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mucus with which the body of fishes ter this evacuation, but soon died. is furnished, and which always mixes It is well known that lime is made with the water: they continued to live use of to catch fishes in ponds, and in it without any inconvenience. A eels in rivulets, where there is little drop of arfenical acid put into a pretty water ; and that a few lime- stones large quantity of water where there thrown in will speedily kill them. was a very vigorous fish, killed it in- Filhers employ various similar methods stantaneously. Its mouth was fhuty of catching fish, if we may use the exand the covers of its gills stuck close pression, by respiration. In India the to the body. Another filh lived fix juice of many plants is employed for minutes in citron juice, the openings this purpose. In the southern provinof the gills were shut when it was ces of France. they use the juice of a dead. Water, gently acidulated by species of spurge (Euphorbia characias means of fixed air, killed a very live. Lin.) which grows abundantly in waste ly fish in a few minutes ; its mouth, places : the twigs are cut into small and the apertures of the gills, stood pieces and thrown into the water, wide open. Those that I plunged in- which is sufficient to kill a great numto lime water discharged, in a few ber of fishes. It is known that the minutes, a large quantity of fanies ; milky juice of sucha plants may be they shewed some signs of life af- spread over a very large surface.

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Sketch of the Life and Character of Dennis O'Kelly, Esz. 'KELLY was a native of Ire- tery: that the gradations of his adven

land, and born in the province tures were through a medium of gambof Connaught, where the descendants ling; and that at last, having been from the aborigenes of the island, and ruined by play, he was arrested, and those of the old Milesian race mostly lay for a considerable time a wretched refide. His parents probably were prisoner in the Fleet prison, where, peasants of the lowest order, as Mr after several months residence, he beO'Kelly, though he latterly was able came tapster to the warden. to assume the sang froid in his manners It was here his acquaintance with and conversation, was perfectly illiter- Charlotte Hayes originated : she had ate ; but being blessed with a good money, and he poffessed those abilities memory, and native drollery, he was of person and constitution which the feldom at a loss in conversation, and preferred to all others, and they formtook part in every subject proposed- ed a connection without the interferalways pleasant, and never offensive ; ence of Hymen, which lasted till death for though his voice was coarse, his stopped it, and dissolved the sentimentaddrefs was complaisant.

al union--a proof on his part if not Poffeffing these qualities, to which of love, at least of gratitude. may be added an inquisitive difpofition, After three years confinement, it is not surprising that he pleased in O'Kelly and his fáir one were liberathe different classes of mankind in ted from prison, and they both immewhich he has appeared.

diately set down in pursuit of plans It has been said that his first rise which they had laid while in duress. was owing to the penchant of a lady Charlotte took a house in King'sof fashion, but this is false: we have place, or rather a temple for the celestated the facts of his life, and we are bration of the orgies of Venus ; and competent to fay, that he rose by flat- O'Kelly, who had been invested in


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the Fleet with the title of Count, got five hundred pounds. acquainted with the customers, who Scarcely had he got free from this in return for their voluptuous enjoy, scrape, when another presented itself. ments made him a complete master of A party having dined at a coffee-house, horfe-feth, and let him into all the under the Piazza in Covent-Garden, arts arising from a knowledge of the of which the well-known Dick Engturf. One of them permitted him to land made one, a gentleman of the become a purchaser of a half quarter company came into the public room, of the celebrated horse Eclipse, (bred where O'Kelly and a Mr Rochfort, by the late duke of Cumberland), of since shot in a duel at Warley common, which in a short time he became sole were then abusing Mr England in proprietor, and on the turf as a racer, terms of the grossest language, though and in the stable as a stallion, this ani. Rochfort had been under very many mal has raised for his proprietor not pecuniary obligations to him—The only several thousand pounds, but the gentleman returning to his company, swiftest cattle that ever appeared at repeated what he had beard, upon Newmarket.

which England privately departed, In 1760 Mr Kelly accepted an and entering the coffee-room, seized Ensigncy in the Westminster' regiment each of his calumniators by the heads, of militia, and by degrees rose to the which he knocked together, and after dignity of lieutenant-colonel ; and from wards beat both till they took asylum the above date to 1777, expericnced under the tables. For this affault he many difficulties in supporting his was indicted, and pleading guilty, the ftud: but Charlotte being successful court of King's Bench, on hearing the in her vocation, purchased a small e affidavit in mitigation of judgment read, state at Clay-hill, near Epsom, where fined the defendant one shilling.she built a house, of which she consti- Kelly, by his fucceffes on the turf, tuted the count ostensible master, and having acquired a very considerable here he kept his itud-and here he fortune, purchased the seat formerly Saw the best and the worst company - belonging to the duke of Chandos, but bere he would never permit any called Cannons, situated in the county Species of play to go forward, or even of Middlesex, near Stanmore ; and matches for the course to be made. here, after a very short poffeffion, he

