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tertained such fears. The resources of as the once favoured and peeuliar petreal genius we believe to be inexhaust- ple of God. Nor is it to be denied, ible; and if any kind of writing affords that the violent persecutions to which an unlimited variety of subjects, it is throughout Christendom they have that in which Miss Edgeworth so emi- been exposed in their turn, the disabinently excels. The endless diversity lities under which they labour, and of human life and manners, will always their complete separation from the rest save from the danger of tiresome uni- of the community, have kept alive formity the writer who can observe their spirit of hostility to the professors them with accuracy, and delineate them of the Christian faith, and engendered with effect.
habits which may warrant, in some Of the two tales with which she has measure, the opinion generally enter. recently favoured the public, the mer- tained of their character. Were the its and the faults are diametrically op- representation given of them by Mis posite. In the one we have a well Edgeworth to obtain general credit, devised story, the interest of which is that opinion would speedily be chansustained to the conclusion-but have ged. We regret, for the sake of this comparatively little variety of charac- oppressed and injured people, that he ter: in the other, the story is less ably zeal has in this case rather outrun ber digested, while the exhibition of char- judgment; and that, by representing acter is more ample and masterly. The all her Jewish characters as too unione is a fancy-piece, in which the formly perfect, she has thrown a de powers of the artist are evidently ex- gree of suspicion over her whole de erted to impart to her figures a mag. fence. nitude and colouring beyond the reality But it is time to give our readers of life :-the other is a study from some account of the tale. The hero nature, in which the portraiture is in of it, Harrington, had been frightened general correct, but in which the pen- at a very early age into a horror of the cilling is perhaps too minute, and some Jews, by the dreadful stories told a things are brought forward to view, them by his nursery-maid, who etie which might have been more discreetly ployed their name as a bugbear to me thrown into shade.
duce him to obedience, whenever be The motive which induced Miss was inclined to be refractory. His aver. Edgeworth to write the tale of Har- sion to them was afterwards increased rington, does honour to her candour by many incidental circumstances, and and humanity. She had received a in particular, by the prejudices of his letter from an American Jewess, com- father, who, in his capacity of Member plaining of the illiberality with which of Parliament, had taken a decided the Jewish nation had been treated in part against the famous bill for the some of her former works; and feeling naturalization of the Jews. It that the censure was merited, she a- not till the sixth year after he had been dopted this public method of doing at school, that an incident occurred them justice. The prejudices which which led him to regard the Jews with are still cherished, we fear, to a great less dread, and was the commenceindt extent against that unhappy race, may of that intimate acquaintance with some be regarded as the greatest reproach individuals of that race, which gradual. on the liberality of this enlightened ly converted his antipathy against them age. A people, so long the special ob- into respect and affection. We shal jects of the Divine dispensations, with relate the incident in his own words, whose history our earliest and most "Schoolboys, as well as men, can be sacred associations are interwoven, on or make a party question, and quarrel e whose religion our own was ingrafted, of any thing, or out of nothing. There * whose country was the scene of all its a Scotch pedlar, who used to come era
most interesting events, and who, even Thursday evening to our school to supply • in their dispersion, afford the most our various wants and fancies. The Scotch
striking illustration of that superin- pedlar died, and two candidates offered tending Providence by which they are supply his place an English lad of w to be finally restored-might wat be name of Dutton, and a Jew boy of the la
of Jacob.-Dutton was son to a man who regarded with a degree of veneration
had lived as butler in Mowbray's famil, did they not occur to our memories as Lord Mowbray (with whom Harrington * I the obstinate and merciless persecutors been brought up from their childhood)
of Christ and of Christians, rather than the boy to be a rogue, but thought be
attached to the Mowbrays. Reminding me Shyloek.'-Jacob made no reply, but he of my early declaration at my father's table looked as if he felt much. Now tell me, against the naturalization of the Jews, Mow. honest Jacob,' pursued Mowbray, honest bray easily engaged me to join him against Jacob, patient Jacob, tell me, upon your the Jew boy; and a zealous partizan against honour, if you know what that word means, Jacob I became, canvassing as if my life had upon your conscience, if you ever heard depended upon this point. But in spite of of any such thing : don't you think your. all our zeal, and noise, and cabal, it was the self a most pitiful dog, to persist in coming least and the most simple child in the school here as you do, to be made game of for who decided the election. This youngster twopence? "Tis wonderful how much your had in secret offered to exchange with the thorough-bred Jew will do and suffer for Jew pedlar a silver pencil-case for a top. gain ! We poor good Christians could never Jacob, instead of taking advantage of the do this much now--could we, any soul of child, explained to him that his pencil-case us, think you, Jacob?'-'Yes,' replied Jawas worth twenty tops. On the day of elec. cob, 'I think you could - I think you tion, this little boy, mounted upon the top would.' Loud scornful laughter from our of a step-ladder, appeared over the heads of party interrupted him : he waited calmly the crowd, and, with an eagerness which fixed till it was over, and then continued - Ev. attention, related the history of the pencil. ery soul of you good Christians would, I case, and ended by hoping, with all his think, do as much for a father, if he were heart, that his friend Jacob, his honest in want and dying, as mine is.' There Jacob, might be chosen. Jacob was elected : was a silence for the moment: we were all, Mowbray and I, and all our party, vexed I believe, struck or touched, except Mowand mortified, became the more inveterate bray, who, unembarrassd by feeling, went in our aversion to the successful candidate. on with the same levity of tone as before : And from this moment we determined to “A father in want! Are you sure, now, he plague and persecute him, till we should is not a father of straw, Jacob, set up for force him to give up. Without one thought the nonce, to move the compassion of the or look of malice or revenge, he stood generous public ?_Well, I've little faith, before us Thursday after Thursday, endur. but I've some charity-here's a halfpenny ing all that our barbarity was pleased to in- for your father to begin with.'_ While I flict, he stood patient and long suffering, and live, my father shall ask no charity, I hope,' even of this patience we made subject of said the son,” &c. Jacob, is your fresh reproach and taunt.”
