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demn it, and bend a new one. At this place there is a little wood, and plenty of good water, but the rocks render it very difficult of access. No man that sees this part of the coast, can expect to find any kind of refreshment upon it; and indeed we caught nothing except a few rock-fish, with hook and line. There may be circumstances in which it may be good luck to get into this bay, but we thought it very good luck to get out of it. It lies in latitude 53° 23' S., longitude, by account, 74° 33' W.; the variation is two points easterly. The water rises and falls between three and four feet, though, whenever we had an opportunity of trying the current, we found it run easterly. We anchored here the 3d of March, and sailed the 15th.
XI. SWALLOW HARBOUR. This harbour, when once entered, is very safe, being sheltered from all winds, but the entrance is narrow and rocky; the rocks, however, may be easily avoided by keeping a good look-out, as there are large bunches of rock-weed upon them all. We found here a sufficient supply of wood and water, the wood however was very small. As the water is constantly smooth here, the landing is every where good; but we found no supply of provisions, except a few mussels and rock-fish. The mountains round it have the most horrid appearance, and seem to be altogether deserted by every thing that has life. The latitude is 33° 29° S., the longitude, by account, 74° 35' W.; the variation is two points easterly, and the tide rises and falls between four and five feet. We anchored here the 15th of March, and left the place the next day.
XII. UPRIGHT BAY. This bay may be safely entered, as there is no obstruction but what is above water. The wood here is very small, but we found sufficient to keep up our stoek. The water is excellent, and in great plenty. As to provisions, we got only a few wild towl, rock-fishes, and mussels. The landing is bad. The latitude of this place is 53° 8' S., longitude 75° 35 W.; the variation two points easterly. The water rises and falls about five feet, but the tide or current is very irregular. We anchored here on the 18th of March, and sailed again on the 10th of April.
There are three very good bays a little beyond Cape Shutup, which we called River Bay, Lodging Bay, and Wallis's Bay. Wallis's Bay is the best.
About half way between Elizabeth's Bay and York Road, lies Mussel Bay, where there is very good anchorage with
a westerly wind. There is also a bay, with good anchorage, opposite to York Road, and another to the eastward of Cape Cross-tide, but this will hold only a single ship. Between Cape Cross and Saint David's Head, lies Saint David's Sound, on the south side of which we found a bank of coarse sand and shells, with a depth of water from nineteen to thirty fathom, where a ship might anchor in case of necessity; and the master of the Swallow found a very good small bay a little to the eastward of Saint David's Head. A little to the eastward of Cape Quod, lies Island Bay, where the Swallow lay some time, but it is by no means an eligible situation. The ground of Chance Bay is very rocky and uneven, and for that reason should be avoided.
As all the violent gales by which we suffered in this navigation, blew from the westward, it is proper to stand about a hundred leagues or more to the westward, after sailing out of the streight, that the ship may not be endangered on a lee-shore, which at present is wholly unknown.
The following table shows the courses and distances, from point to point, in the streight of Magellan, by compass.'
Bougainville, in the account of his voyage, has given a tolerably minute chart of the streight of Magellan, but the names do not correspond with those used here, or by the English navigators in general. Perhaps the fullest and most accurate chart of this very intricate and unsafe passage ever published, is to be found in the American Atlas of Jefferys, London, 1775. It is enlarged from one published at Madrid in 1709, improved from the surveys and observations of Byron, Wallis, and Carteret, and compared with those of Bougainville. Like all the works of Jefferys, the Arrowsmith of his day, it exhibits most commendable diligence and attention to every source of information. After all, however, it seems unlikely that this streight will ever become well known to Europeans, the inducement to navigate it being indeed very inconsiderable at any time, and the dangers it presents always highly formidable.-E.
Courses and Distances from Point to Point, in the Streight,
of Magellan by Compass.
Cape Virgin Mary, lies in latitude 52° 24' S., and longitude 68° 22. W.
Courses. Miles. Latitude. Long.
S.W. & S. 27
52 35 69 38 The N. to the S. end of the Narrows S.S.W.
9 The S. end of the Narrows to Cape Gregory
W.S.W.& W. 25 52 39 70 31 Cape Gregory to Sweepstakes Foreland s. 30° W. Cape Gregory to Dolphin's Foreland S.W. & W. 14 52 43 70 53 Dolphin's Foreland to the N. end of Elizabeth's Island
s. W 145 52 5671 6 The N. end of Elizabeth's Island to St Bartholomew's Isļand
1 52 56 71 4 The N. end of Elizabeth's Island to St George's Island
8 The N. end of Elizabeth's Island to Porpus Point
S. by W. 12 53' 671 17 Porpus Point to Fresh-water Bay S. * E. 22 Fresh-water Bay to Capo St Ann, or Port Famine
S.S.E.E. 139 53 42 71 : 28 Cape St Ann to the entry of a great sound on the south shore
N.E. Cape St Ann to Cape Shut-up (S. by E. 12 53 54 71 32 Cape Shut-up to Dolphin's Island S.S.W.
