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ving to us as long as we were in sight; we saw also some guanicoes upon the hills, though Wood, in the account of his
voyage, says there were pone upon that shore. As soon as we had passed the first narrow we entered a little sea, for we did not come in sight of the entrance of the second narrow till we had rụn two leagues. The distance froin the first to the second narrow is about eight leagues, and the course S.W. by W.. The land is very high on the north side of the second narrow, which continues for about five leagues, and we steered through it S.W.J W. with soundings from twenty to five-and-twenty fathoms: We went out of the west end of this narrow about noon, and steered south about three leagues for Elizabeth's island; but the wind then coming right against us, we anchored in seven fathoms. The island bore S.S.E. distant about a mile, and Bartholomew’s island bore E.S.E. In the evening, six Indians upon the island came down to the water side, and continued waving and hallooing to us for a long time; but as my people wanted rest, I was unwilling to employ them in hoisting out a boat, and the Indians, seeing their labour fruitless, at length went away, While we were steering from Point Possession to the first narrow, the flood set to the southward, but as soon as we entered the narrow, it set strongly over to the north shore: It Hows here at the full and change of the moon about ten o'clock. Between the first and the second narrow the flood sets to the S.W. and the ebb to the N.E.; after the west end of the second narrow is past, the course, with a leading wind, is S. by E. three leagues. Between the islands of Elizabeth and Saint Bartholomew the channel is about half a mile over, and the water is deep. We found the flood set very strongly to the southward, with a great rippling, but round the islands the tides set many different ways.
In the morning of the 23d we weighed with the wind at S. by W. and worked between Elizabeth and Bartholomew's island : Before the tide was spent we got over upon the north
7.64 At the entrance, or past end of the second narrow, lies Cape Gre. gory, which is a white cliff of a moderate height, and a little to the northward of it is a sandy bay, in which you may ride in eight fathoms water, with very good anchorage."!!" At the west end of the second narrow on the south shore, is a white headland, called Sweepstakes Foreland.” Sęę also Wallis.-E.
3 The other work says a mile and a half.-E.
shore, and anchored in ten fathom. Saint George's island then bore N.E. by N. distant three leagues; a point of land, which 'I called Porpois Point, N. by W. distant about five miles, and the southermost land S. by E. distant about two miles. In the evening we weighed and steered S. by E. about five miles along the north shore, at about one mile's distance, with regular soundings, from seven to thirteen fathom, and every where good ground. At ten o'clock at pight we anchored in thirteen fathon; Sandy Point then bearing S. by E. distant four miles; Porpois Point W.N.W. three leagues ; and Saint George's island N.E. four leagues. All along this shore the flood sets to the southward ; at the full and change of the moon it flows about eleven o'clock, and the water rises about fifteen feet.ee
The next morning I went out in my boat in sear of Fresh Water Bay; 1 landed with my second lieutenant upon Sandy Point, and having sent the boat along the shore, we walked abreast of her. Upon the point we found plenty of wood, and very good water, and for four or five miles the shore was exceedingly pleasant. Over the point there is a fine level country, with a soil that, to all appearance, is extremely rich ; for the ground was covered with flowers of various kinds, that perfomed the air with their fragrance; and aniong them there were berries, almost innumerable, where the blossoms had been shed; we observed that the grass was very good, and that it was intermixed with a great number of peas in blossom. Among this luxuriance of herbage we saw many hundreds of birds feeding, which, from their form, and the uncommon beauty of their plumage, we called painted geese: We walked more than twelve miles, and found great plenty of fine fresh water, but not the bay that we sought; for we saw no part of the shore, in all our
olk from Sandy Point, where a boat could land without the utmost hazard, the water being very shoal, and the sea breaking very high. We fell in with a great number of the huts or wigwams of the Indians, which appeared to have
4 % We sent the boat to sound between Elizab-tli's and St Bartholo. rew's Islands, and found it a very good channel, with very deep water. On this occasion we saw a number of Indians, that ballooed to us from Eliza. ' beth's Island. Both the men and the women were of the middle size, wellmade, and with smooth black hair ; they appear to be of an olive-coloured complexion, but rendered more red than they are naturally, by rubbing a red earth mixed with grease all over their bodies. They are very active and swift of foot,” &c.
been very lately deserted, for in some of them the fires which they had kindled were scarcely extinguished; they were in little recesses of the woods, and always close to fresh water. In many places we found plenty of wild celery, and a variety of plants, which probably would be of great benefit to seamen after a long voyage. In the evening we walked back again, and found the ships at anchor in Sandy Point Bay, at the distance of about half a mile from the shore. The keen air of this place made our people so voraciously hungry that they could bave eaten three times their allowance; I was therefore very glad to find some of them employed in hauling the seine, and others on shore with their guns ; sixty very large mullets were just taken with the seine as I came up; and the gunners had good sport, for the place abounded with geese, teale, snipes, and other birds, that were excellent food.
On the 25th, Christmas day, we observed by two altitudes, and found the latitude of Sandy Point to be 53° 10 S. At eight in the morning we weighed, and having sailed five leagues from Sandy Point, in the direction of Š. by E.
