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A Table of the Latitudes and Longitudes, 8c concluded.
Variation. in. supposed Maskeline's
1768. At Sea
Jan. 26. 34 24 S. 328 0 W.1323 30 W. 24 0 W At Sea
Jan. 27. 134 14 S. 324 0 W.323 13 W. 24 0 W. Cape of Good Hope Feb. 11. 34 OS. 3450 W 342 0 W.19 30 W. At Sea
Mar. 15. 16. 44 S. 8 0 W. 20 W.113 0 W. At Sea
Mar. 15. 116 S6 S. 2 0 W. 2 5 W 12 50 W. St Helena
Mar. 19.115 57 S. 5 49 W. 5 40 W12 47 W. Ascension
Mar. 23, 7 28 S. 14 18 W.) 14 4 W. 9 53 W. At Sea
Mar. 24. 1 7 58 S. 14 so w 14 38 W.10 0 W At Sea
April 8. J15 4 N 300W. 34 30 W 4 48 W. At Sea
April 11.121 28 N 36 0 W. 36 37 W 4 30 W. At Sea
April 21. 33 55 N. 320 W. 33 OWJ11 34 W. At Sea
Apri, 23. 36 15 N. 50 0.W.29 31 W. 14 30 W'. At Sea Mayl 10. 49 43 N.
60 W. 7 52 W.22 30 W. At Sea May 11. 148 48 N
+7 30 W
8 19 W. St Agnus's Light-h. May 13. 1958 N.17 14. W. 7 8 W. 20
AN ACCOUNT OF A YOYAGĘ ROUND THE WORLD, IN THE
YEARS, 1766, 1767, 1768, AND 1769, BY PHILIP CARTERET, ESQ. COMMANDER OF HIS MAJESTY'S SLOOP THE SWALLOW.
The Run from Plymouth to Madeira, and from thence through
the Streight of Magellan. (The longitude of this voyage is reckoned from London westward to 180,
and eastward afterwards.] OON after I returned from a voyage round the world
with the Honourable Commodore Byron, I was appointed to the command of his majesty's sloop the Swallow, by a commission bearing date the first of July, 1766 ; the Swallow then lay at Chatham, and I was ordered to fit her out with all possible expedition. She was an old ship, having been in the service thirty years, and was, in my opinion, by no means fit for a long voyage, having only a slight thin sheathing upon her bottom, which was not even filled with nails to supply the want of a covering that would more effectually keep out the worm. I had been given to understand that I was to go out with the Dolphin ; but the disparity of the two ships, and the difference in their equipment, made me think that they could not be intended for the same duty; the Dolphin, which was sheathed with copper, being supplied with every thing that was requisite for a long and dangerous navigation ; and the Swallow having only a scanty supply of common necessaries. However, I ventured to apply for a forge, some iron, a small skiff, and several other things which I knew by experience would be of the utmost importance, if it was intended that I should make another voyage round the world; but I was told'that the vessel and her equipment were very fit for the service
VOL. XII. PART 11,
she was to perform, and none of the requisites for which I applied were allowed me. I was therefore confirmed in my opinion, that, if the Dolphin was to go round the world, it could never be intended that I should go farther than Falkland's islands, where the Jason, a fine frigate, which was, like the Dolphin, sheathed with copper, and amply equipped, would supply my place. I was, however, deficient in junk, an article which is essentially necessary in every voyage, and for this I applied when I got to Plymouth, but I was told that a quantity sufficient for both the ships had been put on board the Dolphin.
On Friday the 22d of August, 1766, the ship's company having the evening before received two months pay, I weighed, and made sail from Plymouth Sound in company with the Dolphin, under the command of Captain Wallis, and the Prince Frederick store-ship, commanded by Lieutenant James Brine. We proceeded together without any remarkable incident till the 7th of September, when we came to an anchor in Madeira road.
While I lay at this place, not being yet acquainted with my destination, I represented my want of junk, and the reply that had been made to my application for a supply by the commissioner at Plymouth, in a letter to Captain Wallis, who sent me five hundred weight. This quantity how, ever was so inadequate to my wants, that I was soon aftere wards reduced to the disagreeable necessity of cutting off some of my cables to save my rigging.
On the gth, very early in the morning, the lieutenant acquainted me that, in the night, nine lof my best men had secretly set off from the ship to'swim on shore, having stripped themselves naked and left all their clothes behind them, taking only their money, which they had secured in a handkerchief that was tied round their waist; that they proceeded together till they came very near the surf, which breaks high upon the shore, and that one of them, being then terrified at the sound, had swum back again to the ship, and been taken on board, but that the rest had ventured through. As the loss of these men would have been very severely felt, I immediately sat down to write a letter to the consul, entreating his assistance to recover them; but, before I had finished it, he sent me word, tliat all of them having, to the great astonishment of the natives, been found naked on the beach, they had been taken into custody, and would be delivered up to my order. The boat was dispatched immediately, and as soon as I heard they were on board, I went upon the deck. I was greatly pleased to see a contrition in their countenances, which at once secretly determined me not to inflict the punishment by which they seemed most heartily willing to expiate their fault; but I asked them what could have induced them to quit the ship, and desert the service of their country, at the risk of being devoured by sharks, or dashed to pieces by the surf against the shore. They answered, that though they had indeed, at such risks, ventured to swim on shore, they never had any intention of deserting the ship, which they were determined to stand by as long as she could swim; but that being well.assured they were going a long voyage, and none being able to tell who might live, or who might die, they thought it hard not to have an opportunity of spending their own inoney, and therefore determined, as they said, once more to get a skinful of liquor, and then swim back to the ship, which they hoped to have done before they were missed. As I had resolved to remit their punishment, I did not too severely scrutinize their apology, which the rest of the ship’s company, who stood round them, seemed very much to approve; but, observing that with a skinful of liquor they would have been in a very unfit condition to swim through the surf to the ship, I told them that, hoping they would for the future expose their lives only upon more important occasions, and that their conduct would thenceforward give me no cause of complaint, I would for this time be satisfied with the shame and regret which I perceived they suffered from a sense of their misbehaviour: I then admonished them to put on their clothes, and lie down, as I was confident they wanted rest; and added, that as I might possibly during the course of the voyage have occasion for good swimmers, I was very glad that I knew to whom I might apply. Having thus dismissed these honest fellows from their fears, I was infinitely gratified by the murmur of satisfaction which instantly ran through the ship's company; and was afterwards amply rewarded for my lenity, there being no service during all the toils and dangers of the voyage which they did not perform with a zeal and alacrity that were much to their honour and my advantage, as an example to the rest.