Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

Dum uixit," says Walsingham,"om- which should endanger her salvation !" nes reges orbis gloria & magnificentia Thus died this Queen at Windsor, on fuperavit ;" which character in his hif- the vigil of our Lady, in the middle tory he greatly enlarges, contrasting of August 1369. his magnanimity with his affability, It is remarkable of this Prince, as discretion, moderation, munificence, well as his grandfather, that we hear and the mildness of his government. of no natural children of his, though

Hic erat (fays an old Chronicle in Walsingham seems to afcribe his death the Cottonian Library, cited by Wee- to some amorous indulgences of his ver) flos mundune militie, fub quo mili- dorage with Alice Price. tare erat regnare, proficisci proficerr, The pleasures of his youth were the confligere, triumpbare. Hi: vere Ed- chace and building, in which he passed wardus quamvis in hostes terribilis ex- all the time he could spare from gotiterat, in fubditos tamen initiffimus vernment and conquest. fucrat & gratiofus, pietate & mifericordia omnes pene fuos praecellens ante. Direttians given by Richard II. about fesores.

his Funeral. Milles says, “ It is reported that his FROM the will of this unfortunate Queen made it her dying request, that king (the first who had the permission he would choose none other sepulchre of Parliament to make a will) it apthan that wherein her body should be pears that he had erected this monu, layed.”

." This he had from Froissart, ment to himself and his beloved conwho mentions two other dying re, fort in his life-time. His directions quests made by her. " When the about his funeral, the arraying of his good lady knew that she must die, she body, and the procession, are no less sent for the king, and when he came curious. It was to be celebrated more The drew her right hand out of the regio, with four berses in four separate bed, and putting it into his right hand, places; two with five lights in the two the good lady said, “We have lived principal churches to which his body all our time together in peace, joy, and might happen to be carried ; a third prosperity, I beg you at this parting in St Paul's Church ; and the fourth, to grant me three favours.' The king in a style of superior magnificence, in tears replied, • Alk, Madam, and full of lights, in the church of Welte it shall he done and granted. She minfter. The procession was to trathen requested that he would dif- vel fourteen, fifteen, or sixteen miles charge the money due from her to fo- a day, as the stations fuited, surroundreign merchants, that he would pay ed by twenty-four wax torches, day her legacies to the several churches and night, to which an hundred more both at home and abroad, and to her were to be added when it passed thro' servants, and that he would choose no London. Bur if he chanced to die other place of burial, buç lię by her in within sixteen, fifteen, ten, or five miles Westminster Abbey.' All these he of his palace at Westminster, these promised to fulfil

. The good lady herses were to be fet out for four days then made the sign of the true cross together, in four principal intermedion him, and commended the king and are places ; or if there were no places her youngest fon Thomas, who stood that answered this description, then in by him, to God, and presently after four other places, as his executors the resigned her foul ; which, lays the fhould determine; and if he died in honelt writer, I firmly believe was re- his palace at Westminster, then one ceived by the holy angels, and con- very solemn herfe for four days ; but veyed to heavenly bliss ! for never in on the last day still more honourable her life did the do or think any thing exequies. If his corpse thould happen

to be loft åt sea, or by any other acci- raculously lifted up higher than the
dent, which God forbid ? ab hominum heads of all the affiftants, notwithstanda
aspectibus rapiatur; or should he die ing it had been fewed up in a bag,
in a part of the world whence it could and kept in the bearer's bosom. One
not easily be brought to England, the of his feet was carried by John de
same directions touching both the fu- Vescy, the founder, to Alnwic abbey,
Deral and monument were nevertheless where continuing several months un-
to be observed. His corpse was to be corrupted, the monks made for it a fil-
arrayed in velvet or white fattin, more ver shoe. It had a wound between
regis, with a gilt crown and sceptre, the little and the third toe, made ei-
but without
any stones, except