The anecdote of our hero's mistak. was seized by a violent fit of the gout, ing his bedchamber at an inn in York, which doctor Warren with all his skill though perhaps universally known, could not expel from his stomach, and must not escape notice. Miftaking he died at about the sixty-seventh his chamber-he got into that of

year lady—he got into her bed.--The lady As to his difpofition of mind, it Itarted, Screamed, and alarmed the wanted nothing but early cultivation ; house. The count would have re- for though the habits of his life, being treated, but was prevented by a croud a profesled gamester, cannot be comwho had reached the door and pre- mended, yet his intentions were good, vented it, and if it had not been for and expanded as his fortune increased. the intrearies of the lady, he would He was charitable without ostentation, probably have fallen a sacrifice to rafh- and prosperity did not inflate him with ness and ill-founded resentment. pride; for he called his relations from

The business however did not end obscurity and penury, supported them here. The lady's relations commen- in ease and plenty, and at his death ced an action against O'Kelly, and he left them independent. vas terrified into the disbursement of


of his age.

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you On the Literary Character of Dr Goldsmith Ingenii largitor venter. terati ; and I believe we may add to HE old faying, vexatio dat in- the number the name of Oliver Gold. telleétum, I anı sorry to observe,

smith. feems to have received fome confirma

From his want of attention to that ticn from the instances of many inge- economy which dunces often pay, and nious men, digni meliore fato, worthy are very happy in consequence of it, of a better face. To the distresses he spent his life in penury. But his which poets have felt are often attri- mind was rich, and dispensed a pore bured the finest of their poems; but per- tion of its opulence to provide fustehaps it may be justiy urged, that their nance to its partner. To his distretics indaftry, and not their abilities, was the literary world is indebted for a increased or excited by distress. This few very fine compositions. In the indeed is partly true, but not entire. school of ami&tion he learned to feet, ly. They must have had abilities in- or at least to exercise those feelings, herent in them or they could not have which his writings express with so been excited, aceording to that com. much sensibility. His genius was callmon observation, that it is imposible ed forth By want ; and when once ha to get blood out of a stone ; but, at began to feel his strength, he relied the fame time, there is every reason on it for support. He who writes for to believe that their abilities were ac- support will often write when necessity tually improved by that thoughtfulness urges, rather than when genius ima and attention which distress has a ten- pells, and the consequence will be a dency to produce.

great inequality. And yet, with respect to poetry, a

Goldsmith, though a good writer diversity of opinions prevail on the ef. in prose, appears to me to owe his fects of distress ; for while the author molt solid reputation to his poetry. in my motto fays, that hunger gives Edwin and Angelina is one of the ingenuity, another informs us, that moft popular pieces in the language ; Anxietate carens animus versus facit, perhaps it stands next in the favour omnis acerbi

of the people to Gray's delightful E. Impatiens, nec de lodoice paranda legy. Its general reception proves that Sollicitus ; satur eft cum dicit Horatius, its beauties are generally felt, and need Euæ.

not, be pointed out by the subtle reThat the mind must be free from an. marks of critical refinement. The lans xiety in order to make good verses, guage and sentiments are delicate. The nor be troubled with the care oi' pro- sentiments came from a tender heart, curing a rug. Horace has his belly and the language was dictated by a full when he calls on the name of most elegant taste. Who but must laBacchus with all the frantic enthufi- ment that he who felt so tenderly, and asm of poetry:

wrote fo sweetly, often wanted a shilI am afraid Juvenal, who is rather ling to provide him with his daily given to declamation, wrote on this bread. But he was compassionate to subje&t without a due attention to ac- every child of misfortune, and genetual experience: for in his time, as rous beyond the rules of prudence. well as ours, poverty seems to have had a favourable influence on poetry.

For to the houseless child of want

His door was open still, Many instances may be produced of And, though his portion was but fcant, this truth in the anpals of modern li- He gave it with good will.

Winter Evenings; or Lucubrations on Life and Letters, 3 vols.


In the Traveller he adopts a differ- The public, who, in a length of ent style of poetry ; but in the strong time are always fond to decide with and nervous language of a Dryden, a solidity of judgment, though often too Tickell (or of an Addison, in his Let- hafty in their first applause, have seter to Lord Halifax,) he exhibits the lected all the more striking passages of fame fine vein of exquilite sensibility. the and almost committed them

