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ID Y v.—Translated from Leonard.

WHEN the Harbinger os day Spread her brilliant golden ray, I saw Venus, in my dream, Leading Cupid, who did seem, With a childish step, to move Near the Beauteous Queen of Love. "Happy swain, said lhe to me, *.t My dear son 1 bring to thee: "Teach him well thy sacred art r "With thy lines inspire his hear:." Sweetly smil'd the hrav'nly Fair, 'And then vajiilh'd in the air. First 1 sang those hymns divine, Oft rehears'd by all the Nine; Then 1 stiew'd with what a fire Godlike Phœbus strikes the lyre; To enercase my pnpii's pleasure, Oft I chaog'd my theme and measure, Idyls, elegies prolong The melodious plaintive song; And my hanri, enchanted, plays Ail th' Aonian sacred lays. "Trifling are the strains, fays he, ■* 1 so long have heard from thee; * All those themes, thou call'st divine, "Cannot be compar'd to mine; "Leave thy learning, quit thy strings, "And I'll teach thee olhcr things." Then his argument to prove, He instructs me how to love: From his lips of crimson rose, Charming music sweetly stows. Ah ye Gods I how well my heart Seiz'd the secrets of hi* art 1 'if in time Ihould die away What 1 leara'd before that day, At your rich and sacred slirine. Pray forgive, ye learned Nine; Bat gay Cupid's tender strain, All my life {hall I retain.

For any tool, of any kind1,

Can sep'rate what was nrver joinM.

The knife that cats wr love in two

Will have' much tougher work to drt;

Must cut your ibftnefc, worth and spirit,

Down to the vulgar size of rr.trit;

To level yours with modern taste.

Must cut a world of lense to waste,

And from your (ingle beauty's store,

Clip what vtould diizcn out a score.

The Aif-fanic blodc from me must sever(

6enlation, judgment, sight, for ever;

All mem'ry cf past,

All hope of comforts long to last,

All that makes fourteen years with you

A summer, ar.d a short one too;

AU.that affection feels and fears,

When houra, without you, seem like yea-fc

Till that he done, and I'd as soon

Believe this knife will chip the mcfcn,

Accept my present undeterr'd,

And leave their proverbs to the herd.

If in a kiss, delicious treat!

Your lips acknowledge the receipt,

I.rtve, fond of such substintial fare,

And proud to play the glutton there.

All thoughts of cutting will disdain,

Save onl y cut mi J come again.

From a Gentleman to a Lady, tt/itli a Present os a Knife.

A Knife, dear girl, cuts kve, they fay; Merc siodib love, reitaps it may;

Truth's Answer to a Man's Inquiry.


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No lawver I, so keep your fee,
Ym uke my bell advice.

At mammon, why those glances thrown.'

Is happiness with him?
Hark :—let that pity-piercing groan,

Confute so vain a whim.

Ask Himir; you perceive her hold

A cnivn; the tempter scorn; That crown, though all of solid gold, ■ Within it has a thorn.

Try Pleasure; lo! stark (rating mad, ^>he runs, (he's out of breath;

8he lai'ghs, yet is at heart so fad She's in tie gasp of death.

To Cupid (hall we next apply?

Lo: blood has stain'd hit darts! Trust one that Is not prone to lie;

His trade is wounding hearts.

Stsc Virtue \ friend, yon look too far!

She's near enough to kiss; Her hand from hcav'n plucks down a ft»r«

And 'tit the star of Wise.

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TH E Emperor has put forth a new ordonnance respecting the small Cox, forbidding inoculation to be performed at a less distance than 400 toises from any town, Under the penalty of loco florins, both on the inoculator and the patient.

Cosy, of a letter delivered fy Monsieur de Cachet, Charge is Affaires from the Emperor at the Court (^Poland, pre* sensed and read to the Permanent Council it Varro vie, the IM os January 1788.

*c As the present state of affair:; may possibly render necessary, in a stiort time, a passage to the troops of' his Imperial Majesty through the territory of tlie Republic of Poland, in order to open a communication with those of the Empress of Russia, which are in the neighbourhood, the undersigned has received orders from his Court to acquaint his Majesty, the King of Poland, and his Council, informing them, at the fame time, that his Royal and Imperial master, confiding in the friendship and harmony Which reigns between the two states, has no doubt but his Majesty and his Permanent Council \* ill consent to the passage demanded, especially when they are informed that no violence nor inJsult will be offered to the inhabitants; that they will receive no injury whatever; and that whatever they may furnish to the Imperial troops, will be paid for in ready money.