father good to you?' said one of the little Lord Mowbray, notwithstanding all boys. He is a good father, sir,-cannot this hatred and persecution of poor be a better father,' answered Jacob: the Jacob, had the meanness to get deeply
tears started into his eyes, but he got rid of into his debt, especially for two
them in an instant before Mowbray saw watches, which he had taken upon
them, I suppose, for he went on in the same
insulting tone :- What's that he says ? trial, and which he had kept for three
Does he say he has a good father? If he'd months without paying for them.
swear it, I would not believe him : a good Jacob in vain represented that, if he father is too great a blessing for a Jew!' did not get the money, he should him One flash of anger crossed Jacob's counteself be thrown into prison; he was on- nance ; but the next instant he looked up ly insulted and threatened ; and was to heaven with gratitude, then down on at length obliged to appeal to the Mowbray, and calmly said God did not higher powers. Mowbray was pub
uh think so, sir : if man does, to that I sublicly reprimanded, and sentenced to
mit.'- Submit, and be
d d,' said Mowpay Jacob for the watches in three days, or to be expelled from the school. The insolence of this young perse- .
« The next Thursday evening after that cutor at length excited the indignation 'on which judgment had been given against of young Harrington, who, notwithMowbray, when Jacob appeared in the standing his violent prejudices against school-room, the Anti-jewish party gathered the Jews, undertook the defence of round him according to their leader's instruc- poor Jacob. For a reason, aftertions, who promised to shew them some wards discovered to be of the most good sport at the Jew's expense. Only
generous kind, Jacob refused, on being give me fair play,' said Mowbray, and
asked by Mowbray, to tell his father's : stick close, and don't let the Jew off,
occupation or his name. This, of for your lives don't let him break through ; 'you till live roasted him well' - There's course, exposed him to additional aor your money,' cried Mowbray, throw. buse.
ing down the money for the watches, “ There was a large fire in the schoolNi !' take it, aye, count it-every penny right; room; Mowbray, by a concerted move
I've paid you by the day appointed ; and, .- ment between him and his friends, shovel thank Heaven and my friends, the pound of the Jew close to the fire, and barrie" Besh next my heart is safe from your knife, s him up so that he could not escape,
him speak when he was too hot, and con. in America, where he had enjoyed perfess the truth. Jacob was resolutely silent. fect toleration. Harrington was preventHe stood it till I could stand it no longer. ed for some time from waiting on Mr * I would not use a dog so,' said I.-' A
Montenero, who happened to be then dog! no, nor 1 ; but this is a Jew!'-'A fellow creature,' said I.
in London; and at length his mother,
A fine discovery! and pray, Harrington, what has made you apprised or mi
apprised of his intention to cultivate so tender-hearted all of a sudden for the
the acquaintance of a Jew, to his great Jews ?'- Your being so hard-hearted,' mortification, burnt the letter of intra said I.” (A pitched battle took place be- duction, which, by some accident, had tween Harrington and Mowbray. ] “ He fallen into her hands. Chance soon was far my overmatch in strength and size; brought them acquainted, however, but I stood up to him. Between the blows I heard Jacob's voice, in tones of supplica.
