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STATE of the BAROMETER in inches and decimals, and of Farenheit's THER

MOMETER in the open air, taken in the morning before sun-rise, and at poon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from the 31st of December 1987, to the 30th of January 1788, near the foot of Arthur's Seat.








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Thermom. Barom. Rain. Weather

Morning. Noon. 1787. Dec. 31 | 36 41 29.65

Cloudy, 2788. Jan. 1 47

28.725 0.03 Rain.


Ditto. 29.075 0.02 Ditto. 29.295

Clear. 29.49

Cloudy 30.05

Clear. 30.4

Rain. 30.43







Ditto. 30.1

29.4, 0.18



29.488 0.30 Sleet.
29.765 0.06 Ditto.


Clear. 29.5

Cloudy. 30.075

Clear. 130.

Ditto. 30.3

Cloudy, fima fhowa 27 | 39 | 30.445 |


Total Rain, 1.03 -


Days. 24. so greatest height at noon. 30. 30.445 greatest elevations , 16. 25 least ditto, morning.

3. 28.65 least ditto.




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O R,


BALGONIE CAST L E. D ALGONIE, one of the seats of the Earl of Leven, is pleasantly

situated on the banks of the river Leven in the county of Fife. It

came into the possession of the family near 200 years ago; since which time, the apartments on the North and East sides of the Court have been added. There is no account, nor even tradition with respect to the antiquity of the Tower: It is, however, a noble edifice, and one of the most complear that is to be met with perhaps in any country. It forms an oblong square, of 60 feet by 50; with walls 90 feet high and 7 feet thick: and the situation is rendered stronger, on account of the building being placed within a Roman entrenchment; part of which, an angle and two sides, is still remaining. This Castle stands on the top of a bank, about so feet above the level of the river, The Castle-Green, (a fine field of 10 acres,) a garden of 14 acres inclosed by a wall 12 feet high, with other level grounds, altogether forming a beautiful rich plain of considerable extent, are planted in a stile much more magnificent than was commonly used in early times.

To the Publisher of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINE. SIR, V OUR Correspondent in your Ma- Mary's firm friends, and adherents to

1 gazine of September last, now a. her in her greatest troubles. Is there gain in your Magazine of December, not reason from thence to suspect, thac makes his appearance with a new attack their names have been foisted into this on Mr Whitaker, on which, in my turn, paper, which they never saw ? But ler I send you the few following stridtures: us hear the fact, which is this, that the

The bond of association upon Queen above noblemen, and others present in Mary's forced resignation of the Crown, Parliament, “ solemnly protested, at the with the list of subscriptions subjoined “ time of voting, that they consentit to to it, “ there is the strongest reason to “na hurt of the Queens Majesties perthink, (says Mr Whitaker) has passed “ sen, estait roial, nor crown, farther s through the hands of forgery, and “ than hir Hiencís wald apprieve hir" that forgery has been busy in enlar- “ self, being at libertie, nor wald voit in “ ging its list of subscribers.” See the “ony thing concerning hir Graces hoBond and List, Anderson, vol. II. "nor nor lyfe, but planely opponit tham

“ selves in the contrare, howbeit thay The two subscriptions following « have caufit infert uther says in thair Murray's are the Earls of Huntly “pretendit actes, and will suffer in na and Argyle; both of those noblemen, “wages thair clarkis to giff forth the known to be of the number of Queen “ forfaid protestatiouns*." This paper

