« ZurückWeiter »
No time, however, was lost in refitting the vessel : The sails were all unbent, the yards and top-masts struck, the forge was set up; the carpenters were employed in caulking, the sail-makers in mending the sails, the cooper in repairing the casks, the people in overhauling the rigging, and the boats in filling water. :
By the 10th of February, the heavy work being nearly dispatched, twenty of the men who had had the small-pox, were permitted to go ashore at the town, and others, who were still liable to the distemper, were landed at some distance, with orders to go into the country, and return in the evening, which they punctually obeyed : This liberty, therefore, was continued to them all the while the vessel lay at this port, which produced so good an effect, that the ship's company, except the sick, who recovered very fast, had a more healthy and vigorous appearance than when they left England. We purchased here the necessaries that we endeavoured to procure at Batavia, at a reasonable price, besides canvass and other stores; we also procured fresh water by distillation, principally to shew the captains of the Indiainen, and their officers, that, uponan emergency,wholesome water might be procured at sea. At five o'clock in the morning, we put fifty-six gallons of salt water into the still, at seven it began to run, and in about five hours and a quarter afforded us two-and-forty gallons of fresh water, at an expence of nine pounds of wood, and sixty-nine pounds of coals. Thirteen gallons and two quarts remained in the still, and that which came off had no ill taste; nor, as we had often experienced, any hurtful quality. I thought the shewing this experiment of the more consequence, as the being able to allow plenty of water not only for drinky but for boiling any kind of provision, and even for making tea and coffee, especially during long voyages, and in hot climates, conduces greatly to health, and is the means of saving many lives. I never once put my people to an allowance of water during this whole voyage, always using the still when we were reduced to five-and-forty tons, and preserving the rain water with the utmost diligence. I did not; however, allow water to be fetched away at pleasure, but the officer of the watch had orders to give such as brought provisions of any kind, water sufficient to dress it, and a proper quantity also to such as brought tea and coffee. On the 25th, the wood and water being nearly comple
ted, and the ship almost ready for sea, I ordered every body to go on board, and the sick) tents to be brought off ; the people being so well recovered, that in the whole ship's company there were but three men anable to do duty, and bappily, since our leaving Batavia, we had lost but three. The next day, and the day following, the carpenters finished caulking all the out-works, the fore-castle, and the maindeck; we got all our bread on board from the shore, with a considerable quantity of straw, and thirty-four sheep for sea-stores. In the mean time I came on board, and having unmoored, lay waiting for a wind till the evening of Thursday the 3d of March, when a breeze springing up, we got under sail . While we were on shore at Green Point, we had an opportunity of making many celestial observations, by which we determined Table Bay to lie in latitude 34° 2 S.; dongitude, i from Greenwich, 188' E. The variation of the needle, at this place, was 19° 30' W.
On the 7th, being in Jatitude 29° 33' S., longitude, by account, 847° 38', the ship was eight miles to the northward of her dead reckoning.
On the 18th, having sailed westward 360 degrees fronz the meridian of London, we bad lost a day, I therefore called the latter part of this day Monday, March 14th
At six o'clock in the evening, of Wednesday the 16th, we saw the island of St Helena, at the distance of about fourteen leagues, and at one the next morning, brought-to. At break of day, we made sail for the island, and at nine, anchored in the bay. The fort saluted us with thirteen guns, and we returned the same number. - We found riding here the Northumberland Indiaman, Captain Milford, who saluted us with eleven guns, and we returned ninę. We got out all the boats as soon as possible, and sent the empty casks to be filled with water, at the same time several of the people were employed to gather parslain, which grows here in great plenty-- About two o'clock, I went on shore myself, and was saluted by the fort with thirteen guns, wbich I returned. The governor and the principal gen Memen of the island did me the honour to meet me at the water-side, and having conducted me to the fort, told me, that it was expected I should make it my home during my stay.
