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A Table of the i'urion of the Compaso, &c. continued.

Long.in
TIME.

Lat. in at Noon Varia-
Jat Noon. from tion.

REMARKS.
London.

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At the island of Celebes.
Off the S.E. end of the island

Celebes.

On the N.E. part of the island

of Java.

1767. North. West. Oct. 6, A.M. 4°21' 132045 8, A.M.

3 53 134 13 9, A.M.

4 03 134 04 12, P.M.

4 49 133 42 13, P.M.

5 12 133 27 16, A.M.

5 54 133 10 27, P.M.

6 35 127 56 Cape St Aug. 6 15 127 20 South End

5 34 126 25 Nov. 6, A.M. 5 34 125 40

P.M. 7, P.M.

5 37 125 23 8, P.M.

5 30 124 41 14, A.M.

1 57 122 04 26, P.M.

O 04 118 15

South. 27, A.M.

0 14 117 45 Dec. 7.

3 26 116 45 Bonthain

5 30 117 53 fisland Tonikaky

5 31 117 17 1768. May 29, P.M. 5 29 110 23

Off Madura

Batavia
Sept. 30, P.M. 7 41 101 36
Oct. 2, P.M. 10 37 97 19
4, P.M.

12 13 93 56
12, P.M. 19 50 76 40
14, P.M, 21 47 72 47
15, P.M. 22 53 70 47
17, A.M.

24 23

68 02
P.M.
18, P.M.

25 08 67 21
19, P.M. 25 08 67 08
20, A.M. 24 59 66 35

P.M.
24, A.M. 23 21 64 31
25, P.M. 23 23 63 35
26, A.M. 23 32 62 43
28, P.M. 24 52

056 0 30 0 25 0 51 2 06 3 12 3 30 6 26 8 09 9 36 11 20 11 50 12 49 12 54 11 48 12 54 12 39 13 42 16 10 18 18 18 24 20 12 20 20 20 58 21 23 21 15

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From the Streights of Sunda to

69 14 30, P.M.

25 40 56 50 31, P.M. 26 31 54 49 Nov. 1, A.M. 27 05

52 57
P.M.
3, A.M.
27 40

50 55
P.M.
4, P.M.

27 42 50 10
5, P.M

27 44 49 01
28 58

46 23

09 22 38

the Cape of Good Hope.

6, P.M.

A Table of the Variation of the Compass, &c. continued

Long, in

TIME.

pat. in at Noonk

Varialat Noon. from

tion. London.

REMARKS.L

8, P.M.

* 10, P.M. 11, A.M. 12, P.M. 13, P.M. 19, P.M. 20, P.M.

22 46.

21,

22, P.M. 23, P.M. 24, P.M.

14, P.M.

1768. South, East. West. Nov. 7, A.M. 29°591 43 55 | 24° 40, P.M.

24 55
30 12 42 51 25 39
9, A.M. | 30 19 41 97 25 50

30 37 4048 25 32
32 02 38 47 25 08
32 39 37 17 25 02

From the Streights of Sunda to 33 21 35 27 25 05

the Cape of Good Hope. 35 17 28 38 22 32

35 42 27 22
P.M.

35 46 27 00 22 18
35 04 26 29 22 50
34 57 25 46 21 39

34 52 25 28 21 44 C. Good Hope. 34 24 18 30 19 30

1769.
Jan. 9, P.M. 30 37 13 08 19 20

22 16 4.52 16 19
,15, P.M.
2104 1 3 54 16 31

From the Cape to the island of
18, P.M.
17 05 0 10 14 38

Saint Helena.
West.
19, P.M.

16 06 1 38 13 46
25, P.M. | 14 22 7 04 12 30

From the island of Saint He. 26, P.M, 12 54 8 05 11 47

lena to the island of Ascen27, P.M. 11 36 9 25 11 40

sion. 28, P.M.

10 26 10 36 10 46 Feb. 2, P.M. 6 45

14.42

9 34 )
3, P.M.

5 04
15 45

9 04
4, A.M.

3 26

16 49 9 10
5, P.M.

2 oí 17 34 8 58
0 20 18 27 8 32

North
7, P.M.