7 59 59 71 41 Dolphin's Island to Cape Froward, the southermost in all America
S. 47 W. 11 54 3 71 59 Cape Froward to Snug Bay Point W. į N.
8 Snug Bay Point to Cape Holland W. by S. 133 53 57 72 34 Cape Holland to Cape Gallant W. S. 213 53 50 73 9 Cape Gallant to Elizabeth's Bay W.N.W. W. 11 53 49 73 24 Elizabeth's Bay to York Point W.N.W. I W. 61 53 39 73 32 York Road to Cape Cross-tide W. & S. 10 York Road to Cape Quod
21 53 33 74 6 Cape Quod to St David's Head S.E.
45 Cane Quod to Butler's Bay
S. I W.
4 53 37 74 9 C? - Quod to Chance Bay
5 Cape Quod to Great Mussel Bay S.W. S. 6 Cape Quod to Snow Sound
W.S.W. W. 10 Cape Quod to Lion's Cove
W.N.W. & W. 12 53 26 74 25 Lion's Cove to Good-Luck Bay W.N.W. & W. 6 53 23 74 S3 Cape Quod to Cape Notch
W.N.W. & W. 21 53 22 74 96 Cape Notch to Swallow Harbour S.S.E.
53 29 74 36 Cape Notch to Piss-pot Bay W. & S. 23 Cape Notch to Cape Monday W.
28 53 12 175 20 VOL. XII.
1 Courses. Miles.|Latitude. Long. Cape Monday to Cape Upright W. by N. 13; 530 6' 75° 38 Cape Monday to a great Sound on the N. shore
7. Cape Upright to Cape Providence N. by W. W. 52 57 75 37 Cape Upright to Cape Tamar
N.W. by W. W. 18 Cape Upright to Cape Pillar W. N.
50" 52.4976 52 Cape Pillar to Westminster Island N. E. & N. 15 Cape Pillar to Cape Victory N.W. $ N. 28
No12 Cape Pillar to the Islands of Direction W.N.W.
52 27 77 19 is "L"!!!
The Passage from the Streight of Magellan to King George
the Third's Island, called Otaheite, in the South Sea, with an Account of the Discovery of several other Islands, and a Description of their Inhabitants.
As we continued our course to the westward, after having cleared the streight, we saw a great number of gannets, sheerwaters, pintado birds, and many others, about the ship, and had for the most part strong gales, hazy weather, and heavy seas, so that we were frequently brought under our courses, and there was not a dry place in the ship for some weeks together.
At eight in the morning of the 22d, we had an observation, by which we found our longitude to be 95° 46' W. and at noon our latitude was 42° 24' S. and the variation, by azimuth, 110 6 E.
By the 24th, the men began to fall down very fast in colus and fevers, în consequence of the upper works being open, and their clothes and beds continually wet.
On the 26th, at four in the afternoon, the variation, by azimuth, was 100%20% E. and at six in the morning of the next day, it was go 8* E. Our latitude, on the 27th at noon, was 36° 54' S. our longitude, by account, 100° W. This day, the weather being moderate and fair, we dried all the people's clothes, and got the sick upon deck, to whom we gavė salop, and wheat boiled with portable soup, every morning for breakfast, and all the ship’s company had as much vinegar and mustard as they could use; portable soup was also constantly boiled in their pease and oatmeal.
The hard gales, with frequent and violent squalls, and a heavy sea, soon returned, and continued with very little in
termission. The ship pitched so much, that we were afraid she would carry away her masts, and the men were again wet in their beds.
On the 30th, the variation, by azimuth, was 8° 30' E. our latitude was 32° 50 ; longitude, by account, 100 W. I began now to keep the ship to the northward, as we had no chance of getting westing in this latitude; and the surgeon of opinion, that in a little time the sick would so much increase, that we should want hands to work the ship, if we could not get into better weather.
On the third of May, about four in the afternoon, we had an observation of the sun and moon, by which we found our longitude to be 96° 26' W. the variation by the azimuth was 5° 44' E. at six in the evening, and at six the next morning, it was 5° 58' E.. Our latitude, this day at noon, was 28° 20' S. At four in the afternoon, we had several observations for the longitude, and found it to be 96° 21' W.; at seven in the evening, the variation was 6° 40' E. by the azimuth, and the next morning at ten it was, by amplitude, 5° 48' E.; at three in the afternoon, the variation, by amplitude, was 70 40 E. This day we saw a tropic bird.
At six o'clock in the morning of Friday the eighth of May, the variation of the needle, by amplitude, was 70 11' E. In the afternoon we saw several sheer-waters and seaswallows. At eight in the morning of the 9th, the variation, by azimuth, was 6° 34' E. and in the morning of the 11th, by azimuth and amplitude, it was 4° 40' E. Our latitude was 27° 20' S. longitude, by account, 106° W. This day and the next we saw several sea-swallows, sheer-waters, and porpoises, about the ship.
On the 14th of May, the variation, by four azimuths, was 2° E. About four o'clock in the afternoon, we saw a large flock of brown birds, flying to the eastward, and something which had the appearance of high land, in the same quarter. We bore away for it till sun-set, and it still having the same appearance, we continued our course; but at two in the morning, having run eighteen leagues without making. it, we hauled the wind, and at day-light nothing was to be
We had now the satisfaction to find our ailing people mend apace. Our latitude was 24° 50' S. our longitude, by account, 106° W. During all this time, we were looking out for the Swallow.'
? This is very liable to be controverted. Captain W. well knew the bad