the
pre-

ther by a knife or sword in the mang. cious stone in the ring of his finger, ling of the body. The distant fight more region of the value of twenty of this foot wrought instant cures. A merks of English money. Every ca canon of Alnwic, who swore the Ear! tholic king was to receive on the oc: was a traitor, loft first his eyes, and calion a present of a gold cup of the then his life. “ Think,” cries out value of L:45 English money, and the monk of Mailros, who relates this his successor, provided he fulfilled his story," what will be the glory of this will, was to have all the crowns, gold, “ foot at its rejunction to Simon's plate, furniture of his chapel, certain "body after the general judgement; beds and hangings ; and the rest of his " from the comparison of this foot be jewels and plate was to be applied to "fore that great event, which difa wards furnishing the buildings he had " played fuch healing powers through begun at the nave of the abbey church " the silver shoes out of which went at Westmintter.

“ invisible virtue to heal the fick."

The other foot waş fent, as a mark of Death of Simon de Montfort, Earl of contempt, by the victor to Llewellid Leicester.

Prince of Wales, who had formed an SIMON de MONTFORT, Earl of alliance with this Early and married his Leicester, being sain at the battle of daughter. Though it is not to be Evelham, his head, harids, feet, and doubted that this also was endowed privities cut off on the field by Roger with a power of working miracles, Mortimer, and the former sent to Wig- they were not sufficiently authenticated more castle, by leave of the king, the to be recorded. His other hand trunk was carried away on a weak old was preserved with great reverence at ladder, covered with a torn cloth, to Evelham, where it may fairly be prethe abbey church of Evelham, and, sumed to have wrought miracles ; " for wrapt in a fheet, committed to the “God, continues my author, does not earth, before the lower step of the high “fo justify one

“ fo justify one part of a man by these altar there, with his eldelt fon Henry "powers as to leave another part witliand Hugh Lord Despencer, who fell “out the fame.” This chronicler, itt with him. But shortly after, some of his enthusiasm for the Earl, compares the monks alledging that he died ex- him with his namesake Simon Peter, communicate and attainted of treason, celebrates his exemplary vigilance and and therefore did not deserve Christian habit of rising at midnight, his ab burial, they took up his corpse, and itinence, and his moderation in dress, buried it in a remote place, known to always wearing haircloth next his skin, few.

and over it at home a ruffet habit ; and One of his hands being carried in. in public, blovet, ot burnet ; and his to Cheshire by the servant of one of constant language was, that he would the king's party, was, at the elevation not desert the jult defence of England, of the host in the parish church, mie which he had undertaken for God's fake, through the love of life, of the declamations of the moderns again fear of death ; but would die for it. him, it is not easy to decide whether Juftly.therefore did the religious pre ambition or the public good was the ter his fhrine to the Holy Land; and motive of his opposition to his fo: his favourites the friars minor celebra- vereign, who had been his benefactory ted his life and miracles, and compo- and whose after he had married. The sed a service for him, which, during the chronicler of Mailros appeals iv heaven life of Edward, could not be generally for the justice of bis caule, and the mira; Introduced into the church.

fake,

cles wrought at the tomb of his affociate · Matthew Paris, and the author of the Hugh Despencer, who was chief just; Annals of Waverly pretend, that at the ice of England; and the chronicler instant of his death there happened ex* of Waverly fcruples not to call his traordinary thunder and lightning, and death a glorious martyrdom for his general darkness. " Sicque labores country, and the good of the kingdom

finivit fuos vir ille magnificus Simon and the church; while Carte condemas S comes, qui non solom sua sed su im him as a traitor į and Tyrrel Says, he " pendit po oppreffione pauperom, af- and his family perished, and came to 4. fectione justitiæ, & regni jure. Fuerat nought in a few years. Knighton says, ff utique literarum scientia commenda: he reproached his sons for having "bils, officiis divinis assidue interesse brought him to his end by their pride ** gaudens, frugalitati deditus, cuifami: and presumption. Mr Philips, owner * liare fuit in noctibus vigilare amplius of the lite of Evelham-abbey, digging fi quam dormire : constans fuit in ver: a foundation for a wall between the “bo, sererus in vultu, maxime fidus in church-yard and his garden, found *.orationibus religiosorum, ecclefiaftic the skeleton of a man in armour, pro* cis magnam semper impendens rever- bably one of the heroes that fell in this y entiam.” These are the words of "battle. He scrupulously left it usMatthew Paris, who adds, that he had toucht, and built the wall a high opinion of bishop Grofteftes * {plius confilio tractabat ardua, ten- Anecdotes auf Sir John Maltravers, as “ tabac dubia, finivit inchoata, ea max