The first ten lines constitute a poe. to memory. The Village Preacher, the tical paragraph not often exceeded in Village Schoolmaster, and the Village magnificence of style and tenderness of Alehouse,are drawn with affection, and affection by any verses in the English have recommended themselves to the language ; and the subsequent passages attention of every sympathizing reader. are feldom inferior in strength, and of- I have known fastidious critics of ten exceed it, in imagery. The whole reputed learning, who pretended that breathes a manly spirit, and a love of they could see no fuperior excellence human nature, of liberty, and of his in these poems, and suggested that the country. It is one of those poems popularity of a poem was in their which, among the numbers which dai- minds a suspicious circumstance, and ly sink in the gulph of oblivion, will led them to conclude, prima facie, that glide along the stream of time to late it was of little intrinsic value. But posterity. It is formed to be placed it may be faily concluded that such in the rank of classics, because it ad- persons, actuated by envy, undervalue, dresses at once the imagination and what they have been unable to obtain; the heart. Such feelings are raised and, like the fox in the fable, stigmas by it as must please always and uni- tize, as unworthy their endeavour, the versally; and this is indeed the effect grapes which they cannot reach.. of all the works which live and flou- Men of logical and mathematical tish in ages distant from their produc- heads are apt to view a poem princition, when the arts of conciliating fa- pally with an eye to its plan, and to vour and exciting attention, and when the mechanical circumstances of me. partiality and personal interest operate thod, and the regular disposition of no more.

the component parts; but such persons Next in reputation to the Traveller have indeed no juster idea of real Stands his Deserted Village. The suba beauty, than a common stone-mason ject did not require so nervous a style or bricklayer, who works by rule and as the Traveller; but it required sweet- line, of the magnificence of a fine ness, tenderness, simplicity; and in these piece of architecture. most delightful graces it richly abounds. A poem is indeed the more perfect The poet every where displays a zeal the more regular its plan; but there for the happiness of mankind in the are graces beyond the reach of art, lower ranks of society, and a detesta- and these will fully compensate, when tion of that pride, vice, and luxury, they abound, for the want of mechaand of those deviations from nature and nical regularity. primitive simplicity, which enormous

Dulcia funto. opulence contributes to introduce. Let poems give pleasure and they

The versification has in it something will be read, while critics rai) unheard original. It is excellently adapted to and unregarded. the subject, though it is unlike that Goldsmith is buried in the Poetsof Pope, Dryden, or any predecessor. Corner, and he is chiefly to be consi. There is something in its flow remark. dered as a poet ; for though his prose ably pathetic. It came from the heart; is animated, and contains many fine i. and the imagination only added the mages expressed in vivid language, yet beautiful tinges of a poetical colouring. it is incorrect and unequal, the hafty production of neceffity working against thing in the manner of the elder Pliny. inclination.


But he had not a sufficient share of sciHis Citizen of the World has, with ence to qualify him for the performance. many good papers, many absurd ones, In his Animated Nature he therefore and many written in a careless manner. had recourse to compiling, and I believe It will never hold a distinguished place descended to mere trandation. What in a felect library

he wrote himself displays his genius to Some of his Essays are beautiful. advantage, but not his accuracy; and, There is a delicacy of phrase, and a upon the whole, he appears to have tenderness of affection in many of been more folicitous to write an enterthem, and the author has attempted taining than a solid book. It may humour on several subjects with suc- please and improve school-boys and cess; but here also is fomething of superficial readers, but scholars and inequality, incorrectness, and absurdity. philosophers will rather chufe to draw

His Vicar of Wakefield I think the from the fountains which supplied his best of his prosaic writings. It speaks stream, and which, it must be confefto the heart, and causes such an inter- fed, in the present cafe, often runs in est, as leads the understanding to con- a shallow current. nive at some degree of improbability. Want made him write much, and

The Histories of Greece, Rome, rather on subjects suggested by his payand England, are merely compilations, masters than by the unbiasfed feelings hastily finished for the temporary sup- of his own genius. The lumber of ply of money; and though they are the compilations will link in the gulf not without :nimated passages, cannot of oblivion ; but the poems will glide be raised higher in the scale of litera. on to pofterity. Their style and pature than the rank of school-books. thos have been well imitated by Mr

Goldsmith had a great taste for da- Crabbe in his Village ; nor is the loss tural history, and wished to write fome- of a Goldsmith unsupplied by a Cowper.

Account of the Chevalier Lorgna's Experiments concerning the Purification of

Sea Water.

HE want of fresh water fre

quently experienced by naviga- have failed considerably near the poles tors, and the philosophical curiosity of of the earth do by no means agree mankind, even in the remotest ages, with respect to the state of purity of must have pointed out the advantage the ice which they have met with in which would accrue from the discovery the fea; some afferting that it was of a method of purifying sea water, so salt, others that it was perfe&tly frel, as to render it fit to drink. Various so that when melted into water it was have been the projects proposed, and quite proper for drinking, &c.; and omany fruitless attempts have been thers again have afferted that it was made; but we know of two methods partially purified, viz. neither so falt as only of effecting this great desidera- the sea water in general, nor fo far tum. Ooe is by distillation perform- purified as to be useful like river water. ed with certain precautions, of which Various have been the hypotheses ofwe shall say nothing at present, much fered in explanation of thele apparently having been written about it by vari- contradictory accounts, but no satisfacous authors; the other is by congela. tory explanation was published previous tion.

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