By noon the next day, our water was completed, and the ship was made ready for sea ; soon after, she was unmoored, to take advantage of the first breeze, and at five in the af
ternoon, I returned on board. Upon my leaving the shore, I was saluted with thirteen guns, and soon after, upon getting under way, I was saluted with thirteen more, both which I returned ; the Northumberland Indiaman then saluted me with thirteen guns, so did the Osterley, which arrived here the evening before I made sail, and I returned the compliment with the same number.
On the 21st, in the evening, we saw several men of war birds; and at midnight, heard many birds about the ship. At five o'clock in the morning of the 23d, we saw the Island of Ascension ; and at eight, discovered a ship to the eastward, who brought-to, and hoisted a jack at her main-topmast-head, upon which we shewed our colours, and she then stood in for the land again. We ran down close along the north-east side of the island, and looked into the bay, but seeing no ship there, and it blowing a stiff gale; I made the best of my way.
On Monday the 28th, we crossed the equator, and got again into north latitude.
On Wednesday, the 13th of April, we passed a great quantity of gulph weed; and on the 17th, we passed a great deal more.
On the 19th, we saw two flocks of birds, and observing the water to be discoloured, we thought the ground might be reached, but, upon sounding, could find no bottom.
At five o'clock in the morning of Sunday the 24th, we saw the peak of the island of Pico bearing N. N. E. at the distance of about eighteen leagues. We found, by obser. vation, that Fyal lies in latitude 38° 20' N., longitude 28° 30 W. from London... 18
No incident worth recording happened till about noon on the 11th of May, when, being in latitude 48° 44' N., longitude 7° 16' W. we saw a ship in chace of a sloop, at which she fired several guns. We bore away, and at three, fired a gun at the chace, and brought her to; the ship to windward, being near the chace, immediately sent a boat on board her, and soon after, Captain Hammond, of his majesty's sloop the Savage, came on board of me, and told me, that the vessel he had chaсed, when he first saw her,. was in company with an Irish wherry, and that as soon as they discovered him to be a man of war, they took different ways; the wherry hauled the wind, and the other vessel
bore away. That he at first hauled the wind, and stood after the wherry, but finding that he gained no ground, hel bore away after the other vessel, which probably would also have escaped, if I had not stopped her, for that he gained very little ground in the chace. She appeared to be laden with tea, brandy, and other goods, from Roscoe in France; and though she was steering a south-west course, pretended to be bound to Bergen in Norway. She belonged to Liverpool, was called the Jenny, and commanded by one Robert Christian. Her brandy and tea were in small kegs and bags; and all appearances being strongly against her, I detained her, in order to be sent to England.
At half an hour after five, on the 13th, we saw the islands. of Scilly, on the 19th, I landed at Hastings in Sussex; and at four the next morning, the ship anchored safely in the Downs, it being just 637 days since her weighing anchor in Plymouth Sound. To this narrative, I have only to add, that the object of the 'voyage being discovery, it was my constant practice, during the whole time of my navigating those parts of the sea which are not perfectly known, to lieto every night, and make sail only in the day, that nothing might escape me...I
i }'& A Table of the Latitudes and the Longitudes West of London,
with the Variation of the Needle, at several Ports, and Bituations at Sea, from Observations made on board his Majesty's Ship the Dolphin ; and her Nauticul Reckoning during the Voyage which she made round the World in the Yedrs 1766, 1767, 1768, under the Command of Captain Samuel Wallis.
Time Names of PLACES.
Latitude Longitude served by Dr Variation: when, in... supposed. Maskeline's
ution 1766. Lizard Aug. 22. 150° Ó' N.
210 O'W. Funchall R. Madeira Sept. 8. 32 ' 35 N. 18 o W. 16° 40 W. 14 10 W. Port Praja St Jaga Sept. 24. 14 53 N. 29 50 W.
8 20 W. Port Desire
Dec. 8. 47 56 S. 67 20 W. 66 24 W.123 15 E. Cape Virgin Mary Dec. 17. 52 24 S. 70 4. W. 69 @ W.128 0 E.
