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Lochside, near Yetholm, she had care- and an urgent request, that he would fully abstained from committing any make her his purse-keeper, as the depredations on the farmer's property. bairns, as she called her sons, would But her sons (nine in number) had be soon home. The poor farmer made not, it seems, the same delicacy, and a virtue of necessity, told his story, stole a brood-sow from their kind en- and surrendered his gold to Jean's tertainer. Jean was so much mortified custody. She made him put a few at this ungrateful conduct, and so shillings in his pocket, observing it much ashamed of it, that she absented would excite suspicion should he be herself from Lochside for several years. found travelling altogether pennyless. At length, in consequence of some This arrangement being made, the temporary pecuniary necessity, the farmer lay down on a sort of shakeGoodman of Lochside was obliged to down, as the Scotch call it, upon some go to Newcastle to get some money to straw, but as will easily be believed, pay his rent. Returning through the slept not. About midnight the gang mountains of Cheviot, he was benight- returned with various articles of pluned, and lost his way. A light, glim- der, and talked over their exploits in mering through the window of a large language which made the farmer tremwaste barn, which had survived the ble. They were not long in discoverfarm-house to which it had once being their guest, and demanded of Jean longed, guided him to a place of shel- whom she had got there." E'en the te; and when he knocked at the door, Winsome gudeman of Lochside, poor it was opened by Jean Gordon. Her body,” replied Jean," he's been at very remarkable figure, for she was Newcastle seeking for siller to pay his nearly six feet high, and her equally rent, honest man, but deil-be-lickit remarkable features and dress, render- he's been able to gather in, and sae he's ed it impossible to mistake her for a gaun e'en hame wi' a toom purse and moment; and to meet with such a a sair heart.”—“That may be, Jean," character in so solitary'a place, and replied one of the banditti,“ but we probably at no great distance from her maun ripe his pouches a bit, and see if clan, was a terrible surprise to the it be true or no." Jean set up her poor man, whose rent (to lose which throat in exclamations against this would bave been ruin to him) was breach of hospitality, but without proabout his person. Jean set up a loud ducing any change of their determishout of joyful recognition Eh, nation. The farmer soon heard their sirs ! the winsome gudeman of Loché stifled whispers and light steps by his side! Light down, light down; for bedside, and understood they were ye maunna gang farther the night, and rummaging his clothes. When they å friend's house sae near.' The far- found the money which the providence mer was obliged to dismount, and ac- of Jean Gordon had made him retain, cept of the gypsey's offer of supper and they held a consultation if they should a bed. There was plenty of meat in take it or no, but the smallness of the the barn, however it might be come booty, and the vehemence of Jean's by, and preparations were going on for remonstrances determined them in tha a plentiful supper, which the farmer, negative. They caroused and went to the great increase of his anxiety, to rest. So soon as day dawned, Jean observed, was calculated for ten or roused her guest, produced his horse, twelve guests, of the same description which she had accommodated behind no doubt with his landlady. Jean left the hallan, and guided him for some him in no doubt on the subject. She miles till he was on the high road to brought up the story of the stolen Lochside. She then restored his whole sow, and noticed how much pain and property, nor could his earnest invexation it had given her. Like other treaties prevail on her to accept so philosophers, she remarked that the much as a single guinea. world grows worse daily; and like “I have heard the old people at Jedother parents, that the bairns got out burgh say, that all Jean's sons were of her guiding, and neglected the old condemned to die there on the same gypsey regulations, which command- day. It is said the jury were equally ed them to respect, in their depreda- divided, but that a friend to justice, tions, the property of their benefactors. who had slept during the whole dis
The end of all this was, an inquiry cussion, waked suddenly and gave his what money the farmer had about him, vote for condemnation, in the empha
tic words, “ Hang them a'.” Jean was Jean Gordon was at this festival. present, and only said, “ The Lord To the admirers of good eating, gyphelp the innocent in a day like this !” sey cookery seems to have little to re: Her own death was accompanied with commend it. I can assure you, howcircumstances of brutal outrage, of ever, that the cook of a nobleman of which poor Jean was in many respects high distinction, a person who never wholly undeserving. Jean had among reads even a novel without an eye to other demerits, or merits, as you may the enlargement of the culinary science, choose to rank it, that of being a staunch has added to the Almanach des Gour Jacobite. She chanced to be at Care mands, a certain Potage a la Meg Mer lisle upon a fair or market day, soon rilies de Derncleugh, consisting of after the year 1746, where she gave game and poultry of all kinds, stewed vent to her political partiality, to the with vegetables into a soup, which great offence of the rabble of that city. rivals in savour and richness the galo Being zealous in their loyalty when lant messes of Comacho's wedding; there was no danger, in proportion to and which the Baron of Bradwardine the tameness with which they had sur- would certainly have reckoned among rendered to the Highlanders in 1745, the Epulæ lautiores. they inflicted upon poor Jean Gordon “ The principal settlements of the no slighter penalty than that of duck- gypsies, in my time, have been the ing her to death in the Eden. It was two villages of Easter and Wester Gora an operation of some time, for Jean don, and what is called Kirk-Yetholm, was a stout woman, and struggling with her murtherers, often got her
Making good the proverb odd,
Near the church, and far from God. head above water; and while she had voice left, continued to exclaim at such A list of their surnames would be very intervals, “ Charlie yet! Charlie yet !” desirable. The following are among -When a child, and among the scenes the principal clans : Faas, Bailleys, which she frequented, I have often Gordons, Shaws, Browns, Keiths, Kenheard these stories, and cried piteously nedies, Ruthvens, Youngs, Taits, for poor Jean Gordon.
