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Ti* Vizier'/ Manner os Hunting in the Mogul Empirt. Is'f

Hrom<n, &c. j so that, upon the most moderate calculation, the number of souls in his camp cannot be reckoned at less than twenty thousand.

There are generally about twenty or thirty of the gentlemen of his Court, who attend him on his hunting parties, and are the companions of his sports and pleasures. They are principally his own relations in different degrees of consanguinity; and such as arc not related to him, are of the old respectable families of Hindostan, who either have Jaghires, or are otherwise supported by the Nabob: all of these are obliged to keep a small establishment of elephants for the fake of attending the Nabob; besides horses, a palanquin, &c.

The Nabob, and all the gentlemen of his camp, are provided with double sets of tents and camp equipage, which are always sent on the day before to the place whither he intends going, which is generally about eight 01 ten miles in whatever direction he expects most game; so that by the time he has finished his sport in the morning, he finds the whole camp ready pitched for his reception.

His Highness always rises before day-break, and after using the hot bath, be eats an English breakfast of tea and toast, which is generally over by the time the day is well broke. He then mounts his elephant, attended by all his household and Sioary, and preceded by some musicians on horseback, finging, and playing on musical instruments. He proceeds forwards, and it presently joined, from the different quarters of the camp, by the gentlemen of his Court, who having paid their respects, fall in upon their elephants on each side of, or behind, the Nabob's, lb as to form a regular moving Court or Durbar; and in this manner they march on conversing together, and looking out for game. A great many dogs are led before, and are constantly picking up hares, foxes, jackalls, and sometimes deer. The hawks are alib carried immediately before the ele

phants, and are let fly at whatever game is sprung for them, which generally consists of partridges, in great numbers and varieties, quails, bustards, and different kinds of heions, which last give excellent spoit with the falcons, or sharp-winged hawks. The Nabob takes great pains in ranging the elephants in a regular line, which is very extensive, and by proceeding in this manner no game can escape. The horse are generally at a little distance upon the wings, but small parties of three or four horsemen are placed in the intervals of, or before the elephants, in order to ride after the hawks, and assist the dogs when loosed at deer, or very often the horsemen run down what we call the kog-deer, without any dogs. Wild boars are sometimes started, and are either (hot or run down by the dogs and horsemen.

When intelligence is brought of a tyger, it is matter of great joy, as that is considered as the principal sport, and all the rest only occasional to fill up the time. Preparations are instantly made for pursuing him, which is done by assembling all the elephants, with as many people as can conveniently go upon their backs, and leaving all the rest, whether on foot or on horseback, behind. The elephants are then formed into a line, and proceed forward regularly; the Nabob and all his attendants having their fire-arms in readiness. The cover, in which the tyger is most frequently found, is long grafs, or reeds so high as often to reach above the elephants, and it is very difficult to find him in such a place, ns he either endeavours to steal off, or lies so close that he cannot be roused till the elephants are almost upon him. H^ then roars and skulks away, but is shot at as soon as he can be seen; and it is generally contrived, in compliment to the Nabob, that he shall have the first shot at him. If he is not disabled, he continues skulking away, the line of elephants following him, and the Nabob and others shooting at him as often as he can be seen,

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till he falls. Sometimes, when he can be traced to a particular spot where he couches, the elephants are formed into a circle round him, and in that cafe, when he is roused, he generally attacks the elephant that is nearest to him, by springing upon him with a dreadful ro»r, and biting at, or tearing him with his claws: but in this cafe, from his being obliged to shew himself, he is soon dispatched by the number of Ihots aimed at him; for the greatest difficulty is to rouse him, and get a fair view of him. The elephants all this time are dreadfully frightened, shrieking and roaring in a manner particularly expressive of their fear: and this they begin as soon as they smell him, or hear him growl, and generally endeavour to turn back from the place where thetygeris: some os them, however, but very few, are bold enough to be driven up to attack him, which they do by curling the trunk close up under the mouth, and then charging the tyger with their tusks; or they endeavour to press him to death by falling on him with their knees, or treading him under their sect. If one tyger is killed, it is considered as a good day's sport: but someiimes two or three are killed in one day, or even more, if they meet with a female and her cubs. The Nabob then proceeds towards his tents upon the new ground, so that every day is both a marching day and a day of Iport; or sometimes he halts for a day oi two upon a place that lie likes, but not often. When he gets to his tents, ■which is generally about eleven or twelve o'clock, he dines, and goes to

seep for an hour or two. In the afteroon he mounts his elephant. again, and takes a circuit about the skirts of the camp, with the dogs and hawks; or sometimes amuses himself with an elephant sight, with shooting at a mm k, fir such like amusements; and this course he repeats every day infallibly during the whole of the party.

