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search of peace.
gular and excesive can scarcely be na- fide passengers by the stage-coach to tural.
an acacieny in Yorkshire, where the Having heard and observed so much bad ftipulated that they fhould not of her delicate feelings for the irra- come home in the holidays, and intional creation, I was naturally led to deed not till their father arrived ; for make inquiries concerning her beha- she was meditating a new tragedy, unviour in the more interelting attach- der the title of the Distrelt Mother, ments of private life. I expected to or the Widowed Wife. find that-she, of course,
Though she was not very fond of
her husband, who was a plain good Like the needle true, Turn’d at the touch of joy or wo,
man, without any fine feelings, and And turning, trembled too.
was displeased with her children,
whose noise interrupted her ftudies, The following is the result of my yet I took it for granted, that she who investigation. Her temper was fo va spoke so feelingly of diftrefs, of benerious and violent that her husband was volence, of humanity, of charity, and often obliged to leave his home in who fympathised with the poor beetle
I heard he had just that we tread upon, could not be but recovered from a fit of illness, during profusely beneficent to all her fellowthe whole of which she had seldom creatures in affliction who solicited her visited him, and shewn no solicitude. allistance ; but I was here also greatShe had fat weeping over a novel only mistaken. A workman in stopping the very day on which his fever came up her windows, in consequence of to a crisis, and the physicians had de- the late commutation tax, fell from a clared his recovery dubious. On his scaffold three stories high and broke recovery he had gone on a voyage to his leg. The passengers took him up, the East Indies, by her advice, for knocked at the door, aud desired he the improvement of his fortune. He might be admitted till a furgeon could took leave of her very affectionately; be sent for ; but I heard her as I pafbut she was dressing to go and see Mrs sed by declaring, in a voice that might Siddons in Calista, and could not pof- be heard from the stair-case on which fibly spend much time in a formal she stood quite to the end of the parting, which was a thing she above street—" He shall not be brought all things detested! But, Ict it be re.
“ here-We shall have a great deal membered, the fainted away in the
« of trouble with him. Take him to boses on Mrs Siddon's first entrance, " the hospital immediately; and shut before the actress had uttered a fyl- “ the door, d'ye hear, John." The lable!
paffengers, lest time should be lost, Two fine little boys were left un- hurried the poor man to a neighbourder her care, without controul, du- ing public house, where the honest ring their father's absence. The little landlord, with a pot of porter in his rogues had fine health and spirits, and hand, and an unmeaning oath in his would make a noise, which she could moutḥ, exclaimed, “ Let him in not bear, as she was busy in preparing to aye, and welcome. Here, Tom, see act a capital part in the Orphan, at a “ him laid on my own bed, and let private theatre built by a man of for. “him have every thing necessary; tune and fashion for his own amuse- “ and if he never pays me its no ment. She determined therefore to great matter.-Come, here's to his send the brats to school. Indeed the " getting well aguin soon. Poor mandeclared in all companics, she thought “ I warrant now he has a wife and it the first of a mother's duties to take family that must starvę till he gets care that her children were well edu- “about again—but they shan't neicated. She therefore fent them outs so ther-I'll mention it to our club
“ They are all hearty ones, I know, sympathizing with the appearance of " and will subscribe handsomely."
happiness around me. Every ruder The truth was, that the man had a pailion was lulled to rest, my heart wife and family, as my landlord con- glowed with benevolence, and I enjectured, and is commonly the case. I joyed for a short time a state of perheard that he went next morning to feet felicity. Belinda with a petition, drawn up ve- As I roamed without
settled ry pathetically by a lawyer, who ne- purpose, my feet carried me to the rer garé any thing himself. Belinda city. Curiosity led me with the crowd had given orders to the servants to into the Sessions House; and as I had say she was not at home if any body just left a beautiful scene, in which all limould call that week. For, indeed, was peace, I could not but be partihe was exceedingly engaged in pen- cularly struck with the contrast of the ning an elegy on the lap-dog, who had prefent noise and tumult. I heard two died of a looseness ; and had intend- trials, in one of which a wretch was ed to hoish her address to the Dut- convicted of murder, and in the other chess on the hardships of the labour- a cause was in debate which appeared
to involve great numbers in the crimes I was fatisfied with these inquiries, of fraud and perjury. The altercation and began to lose my veneration for of the pleaders, and the prevarication ladies and gentlemen of exquisite fen- of the witnesses, contributed to comIbility, of delicate feeling, and the plete a scene by no means adapted to molt refined sentiment; believing firm, inspire exalted içeas of human nature. ly, that there is more good fense and I hastily left the place, when, to my true kindness in the plain motherly mortification, I found that in the vehousewife, who is not above her do- ry court of justice I had been robbed mestic duties, and in the honest man of my watch and handkerchief. While of common sense, than in the gene. I was lamenting my loss, and encourality of pretenders to more benevo- raging some sentiments perhaps rather lent sensations, or finer feelings, than too unfavourable to my species, I was belong to other people of equal rank, suddenly involved in a crowd, collected opulence, and education.