Douglasses, Blythes, Allans, Mont“Before quitting the border gypsies, gomeries." I may mention, that my grandfather Many of the preceding stories were riding over Charterhouse-moor, then a familiar to us in our schoolboy days, very extensive common, fell suddenly and we well remember the peculiar among a large band of them, who feelings of curiosity and apprehension were carousing in a hollow of the moor with which we sometimes encountered surrounded by bushes. They instant- the formidable bands of this roaming ly seized on his horse's bridle with people, in our rambles among the Bormany shouts of welcome, exclaiming der hills, or when fishing for perch in (for he was well known to most of the picturesque little lake at Lochside. them) that they had often dined at the late Madge Gordon was at that time his expense, and he must now stay and accounted the queen of the Yetholm share their good cheer. My ancestor clans. She was, we believe, a grandwas a little alarmed, for, like the Good- daughter of the celebrated Jean Gorman of Lochside, he had more money don, and was said to have much reabout his person than he cared to ven- sembled her in appearance. The folture with into such society. However, lowing account of her is extracted being naturally a bold lively man, he from the letter of a friend, who for entered into the humour of the thing, many years enjoyed frequent and faand sate down to the feast, which con- vourable opportunities of observing sisted of all the varieties of game, the characteristic peculiarities of the poultry, pigs, and so forth, that could Yetholm tribes." Madge Gordon be collected by a wide and indiscrimi- was descended from the Faas by the nate system of plunder. The feast mother's side, and was married to a was a very merry one, but my relative Young. She was rather a remarkable got a hint from some of the older gyp- personage of a very commanding presies to retire just when
sence, and high stature, being nearly • The mirth and fun grew fast and furious,' six feet high. She had a large aquiline and mounting his horse accordingly, nose,-penetrating eyes, even in her he took a French leave of his enter- old age--bushy hair that hung around tainers, but without experiencing the her shoulders from beneath a gypsey least breach of hospitality. I believe bonnet of straw-a short cloak of a peculiar fashion, and a long staff near- this manner,--and whether it was an ly as tall as herself. I remember her imaginary resemblance I know not,well ;- every week she paid my father but the first time I listened to Hina a visit for her almous, when I was a dhustanee spoken fuently, it reminded little boy, and I looked upon Madge me of the colloquies of the Yetholm with no common degree of awe and gypsies.” terror. When she spoke vehemently On the subject of the gypsey lan(for she had many complaints) she used guage, our readers will remark a curi. to strike her staff upon the floor, and ous coincidence between the observathrow herself into an attitude which tion just quoted, and the first of the it was impossible to regard with indif- following anecdotes, which we are enference. She used to say that she abled to state upon the authority and could bring from the remotest parts of in the words of Mr Walter Scott the island, friends to revenge her quar- gentleman to whose distinguished asrel, while she sat motionless in her sistance and advice we have been on cottage ; and she frequently boasted the present occasion very peculiarly that there was a time when she was indebted, and who has not only furof considerable importance, for there nished us with many interesting parwere at her wedding fifty saddled ticulars himself, but has also obligasses, and unsaddled asses without ingly directed us to other sources of number. If Jean Gordon was the curious information : prototype of the character of Meg “ Whether the Yetholm gypsies Merrilies, I imagine Madge must have have a separate language or not I imsat to the unknown author as the re- agine might be ascertained, though presentative of her person."