*' The undersigned has the honour to request the Grand Chancellor, as President of the Department for Foreign Affairs, to communicate this requisition to the Council Permanent without delay, add to require an immediate answer. (Signed,) "De Cachet." Farrovit, Jan. 12. 1788.

Answer to the above.

u That the King had not the power to consent to the passage demanded for the Imperial troops 1 th'-t it was a question on which the Diet alone could decide :—And as to the conclusion of the note of Mons. dc Cachet, he was informed, that Poland could turnifh neither com


nor forage; ahd it was hoped, that the Emperor would find another passage."

A private letter from that ill-fated country informs us, that a Conjunction is resolved upon between the Austrian and Russian troops in Poland, notwithstanding this refusal, and that it will take place in the Vaivodie de Brastlaw in tha neighbourhood of Winniza.


Berlin, Dee. 30. The General Di*

rectory caused it to be published on the 17th inst, that all the merchandizes and other efi.'cts from France, Italy, and Ger-, many, and going by land to Russia and Poland through the King's Estates, shall for the future -pay, besides the usual cus-* torn duties, a transit duty of three dahlera per quintal, without distinction of merchandize, and without their being ex» amined.

Portugal, List of shipping arrived at Lilbort in the? year 1787, by which the proportion of trade different nations have, may b» ascertained 1

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Dublin, Jan. 26. No debate of the smallest consequence has taken place since the meeting of Parliament.

By the national accounts of the receipts in the Exchequer for the year ending; Lady-day 17871 as delivered in last week to the House of Commons, We find thai the sums paid in under the head of Ordinary Revenue, including quit-rents, casualties, and monies received from dismissed Collectors, amounted in the whole to L. 880,600

Stamps - 33,13*

Postage - 14,101

And under the head of Appropriated

Funds. From the Collectors - 152,274

Tillage duties - 1,586

Jjuty on wrought plate - 1,713

Duty on coals for improving

Dublin - 6,500

Lagan navigation 617

The pensions at Lady-day 1787,

stated at - 97>366

French pensions - 534

Concordatums - 5»oo<»

The charge for the year ending Lady-day

1787, is The civil list - *07>7*7

The military establishment 501,189

King's letters - »33»45°

Payments by act of Parliament 273,745 In the saine period the hereditary

revenue is stated at .- 630,471

Additional duties . .- SShU1

Stamp duties -'. '49,983

Post-office revenue - '44,336

Which, on a gross calculation, may convey to our readers an idea of national fevenue and expenditure.

By the national accounts that have been laid before Parliament, it appears, that the debt of the nation, on March 25th last, amounted to 2,179,2351. is. 2$d.


• The following is an exact statement of the stock purchased by Government, with the money given for the same.

Sumi given. Quant, taught. Old South Sea, L. 216,050 L. 383,000 New South Sea, 138,600 245,000

1755i 59«°°° 94,600

Consul. 801,450 959,450

Reduced, 240,800 437,600

Comparative view of the produce of the Customs, Excise, Stamps, and Incidents, for the weeks ending 26th January 1787, and 25th January 1788,as delivered into the Exchequer.

1787- 1788.

Four x-half per cent. L. 438 15 o Cust. L. 25,038 10 ~,\ 16,122 10 4s Excise, 116,860 o o 141,999 o o, Stamps, 19,446 o o l5,7lo o o Inud, 21,045 1 6$ 18,342 14 i\

Total, 182,389 12 i\ 192,662 19 8

1,456,900 3,119,650

This account has beca laid before the Souse of Conuoou»

Since the late proclamation, the Nobility have been remarkably attentive to the due observance of Sunday as a day of rest; contenting themselves inertly to hear concerts, rehearsals of private plays, 4cc. The proportionable influence on their servants cannot but be striking—as a contrast to the operation of Sunday-. Schools.

Jan. 30. This day the House of P. met pursuant to their last adjournment. The House of Commons meet on the 31ft.

The demeanor of Lord George Gordon when he appeared to receive ni9 sentence at the Court os King's Bench, wa» so different from that which he was wont to observe, as to interest every one in his miserable situation.