with eager curiosity to see two hackney-coachmen terminate a dispute by the exertion of their strength in Gingle
combat. The parties were nearly eA Ramble of a Benevolent Man*. qual, and terrible was the conflict:
I'he blows resounded at a great disa Vir bonus eft qui prodeft quibus potest, tance, and presently I beheld them nocet nemini.
both covered with blood and dirt,
shocking figures to the imagination. SIR,
The spectators expressed no wish that HE weather was remarkably se- the combatants might be separated ;
rene, and I resolved to leave but seemed delighted when a violent my book-room to enjoy the vernal fea- blow took place, and disappointed fon. I walked carelessly from field to when it was spent in air. I wished to field, regaled with the sweet smells interfere, and promote an amicable ad. which arose from the new-mown hay, justment of the matter in dispute ; but and cheared by every appearance of I found my efforts ineffectual. I venplenty and tranquillity. External ob- tured to propose the feparation of the je&s have a powerful effect in soothing poor creatures, who were thus cruelly the mind of man. I found myself bruising each other, to a jolly butcher,
fax From the fame.
fix feet high and three feet broad; but coffee-house, and seek amusement by he gave me an indignant look, and a perusal of the news-papers. I fat threatened to knock me down if I down, and happened to çast' my eye dared to interpose. I found indeed over the last column, which conlisted that the combat afforded exquisite in nothing but narratives of pleasure to the crowd. Some rubbed beries, and murders. Tho' I knew their hands with glee, some filently that this was not at all uncommon, grinned, while others vociforated words and that every day's paper of intelliof encouragement, and others skipped gence could furnith something of a fifor joy. Great pleasures are, how- milar history, yet being in a melanever, of no long duration, and this a- choly mood, I was particularly struck musement was terminated by one of by it, and hastily laying down the pathe combatants ceasing to rise on re- per, and paying for my dish of coffee, ceiving a violent stroke on his left I put on my hat, and resolved to walk temple. Down he fell, and the ground to my little rural retirement, about four fhook under him; and though he at- miles from this turbulent scene. tempted three times to rise, he was As I walked along, I could not unable to effect his purpose ; and the help calling to my mind, with sentiwhole circle agreed that he was as ments of extreme regret, the pleasing dead as a door nail. The conqueror ideas with which Ï set out in the had only lost three of his fore teeth morning. All was then tranquillity and one eye; and all agreed that he and benevolence.' But I had seen, in had acquitted himself like a man. the space of a few hours only, such The crowd, which had been so much pictures of human misery and perverse. delighted with the fray, no sooner saw ness, as could not but occasion uneai concluded, than with looks of dif- siness in a mind not utterly destitute appointment they began to disperse. of sympathy, I took the opportunity of examining Surely, said I, nature, or the God the state of the vanquished party, and of nature, never intended that man found him still alive, though almost in should be so degraded. It is passion -need of the means which are used by which deforms the beauty of the mothe humane society to accomplish his ral world; it is wickedness and the complete revival. An officious ac- neglect of religion which renders man quaintance hastened to his assistance more miserable than the brute, who is with a dram of brandy, which contri- happy in his insensibility. What then buted greatly to accelerate his reco- can I think of those writers who arvery. He no sooner rose than he gue in defence of immorality, and apoured forth a volley of dreadful im- gainst revelation? What of those goprecations on his limbs, which had vernors of the world, who bestow no already suffered extremely. Instead attention in preserving the morals of of thanking me, or any of the specta- the common people, and encouraging tors who had endeavoured to restore the teachers of such doctrines as conhim, he swore if we did not stand out duce to the raising of the reptile man of his way he would fell us to the from the voluntary abasement in which ground. We readily gave way, when his evil inclinations are able to involve the hero, putting on his cloaths, walk- him? Let the magistrate, the clergy, ed away, turned down an alley, and the rich and powerful of every occuwas seen by us no more.
pation, whose example is irresistible, My reflections on this scene were exert themselves in diffusing virtuous. such as tended to the degradation of principles and practices among the peo my species ;. and not being in very ple at large. Such benevolence, more good spirits, I determined to enter a beneficial than all pecuniary bounty,
considered only as preventing tempo- through which ran a delightful stream tal misery, causes man to approach of clear water. Many rushed in, and nearer to his benignant Maker than began to drink with avidity. The al. any other conduct. To that Maker, teration in their appearance was in the faid I, let those who have charity ap- highest degree pleasing. The lambs ply themselves in prayer for the dimi- played about without any fear of the nution of evil of all kinds, and the wolf, and the sheep lay and basked in extension of happiness and peace. the sunshine, or fought refreshment in
I was musing on fuch fubjects, when the cool shade. The thepherd's looks I found myself at the door of my lit- were benevolent beyond expression. tle cottage. The evening was beau- He made ofe of every enticement to tiful. The clouds in the Welt were bring the sheep into the fold, but mavariegated with colours, such as no ny would not hear his voice, and some pencil has yet been able to imitate. seemed to hear it, but perverfely ran My garden breathed odours, and dif- away from him. I saw those who were played the bloom of thrubs, such as fo unhappy as to refuse to enter, pemight adorn the Elysian fields of the rish miferably by falling from rocks, poets. All confpired to restore the by famine, by the violence of the tranquillity of the morning; and when wolf, and by disease. I turned from I retired to reft, my spirits being com- the painful prospect to see the good posed, I soon funk into a sweet sleep, shepherd and his fold; and I thought pleasingly interrupted in the morning at the clofe of the day he led the by a dream, which, as it appeared to sheep into a green pafture, the verdure have fome connection with the ideas and fertility of which was increased which I had entertained in the day, by the gentle river which flowed thro I fall relate.