The other principal objects of the Nabob's sport arc, wild elephants, buffaloes, and rhinoceros.

1 was present two years ago at the chace of a wild elephant of prodigious size and strength. The plan first followed, was to endeavour to take him alive by the assistance of the tame elephants, who try to surround him, whilst hewas kept at bay by fire-works, such as crackers, porte-fires, &c. but he always got off from them, notwithstanding the drivers upon some of ths tame elephants got so near as to thtovr noo/es of very strong ropes over hij head, and endeavoured to detain him by fastening them round trees, but he snapped them like packthread, and held on his way towards the sorest. The Nabob then ordered some of the strongest and most furious of his fighting elephants to be brought up to him. Ai soon as one of them came near him, he turned and charged him with dreadful fury; so much so, that in the struggle with one of them, he broke one of his tusks by the middle, and the broken piece (which was upwards of two inches in diameter, of solid i« vory) flew up in the air several yards above their heads. Having repelled the attacks of the fighting elephants, he pursued his way with a flow and sullen pace towards his cover. The Nabob then seeing no possibility os taking him alive, gave orders for killing him. An incessant (ire from matchlocks was immediately commenced upon him from ail quarters, but with little effect, for he twice turned round and charged the party. In one of these charges he struck obliquely upon tha elephant -which the Prince rode, and thiew him on his side, but fortunately passed on without offering farther injury to him. The Prince, by laying hold of the Howdah, kept himself iu his feat, but the servant he had behind, and every thing he had with him on the Howdah, was thrown off to a great distance. At last, our grisly enemy was overpowered by the number of bullets showered upon him from all sides, and he fell dead, after having received, as was computed, upwards of one thousand balls i« his body.


Original LctUrs of the celebrated John Wilmot Earl of Rochester, to kit

•Lady aud Son.

THAT there is a kind of vene- prehended by one of so tender an age,

ration, which may be stikd Na- as the child to whom these epistles

tural, for whatever belongs to great were addressed.

men, appears from hence, that in all But we may look for good fense,

ages and in all countries this humour good humour, and -a good manner of

has prevailed, and the mod trilling writing to a wife and child, without

things have been thought precious on the score of their belonging to, or having been left by some person of hi;>h distinction. We may add to this, that the value of these relics is very little, if at all, enhanced by their materials.

being disappointed. They have ia this respect all the beauties that cau be wished fur; they are easy and correct': those to his Lady full of humour; those to his Son, of paternal tenderness and good fense. They (hew

The rully sword osScanderbeg would us, that he was not able to set pen to

be looked upon (except by a Gold- paper, on the slightest and most tri

smith) as infinitely a better thing than vial occasion, without leaving those

a modern gold hilt ever so finely fi- marks of genius, which distinguish a

nith'd; and hence it is, that we fee true wit, and which one who affects it

such large sums given for things of can never reach. The letter to his

very little intrinsic value, and Ionic- lady, ill spelt and full of hard words,

times too of very doubtful authority. is no doubt a very natural burlesque

It is from these considerations, and on that kind of stile, which then Was many mote of alike nature that might and still is in use among a certain sort be mentioned, that, it is hoped, the of people; the verses also have proPublic will receive pleasure from the bably the same character, and in the publication of these few genuine re- last letter there are allusions, which mains of a nobleman, esteemed the we live at too great ajdistance of time greatest Wit in an age the most fertile to hope for any lights that may enable of wits this ifland has ever had to us fully to understand. But what boast. We cannot indeed fay, that then ? the fame thing happens in the they relate either to striking or im- familiar letters of all the ancients, and portant subjects, for they are addressed yet they are not thought trivial, or be* to the Countess his wife, (to whom, low our notice. We enter as far as we if not ever constant, he was always ci- can into the family circumstances of vil) and to his Son, while a child of such epistles ; and yet we have nothing eight years old at Eaton. We cannot more to do with them than with these. therefore expect any thing of that The only rational cause that can be flame and passion, which would have assigned for the pleasure we receive in appeared in his epiitles to Mrs Barry, reading them, is the delight that conwho is known to have been his favour- stantly results siom looking into brite, and to have owed to his instruc- man nature, and examining the recesses tioos a very large share of that fame of the mind. This we may gratify which she acquired upon the stage, here as well as there; and therefore Neither are we to look for the grave, those who have a true taste cannot sail sententious discourses of one who was of approving the pains taken to Conor had a mind to pass for a philo- vey these glittering fragments, long sopher, that being neither his Lord- buried in the dust of » closet, with ship's character; nor would it have due respect to posterity. been a stile proper to have been coni

Vou VII. No 39. / X LETTER I.

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LETTER I.—To Us Son.