A 2
: cat. Lib, Col. C. A folio 102. Good. II. 169,

is figned by Lords Boyd, Herris, Li. escape from Lochleven. For this Doc. vingstone, &c. 'the Queen's Commis- glas quotes no less than two authori. fioners 16th Oa. 1568; was presentit. ties. First, a MS. in the Advocates to Queen Elisabeth's Commissioners, Library: and, second, Crawford's and was never contradicted. Was Peciage, who quotes a charter of King Mr Whitaker rash in suspecting, after James VI. of the lands of Torthorald, this public protestation, that many in favour of Michael Lord Carlyle, names were foisted into this false list, who is there designed, Frater et kæres without authority, and in defiance of Jacobi Domini Carlyle. truth? Your Correspondent does not According to both these authors, chuse to touch upon this point. He James precedes Michael, who suceed. cautiously gives it a go-by. Let us ed to James as Frater et Heres in the now go on to Lord Carleill's subscrip- barony of Torthorald. úon in the above lift: it stands thus ; But, says your Correspondent, this Michael Lord Carleyll, with my hand charter in favour of Michael, as broat the pen. Al. Hay, Notarius. It ther and heir to James, is all imaginais to be remarked, that this famous ry; for he has searched the register bond and lift mcntions only the year of charters under the great seal, from (1567), but has no particular date of the year 1536 to 1588, and he can the day and month when subscribed, fod no such charter as the above. nor witnesses to the subscriptions. Mi He must be extremely anxious in, chael, Lord Carleyll, it appears could deed to settle this important point, if not write his name. He touched the he thinks it fo; and therefore I fcruple pen; so we must take Alexander Hay not to give him a little further trouble, Notarius's own subscription for this. Is as I certainly shall not take it my self. this noted person's veracity to be de- Crawford is an inaccurate writer, but pended upon ? niger eft, hunc tu Romahe is no forger. When be quotes a wri. ne caveto! He was a most active tool ting in ipfiflimis verbis, as he does the of Murray's. He was clerk to his, above, and concerning a family now Secret council.He compiled the fac extinct, where he had no interett to mous act of council afferting the pre- induce him to deceive, I incline to tended letters of the Queen to Both. believe him, as Sir R. Douglas did. well, (which first owed their birth to One mistake, however, he probably that very council) to be fubfcrivit by did make. It is not usual in a charter the Queen, when in their very next to design the grantee as Heir, or by appearance before the Parliament they the degree of confanguinity to his prehad no fubfeription. The famous con- decessor. But when the succession is feffion of N. Hubert, who could nei- taken up by the service or return of an ther write his name, nor probably read inquest, then the degree of relationship wwrite, is signed by this active and use- to the predecessor is particularly men

ful notary. May we not fufpect every tioned in the retour, or return of the "thing thar comes from such contamina. inqueft, on which follows the King's "Ted hands?

precept. Crawford probably, for I Let us now confider Mr Whitaker's only make a conjecture, misquotes the örgument :

word carta in place of retornatus. In Michael Lord Carlyle, is a fubfcriber the Records, the Writing, if worth the to the bond 1567 on Queen Mary's searching for, may posibly be found, or resignation. On the authority of Sir perhaps not; as I believe the records Robert Douglas's Peerage, James of speciall retours do not go fo far back Lord Carlyle is mentioned by him as as 1529, the date quoted by Crawford. one of the subscribers to the bond of Your Correspondent' concludes: Sassociation in favour of Queen Mary, with an air of triumph on the MS. in the following year 1968, upon her quoced by Douglas containing the


Bond of association of the nobility in Earl of Huntly, Hew Earl of Eglinfavours of the Queen in May 1568, ton, David Earl of Crawford. But the last in the list of which is Carleil. the writer of this copy, probably tiring « But what may surprise Mr Whitaker, of taking down the christian names, « fays he, no christian Dame is affixed after the above four Peers leaves out to it." The inference from his whole the christian names of all the other paper, he concludes, is, that the authen- Peers, and of Lord Carlyle among the ticity of the public inftrument 1567 rest. To decide therefore this quesa remains unfhaken. I beg leave to. tion, which your Correspondent thinks differ from your Correspondent. Wa- of such importance, he must have reFing, for a moment, the invincible ob- couife to the original bond and lift in jection to the fubfcriptions of the Earls the paper-office. of Argyle and Huntly, which he has As he concludes his paper with a fuppressed, the subscription of the last falutary admonition to Mr Whitaker, bond, fimply Carleil, fhews that it could to take heed on what ground be stands, Dot be the signature of Michael, who I shall venture, in my turn, to give a could not write his name only two or piece of advice to your Correspondents three months before, when Alexander which is, that when he means seria Hay, notary, figned for him. But ously to consult his adversary, and supthe MS. of the bond of May 1588 will port his own cause, by establishing the not decide this point, it bears to be onauthenticity of the bond and lift 1567 by a copy made from the original bond he will fairly take in the whole argu. which is in the Paper-office at London, ment; the principal part of which he and the copy plainly appears to be ve- has left out, to wit, the objections ry inaccurate in taking down the fub- of Mr Whitaker to the signatures of scriptions : for example, the lift be. the Earls of Huntly and Argyle. gins, Archbald Earl of Argyle, George I am, Sir, &c.

