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Latitude of the ship, as she lay at anchor 14° 55' N. long. 214° 15' W. Latitude of the watering place
14 59 N. Longitude of the body of Tinian
214 W. Longitude of the Tinian Road
214* 8 W. Medium of Longitude, observed at Tinian 214.
We continued a westerly course, inclining somewhat to the north, till the 21st, when Tinian bearing S. 71° 40' E. distant 277 leagues, we saw many birds; and the next day, saw three, resembling gannets, of the same kind that we had seen when we were within about thirty leagues of Tinian.
On the 23d, we had much thunder, lightning, and rain, with strong gales, and a great sea. The ship laboured very much, and the rudder being loose again, shook the stern as much as ever. The next day, we saw several small land birds, and the gales continuing, we split the gib and maintop-mast-stay-sail; the wind increased all the remainder of the day, and all night, and on Sunday it blew a storm. The fore-sail and mizen-sail were torn to pieces, and lost ; and having bent others, we wore and stood under a reefed foresail, and balanced mizen. We had the mortification to find the ship admit more water than usual. We got the topgallant masts down upon the deck, and took the gib-boom in ; soon after which a sea struck the ship upon the bow, and washed away the round houses, with all the rails of the head, and every thing that was upon the fore-castle: We were, however, obliged to carry as much sail as the ship would bear, being, by Lord Anson's account, very near the Bashee Islands, and, by Mr Byron's, not more than thirty leagues, with a lee-sbore.
The next moming, we saw several ducks and shags, some small land birds, and a great number of horse-flies about the ship; but had no ground with 360 fathom. The incessant and heavy rain had kept every man on board constantly wet to the skin for more than two days and two nights; the weather was still very dark, and the sea was continually breaking over the ship.
On the 27th, the darkness, rain, and tempest continuing, a mountainous sea that broke over us, staved all the halfports to pieces on the starboard side, broke all the iron stanchions on the gunwale, washed the boat off the skids, and carried many things overboard. We had, however, this day, a glean of sunshine, sufficient to determine our latitude, which we found to be 20° 50 N; and the ship appeared to be fifty minutes north of her reckoning.
The weather now became more moderate. At noon, on the 28th, we altered our course, steering S. by W.; and at half an hour after one, we saw the Basbee Islands bearing from S. by E. to S.S.E. distant about six leagues. These islands are all high, but the northermost is higher than the rest. . By an observation made this day, we found Grafton Island to lie in the longitude of 239° W. and in latitude of 21° 4' N. At midnight, the weatber being very dark, with sudden gusts of wind, we missed Edmund Morgan, a marine tailor, whom we supposed to have fallen overboard, having reason to fear that he had drunk more than his allowance.
From this time, to the 3d of November, we found the ship every day from ten to fifteen miles north of her reckoning. The day before we had seen several gannets, but upon sounding many times during the day and the next night, we had no ground with 160 fathom. This morning, at seven o'clock, we saw a ledge of breakers bearing S.W. at the distance of about three miles: We hauled off from them, and at eleven saw more breakers bearing S.W. by S. distant about five miles. At noon, we hauled off the east end of them, from which we were not distant more than a quarter of a mile.
The first shoal lies in latitude 11° 8' N.; longitude, from Bashee Islands, g® W.
The second shoal lies in latitude 10° 46' N.; longitude of the N. E. end, from Bashee Islands, 8913' W.
We saw much foul ground to the S. and S.S.E. but had no bottom with 150 fathom. Before one, bowever; we saw shoal water on the larboard bow, and standing from it, passed another ledge at two. At three, we saw a low sandy point, which I called Sandy Isle, bearing N. 1 E. distapt about two miles. At five, we saw a sinall island, which I called Small Key, bearing N. by E. distant about five miles; and soon after, another larger, which I called Long Island, beyond it. At six in the evening, the largest island being distant between two and three leagues, we brought to, and stood off and on from mid-night till break of day, continually sounding, but having no ground.
At seven in the morning, of Wednesday the 4th, we saw another island, which I called New Island, bearing S.E. by E., and a large reef of rocks, bearing S. 1 W. distant six miles. At ten, we saw breakers from W.S.W. to W. by N.
At noon, the north end of the great reef bore S.E. by E. distant two leagues, and another reef bore W.N.W. at about the same distance. *! 70.44
The latitudes and longitudes of these islands and shoals, appear by the following table: 2.
Lat. N. Long, W. Sandy Isle
10° 40' 2470 12' Small Key
247 16 Long Island
10 20 247 24 New Island
10. 10 247 40 First Shoal
247, 36 Second Shoal
10 4 247 45 Third Shoal
10 5. 247 50 Soon after, we saw another reef in latitude 10° 15, longitude 248o.