A Table of the Latitudes and Longitudes $e. continued.
Long. ob Names of PLACES.
Time Latitude Longitude served by Dr Variation. when. in.
supposed. Maskeline s
1766, Point Possession Dec. 23.52 30 S. 70 11 W 69 50 W 12 40 E. Point Porpass Dec. 26153 8 S
71 0 W
71 30 W.122 50 E. Port Famine
Dec. 27.153 43 S. 71 o W. 71 32 W.22 30 E.
1767. Cape Froward Jan. 19.54 3 S.
22 40. E. Cape Holland Jau. 20. 58. 58 S.
22 40 E. Cape Gallant Jan. 23. 53 50 S.
22 40 E. York Road
22 30 E. Cape Quod Feb. 17. 53 93 S.
32 35 E. Cape Notch Mar. 4. 153 22 S.
23 O E. Cape Upright Mar. 18 53 5 S.
22 40 E. Cape Pillar April 11. 52 46 s. | 76 0 W
23 O E, At Sea
April 21 12 30 S. 96 30 W 95 46 W12 O E At Sea
May 4. 28 12 S. 99 0 W | 96 30 W. 6. 0 E. At Sea
May 20. 21:0 S. 1100 W.106.42 W. 5 O E. At Sea
May 23. 120 20 S. 116 54. W. 112 64 W. 5 O E. At Sea
June 1. 120 38 S. 1132 0 W.1127 45 W. 5 9 E. At Sea
June 3. 19 30 S. 132 30 W.1129 50 W. 5 40 E. Whitsunday Island
19 26 S. 141 0 W. 137 56 W16 OE. Q. Charlotte's Isl. June 8. 19 18 S. 141 4 W.138 W 5 20 E. Egmont Island
June 11. 19 20 S. 141 27 W.1138 30 W 6 0 E. D. of Glouces, Isl. June 12. 19 11 S. 1143 8 W140 6 W 7 10 E. D. of Cumberl. Isl. June 13. 19 18 S. 1143 44 W.140 34 W T O E. Pr. Wm. Henry's Isl. June 13. 19 O S. 144. 4 W. 141 6 W. 7 O E. Osnaburgh Island June 17. 17 51 S. 150 27 W.1147 30 W6 0 E. K. Geo. S. E. end June 19. 17 48 S. 151 30 W.149 15 W 6 O E. Jul.'s Isl.N.W.end July 4. 17 30 S. 152 0 W. 150 0 W 5 80 E. D. of York's Island July 27. 17 28 S. 152 12 W. 150 16 W6 0 E. Sir C. Saunders's Isl. July 28. 1728 S. 153 2 W.151 4 W
6 30 E. Lord Howe's Island July 30 16 46 S. 156 38 W. 154 19 W 7 40 E. Scilly Island July 31. 16 28 S. 157 22 W. 155 30 W
O E. Boscawen's Island Aug. 13. 15 50 S. 177 20 W.175 10 W. 9 0 E. Aug. Keppel's Island Aug. 13.15 53 S. 177 23 W.175 13 W 10 0 E. Wallis's Island Aug. 17. 13 18 S. 1800 W.177 OW.10 O E. Piscadores S. end Sept. 3. 1 0 N. 195 O W.192 30 W 10 0 E. Islands S N. end
11 20 N 195 25 W 193 © W10 0 E. Tinian
Sept. 50. 4 58 N.215 40 W.214 10 W 6 20 E. At Sea
Oct. 17. 116 10 N218 0 W. 216 25 W 5 15 E. Grafton's Island Oct. 29. 121 4 N 241 0 W 239 0 W 1 3 W. Pulo Aron
Nov. 15 2 28 N.1258 0 W 255 0 W 1 O W. Lucipara
254 46 W None. Batavia
1254 30 W.
1 25 W. Prince's Island Dec. 16. 6 41 S. 256 O W 256 30 W.11