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ing, I hope, will inable him to brush punishment, for that is, and ought to through the college. He is alle be, reserved to any mater, much more wayes gratefully acknowledging your to you who have been his father's *. fatherly kindnesse to him; and very But your man was certainly to blame willing, to his poore power, to do all to name him onely; and 'tis onely my things which may continue it. I have respect to you that I do not take nono more to add, but only wish the tice of it to him. My first rafh resoeldest may also deserve fome part of lutions were, to have brought things your good opinion, for I believe him paft any compofure, by immediately to be of vertuous and pious inclina- sending for my sonn's things out of tions; and for both, I dare affure you, the college ; but upon recollection, I that they can promise to themselves no find I have a double tye upon me not farther share of my indulgence then to do it : one, my obligations to you while they carry themselves with that for my education ; another, my great reverence to you, and that honefty to: tendernesle of doeing any thing offenall others, as becomes them. I am, five to my Lord Bithop of Rochestert, honourd Sir, your most obedient será as cheife governour of the college. vant and scholar, John Dryden. It does not conlist with the honour I

beare him and you to go so precipiSIR,

[1683.] tately to worke; no, not so much as F I could have found in myselfe a to have any difference with you, if it

fitting temper to have waited up. can possibly be avoyded. Yet, as my on you, I had done it the day you foon stands now, I cannot see with dismissed my fonn from the college ; what credit he can be elected ; for, for he did the message, and, by what being but sixth, and (as you are pleaI find from. Mr Meredith, as it was . fed to judge) not deserving that nei. delivered by you to him; namely, that ther, I know not whether he may not: you desired to see me, and had some go immediately to Cambridge, as well what to fay to me concerning him. I as one of his own election went to observed likewise somewhat of kind- Oxford this yeare by your confent. nesse in it, that you sent him away I will say nothing of my second fonn, that you' might not have occasion to but that, after you had been pleased correct him. I examin'd the business, to advise me to waite on my Lord and found it concernd his haveing Bishop for his favour, I found he been Custos foure or five dayes toge might have had the first place if you ther. But if he admonished, and was had not opposed it ; and I likewise, not believed because other boyes com- found at the election, that, by the bined to discredit him with false wit. pains you had taken with him, he in nelfeing, and to save themselves : per- some fort deserved it. I hope, Sir, haps his crime is not so great. Ano- when you have given yourselfe the ther fault it seems he made, which was trouble to read thus farr, you, who going into one Hawkes his house, with are a prudent man, will consider, that some others, which you hapning to none complaine, but they desire to be see, fent your servant to know who reconciled at the same time, there is they were, and he only returned you no mild expoftulation at least, which my fonn's name : so the rest escaped. does not intimate a kindness and reI have no fault to find with my fonn's' fpe& in him who makes it. Be plea

fed, * Our Poet, John, was elected from Westminster-school to Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1650; his cousin, Jonathan, in 1656. Of the “ two sons" mene! tioned in this letter, Charles, admitted to the school in 1630, went off to Chrift Church in 1683; John, admitted in 1682, to Trin. Coll. in 1685. J.N.

7.Dr John Dolben.

led, if there be no merit on my fide, be guilty if it be possible. I shall add to prake it your own act of grace to no nióre, but hope I shall be so fatisbe what you were formerly to my fyed with a favourable answer from fonn. I have done something, fo farr you, which I promise to myselfe froni to conquer my own spirit as to aik it: your goodnetic and moderation, that and, indeed, I know not with what I Mall still have occasion to continue, , face to go to my. Lord Bishop, and to tell him I am taking away,

SIR,

both my fonns ; for though I thall tell him no Your most obliged humble servant, occalion, it will look like a disrespect to my old Master, of which I will not