in a manner infinitely more gratifying tion. When I had breath, I called out to
to the feelings of Harrington. He him_ Jacob! escape!' But instead of
had accompanied his mother and the escaping, he stood stock still, reiterating his Mowbrays one evening to the theatre, prayer to be heard : at last he rushed be where his attention was caught by a tween us-we paused—both parties called very elegant young lady, who was to us, insisting that we should hear what seated in the next box, among a group the Jew had to say. • Young lord,' said of gross plebeians, composing the fahe; dear young gentleman,' turning to mily of an alderman, in their manners me, let poor Jacob be no more cause, now
and appearance exhibiting a very or ever, of quarrel between you. He shall trouble you never more.
striking contrast to the stranger in
This is the last day, the last minute, he will ever trouble
their company. His interest was still
" you.' His voice failed: he bowed. Look more excited by the bustle and efing round to all, twice to the upper circle clamations of this ill-bred family, where his friends stood, he added, • Much when it was announced to the audiobliged--for all kindness-grateful. Bless. ence, that, in consequence of the sudings -blessings on all : and may-He den illness of the principal actor, the could say no more, but, hastily taking up play was to be changed. and the his box, he retired through the opening Merchant of Venice to be substituted crowd."
in its stead. The character of Shyloek, Had Miss Edgeworth never writ- performed by Macklin, so overpowered ten any thing but this tale, the pas. the interesting stranger, that she was sage which we have quoted at such ready to faint. Harrington springs length (though we have been obliged forward to her assistance--gets her to abridge it considerably) would have conducted to the air-and discovers, given us a very high idea of her pow. to his great delight, that this is no ers of delineating character, and of other than Miss Montenero. The rest pathetic description.
may be easily conceived. Mr MonteHarrington, on his way to Cam nero receives Harrington with kindbridge, fell in with his Jewish pro- ness-esteems-loves him. Harringtegé, on whom his kindness had not ton becomes deeply enamoured of been lost. Jacob, eager at once to do Berenice (that was the daughter's him a service, and to remove the pre- name); and after many causes of verjudices which he knew him to enter- ation and doubt, occasioned chiefly by tain against his nation, gave him an the unprincipled rivalship of Mowbray, introduction to Mr Israel Lyons, a who contrived to impress Mr MonteJewish rabbi, who united the qualities nero and Berenice with the idea tha of a profound scholar and an accom, Harrington was subject to fits of madplished gentleman-and whose friend- ness, the scruples of his father and ship was of essential benefit to Harring- mother are overcome, and he is blessed ton, as he imbued his mind with a taste with the hand of Berenice, who turns for literature, while he expanded it with out to be a Christian and a Protestant, the most liberal sentiments. On leav- educated in the religion of her mother, ing the university, he received from who was an English lady.-We regret Mr Lyons a letter of introduction to that our narrow limits oblige us to Mr Montenero, a Spanish Jew of great postpone our further remarks on this wealth, who had been induced by his interesting Tale, and the abstract of horror of tyranny and persecution to the Story of Ormond, till next Numquit his native country, and to settle ber.
· LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
At the suggestion of Mr Hoblyn of Sloane themselves, if the liming be annually repeatStreet, a quantity of cocoa-nut oil has re- ed. Seventy bushels of lime, properly apcently been introduced into this country plied, will be sufficient for an orchard of from the Island of Ceylon. It has been as. five acres, completely stocked with full certained, that this oil may be very advant. grown trees. ageously employed as a substitute for sper The President and Council of the Royal maceti oil, as it is considerably cheaper, Society of London have adjudged the gold burns with a clear bright flame, and is free and silver medals, on Count Rumford's founfrom sinell or smoke. It will be found use dation, to Sir H. Davy, for his papers on ful also in the manufacture of soap, candles, combustion and flame, published in the last and the finer articles of perfumery, and is volume of the Philosophical Transactions. likely to become a source of great revenue The Committee of the House of Commons in Ceylon, and of importance to this coun appointed to investigate the important subtry, Soap made with it costs about 10 per ject of Steam Boats and Boilers, state in cent. more than tallow soap.
their Report, that they find it to be the uni. The Royal Medical Society of Edinburgh versal opinion of all persons conversant in have proposed, as the subject of a prize- such subjects, that steam engines of some essay, for members only, the following ques. construction may be applied with perfect tion :-What changes are produced on at security, even to passage vessels ; and they mospheric air by the action of the skin of generally agree, though with some excepthe living human body ?
tions, that those called high pressure enDr D. White of Bombay having trans gines may be safely used, with the precaumitted a packet, containing the seeds of tion of well-constructed boilers, and propersome scarce and valuable plants, to the Ca- ly adapted safety valves ; and further, a ledonian Horticultural Society, the thanks great majority of opinions lean to boilers of of the Society were voted to him at a gene. wrought-iron, or metal, in preference to ral meeting on the 10th of June.
