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ling occasions, such as a strayed ca. is adapted to the character of the mel, or the preference of a paiture or Moors, and to their manner of life. a well. Marriages have sometimes The douhars are responsible for robbertaken place among them, that, so far ies committed in their neighbourhood, from cementing their differences, have and in sight of their tents : they are not occafioned the moit tragical scenes. only obliged to make reftitution, but Husbands have been known to mur- it gives the Sovereign a pretence for der their wives, and women their hus- exacting a contribution proportioned bands, to revenge national quarrels. to the abilities of the douhar. In
Parents are not encumbered with order to temper the rigour of this law, their children, however numerous they they are made responsible only for may be, for they are very early em- such robberies as are committed due ployed in domestic affairs; they tend ring the day ; those that happen af. the flocks, they gather wood, and ter fun-set are not imputed to them, they assist in ploughing and reaping. .as they could neither see nor prevent In the evening, when they return them: on this account, people here from the field, all the children of the travel only from sun-riling to fun-setdouhar assemble in a common tent, ting. where the Iman, who himself can To facilitate the exchange of neces. hardly spell, makes them read a few saries, there is in the fields every day, sentences from the Koran written on except Friday, which is a day of prayboards, and instructs them in their er, a public market in the different religion by the light of a tire made of quarters of each province. The ftraw, of bushes, and cow-dung dried Moors of the neighbourhood assemble in the sun. As the heat is very great to sell and buy cattle, corn, pulse, in the inland parts of the country, dried fruits, carpets, haiques, and in children of both sexes go quite naked short all the productions of the countill the age of nine or ten.
try. This market, which is called Soc, The douhars dispersed over the resembles our fairs, The bustle of plains are always in the neighbour- the people who go and come gives a hood of some rivulet or spring, and better idea of the manner of life of they are a kind of inns for the recep- tie Moors than can be had in the tion of travellers. There is generally cities. The Alcaides, who command a tent erected for their ufe, if they in the neighbourhood, always attend have not brought..one along with these markets with foldiers, to keep them. They are accommodated with the peace: 'as it frequently happens poultry, milk, and eggs, and with that the grudges which these tribes whatever is necessary for their horses. harbour against one another break out, Instead of wood for fuel, they have upon such occasions, into open viothe cow-dung, which, when mixed lence. The 'diffolution of the Soc is with charcoal, makes a very brisk fire. always the presage of some feditious The salts that abound in the vegetables squabble. The skirts of these markets of warm countries give this dung a are commonly occupied by Merry consistence which it has not perhaps Andrews, lingers, dancers, and other in northern regions. A guard is al- buffoons, who make apes dance to ways set on the tents of travellers, amuse the idle. On one side are barespecially if they are Europeans, be. bers and surgeons, to whom the sick cause the opinion of their wealth are brought to be cured. I have ofnight tempt the avidity of the Moors, ten amused myself with these lights who are naturally inclined to thieving. in travelling. 'I have seen men and
With respect to the roads, a very young women, on account of superjudicious policy is established, which abundance of humours, head-acks, and
other discases of that fort, receive These people have not the least flight scarifications; the nien on the idea of painting or design: they fee head, and the women on the face, near nothing in a picture but the variety of the hair, or on the thoulders, arms, colours, without perceiving their order or legs: these night cicatrices are in or difpofition. In prints they fee noregular figures, and do not deform thing but a confusion of objects, and th: person; though they would be in- it is only by great application that co npatible with the customs of Eu- they attain the power of diftingui?ing rope, where health is often facrificed the figures. In this respect they are to fashion and beauty.
in the situation of a man born blind The Moors have no idea of the who is presented with a picture at the customs of other nations, but live in moment of receiving his sights the fimplicity of men in the first itages The Moors that inhabit the cities of civilization. Entirely attached to differ from the others only in having rural life, they employ themselves in a little more urbanity, and a more eathe care of their fields and harvest, fy deportment. Though they have and pass the rest of the time in doing the same origin with those of the nothing. They are so habituated to plains, they affect to decline all infatigue, that some among them run as tercourse with them. Some writers, couriers ; and notwithstanding their without any foundation, have given the avarice, are very faithful. One can name of Arabs to the inhabitants of hardly forn an idea of the stupidity of the towns, and that of Moors to those these people. I once saw one of them of the plains. But the greater part waiting for his dispatches in a room of the cities of this empire are more where there was a mirror, and seeing ancient than the invasion of the Arabs, himself in it, he thought it was an- who themselves lived in tents. other courier waiting for dispatches. The houses of the Moors are in in another chamber. He asked whi- general very inconvenient, becauf: their ther this courier was going ? and necessities are not niultiplied by artisisome body laughing, answered, that cial desires. Tiese houses have gehe was going to Mogodor. That is nerally but a ground floor, very few lucky, says the fellow, we shall go to- have a first floor: they are almost congether : he immediately made the pro- ftantly of a square form, having in the posal to the person in the glass, who centre a court sometimes adorned with returned him no answer; and he was columns, which form the entrance and going to take this incivility amiss, admit the light to four principal rooms when he was undeceived; but it was that make the sides of the square. with great difficulty that he could be They have no windows, for they neperfuaded that a person could see him- ver receive light from the street. Each self through a stone*
room has a very large door with two When I lived at Saffi thére came leaves, in one of which is a wicket, two Mountaineers to have a sight of and by these doors the light enters. Europeans, and after having viewed The houses, being only 16 fect high, the house, they did not know how to are sheltered from the wind, and in get down the stairs they had ascended : Summer they are pretty cool. The At last, however, they sat down on rooms are but indifferently furnished ; the first step, and supporting themselves their moveables consist of mats, carwith feet and hands, they did to the pets, some chairs, a chest, a table, and bottom from one step to another. a bed, which last is hid by
The The Moors have no words for glasses, or mirrors, because they do not use any. Vol. VII. No 376
The houses are all covered with ter. those in the plains. It likewise conraces of earth about eighteen inches lists of a haique, a cape, more or less thick.
