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coast. This put them to a stand, but, after a short pause, they enquired very particularly whether I had been among the spice islands; I answered them in the negative, and they appeared to be convinced that I spoke truth. After this, we came to a better understanding, and they told me, that though they could not, withoat disobedience to the most direct and positive orders of the Company, suffer us to remain here, yet that I was welcome to go to a little bay not far distant, where I should find effectual shelter from the bad monsoon, and might erect an hospital for my sick, assuring me at the same time that provision and refreshments were more plenty there than at Macassar, from whence, whatever else I wanted should be sent me, and offering me a good pilotito carry me to my station. To this I gladly consented, bupon condition that what they had offered should be confirmed to me by the governor and couneil of Macassar, that I might be considered as under the protection of the Dutch nation, and that no violence should be offered to my people: For all this they engaged their honour'on behalf of the governor and council, promising me the assorance I had required on the next day, and requesting that in the mean time I would remain where I was. I then enquired why the two vessels which were at anchor under our bows were allotted to that station; and they told me, for no other reason than to prevent the people of the country from offering us any violence. When matters were thus far settled between us, I expressed my concern that, except a glass of wine, [could present them with nothing better than bad salt meat, and bread falbof weevils, upon which they very politely desired that I would permit their servants to bring in the victuals which had been dressing in their own vessels I readily conserited, and a very genteel dinner was soon Berved up consisting of fish, desh, vegetables, and fruits buis with the

greatest pleasure that I take this opportunity foaékbowledging mycobligations to these gentlemen for the spoliteness and humanity of their behaviour in their private capacity, and particularly to

Mr Douglas, who, ibeing qualified by his knowledge of the Frenctrlanguage to interpret between usyundertook that of fice, with a courtesy and politeness which wery i much increased the value of the favour. After this we parted, and at their leaving the ship, I saluted them with nine guns. The next morning the shebander was sent to acquaint me,


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that the governor and council had confirmed the engagement which bad been made with me on their behalf. Eve ry thing was now settled much to my satisfaction, except the procuring money for my bills upon the government of Great Britain, which the shebandet said he would solicit. At eight o'clock in the evening, he came on board again, to let me know that-there was not any person in the town who had money to remit to Europe, and that there was not a dollar in the Company's chest. I answered that as I was not permitted to go on shore to negociate my bills myself, I hoped they would give me credit, offering him bills for any debt I should contract, or to pay it at Batavia. To this the shebander replied, that the resident at Bonthain, the place to which I was going, would receive orders to supply me with whatever I should wanty and would be glad to take my bills in return, as he had money to remiks and was himself to go to Europe the next season. He told me also, that he had considerable property in England, being a denizen of that country; "and" said the shebander,"

he has also money in my hands with which I will purchase such things as you want from Macassat, and see that they are sent after you.? Having specified what, these articles were to be, andagreed with him for the quantity and the price, wer partedes O top to 6 stotis nya s5 ans

The next day, in the afternoon, I received a letter, signed by the governor and council of Macassar, containing the reasons why I was sent to Bonthain, and confirming the verbal agreement which subsisted between us. 1 in 27. Soon after, the ensign M. le Cerf, the secretary of the council, vand a pilot, came on board to attend us to Bonthain. Le Cerf was to command the soldiers who were on board the guard boats and the secretary, as we afterwards discovered, was to be a check upon the resident whose name was Swellingrabell This gentleman's father died second goverhor at the Cape of Good Hope, where he married an English lady of the name of Fothergillis, Mr Swelo lingrabel, the resident here, married the daughter of Cornelius Sinklaar, who had been governor of Macassat, and died some time ago in Bogland, having come hither to see some of his mother's relations. bna Por ti 90 1

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Transactions at Bonthain, while the Vessel was waiting for a

Wind to carry her to Batavia, with some Account of the Place, the Town of Macassar, and the adjacent Country. The next morning at day-break we sailed, and the day following in the afternoon we anchored in Bonthain road with our two guard-boats, which were immediately moored close in to the shore, to prevent the country bdats from coming near us, and our boats from goiny neat them. As soon as I arrived at this place, I altered our reckoning. I had lost about eighteen hours, in coming by the west, and the Europeans that we found here having come by the east had gained about six, so that the difference was just a day.

