tradies all the tales that have hitherto colour to the vapours of inflammable been related on this head; volatile al- air, according to fome experiments kali, ether, spirit of wine, retained all that I have made on the precipitation their strength ; the smoking spirit of of lunea cornea in such air. Lime Boyle was the only one that seemed water, exposed for three hours on thé to have lost any fenfible portion of margin of the crater, and in the neighits energy. Its evaporacion, however, bourhood of a spiracle, was not coverwas not the less quick; in thirty se- ed with any calcareous pellicle, not conds, a quantity which I had pour even hardly with any filmy appearance; ed into a cup was entirely volatilized; which proves, in my opinion, not onand nothing remained but the fulphur ly that no vapours of fixed air exhale which tinged the sims and the bottom. from the crater, but that the atmofWhen I poured the vitriolic acid on pheric air which relts upon iç contains bis liquor, there happened a violent very little of that air, and that the indetonation, and the vapours that arose flammable vapours and fulphureous a? had a very sensible degree of heat. cids alone are sensible and consider
I tried to form volatile alkali by able. decomposing fal ammoniac with the
The electricity of the atmosphere fixed alkali; but the production was was pretty confiderable, for Sauffure's flow and hardly sensible, while at the electrometer, when held in the hand level of the sea this process, made at the height of about five feet, inwith the same substances, in the same dicated three degrees, while on the proportions, succeeded very readily ground it pointed only to one and å and in abundance.
half. The electricity was positive. As I was curious to investigate the The violence of the wind prevents bature of the vapours that exhale from ed me from making, at the crater itá the crater, and to know whether they felf, the experiment with boiling wat contained infiammable air, fixed air, ter; but when I had descended to and marine acid, I made the following the icy fountain, it continued to boil experiments : I exposed on the edge when the thermometer plunged in it of one of the fpiracles, a nitrous folu- ftood at 710 of Reaumur *; the mer tion of filter in a cup; it remained cury in the barometer at this place tiore than an hour in the midst of the was 19 inches 1 line. Tapours which were continually exha- I here found a great variety of rolling, but without any sensible altera: canic fchorls, very variously crystals pon; which sufficiently thews, that no lized. vapours of marine acid exhale from the crater. I then poured into it fome drops of marine acid, when a precipi-. tation of luna cornea inmediately en-' Remarks on the Ifand of Goree. By fued - but instead of being white, as
M. de Preflon. that precipitate generally is, it was
HE Iland of Gotee consists of
it assumed a steep mountain and a croukVOL. VII. No 37. F
ed Equal to 158, of Fahrenheite