fine, and one of coarse blue European The inhabitants of the towns gene. cloth for Winter : but what distinrally content themselves with one wife: guishes them from the others is a shirt they have female negroes whom they and drawers of linen, a vest of cotton may take as concubines ; but their a- in Summer, and of woollen in Winversion to that colour, which the whites ter, which they call caftan. The white have every where destined to oppref- or blue cape called bernus, is used on fion, restrains them from this practice ceremonious occasions, and the perleft they should have mulatto children. fons of the court never present them. It is common enough, indecd, to see selves before the sovereign without this Moors engaged in affairs of gallantry cape, a fabre, and a poinard. with the wives of Jews, who are in They wear no jewels ; few have a general pretty; and their husbands, ring, a watch, or silver snuff-box : it on account of their precarious situa- is not above fifteen or twenty years tion, are so complaisant as to be ig- since the use of snuff was introduced norant of the connection.
among them. It is common enough The Moors avoid all ostentation in to see a chaplet in their hands, which dress, they may not attract the is used in repeating the name of God attention of their avaricious rulers. a certain number of times every day : The wardrobe of those that live in particularly by those who have not towns is not much larger than that of been taught to read the Koran.
Extreme Danger of the popular Belief in Dreams *. T
HE curiosity of mankind, has when awake. He travels over extendo
been often excited on the sub- ed regions; he runs, walks, rides with ject of Dreams; the lower people in freedom and agility, and not unfreall countries are inclined to regard quently seems endued with new and them with reverence and awe; but the superior powers ; he soars aloft, and opinions of the more enlightened claf- is wafted through the air, or, gently ses of men have been at great variance descending, he glides through the wawith respect to this phenomenon. Some ters, and with such perfect command have been led to consider dreams as and security, that, when he awakens, one species of proof, that there is ex. he is hardly perfuaded it was but a isting within us a principle independe dream. In opposition to these obserent of the material frame. The vivid vations, it is urged, that exactly simiappearance of objects, the new and lar effects are produced from disease; surprizing combinations formed, the fuch is its influence in numberless exertions of the passions, the regular cases, that the subject seems just as trains of reasoning, the play of the forcibly prepossessed as from any ideas imagination, seem occasionally to be that could be received from actual imas much realized in the state of flum- pression. Persons insane will persevere ber, as when awake and in motion. in exercises beyond their usual strength, It may be assumed as a certain fact, seeming all the while never to enterthat almost every man has, at some tain a doubt but that they are moving one period or other of his life, expe- in carriages, on horseback, performirienced in fleep a consciousness of eve- ing military exercise and evolutions, ry action he could bave performed or buried in philosophical experiments.
Multitades + Gent. Mag.
Multitudes of such instances will rea- able reasons might be offered ; but it dily occur ; and it is argued, that as will be sufficient to say, that it is inthe mind, in those examples, is evi- consistent with the general design of dently not disengaged from the con- Providence, it would overturn the troul of the body, fo neither in the o- principles that regulate society. The ther is there any reason to suppose it benign intention of the Author of Nadifferent, the circumstance of Nccp and ture is in no instance more eminently insensibility being something not un- displayed than in with-holding from like disease, a state of suspension of us the certain knowledge of future emany of the active powers.