I Take it very kindly that you write to me (tho* seldome) and wish hcp.rtily that you would behave yourself so, that I may (hew how much I Jove you, without being ashamed. Obedience to your mother and grandmother, and those that instruct you in good things, is the way to make you happy here and for ever. Avoid idleness, scorn lying, and God will bless you } for which I pray.


II.—To his Son.

I Hope, Charles, when you receive this, and know that I have sent this gentleman to be your tutor, you will be very glad to fee that I take so much care of ycu, and be very grateful ; which is best shewn in being obedient. You are now grown bigg enough to be a man,jf you can be wise enough; a;)d the way to be truly so, is to serve God, learn your book, .nni observe the instructions of your parents, and next your tutor, to whom I have intircly resigned you for these seven years ; and according as you cmploy that time, you arc to be happy or linhappy for ever; but I have so good en opinion of you, that I am glad to think you will never deceive me. Dear child, learn your book, and be obedient, and you shall see what a father I will be to you: You shall want no pleasure whilst you are good, and that you may be so, is always my constant prayer. Rochestk*.

III.—To my mere than meritorious

I A M, by fate, (lave to your will,
And shall be most obedient still;
To shew my love, I will compose you,
For your fair singers ring a po'Ce;
In which shall be express'd my duty,
And how I'll be for ever true t' you,
With low-made legs and sugar'd

speeches, yielding to your fair bum the breeches j

I'll shew myself, in all I can,
Your faithful humble servant, Johh

IV.—To his Lady.

Persons in absence aught to notice returns reciprocrallv, affectionately reconsell'd with humble redentigration; however correspondent to the sencesibility of equivalent anpollegy: neither can I distinctly glorifie myself collaterally in superlative transcendency with more lustre, than by vanting myself

Your moil humble Servant,

Rochester. Madam, I humbly thank you for your kind letter, and am in hopes to lie very speedily with you, which is e\er a great happiness to

Your humble Servant,


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V.—To Ms Lady. H E last letter I received from your honour was something seandalous, so 1 knew not how to answer it. It was my design to hare written to I>ady Ann Wilmot to intercede for me, but now with joy I find myself again in your favour, it mail be my endeavour to continue so; in order to which very shortly I will be with you. In the mean time, my mother may be pleased to dispose of my children, my chymist, and my little dogs, and whatever is mine, as she pleases; only if I may have nothing about me as I like, it will be the cause of making the felicity of waiting on her bel.iil me very feldome. Thus I remain with my duty to her, my service to you, and all those things,

Rochester. Madam, This illustrious peison is my ambassador to my son and daughter; the presents she brings are great and glorious, and I hope will gain her an equal reception. To my son, flie will deliver a dog of the last litter of lapdogs so much reverenced at Indoflan,


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for the honour they have to lie on keeper, the butler, and rats, who squeak

Cushions ot cloth of gold at the foot of the Great Mogul. The dog's name is Omrah. To my daughter I have sent the very person of the Duchess La Vallicrc, late Mistress to the King of Franc;?, dried up and pined away to a very small pioportion by fasting.

mightily, and are all in good health; your daughter, our next door neighbour, is well; I gave her your present, which (lie received handsomely. Your maids, for good husbandry and equipage sake, I would have sent you from tithing to tithing, as the law of England allows; but Florance was gentle and penitent, and deserve* something better. I have given her counsel for one end, and a soft pillion in a great fright lest they should for the other, upon which (he ambles be like you. By the bigness of the to Somersetshire, where I am glad to head I should apprehend you far gone hear your Ladyship is, I hope in good in the rickets; by the severity os the health at this prefect writing. Your ocountenance, somewhat inclined to ther maid is a very eloquent pcison, prayer and prophecy; yet dicre is an and I have paid her her wages. To-morilacrity in your plump checks, that row I intend for Woodstock, and from seems to signify sack and sugar; and thence to London, where I hope to your shari>-lighted nose has borrowed receive your commands. Present my uicknefs from the sweet-smelling eye. humble duty to my Lady Warrc,


VI.—To Lady Rochester.
RrcEivED three pictures, and am

never saw a chin smile before, a mouth frown, or a sorehead mump. Trucly the artist has done his part (God keep him humble) and a fine man he is, if his excellencies don't puff him up like his pictures. The Dext impertinence I have to tell you

whose favours will ever be in my grateful memory; my humble service to Lady La Warrc, to cousin Betty, Sweet Honey, Mr Windham, the Spright, and the litde girl whom my soul loveth. I hope my brother is well, but it is not usual to present our service to men in ladies letters; so

is, that I am coming into the country;

I have got horses, but want a coach; like a well-bred gentleman I rest,

when that defect is supplied, you (hall

quickly have the trouble of

Your humble Servant,



Your humble Servant,


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