The next day we found the ship, which had for some time been to the northward of her reckoning, eight miles to the southward. 'n Pivo
We continued our course, often sounding, but finding no bottom. - On the 7th, we passed through several ripplings of a current, and saw great quantities of drift-wood, cocoanut leaves, things like cones of firs, and weed, which swam in a stream N.E. and S.W. We had now soundings at sixty, five fathom, with brown sand, small shells, and stones, and at noon, found the ship again to the northward of her reckoning ten miles, and had decreased our soundings to twentyeight fathom, with the same ground. Our latitude was 8° 96 N.; longitude 253° W. At two o'clock, we saw the island of Condore, from the mast-head, bearing W. I N. At four, we had ground with twenty fathom; the island, bearing from W. to N.W. by W. distant about thirteen leagues, and having the appearance of high hum ocks, The lalitude of this island is 8°40 N.; longitude, by our reckoning, 25415'.
We now altered our course; and the next morning, I took from the petty officers and seamen, all the log and journal books relative to the voyage4 195 1999 1998
On the 10th, being in latitude 5° 20' No-longitude 255° W. we found a current setting four fathom an hour S. by W.; and during our course to the islands Timoun, Aros, and Pesang, which we saw about six in the afternoon of the 13th, we were every day from ten to twenty miles southward of our reckoning. ?
On the 16th, at ten in the morning, we crossed the Line again into south latitude, in longitude 255°; and soon after we saw two islands, one bearing S. by E. distant five leagues, and the other S. by W. distant seven leagues.
The next morning, the weather became very dark and tempestuous, with heavy rain; we therefore clewed all up, and lay by till we could see about us. The two islands proved to be Puló Toté, and Pulo Weste; and having made sail till one o'clock, we saw the Seven Islands. We continued our course till two the next morning, the weather being very dark, with heavy squalls of wind, and much lightning and rain. While one of these blasts was blowing with all its violence, and the darkness was so thick that we could not see from one part of the ship to the other, we suddenly discovered, by a dash of lightning, a large vessel close aboard of us. The steersman instantly put the helm a-lee, and the ship answering her rudder, we just cleared each other. This was the first ship we had seen since we parted with the Swallow; and it blew so hard, that not being able to understand any thing that was said, we could not learn to' what nation she belonged." inai yne."
At six, the weather having cleared up, we saw a sail at anchor in the E.S.E.; and at noon, we saw land in the W.N.W which proved to be Pulo:Vaya, Pulo Toté bearing S. 35o E. Palo Weste S. 18° E. At six in the evening, we anchored in fifteen fathom, with sandy ground; and obser ved a current running B.N.E. at the rate of five fathom an hour.
CA 9DICKI At six in the morning, we weighed and made sail, and soon after saw two vessels a-head, but at six in the evening, finding that we lost much ground, we came again to an anchor in fifteen fathom, with a fine sandy bottom.
At six o'clock the next morning, the current being slack, we hove short on the small bower, which soon after parted at a third from the clench. We immediately took in the cable, and perceived that, although we had sounded with great care before we anchored, and found the bottom clear, it had been cut through by the rocks. After some time, the current becoming strong, a fresh gale springing up, and the ship being a great way to the leeward; I made sail, in hopes to get up and recover the anchor; but I found at last that it was impossible, without anchoring again ; and being afraid of the consequences of doing that in foul ground, I deter
mined to stand on, especially as the weather was become squally.
We were, however, able to make very little way till the next day, when, about three in the afternoon, we saw Monopin Hill bearing S. & E. and advancing very little, saw the coast of Sumatra at half an hour after six the next morning. We continued to suffer great delay by currents and calms, but on Monday the 30th of November, we anchored in Batavia Road.
Transactions at Batavia, and an Account of the Passage from
1; so thence to the Cape of Good Hope. We found here fourteen sail of Dutch East-India ships, a great number of small vessels, and his majesty's ship the Falmouth, lying upon the mud in a rotten condition.
I sent an officer on shore, to acquaint the governor of our arrival, to obtain his permission to purchase refreshments, and to tell him that I would salute him, if he would engage to return an equal number of guns. The governor readily agreed; and at sun-rise, on Tuesday the 1st of December, I saluted him with thirteen guns, which he returned with fourteen from the fort. - Soon after, the purser sent off some fresh beef, and plenty of vegetables, which I ordered to be served iminediately, at the same time I called the ship's company together, and told them that I would not suffer any liquor to come on board, and would severely punish those who should attempt to bring any. And I took some pains to reconcile them to this regulation, by assuring them that in this country, intemperance would inevitably destroy them. As a further preservative, I suffered not a man to go on shore, except those who were upon duty; and took care that none even of these straggled into the town,
On the 2d, I sent the boatswain and the carpenter, with the carpenter of the Falmouth, to look at such of her stores as had been landed at Onrust, with orders, that if any were fit for our use they should be bought. At their return, they informed me that all the stores they had seen were rotten, and unfit-for use, except one pair of tacks, which they brought with them: The masts, yards, and cables were all