vents. Were it otherwise constituted, Some philofophers imagine that the man would be the moft miferable of mind never remains inert, that succef- beings; he would become indifferent fions of ideas incessantly present them- to every action, and incapable of exfelves, and thought is always employ- ertion ; overwhelmed with the terrors ed. With respect, however, to this of impending misfortune, he would notion, it may be alledged, that it is endure the misery of criminals awaithighly improbable that dreams, which, ing the moment of execution. The according to the supposition, must per- proof unanswerable and decisive, that petually occur, fhould be so seldom dreams are not to be considered as and so faintly recollected. To this it prognoftics, is, that no example can may be answered, that the same thing be produced of their successful effect, happens when we are awake. Let a- either in pointing out means of preny person try to recall the whole train venting harm, or facilitating benefit. of ideas that has passed through his Certain instances may be alledged, mind during twelve hours that he has where the conformity of a dream with been stirring about in the ordinary bu- some subsequent event may have been liness of the day; he will be able to remarkable; but we may venture to remember particular essential transac- assert, that such discoveries have getions ; but, if he attempts to recover nerally happened after the facts, and the mass of ideas that filled his mind that fancy and ingenuity have had the for that portion of time, or even only a chief share in tracing the resemblance, considerable part of the time, he will find or finding out the explanation, it impracticable labour; he will in vain If it be granted that thought never endeavour to trace the connection of stops, and that the mind is perpetually his ideas : the fame broken confused employed ; the wonder should rather assemblage will be perceived, even by be, that so few causes of similitude him who possesses the most retentive have been recorded. If millions of memory, as when he first wakens with the human species through the whole that imperfect consciousness that is u. extent of time have been, during their sually termed a dream. Were we to state of Number, continually subject to commit to writing, in the minutest dream ; perhaps the calculators of manner, every idea our remembrance chances would be apt to maintain, then suggested, it would be difficult, that near coincidences have probably perhaps imposible, to colle&t such a happened much more frequently than number as would employ one hour to they have been either noticed or re
collected. The popular belief, that dreams are Amongst the various histories of a kind of preternatural admonition, fingular dreams and corresponding emeant to direct our conduct, is a no- vents, we have lately heard of one, tion extremely dangerous. As nothing which seems to merit being rescued can be more ill-founded, it ought ta from oblivion. Its authenticity will be Arenuouly combated. Innumer- appear from the relation ; and we may E2
surely pronounce, that a more extra- ing, that being the town to which the ordinary concurrence of fortuitous and travellers were proceeding. He was accidcntal circumstances can scarcely unwilling and alhained to tell the be produced or paralleled.
cause of his being so folicitous to seOne Adam Rogers, a creditable and parate hin from his companion. But, decent person, a man of good fenfe and as he observed that Hickey, which repute, who kept a public-house at was the name of the little inan, seemPortlaw, a small hamlet, nine or tened to be quiet and gentle in his demiles from Waterford, in the kingdom portment, and had money about him, of Ireland, dreamed one night that he and that the other had a ferocious bad Law isvo men at a particular green spot countenance, the dream still recurred on the adjoining mountain, one of to him. He dreaded that something them a small fickly looking man, the fatal would happen ; and he wished, other remarkably strong and large. at all events, to keep them asunder. He then saw the little man murder However, the humane precautions of the other, and he awoke in great agita- Rogers proved ineffectual; for Caultion. The circumstances of the dream field, such was the other's !ame, preo were so distinct and forcible, that he vailed upon Hickey to continue with continued much affected by them. He him on their way to Carrick, declarelated them to his wife, and also w ring, that, as they had long travelled several neighbours, next morning. In together, they should not part, but some time he went out courling with remain together until he should see grey-hounds, accompanied, amongst Hickey fafely arrive at the habitation others, by one Mr Browne, the Ro- of his friends. The wife of Rogers man Catholic priest of the parish. He was much dissatisfied when the found foon stopped at the above-mentioned they were gone, and blamed her husparticular green spot on the mountain, band exceedingly for not being absoand, calling to Mr Browne, pointed it lutely peremptory in detaining Hickey, out to him, and told him what had About an hour after they left Portappeared in his dream. During the law, in a lonely part of the mountain, remainder of the day he thought little just near the place observed by Rogers more about it. Next morning he was in his ditam, Caulfield took the opextremely startled at seeing two stran- portunity of murdering his companion, gers enter his house, about 11 o'clock It appeared afterwards, from his own in the forenoon. He immediately ran account of the horrid transaction, that, into an inner room, and desired his as they were getting over a ditch, he wife to take particular notice, for they struck Hickey on the back part of his were precisely the two men he had head with a itone ; and, when he fell fecn in his dream. When they had down into the trench, in consequence consulied with one another, their ap- of the blow, Caulfield gave
him fevca prehensions were alarmed for the little ral Itabs with a knife, and cut his weakly man, though contrary to the throat so deeply that the head was obę appearance in the dream. After the served to be almost fevered from the firangers had taken some refreshment, body. He then rifled Hickey's pockand were about to depart, in order to ets of all the money in them, took part prosecute their journey, Rogers care of his clothes, and every thing else of nefly endeavoured to dissuade the lit- value about him, and afterwards
protle man from quitting his house, and ceeded on his way to Carrick. He going on with his fellow-traveller. He had not been long gone when the bo, ailured hiin, that if he would remain dy, still warm, was discovered by some with him that day, he would accom- labourers who were returning to their pany him to Carrick the next mora. work from dianer,