To the PUBLISHER. SIR, A S in consequence of the labours of quires no proof, because it is plain that 11 Mr Whitaker, every thing con- she who goes to bed about nine in Nocerning Mary Queen of Scots has be- vember would be in bed before ten in 'come interesting, yjur readers will learn April. with pleasure, that “in November 1561 The minor is thus proved, “ on the * the went to bed about nine, and there “ 16th November 1561 Queen Mary *fore in April she would be in bed " was not in bed about nine o'clock:ń

a before ten." Volume ïï. p. 334. Keith. p. 204. : Every accurate author writes syllo- . When we have well secured the magistically, although without the pomp jor and the minor points, ergo, must oand pageantry of fyllogisms.

bey its rulers. The argument, at full length, runs Indeed should it happen, that, at thus :

fome given time, between November * She who goes to bed about nine and April, Queen Mary was not in « in November, would be in bed before 'bed even at midnight; ergo might take "ten in April. But Queen Mary heart, and say, that major and minor *“ went to bed about nine in Novem- put words in her mouth which had nes ber ;-Ergoshe would be in bed be- ver entered into her imagination, and “ fore ten in April."

fhe might demand a new trial by fy As to the major propofition, it re- gifm, I am, &ça

T HIS science, peculiarly English, « The known hardiness and increase

I which, though fashionable, is pidity of these two men will render it not yet licensed, and affords an instance needless to say any thing in their praise. " of the repugnance that may for a time " Gentlemen are desired to come fubfift between the laws and the man- foon, for as this battle has been defero ners of a nation, was once as regular red a fortnight, at the particular desire an exhibition, as we now see at any of of several Noblemen and Gentlemen, the places of publick amusement, the a full house is early expected. theatres alone excepted. It was en- “There will be several bye-battles, couraged by the first ranks of the nobi- as usual, particularly one between the lity, patronized by the first subject in noted Buckhorse and Harry Grey, for the realm, and tolerated by the magis- two guineas; and a good day's divera trates. Before the establishment of fion may be depended on." Broughton's amphitheatre, a Booth

Daily Advertisera was erected at Tottenham Court, in

April 26. 1742. which the proprietor, Mr George Tay “ At the Great Booth, at Tottenlor, invited the professors of the art to ham-Court, on Wednesday next, the. display their skill, and the publick to - 28th instant, will be a Trial of Manbe present at its exhibition. The brui- hood between the following chamfers then had the reward due to their pions : prowess, in a division of the entrance.Whereas I, William Willis, money, which fometimes was an hun. (commonly known by the name of the dred, or an hundred and fifty pounds. Fighting Quaker) having fought Mr The general mode of sharing was for Smallwood about twelve months fince, two thirds to go to the winning cham. and held him the tightest to it, and pion, while the remaining third was bruised and battered him more than the right of the loser ; thougly fome- any one he ever encountered, though I times, by an express argreement of the had the ill fortune to be beat by an acparties, the conqueror and thevanquish- cidental fall; the said Smallwood, ed shared alike : which is to be the fushed with the success blind fortune rule in the approaching fight between then gave him, and the weak attempts Humphreys and Mendoza.

of a few vain Irishmen and boys that We have lately seen in some of the have of late fought him for a minute papers, an Advertisement Extraordi- or two, makes him think himself unpary, as a satire on the present rage for conquerable : to convince him of the this gymnastick exercise ; but how lit- falfity of which, I invite him to fight tle extraordinary it would have appear- me for ten pounds, at the time and ed about half a century ago, we may place above-mentioned, when I doubt judge from the following advertise. not but I shall prove what I have assertments, which are taken from a news-pa- ed, by pegs, darts, hard blows, falls per of those times.

and cross buttocks. November 22, 1742.

William Willis.” « This is to acquaint all true lovers “I, Thomas Smallwood, known for of manhood, that at the Great Booth, my intrepid manhood and bravery on Tottenham-Court, to morrow, being and off the stage, accept the challenge the 23d instant, it is believed there of this puffing Quaker, and will thew will be one of the most severe Boxing him that he is led by a false spirit, that Matches that has been fought for many means him no other good than that years between

be should be chastised for offering to RICHARD Hawes Backmaker, and take upon him the arm of flesh." . THOMAS SMALLWOOD, for sol.



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