the middle of it. I thought I was on a large plain I was so delighted with the scene, covered over with flocks of innumer- that I was going to call out to the able sheep. They appeared to straggle shepherd in an extasy of joy, when I without a guide. Many had their awoke. fleeces torn by brambles, some were I could not but lament the absence loft in a barren wilderness, others were of so pleasing a vision ; but the avo+ pursued by wolves, and not a few were cations and neceffities of life called constantly engaged in annoying each me from my bed, which I left with other with their horns. There was a resolutions of devoting the rest of my general bleating in a tone expresive of life to the alleviation of evil wherever great diftrefs. I pitied the poor crea- I should find it, and to the fecuring tures, but faw no hopes of affording of His favour who can lead me from them relief, till I turned my eyes to the vale of misery to the waters of the eastern part of the plain, when I comfort and the fountain of life. beheld a venerable shepherd with his I am, Sir, your's, &c. crook inviting the sheep into a fold, A CONTEMPLATIVE RAMBLER.
Extracts from a Tour in Catalonia. By Aarthur Young, Ejq; F. R. S. &c*. July . 1787.
Luchon, and crosfed in whatever light they are considered, the mountains to Vielle, the first town but especially in that of agriculture, on the Spanish fide. The Pyrenees that it would be adding a great deal
to * From Annals of Agriculture.
moo much to the length of this paper bling into the plain, from the attacks to speak of them here ; I Mall on an of the frost, and the mching of the other occafion be particular in descri- snows, the hope to the river being bing the husbandry pra&tised in them, spread with fragments. Met here with and at present stop no longer than to pieces of lead ore and manganese. On mention the pasturage of Catalonian the northern ridge, bearing to the Theep in them. By a little detour out Welt, are the pastures of the Spanish of our direct road, and by paling Hof- flocks. The ridge is not, however, pital, which is the name of a solitary the whole ; there are two other mounwretched inn, we gained the heights, tains, quite in a different situation, but free from snow, which the Spani- and the sheep travel from one to anoards hire of the French for the pastu- ther, as the pasturage is short or plenrage of their flocks. I must observe, tiful. I examined the soil of these that a confiderable part of the moun- mountain-pastures, and found it in getains belong in property to the com- neral stony ; what in the West of munities of the respective parishes, and England would be called a stone brafi, are disposed of by what we should call with some mixture of loam, and in a the Veltry: they hire a very considerable few places a little peaty. The plants range of many miles. The French moun.
are many of them untouched by the tains, on which they pasture, are four sheep: many ferns, narcissus, violets, hours distant from Bagnere de Lu- &c. but burnet, (poterium finguiforba) chon, and belong to that town : those and the narrow-leaved plantain (planhours are more than 20 English miles, tago lanceolata) were eaten, as may, and are the most distant part of the supposed, close. I looked for trefoils, parish. To arrive at them, we fol- but found scarcely any.
It was rery lowed the river Pique, which upon apparent, that foil and peculiarity of the maps is sometiines called the Neste. herbage had little to do in rendering The whole way it runs in a torrent, these heights proper for sheep. In the and falls in cascades of many stories, northern parts of Europe, the tops of formed either by large pieces of rock, mountains half the height of these, for or by trees carried down, and stopped we were above frow in July, are bogs; by stones. The current, in process of all are so which I have seen in our ages, has worn itself deep glens to illands; or, at least, the proportion of pass through, at the bottom of which dry land is very trifling to that which is the tumbling of the water is heard, extremely wet. Here they are in gebut can be seen only at breaks in the neral very dry. Now a great range of wood, which hang over and darken dry land, let the plants
be what they the scene. The road, as it is called, may, will in erery country suit sheep. passes generally by the river, but The Mock is brought every night to hangs, if I may use the expression, one spot, which is situated at the end like a shelf on the mountain lide, and of the valley on the river I have menis truly dreadful to the inhabitants of tioned, and near the port or passage plains, from being broken by gullies, of Picada. It is a level spot shelterand loping on the edges of precipices: ed from all winds. The soil is 8 or it is, however, passable by mules, and 9 inches deep of old dung, not at all by the horses of mountains. The vale inclosed; and from the freedom from grows so narrow at last, that it is not wood all around it, seems to be choabove 100 yards wide in some places. fen partly for safety against wolves and The general scene at last has little bears. Near it is a very large stone, wood. The mountains on the South fide cr rather rock, fallen from the mounEnih in a pyramidical rock of micace- tain. This the thepherds have taken ous schiltus, which is constantly tum- for a heltes, and have built a hut