E. we anchored again in thirty-two fathom, about a mile from the shore; the south point of the Fresh Water Bay then bearing N.N.W distant about four miles; and the southermost land S.E. by S.: As we sailed along the shore, at about two milés distance, we had no ground with sixty fathom, but at the distance of one mile we had from twenty to thirty-two fáthom. At the full and change of the moon, the tide flows off Fresh Water Bay at twelve o'clock; it runs but little, yet flows very much by the shore. i.,
On the 26th, at eight o'clock in the morning, we weighed, with the wind at E.N.E. and steered S.S.E. for Port Famine. At noon, St Anne's Point, which is the northermost point of that port, bore S. by E. , E. distant three leagues. Along this shore, at the distance of two or three miles, we had very deep water; but within a mile had ground with twenty-five or thirty fathom, From St Anne's Point a reef of rocks runs out S.E. by E: about two milas ; and at the distance of two cables?-length from this reef the water will suddenly shoal from sixty-five to thirty-five and twenty fathom. The point itself is very steep, so that there is no sounding till it is approached very near, and great care must be taken in standing into Port Famine; especially if the ship is as far southward as Sedger river, for the water
will shoal at once from thirty to twenty, fifteen, and twelve fathom ; and at about two cables' length farther in, at more than a mile from the shore, there is but nine feet water when the tide is out. By hauling close round St Anne's Point, soundings will soon be got; and as the water shoals very fast, it is not safe to go farther in, when there is no more than seven fathom; the strait here is not more than four leagues wide.
The next day at noon, having had little wind and calms, we anchored at Port Famine, close to the shore, and found our situation very safe and convenient; we had shelter from all winds except the S.E. which seldom blows, and if a ship should be driven ashore in the bottom of the bay, she could receive no damage, for it is all fine soft ground. We found drift-wood here sufficient to have furnished a thousand sail, so that we had no need to take the trouble of cutting green. The water of Sedger river is excellent, but the boats cannot get in till about two hours flood, because at low water it is very shallow for about three quarters of a mile. I went up it about four miles in my boat, and the fallen trees then rendered it impossible to go farther : I found it, indeed, not only difficult but dangerous to get up thus far. The stream is very rapid, and many stumps of trees lie hidden under it: One of these made its way through the bottom of my boat, and in an instant she was full of water. We got on shore as well as we could ; and afterwards, with great difficulty, hauled her up upon the side of the river: Here we contrived to stop the hole in her bottom, so as that we made a shift to get her down to the river's mouth; where she was soon properly repaired by the carpenter. On each side of this river there are the finest trees I ever saw, and I make no doubt but that they would supply the British navy with the best masts in the world. Some of them are of a great height, and more than eight feet in diameter, which is proportionably more than eight yards in circunference; so that four unen, joining hand in hand, could not compass them : Among others, we found the pepper tree, or Winter's bark, in great plenty. Among these woods, notwithstanding the coldness of the climate, there are innumerable parrots, and other birds of the most beautiful plumage 1 shot every day geese and ducks enough to serve my own table and several others, and every body on board might have done the same: We had, indeed, great plenty of fresh provisions of all kinds, for we caught as much fish every day as served the companies of both ships. As I was much on shore here, I tracked many wild beasts in the sand, but never saw one; we also found many huts or wigwams, but never met with an Indian. The country between this port and Cape Forward, which is distant about four leagues, is extremely fine, the soil appears to be very good, and there are no less than three pretty large rivers, besides several brook's.
3 “ In this part may be found a considerable quantity of excellent wood, either green or dry, the latter lying along the shore on both sides the straits, which are almost covered with the trees, that, having grown on the banks, have been blown down by the high winds. These trees are somewhat like our birch, but are of so considerable a size, that the trunks of 26 siebend 01102 vi kan some of threm are two feet (surely an error, yards must be intended) and a half in diameter, and sixty feet in length. Many of these we dit down for our carpenters use, and found that, when properly dried, they were very serviceable, though not fit for masts. The bark named Winter's in the text, is so called after Captain Winter, who discovered it in 1567. It was long held a specific for scurvý, and is now commended in certain cases as an article in diet-drinks. According to the work just now quoted, the sailors often used it in pies instead of spice, and found it palateable.-E.
While we lay here, I went one day to Cape Forward, and when I set out I intended to have gone farther; 'bat the weather became so bad, with heavy rain, that we were glad to stop there, and make a great fire to dry our clothes, which were wet through. From the place where we 'stopped, the Indians had been gone' so lately, that the wood, which lay half burnt, where they had made their fire, was still warm; and soon after our fire was kindled, we perceived that another was kindled directly opposite to it, on the Terra del Fuego shore; probably as a signal, which, if we bad been Indians, we should have understood. After we were dried and refreshed at our fire, the 'rain having abated, I walked cross the Cape, to see how the Streight ran, which I found to be about W.N.W. The hills, as far as I could see, were of an immense height, very craggy, and covered with snow quite from the summit to the base. I inade also another excursion along the shore to the northward, and found the country for many miles exceedingly pleasant, the ground being, in many places, covered with Howers, which were not inferior to those that are commonly found in our gardens, either in beauty or fragrance; 'and if
6 The other account gives a very spirited description of the scenery of this agreeable spot-but it is too long for insertion here.-E.