those vagrants always reckon this a“ I have ever understood,” says the mong their arcana majora. A lady same correspondent, speaking of the who had been in India addressed some Yetholm gypsies, “ that they are ex- gypsies in the Hindhustanee language, tremely superstitious carefully notic- from the received opinion that it is siing the formation of the clouds, the milar to their own. They did not apflight of particular birds, and the parently understand her, but were exsoughing of the winds, before attempt- tremely incensed at what they coning any enterprise. They have been ceived a mockery; so it is probable the known for several successive days to sound of the language had an affinity turn back with their loaded carts, to that of their own. asses, and children, upon meeting with “Of the Highland gypsies I had the persons whom they considered of un- following account from a person of oblucky aspect ; nor do they ever pro- servation, and highly worthy of credit. ceed upon their summer peregrinations There are many settled in Kintyre, who without some propitious omen of their travel through the highlands and lowfortunate return. They also burn the lands annually. They frequently take clothes of their dead, not so much their route through the passes of Loch from any apprehension of infection Katrine, where they are often to be met being communicated by them, as the with. They certainly speak among conviction that the very circumstance themselves à language totally distinct of wearing them would shorten the from either Gaelic or Lowland Scotch. days of the living. They likewise A family having settled near my incarefully watch the corpse by night former for a few days, he wormed some and day till the time of interment, of the words out of a boy of about and conceive that the deil tinkles twelve years old, who communicated at the lykewake' of those who felt in them with the utmost reluctance, saytheir dead throw the agonies and ter- ing, his grandfather would kill him if rors of remorse.--I- am rather uncer, he knew of his teaching any one their tain about the nature of their separate speech. One of the sentences my inlanguage. They certainly do frequent- former remembered—it sounded' like ly converse in such a way as complete- no language I ever heard, and I am ly to conceal their meaning from other certain it has no affinity with any people ; but it seems doubtful whe- branch of the Gothic or Celtic dialects. ther the jargon they use, on such oc- I omitted to write the words down, casions, be not a mere slang invented but they signified, 'I will stick my for very obvious purposes. "I recollect knife into you, you black son of a of having heard them conversing in devil-a gypsey-like exclamation. My Vol. I.
informer believed that many crimes travellers have related of them, from and even murders were committed a- their first appearance in Europe down mong them, which escaped the cogni- to our own times. He has also taken zance of the ordinary police ; the se- great pains to procure information reclusion of their habits and the solitary specting their present state in Britain, paths which they chose, as well as the -by sending circular queries to the insignificance of their persons, with- chief provincial magistrates, and by drawing them from the ordinary in- personally visiting several of their enspection and attention of the magis- campments,--for the purpose of setting trate.
on foot some plan for their improve“ The Scottish lowland gypsies have ment and civilization. Mr Hoyland, not in general so atrocious a character, we understand, is a member of the rebut are always poachers, robbers of spectable society of Friends or Quakers, hen-roosts, black-fishers, stealers of — whose disinterested and unwearied wood, &c. and in that respect incon- exertions in the cause of injured huvenient neighbours. A gang of them, manity are above all praise. It is Faas and Baillies, lately fought a enough to say of the present object, skirmish with the Duke of Buc- that it is not unworthy of that chriscleuch's people and some officers of tian philanthropy which accomplished mine, in which a fish spear was driven the abolition of the slave trade. We into the thigh of one of the game-keep- shall account ourselves peculiarly hap
py, should our humble endeavours in “ A lady of rank, who has resided any degree tend to promote Mr H.'s some time in India, lately informed me, benevolent purpose, by attracting pubthat the gypsies are to be found there lic attention to this degraded race of in the same way as in England, and outcasts--the Parias of Europe practise the same arts of posture-mak- thousands of whom still exist in Briing and tumbling, fortune-telling, tain, in a state of barbarism and stealing, and so forth. The Indian wretchedness scarcely equalled by that gyps us are called Nuts, or Bazeegurs, of their brethren in India.–From and are believed by many to be the re- such of our readers as may have had mains of an original race, prior even opportunities of observing the manto the Hindhus, and who have never ners, or investigating the origin and adopted the worship of Bramah. They peculiar dialect of this singular peoare entirely different from the Parias, ple, we respectfully invite communiwho are Hindlus that have lost caste, cations. Even solitary or seemingly and so become degraded.”