John DRYDEN

Marriage of the Duke of Guise. -A true Story.. I

hiftory of the family of the Duke of to inherit the spirit, as well as the persoGuise, the particulars of which are lo nal perfections of his grandfather, the cewell known. Charles de Lorraine, the lebrated Duke of Guise. His figure and eldest son of Henry the celebrated Duke his exploits, which were those of an hero of Guise, who was assassinated in the caf- of romance, made him very acceptable tle of Blois, by the order of Henry the to the ladies; while his inconstancy and Third of France, was made prisoner on perfidy punished many of them for their the same day, and confined in the castle partiality. He had been originally designof Tours; from whence be efcaped in Au- ed for the church, and possessed, by a fort guft 1591, and rejoined the faction called of ecclefiaftical succession peculiar to the the League, whose violence had so long house of Grife, the archbishopric of desolated France; and who, after the Rheims, and some of the richest abbies death of Henry the Third, opposed that in the kingdom; though he had never excellent monarch and amiable man Hen-' taken any degree or vow, to qualify himry the Fourth. When this league was self for those dignities. His first attach. broken, by his having become “ the con- ment was to Anne d'Mantoue, who was queror of his own," he generously for his relation, and who was afterwards gave, and even took into his favour the married to the Palatine of the Rhine. CarDuke of Maine, who had been its lea- dinal de Richelieu, who foresaw that it der; whose nephew, the young Duke of marriage between this lady and the Duke Guise, was received at court at the fame of Guile would be prejudicial to the intere time, and entrusted with the government efts of France, divided them, by putting of Provence. After the aftalination of her into a convent, from whence, howeHenry the Great, the Duke of Guife still ver, the escaped, and when the Duke of held fome places of trust under his fon Guise joined the party of the Count de Louis the Thirteenth ; but the house of Soissons (which party, under pretence of Guife was so much the object of envy delivering the kingdom from the adminiand suspicion, on account of its former ftration of the Cardinal, covered more power, and the illustrious men it had pro- dangerous projects) the found means to duced, that care was taken not to raise it follow him, in man's apparel, and over again too bigh by honours and emolu- took him at Cologne. But the Duke, ei. ments : and at length, Cardinal Richelieu ther really apprehensive for her fafety, grew so cüfatisfied with the Duke of or perhaps cured of his love by the raih Guise, that he obliged him to quit France. fondness of his mistress, refused to let her He retired to Florence, and died in the continue with him, and Infifted on her Sienois in 1640, leaving several children returning to Paris ; under pretence that by his wife Hearietta Catharine de Joy- his tenderness would not allow him to let cule, only daughter of Henry de Joyeuse, her hazard her person among the dar Marechal of France, and widow of Hen- gers and inconveniences to which the ry de Bourbon, Duke de Montpenfi- fervice he was upon exposed him. er. His fon, Henry de Lorraine, born The Duke now entered with his usual in 1514, became (by the death of his el. impetuosity into the conspiracy, which VOL. VII. V 19. FI

toos

took a very alarming form, and was fanc. binding; and that he only wished to 4• tioned by the fpecious name of “ The muse himself during his exile. She knew League formed to preserve the peace of enough to doubt the performance of his Christendom.” As Archbishop of Rheims, promise ; but, flattered by the hope of he was the first fpiritual peer; and as Duke feeing in her fetters him for whom so of Guise, the moft ancient temporal peer many vainly fighed, he pretended to of France; but these ties he broke through, be the dupe of his ready profeffion, while and was declared General of the armies the in fact meditated how to make him of the League.

hers. With this view, as it was now The King prosecutedhim for rebellion; the finest part of the year, he snade : and by an arret he was declared guilty party to go to a beautiful seat she had, a of treason, sentenced to be beheaded, and league from Bruffels, where she contrived his effects confiscated 3 which sentence to amuse the Duke for fone days, with was executed on him in effigy a few days every thing she thought agrecable to him, afterwards, and all his property seized The Duke, fiattered by her attention, by the Crown.

{poke to her more passionately than he The Duke went to Brussels, where he had yet done ; to which the Councels took upon him the command of the troops, anfwered, that if he was ficere in his which were sent thither by the Emperor professions, if his love was as great as and the King of Spain. There he found he pretended, he would haften the com. his aunt, the Dutchess of Chevreuse, who pletion of their marriage. The Duke had been obliged to quit France for her protested that there was nothing he fo intrigues againft Cardinal Richelieu; ardently desired as to be united for ever and at her house he became acquainted with fo amiable a person." Madame de with the Countess de Bossu, a young and Bossu, who was in hopes she thould bring beautiful widow, whose vivacity and per him to that declaration, then told him, Tonal attractions were more than fuffi- he might immediately convince her of cient to inflame a heart fo susceptible of his veracity, and secure the happiness he the power of beauty as was that of the seemed so much to desire, for that the Duke of Guise.

had a prieft and a notary ready, who The anecdotes of that time give an ac- would instantly perform the ceremonies. count of their acquaintance and its con- The Duke, who certainly did not believe sequence ; , which is perhaps somewhat a marriage under such circumsances heightened by the lively imagination of would be binding to him, confented with the writers, whó, to bring truth nearer as much apparent satisfaction as if he had to romance, have embellished it with been fincere. Manselle, the almoner of their own colouring. However, as there the army, was called in, who gave them are no other accounts of the commence a difpenfation, for want of the proper ment of this connection, it must be re- hanns, and then the nuptial benediction. lated in their manner.