The only check on their compassion was the ridiculous figure which his long beard exhibited; the appearance of which proved, that though he had changed, he had not abandoned the principle* of religious enthusiasm, which have proved so prejudicial to himself, as well as t* his country.

On the morning Lord George Gordon was summoned to attend the Court of King's Bench to receive judgment, Mr Akerman took him to Alice's Coffeehouse, where he continued in the coffeeroom for upwards of an hour, walking backwards and forwards; and when he thought the time might be drawing nigh* for his being called into Court, he with the greatest composure took a comb from out of his pocket, and walking up to one of the looking-glasses, first adjusted hi* hair, and afterwards combed his beard, and pot it in smooth and proper trim, to appear before the awful tribunal wh# were to pass judgment upon him for hi* offences. j

It was intimated to Lord George Gordon by the Duchess of Gordon, a short time before the judgment of the Court was passed au him, that provided, he


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would leave England, the prosecution fliould be waved. This proposition was, however, rejected by his Lordship, who •vowed himself ready to abide by the decisions of the Court.

The Court of Directors of the EastIndia Company have agreed to permit

continued, operate to the destruction of the English Distillers. He concluded by saying, that witnesses would be called to the bar, to prove that the Scotch Distillers, so far from complying with their declaration of working their stills but once in 14 hours, had actually charged and

Sir John Macpherson, Bart, to return to discharged them six and seven times is his rank as second in the Supreme Coun- the twenty-f^

til of Bengal: he is to be allowed the
sum of 30,000 rupees on his arrival at
H.o/C. Feb.s. Mr Alderman Watson

our noun. Mr Benwell, of Battersea, and several orher .witnesses, were then called to the bar, in support of the English Distillers. After which Mess. Grant and Campbell,

moved, "That the order of the day' be counsel, examined witnesses against the

read for the House resolving itself into a petition, and pleaded in support of the

Committe of the whole House to consider Scotch Distillers.

the petition of the Corn-Distillers of E;i£- The examination of witnesses on both

land." sides being gone through, and the House

The House being accordingly resolved being resumed, Mr Rose reported pro*

into a Committee, Mr Rose in the chair, gress, and afted leave to sit again to*

and Counsel being called to the bar, in support of the Scotch Distillers against thf petition,

Mr Alderman Watson rose and ihortly Sated to the House, that, by misreprescn


H. os L. 5. The order of the day for summoning the House being read, the Earl os Selkirk rose, and desired that the resolution on the journals of the House

tation, the Scotch distillers had obtained in the year 1762, relative to the person^

an act for taking the duties on Scotch spirits by a license of ll. 10 s. per gallon on their stills, instead of taking the duty on the spirit per gallon. It had been represented by the Scotch distillers, that such a license would be equal to the

who claimed the honours and title of Lord Rutherford, might be read. It wa» to the following purport: "That Alex. Rutherford and David Durie, who each claimed the title and honours of Lord Rutherford, or any person claiming un

duties paid on the spirit by the Eng- der them, or either of them, have no)

lifli distiller; and that the stills so Iicens- right to assume the title, or to vote in the

ed could not be worked more than once elections of the Peers of Scotland, till

in twenty-four hours. Upon the sup- they, or either of them, mail have esta

position that such declaration was true, blifhed their right to the said honours."

an act was passed in 1786 for that duty His Lordlhip then briefly stated, that, iu

to take place; but no sooner was the license made, than the Scotch distillers exerted every industry, and every means were made use of to reduce the revenue. This they did, by decreasing the gauge •f their stills,sothat.instead of paying duty for 60,000 gallons of still, as had been

direct violation of the resolution of the House, which had just been read, a person, calling himself Lord Rutherford, had, by a signed list, voted at the late election of a Peer in Scotland, and that his vote had been received. He therefore felt himself called upon to bring thi»

computed they would, they paid but flagrant violation of the resolution of the

31,030. Nor was it from any tailing off of House, and of the honour and dignity of

uquor distilled, that so great a decrease of the order to which he belonged, under

the revenue ensued; for the reverse was the the review of their Lordlhips in the form

cases, Oie quarter before the license they of a complaint. He had brought it for

imported into the Engl. market 145,000 ward from no parry motive; for, had the

gallons; the next quarter the number of gallons imported, amounted 10900,700; the first quarter of 1787 the importation was 751,000, since which time, they have bad the whole consumption of Scot

election been unanimous, he conceived that the resolution of the House would have been equally violated. He then read the motion, complaining that George Home and Robert Sinclair, Esqrs; the

land free of duty, and a surplus for the Deputies of the Lord Register, had, is)

English market. direct violation of a resolution of that

The Alderman contended, that the House, received the vote of a per Ion

continuation of the present duty on the claiming the title of Lord Rutherford^

ftillt of Scotland, was not only injurious in the election of a Peer for Scotland;

tv the revenue, but would certainly, if and concluded will* moving, that th«

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lame be referred to a Committee of Privileges.