** I immediately waited upon the resident, Mr Swellingrabel, who spoke English but very imperfectly, and having settled with him all matters relating to money and provişions, a house was allotted me near the sea-side, and close to a little pallisadoed fort of eight guns, the only one in this place, which I converted into an hospital, under the direction of the surgeon; to inis place I immediately sent all the people who were thought incapable of recovering on board, and reserved the rest as a security against accidents. As soon as our people were on shore, a guard of thirty-six private men, two serjeants, and two corporals, all under the command of Ensign Le Cerf, was set over them; and none of them were suffered to go more than thirty yards from the hospital, nor were any of the country people allowed to come near enough to sell them any thing, so that our men got nothing of them, but through the hands of the Dutch soldiers, who abused their power very shamefully. When they saw any of the country people carrying what they thought our invalids would purchase, they first took it away, and then asked the price : What was demanded signified little, the soldier gave what he thought proper, which was seldom one-fourth of the value; and if the countryman 'ventured to express any discontent, he gave bim immediately an earnest of perfect satisfaction, by flourishing his broad-sword over his head: This was always sufficient to


silence complaint, and send the sufferer quietly away; after wbich the soldier sold what he had thus acquired for profit of sometimes more than a thousand per cent. This behavi. our was so cruel to the natives, and so injurious to us, that I vențared to complain of it to the resident, and the other two gentlemen, Le Cerf and the secretary. The resident, with becoining spirit, reprimanded the soldiers; but it produced so little effect that I could not help entertaining sus picions that Le Cerf connived at these practices, and shared the advantages which they produced. I suspected him also of selling arrack to my people, of which I complained, but witliout redress; and I know that his slaves were em ployed to buy things at the market which his wife after. wards sold to us for more than twice as much as they cost, The soldiers were indeed guilty of many other irregularities: It was the duty of one of them by rotation to procure the day's provision for the whole guard, a service which he constantly performed by going into the country with his musket and a bag ; nor was the honest proveditor always content with what the bag would contain; for one of them, without any ceremony, drove down a young buffalo that belonged to some of the country people, and bis comrades not having wood at hand to dress it when it was killed, supplied themselves by pulling down some of the pallisadoes of the fort. When this was reported to me, I thought it so extraordinary that I went on shore to see the breach, and found the poor black people repairing it.

On the 26th, a şloop laden with rice was sent out from this place in order to land her cargo at Macassar ; but after having attempted it three days she was forced to return. The weather was now exceedingly tempestuous, and all navigation at an end from east to west till the return of the eastern inonsoon. On the same day two large sloops that were bound to the eastward anchored here, and the next morning also a large ship from Batavia, with troops on board for the Banda Islands, but none of the crew of any of these vessels were suffered to speak to any of our people, our boats being restrained from going on board them, and theirs from coming on board us. As this was a mortifying restriction, we requested Mr Swellingrabel to buy us some salt meat from the large ship; and he was so obliging as to procure us four casks

of very good European meat, tivo of pork, and two of beef.


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On the 28th a fleet of more than an hundred sail of the small country vessels, called proasy anchored bere ; their burden vis from twelve to eighteen and twenty tons, and they carry from sixteen to twenty then. I was told that they carried on a fishery round the island, going out with one monsoon, and coming back with the other, so as always to keep under the lee of the landi: t'The fish was sent to the China market, and I observed that all these vessels carried Dutch colours.

No event worthy of notice happened till the 18th of January, and then I learnt by a detter from Macassar that the Dolphin had been at Batavia. On the 28th, the secretary of the council, who had been sent hither with Le Cerf, as we supposed to be a check opon the resident, was called to Macassar. By this time our carpenter, having in a great degree recovered his health, examined the state of our vessel, and to our great regret she appeared to be very leaky: Our main yard ako was found not only to bersprung, but to be rotten and unserviceable. We got it down and patched it up as well as we could, without either iron or a forge, so that we hoped it would serve us tili we got to Batavia, for no wood was to be procured here of which a new one could be made. To our teaks very little could be done, and we were therefore reduced to an entire dependence upon our pomps. - Hit 10 181101691 35W Viely

itsous :4-02 .. On Friday the 19th of February, Le Cerf, the military officer who commanded the soldiers on shore, was rocalled, as it was said, to fit ont an expedition for the island of Bally; on the 7th of March, the largest of our guard-boats, ta sloop about forty-five tons, was ordered back to Macassar with part of the soldiers; and on the grh, the resident, Mr Swellingrabel, received a letter from the governor of that placey enquiring when I should sail for Batavia. I must confess, that I was surprised at the recal of the officer, and the guard boat; but I was much more surprised at the contents of the governor's letter, because he knew that it was in possible should sail till May, as the eastern monsoon would not sooner set in. Al matters, however, rein ained in the same situation till near the end of the inonth, when some of my people took notice, that for a short time past a small canoe had gone round us several times at different

hours of the night, and bad disappeared as soon as those - on board perceived any body istirring in the ship. On the

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