Affociate in the Murder of Edward II. “ ime per quæ meritum sibi sucrescere THIS man, associate with Sir Tho. $ æftimabat:” that the bishop promi• mas. Gurney in the cruel murder of fed him the crown of martyrdom for his Edward II. at Berkeley calle, recei defence of the church, and foretold ved his pardon for that atrocious deed that both he and his son would die the on account of his services in Ed: fame day in the cause of justice and ward III.'s wars in France, and had fruch. His profeffions of religion (for the government of Guernsey conferred he and all his arniy received the sacra- on him. Hollinshed, speaking of him ment before they took the field) and before the death of Edward II. calls his opposition to the king's oppreslive him John Lord Matrevers, and is au: measures, made him the idol of the thotised herein by the title of Baros mooks and the populace. Tyrrel fays on his tomb, though Dugdale says he had seen at the end of a MS. in none of the family were Barons before the public library at Cambridge, cer- i Edward III. Rapin says, Maltra. Jain prayers directed to him as a faint, sers spent his days. in exile in Gere with many rhyming verfes in his many, whither he retired immediately praise, and the Pope was obliged to reafter the fact ; for which Gurney. was press these extravagances. He cer- beheaded at sea three years after (1332, taialy was possessed of noble qualitiesRymer) as they were bringing him but amid the prejudices of antient into England under arrest from Bay writers in his favour, and the violent onne, Thomas de la More Says of

Maluavers,

upon it.

Malcravers, that diu latuit in Germany, bellion, and fled for it. It is not cer. which is literally translated by Speed, tain whether his lands were seized for · 4 Edward III, he had judgment to this, 5 Edward III. Dugdale con be put to death wherever he could be founds his and his father's wife at found, for the murder of Edmond Earl first, but afterwards distinguishes them; of Kent, as the record alledges. It the father having married Agnes widow appears in Rymer, that his attainder of John Argentine and John Nerford ; was reverst by an act dated at Guilford, and the fon Wentliana. Agnes was : Dec. 28, 1347, because it Wai con- second wife to John the elder, who trary to law, he having never been heard had by he. another son, who died 9 in his defence. He came to the King at Richard II. leaving two daughters, Sloys, 12 Edward III. and afterwards of whom the younger married Hum. : at London. But the reversal was on- phrey Stafford, whose father, Sir Humly on condition he appeared at court phrey Stafford, had married her mowhen summoned. Carte says, he liv- ther. Agnes made her will in the ed 26 years in Germany, and finding parish of St John Zachary, London, means to do some fervices to Edward 1374, by which she orders her body III. he came and threw himself at the to be buried near her husband, if the King's feet in Flanders, submitting died in Dorsetshire or Wilts; but if. his life to his disposal, and was par. in Hertfordshire or Cambridgeshire, at doned. Dugdale adds from the Par. Wimondley priory, to which she gave. liament Rolls, that he lost all his goods her plate after her fon's death. in his services in Flanders, and suffer. . The estates of this family were con. ed great oppression; and having ob- Gderable in Dorset ; where Dugdale tained licence to return to England, traces them back to the time of Henry he procured a full pardon in Parlia- III. Lechiot Maltravers seems to ment 25 Edward III. and again had have been their mansion-house. fummons to fit there, the first of his family. Next year, upon his son's The Peacock a favourite Dich of the death, he had the government of