The Lord Chancellor -wished the Noble Earl had been a little more explicit as to the nature and extent of his motion, which, he confessed, he was not very well prepared to answer, farther than to state the inconveniency, and even injustice, which must, in his opinion, necessarily result from bringing forward a motion tending to criminate persons in a cafe where civil rights were to be ascertained. Here was no petition from any person, who had been aggrieved by the vote in question, and with regard to the resolution, it did not appear that it had been violated. There was no proof brought that the person who voted as J,ord Rutherford, at the late election, claimed "his right to vote under either of the claimants who had been the objects f>f the resolution in question—and till that was done, it would be manifest injustice to agree to a motion, the object of which was the-crimination of the returning officers, who had not, he believed, the power of rejection. He wished to know from those who were more conversant in the constitution of Scotland than he pretended to be, whether the Lord Register was a ministerial or a judicial officer. Had he the power of receiving or • rejecting votes at pleasure i Or was he, by virtue of his office, to admit every vote, subject to the review of the House) With respect to the title of the person claiming a right to vote as Ix>rd Rutherford, he was not prepared to speak. Knowing the honour ot the Noble Earl who had brought forward the motion, and his zeal for the dignity of the order to which he belonged, he could not for a moment entertain the idea that he had, from any sinister morive, been induced to agitate a question which he confessed did rot strike him in the fame light. No man was more ready to suppc/rt the dignity of the House than himself. True dignity, he observed, consists not in the exertion of power, unless it i« actuated by the unerring impulse of justice; and he felt himself called Upon to oppose any motion, the tendency of which was to censure during the dependence of a claim where civil rights were concerted.

Lord Viscount Stormont expressed his astonishment at the opposition of the Noble and Learned Lord to a question, the object of M'hich wa« certainly nothing farther, in the first instance,, than an inquiry whether the resolutions of the Jioftic had been violated or not. If they

had, it was right that those who had dared to violate them should be punished: If they were not, no injustice could be done to any person from the investigation. The Learned Lord had asked whether the Lord Register of Scotland was a ministerial or a judicial officer. Most certainly he was a ministerial officer; he had no power vested in him of ascertainingthe right of persons claiming to vote as Peers of Scotland, but still he had a discretionary power of rejecting what wa6 manifestly wrong. The Noble Earl near him (Morton) could tell him from tradition, if not from memory, that an ancestor of his, who filled the office of Lord Rcgister,had actually rejected votes, in which he was afterwards supported by the decisions of the House of Peers. He concluded with giving his assent to the motion.

Lord Catbcart apologized for rising to address their Lordships almost as soon as he had entered within their Lordships walls; but being so nearly concerned in the question before the House, he conceived it would be expected that he should say something upon the subject. Hi* Lordship then entered into a very circumstantial detail of the origin, nature and progress of the rules of proceeding: that govern the election of a Peer ot" Scotland to sit in Parliament; referring to the statute of Queen Anne, that first enacted the regulations, and tracing the various authorities that had been since established j from all of which he inferred, that the office of Lord Register wa» a ministerial, and not a judicial office, as far as respected the election of Scotch Peers. He spoke highly of the gentlemen who act at present as Deputies of the Lord Register, and said, tie owed them that justice. With regard to Lord Rutherford, who had done Turn the honour to fend his lifts, he would inform the House what he knew of his family, and the ground of his claim to the Peerage. The first Lord Rutherford was a cadet in the army, and was created a Peer by Charles II. as a reward for a distinguished piece of service. As he wai meant to be highly favoured, his Patent of Peerage gave him the very singular right of disposing of his Peerage by will. He made his will accordingly at Portsmouth previous to his sailing on an expedition against Tangiers, where he and his whole party were cut off. He was succeeded in title by Sir Thomas Rutherford, his relation, who was succeeded at his death by his next brother, and


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