The next day the Duke returned to BrufThe Duke of Guife baving often seen fets, leaving the Countess de Boslu ex the Countess of Bolu at the house of the tremely happy, at being as the imagiDutchess of Chevreufe, was equally -ned, Dutchess of Guife, and wife to the charmed by her beauty, and amused with most charming man of the age. her vivacity. The lady, on ler part, Whatever care had been taken to keep thought such a conquieft as that of the this transaction secret, it becajne in a few handsomeft and most accomplished man weeks the conversation of Bruffds; the

in Europc, deferved all her attention, Duke d’Elbeuf, and the Dutchefs de and that the might forgive herself even Chevreuse, both spoke to the Duke upen 'fome unusual advances to secure it. 'it in a Nyle of tererity he was by tro Thefe, however, the condudted with fo' means difpofed to bear. His respect for much art, that the Duke grew every day his aunt, Madame d’Chevreuse, madle more in love"; and when Madame de him listen to her reproaches with fomnc Boflu thought he was enough foto refife - appearance of patience ; but his fiery feita her nothing, the fpoke to him of marri- per could ill brook the remonftrances of age; to which the Duke anfwered, that the Duke d'Elbeuf, whom he anfwered he defred nothing fo much as to unite - in terms fo full of rage and indignation, This deftiny with hers:-hut if Madame that a challenge palled between them; de Boffu had known more of his real and they were prevented fighting only character, She might have perceived, that by the interposition of the Archduke.. he would not thus readily have entered Extremely irritated to think that any into engagements, bad te thought them one lould dare to pry into and blame hi actions, he determined to thew how of his journey, she arose to seek him aq little he considered their disapprobation, mong the disguised noblemen, and im by bringing Madame de Bossu home to mediately knew him, though he had ta, his houle, and owning her as his wife; ken the utmost pains to alter his appear. which at first he meant not to do, and ance: the transports they mutually difhad even prevailed on her to conceal their covered, and which they found it impose marriage, by representing to her that it sible to ftifie, divulged the secret of their would be necessary for him to try to re marriage." I have seen,” says the au concile his family to the match, before thor of this narration, “ an original let, he acknowledged it. The author of the ter of the Duke of Guise, upon this ex. life of Sylvia de Moliere, relates the traordinary instance of the sympathy be means by which the marriage first between him and his wife ; it was one of came publickly known; but there seems the most charming and interesting lettere to be much of fiction in the account, and I ever read: he even complained of the it was probably fabricated by the romance- excess of his happiness," foreseeing, per. writers of the day. It afferts, toat the haps, that it was too great to last. Ig Duke of Guise and the Countess of Bof fact, a very few months afterwards he fu fel towards each other that kind of made his peace with the King, and sefympathy, which informed each of the turned to France ; and tho? he for some presence or approach of the other, when time continued to write to Madame de they had no other means of knowing it; Bossu, he engaged in other attachments and that this singular presentiment be and at length thought of her no more trayed their connection, on the following unless it was to contrive means to breaks occafion.-The Count de **** had the tics which bound them to each other, long been in love with Madame de Bof- At first, the unfortunate Madame de fu, and pursued her wherever she went, Bossu flattered herself, from the frequenwith an ardour which her coldness and cy and tenor of the letters the received even rudeness to him could not diminish. from the Duke, that the thould Share The Duke of Guise, whose fuperior me- with him in his prosperity, as she had rit did not preferve him from jealouly, done his adversity; during which he had faw these affiduities continued towards advanced many sums of money for him, his wife with uneasiness; and he deter- and extremely distressed herself. The mined to know whether his abfence Dutchess Dowager of Guise, who had would inake any change in the behaviour other views for her son, used every artiof Madame de Boflu towards her impor- ficè to prevent her being received in tunate admirer. Great' rejoicings were France. But Madame de Bossu, fearless about this time made at Brussels, for the of the danger te incurred, determined birth of a prince of Spain; and, among at all events to see her husband, trusting other entertainments, there was to be that all his former tenderness would rea grand ball at the Countess of Santa- turn when he beheld her : lhe was particroix's: several noblemen purposed to go cularly induced to hope this from a let. thither marked, and dressed in fantaftic ter he had received, in which he prohabits; but the Duke of Guise, affecting tested to her, that he was incapable of great concern that he could not be of the infidelity; that his honour and his con. party, took leave of his friends, and of science, as well as his inclination, attachMadame de Boslu, and went out of town, ed him to her ; , and he only lamented, Saying, he had affairs which would de- that the contagion of his misfortunes had tain him three or four days. As foon, Triched her, whom he loved more than however, as night came he returned, and, life; but the might assure berself, death having with great fecrecy provided him only should separate them. Her courage Self with an Indian habit, he mingled, was ftrengthened by a letter fo flattering without being remarked, with the party to her hopes: she determined to disguise in masks, and entered the ball-room; he herself, and set out for France ; and, there beheld Madame de Bossu, with the travelling with equal expedition and leCount fitting by ber, as ufual; but he crecy, the threw herself into his arms, had no time to make any remarks on her before he knew she was on her journey: behaviour, for he had not been many mi. He received her with kindness; but his autes near her, before Madame de Bollu mother was no sooner apprized of her felt the emotion she always experienced arrival, than the went to the Queen, on the approach of her hulhand, and truft- from whom she obtained an order for ing rather to a fensation that had never Madame de Boslu to quit the dominions deceived here than to all he bad told her of France inftantly. This order was tig:

Dified

nified to her, and enforced by the re- army. It is unnecessary here to relate monstrance of the Duke of Guife; who the various events that occurred while told her, that all his endeavours and in- he continued on this command. The treaties would be ineffectual to preserve charms of Mademoiselle de Pons, which her from insult, and even from perfonal had induced him to go to Rome, in hopes danger, if she did not coraply with it. of being allowed to marry her, were foon Vnder such circumstances the unfortu. forgotten, amid the atiractions of the vate Countess was obliged to fubinit, Neapolitan beaoties : but his generaigaland returned broken-hearted to her mo lantries among the loweft of the people, ther. The Duke, giving himself up to and his attachment to the daughter of a intrigue, and to the warmth of his un- tailor in particular, difimfted those who governable temper, foon after get intn a 'had at first beheld him with admiration quarrel with the Count de Coligni: they and refpect; and at length his vfual rasha fought in the midft of the Court, and nets made himn corámit an indifcretion, the Duke of Guise dangerously wounded which put the town into the hands of and difarmed his antagonist. His mo- the Spaniards. He had then recourse to ther was perpetually apprehensive for his flight; but was pursued, taken, and sent safety, which he continually hazarded ; prisoner to Spain. Die dreaded left the old animofity should While this was palling, the unfortu. be renewed between him and the house nate Countefs of Boffu was fucd by the of Condé, with whom the hovfe of Guise Duke's creditors ; and ber effects, as had long been at variance; a renewal of well as the dower the poli-fied from her which, the forefaw, would be attended first husband, feized to fatisfy their de with the most fatal events : she was, mands. Notwithstanding which, and therefore, very desirous that the Duke all his neglect and cruelty, he no soon. Thould marry Mademoiselle de Longue. er heard of his imprisonment, than the ville, nece to the great Condé. But the quitted the house of her mother, with Duke had fallen in love with Mademoi- whom the was obliged to refide, and felle de Pons; and as this new attach- went into France, meaning to pass from ment was, if possible, more violent than thence into Spain, to folicit his release, any he had yet felt, he positively refused or share his confinement. Her friends, to'liften to any overtures in regard to however, represented to her, that her Maclemoiselle de Longueville. As he de- journey would be absolutely fruitless; termined to marry Mademoiselle de Pons, and prevailed upon her to return into it became neceffary for him to inquire Flanders. By the interposition of the How far his marriage with the Countess great Condé, who then ferved the King de Bossu might prevent the completion of Spain against his native country, the of his wishes; and he found, that it would Duke was forn after released : the Sparaise fuch impedim.ents to his designs, as , nifh court, indeed, gave him his liberty he should find it extremely difficult to the more willingly, as they hoped that obviate: this consideration, and the trou- his turbulent and restless spirit would ble he received from the Attorney-gene- create new troubles in France. He ral (who profecuted him for his offence was no rooner at liberty, than he difagainst law and order, by fighting pub- claimed all obligations to the Prince of licly with the Count de Coligni), deter- Condé, and complained loudly of the mined him to go himself to Rome; treatment he had received at Madrid, where he hoped to obtain the diffolution The ratheels

of his character seemed to of his engagements with Madame de have gained strength by his confinement; Boslu. At this time the civil war of his politics and his love assumed a more Naples, occasioned by the heavy impofts violent caft; the paffion he had felt for laid on the people, broke out ; Mazzie. Mademoiselle de Pons, seemed to return nello, who was the leader of the túmult, with more ardour than ever; and he des being destroyed, the rebels had recourfe termined to make her his, at whatever to the Duke of Guise, who, by his de- price. But when he learned, too certainly. scent, 'had a sort of claim to the king- that during his absence The had reccived dom of Naples. The Duke no founes as a favoured lover Monsieur de Malireceived the proposal of becoming their corne, a private gentleman, rage and inGeneral, than with his usual impetuosity dignation ftified all the emotions of tege he accepted it; and, making his way dernefs he had felt for her ; he treated through the fleet commanded by Don her with rudeness and infult, and infiftJohn of Austria, he arrived at Naples, ed on her returning a pair of ear-rings, and became Generaliffimo of thic rebel valued at a thoufund crowns, which le

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