trivial notices on such a subject ought There is a very curious essay con- not to be neglected : though singly cerning the Nuts in the seventh unimportant, they may lead collectvolume of the Asiatic Researches, ively to valuable results. But we need which contains some interesting ob- not multiply observations on this point servations on the origin and lane --since our idea is already so well guage of the European gypsies. But expressed in the following extract from we have been teinpted to extend this the same valuable coinmunication which article already far beyond the lim- we last quoted. — I have always conits we propose usually to allot to any sidered, says Mr Scott, “ as a very subject in the course of a single curious phenomenon in society, the Number; and though we have still existence of those wandering tribes, many curious particulars to detail, we having nearly the same manners and find these must necessarily be de- habits in all the nations of Europe, layed till our next appearance. We and mingling everywhere with civil camnot, however, quit this subject society without ever becoming amalfor the present without noticing with gamated with it. It has been hitherto particular approbation a little work found difficult to trace their origin, lately published by Mr Hoyland of perhaps because there is not a suffiSheffield, entitled, “ A Historical Sur- cient number of facts to go upon. I vey of the Customs, Habits, and pre- have not spared you such as I have sent State of the Gypsies ; designed to heard or observed, though many are develope the origin of this singular trivial : if others who have better oppeople, and to promote the ameliora- portunities would do the same, some tion of their condition.”—The author general conclusions might result froin has industriously collected the sub- the whole.” *ance of what previous historians or
(To be continued.)
ACCOUNT COLONEL BEAUFOY's mouni, accompanied by a guide who JOURNEY
was skilled in the passes, and availing MOUNT BLANC.
himself of the knowledge of the route
which had been acquired by the atCOLONEL BEAUFOY, a philosopher tempts of former travellers, succeeded, of considerable eminence,
has lately after many discouraging accidents, in published, in the Annals of Philosophy actually gaining the summit of the (No 50, Feb. 1817), an interesting mountain. --The travellers remained account of a journey which he made about half an hour on a spot which to the summit of Mount Blanc in the had never probably been trod by any month of August of the year 1787.- human foot, and where the cold was From about the year 1776, various so intense as not only to freeze the unsuccessful attempts had been made, provisions and ink which they carried by different adventurers, to reach the along with them, but also to affect summit of this stupendous mountain. their own bodies with several very -The first of these attempts was made unpleasant and dangerous symptoms. in that year by M. Couteran, accom- The success of this expedition of Dr panied by three guides from the neigh- Paccard appears to have encouraged bouring valley. After travelling four, Saussure to a second attempt; and, teen hours, during which they had accordingly, on the 14th of August made their way over many of the most 1787, he succeeded in conveying to hazardous and fatiguing parts of the the top of the mountain a pretty large zscent, they arrived at the eminence assortment of philosophical instrunext to Mount Blanc, at about 13,000 ments, and of other conveniences for feet above the Mediterranean ; but the success of the expedition. He reperceiving that four hours would still mained on the summit of the mounbe necessary to accomplish their enter- tain four hours, enjoying the satisfacprise, that the day was far advanced, tion of a most extensive prospect, and and that clouds were beginning to en- diligently employing this favourable velope the summit, they were obliged, opportunity in the performance of sevwith much regret, to give up the pro- eral interesting and instructive experiject they had so nearly accomplished. ments. At this vast elevation of some-The next attempt was made in Sep- thing more than 15,000 feet above the tember of the year 1784, by M. Bour- level of the sea, respiration was very rit, accompanied by six guides; but sensibly affected—a burning thirst he was so affected by the intensity of seemed almost to parch the skin, and the cold, when he had very nearly ac- a particular aversion was at the same complished the object of his journey, time felt for every kind of spirituous that he found it to be a matter of ab- liquors--the only alleviation which solute necessity to relinquish any hope the sensations of the travellers admitof making farther progress.- In the ted, being that derived from copious following year, 1785, Marie Coutet and repeated draughts of fresh water. and James Balma reached a sheltered It will be seen in the sequel, that preplace at a very considerable elevation, cisely the same effects were experienwhere they passed the night, and were ced in the subsequent ascent which afterwards proceeding towards the we are about to consider. summit of the mountain, when a vio- The expedition of Col. Beaufoy was lent storm of hail obliged them to de- the third successful attempt to gain sist.-On the 13th of the same month, the summit of the mountain. It was Saussure and Bourrit, with twelve undertaken only five days after that of guides, after having advanced about M. Saussure, which we have now re7808 feet above the level of the sea, lated ; and to a few extracts from the were also prevented by a fall of snow Colonel's paper, comprehending what from accomplishing their design.--At seems most remarkable in the journey, last, on the 8th of August of the year we shall now direct the attention of 1786, Dr Paccard, a physician of Chia- our readers.