13th Century. Guernsey, Jersey, Sark, and Aurency, AMONG the delicacics of splendid and was in the expedition against tables in 1264, one sees the Peacock, France 29 Edward III. He found that noble bird, the food of lovers and the ed an hospital for poor men and wo. meat of lords --Few dishes were in men at Bowes in Guernsey, and died higher fashion in the 13th century, 26 Feb. 28 Edward III. 13653 fo and there was scarce any royal or nothat as he was 30 at the death of his ble feast without it. They stuffed father, 24 Edward I. and was knight- it with spices and sweet herbs, and ed 34 Edward I. he must have been covered the head with a cloth, which 99 at the time of his death ; and had was kept conftantly wetted, to preserve time to reconcile himself to God as the crown. They roasted it, and ferwell as to his Sovereign ;-if any thing ved it up whole, covered after dressing but the deepest contrition on his part with the skin and feathers on, the could expiate so atrocious a crime ; for comb entire, and the tail spread. Some which his epitaph folicits the prayers persons covered it with leaf gold inof its readers, and their falvation for itead of its skin, and put a piece of cota their piety. He begs hard, and offers ton dipt in spirits into its beak, to handsomely, for the pardon of his ag- which they set fire as they put it on gravated lins.

the table. The honour of serving it His son, John Maltravers, was con- up was reserved for the ladies most cerned in the Earl of Lancaster's re- distinguished for birth, rank, or beau. Vol. VII. No 39.

Еe
* Such are the epithets bestowed on it by Romance-writers,

ty, one of whom followed by others, ten, represents King Arthur doing this and attended by music, brought it up office to the satisfaction of 500 guests. in the gold or silver dish, and set it A picture by Stevens, engraved by before the master of the house, or the l'Empereur, represents a peacock-fealt. guest most distinguished for his cour. Mons. d'Ausly had seen an old piece tely and valour, or after a tournament of tapestry of the 15th century, repre: before the victorious knight, who was senting the same subject, which he could to display his skill in carving the fa- not afterwards recover, to engrave in vourite fowl, and takecan oath of valour his curious History of the Private Life and enterprise on its head. The row of the French. It may flatter the va. mance of Lancelot, adopting the man- nity of an English historian to find this Ders of the age in which it was writ- defideratum here supplied.

I

Short Hints, by Dr Robert Drummond, Archbishop of York, to Lord Desk

ford, going to begin his Education at Oxford *. N. B. Besides the books mentioned in the body of the page, those fet down

in the Nores may be of use. Should be diffident in giving my pleasure cannot arise, except the mind

advice to a young Nobleman where feels an ambition to push on to the my affections are concerned, for fear object which is thus in view, and to of drawing him into a mistaken course enlarge its powers. of study. But yet as my affections A system of morality need not be urge me strongly, I will hazard even dry, but it is a necessary foundation. my judgment, though I may fail, not- Burlemaqui's Droit Naturel, Puffenwithstanding my earnest desire to be dorf's Devoirs d'Homme et de Ci. of some sort of service to a friend and toyen par Barbeyrac, and the Extracts a relation.

of the Socratic Philofophy from Xe My judgment, as far as it goes with nophon and Platot, for the use of Westregard to a young Nobleman who is a minster school, are Thort books and stranger to public education, to Greek pleasurable. In Tully and Socrates and composition, is this : that his am- you see all that was valuable amongst bition should be carried forward to the Academics, which indeed was the wards the greater lines of public life, only fect that carried the efforts of by fuch methods of knowledge that reason as far as it would then go. Of may suit him, and yet enable him to the other two sects (for there are buc appear with credit to himself and fer. three great ones) the Stoics hurt the vice to his country. All knowledge cause of their virtue by over-rating its should be laid in principle ; principle power; and the Epicureans debased is founded on reason and morality. it. Without tiring a person unused to ap- To connect the fystem of natural plication, I would thew him a short religion as to theory and practice with and yet profitable way, without a great Christianity, which is the perfection of deal of dryness and trouble.

morality, and that method of falvation It has always appeared to me, that which the Deity revealed to mankind there can be no profitable application through Christ, that they may be af without pleasure in reading, and that sured of eternal happiness upon their

fincere Europ. Mag. + Oeuvres de Platon, par Dacier, 2 vols. Xenophon's Memoirs of Socrates, Epictetus, and Antoninus i Hutchinson's Moral Philosophy,

« ZurückWeiter »