0 58 19, 24 8 37 8, A.M. 1 56 2016

8 25 10, P.M. 2 39

28 58 7 21 15, P.M.

From the island of Ascension 16, PM.

8 03.
24 18 6 09

to England.
19, P.M.

12 06 24 34 6 48
21, P.M.
14 39 27 15

6 12
26, A.M,

23 54 28'15 6 00 March 3, P.M. 32 33

13 26
4, A.M.
34 02 22 32

13 43

!
5, P.M.
35 30 21 56

14 53
6, A.M.
36 46 21 23

15 15
P.M.

14 58 Between the islands of Tercera

18 36 and Saint Michael.

6, P.M.

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A Table of the Variation of the Compass, &c concluded.

Long.in

Lat. in at Noon Varia-
TIME.
Jat Noon. from tion.

REMARKS
London.

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N:B. The ilt sailing of the Swallow prevented me from getting a sufficient

number of soundings to make a separate Table.

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AN ACCOUNT OF A VOYAGE ROUND THE WORLD, IN THE

YEARS 1768, 1769, 1770, "A'ND 1771, BY LIEUTENANT JAMES-COOK-GOMMANDEHák SMAJESTY'S BARE THE ENDEAVOUR.

[In addition to Cook's papers, Dr Hawkesworth had the use

of a journal kept by Sir Joseph Banks, in drawing up the account of this voyage; a favour which he has not ne glected to specify in his introduction. That introduction, however, and several references to plates, with some other matters deemed of little or no import, or elsewhere given, are now omitted.]

SECTION I.

The Passage from Plymouth to Madeira, with some Account

of that Island.

H

AVING received my commission, which was dated

the 25th of May 1768, I went on board on the 27th, hoisted the pennant, and took charge of the ship, which then lay in the bason in Deptford yard. She was fitted for sea with all expedition, and stores and provisions being taken on board, sailed down the river on the 30th of July, and on the 13th of August anchored in Plymouth Sound.

While we lay here waiting for a wind, the articles of war and the act of parliament were read to the ship's company, who were paid two months' wages in advance, and told that they were to expect no additional pay for the performance of the voyage.

On Friday the 26th of August, the wind becoming fair, we got under sail, and put to sea. On the 31st, we saw se

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veral of the birds which the sailors call Mother Carey's Chickens, and which they suppose to be the forerunners of a storm; and on the next day we had a very hard gale, which brought us under our courses, washed overboard a small boat belonging to the boatswain, and drowned three or four dozen of our poultry, which we regretted still more.

On Friday the 2d of September we saw land between Cape Finisterre and Cape Ortegal, on the coast of Gallicia, in Spain; and on the 5th, by an observation of the sun and moon, we found the latitude

of Cape Finisterre to be 42° 53' north, and its longitude 8° 46' west, our first meridian being always supposed to pass through Greenwich; variation of the needle 21° 4' west. During this course, Mr.

Mr Banks and Dr Solander had an opportunity of observing many marine animals, of which no naturalist has bitherto taken notice; particularly a new species of the oniscus, which was found adhering to the medusa pelagica, and an animal of an angular figure, about three inches long, and one thick, with a hollow passing quite through it, and a brown spot on one end, which they conjectured might be its stomach; four of these adhered together by their sides when they were taken, so that at first they were thought to be one animal; but upon being put into a glass of

water they soon separated, and swam about very briskly. These animals

, are of a new genus, to which Mr Banks and Dr Solander gave the name of Dagysa, from the likeness of one species of them to a gem. Several spe cimens of them were taken adhering together sometimes to the length of a yard or more, and shining in the water with very beautiful colours. Another animal of a new ge nus they also discovered, which shone in the water with colours still more beautiful and vivid, and which indeed 'exceeded in variety and brightness any thing that we had ever seen : The colouring and splendour of these animals were equal to those of an opal, and from their

resemblance to that

gem, the genus was called Carcinium Opalinum. One of them lived several hours in a glass of salt water, swimming about with great agility, and at every motion display ing a change of colours almost infinitely various. We caught also

among the rigging of the ship, when we were at the distance of about ten leagues from Cape Finisterre, several birds which have not been described by Linnæus ; they were supposed to have come from Spain, and our gen

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