cast-iron. They have, in consequence, a. A stone, adapted to the purposes of li. dopted the following resolutions, which they thography, has been lately discovered in propose to the consideration of the House : East Lothian, on the property of the Right 1. That it appears, from the evidence of Hon. the Earl of Wemyss and March. several experienced engineers, that the exVarious successful experiments have al- plosion in the steam pa ready been made with it by Mr Ruthven, caused not only by the improper constructhe ingenious inventor of the patent print. tion and materials of the boiler, but the ing-press, which has excited such general safety valve connected with it having been attention.
overloaded, by which the expansive force Mr George Sinclair, gardener to the Duke of the steam was raised to a degree of presof Bedford at Woburn Abbey, states, that the sure beyond that which the boiler was callarvæ of the phalenæ tortrices, or grubs, are culated to sustain. often the cause of blight in fruit trees. Two 2. That it appears, that in the instances orchards at Woburn were annually more or of similar explosions in steam packets, manuless subject to the ravages of these insects, factories, and other works where steam entill the following expedient was adopted.- gines were employed, these accidents were Immediately after the fall of the leaves, a attributable to one or other of the causes waggon load of lime was placed in the orch- above alluded to. ard, and suffered to slake by the weather. 3. That it is the opinion of this CommitAdvantage was then taken of the morning tee, that, for the prevention of such accidents dews, to powder every part of the surface of in future, the means are simple and easy, the trees with the lime, while in its most and not likely to be attended with any incaustic state. This process has been annu. conveniences to the proprietors of steam ally repeated, with such success, that since packets, nor with any such additional exits first adoption, there has been but one pense as can either be injurious to the ownpartial attack of the insects ; and this is at ers, or tend to prevent the increase of such tributed to the lime used that season hav- establishinents. The means which your ing lost much of its causticity before it was committee would recommend, are comprisapplied, and to a heavy fall of rain imme- ed in the following regulations ; diately after the liming. It is essential that That all steam packets carrying passengers the algü be removed froin the trees previ. for hire, 'should be registered at the porti ously to the application of the lime, as they nearest to the place front or to which they ** not only do injury by closing the pores of proceed ::: ;? Ir ., ?!" 11 (4) the bark, but also form the principal nests That all boilers belonging to the engines. :* where the eggs of the insects are deposited by which such vessels shall be worked, during winter. When these parasitical should be composed of wrought iron or plants are once displaced, they never recover copper :
That every boiler on board such steam when interposed between the eye and the packet, should, previous to the packet being sun, and the whole body marked with stripes used for the conveyance of passengers, be of brown and yellow, disposed in regular submitted to the inspection of a skilful en- intervals; nor was the head its least curious gineer, or other person conversant with the part, from its being surmounted with a fine subject, who should ascertain by trial the crest, resembling the unindented comb of a strength of such boiler, and should certify cock. Many persons have seen it, and all his opinion of its sufficient strength, and of presume it to be a novel species. Sydney the security with which it might be employ. Gazette. ed to the extent proposed :
Two instances of the extreme virulence That every such boiler should be provid- and rapidity of animal poison, almost une ed with two sufficient safety valves, one of precedented in well authenticated narrative, which should be inaccessible to the engine are recorded in the Sydney Gazette, as reman, and the other accessible both to him cent information from the party at Bathurst and to the persons on board the packet : plains.
That the inspector shall examine such * The sudden death of John Wood, a prisafety valves, and shall certify what is the vate of the Royal Veteran Company, on duty pressure at which such safety valves shall at that post, was owing to the bite of a snake, open, which pressure shall not exceed one which he survived only a few moments. The third of that by which the boiler has been melancholy event took place on the 24ch proved, nor one sixth of that, which, by cal. ultimo ; the fatal wound was inflicted on culation, it shall be reckoned able to sustain: the foot, and the deceased putting his hand
That a penalty should be inflicted on any upon it, had scarcely time to implore the person placing additional weight on either blessing of God, when he fell upon his face, of the safety valves.
and instantly expired. Putrescence ensued
with unexampled rapidity, and in a fer Dr Husson has made the highly import- hours the body of the deceased became en. ant remark, that the nur vomica is very be- tirely black. nefical in paralysis which follows rheumatic The malign effects of the snake poison, affections, but he considers it as liable to oce has in two instances shewn itself more direcasional accidents, when the paralysis has ful in the species found in the new discover succeeded an attack of apoplexy. This dis- ed mountain country, than any other. We tinction ought to make medical men very mentioned the melancholy circumstances of cautious in the use of this powerful agent. the instant death of the soldier at Bathurst,
An animal hitherto unknown here to the on his receiving the bite of one of them. A European colonist, accompanied by two of sheep belonging to Mr Lawson was also bit; its young, was found a fortnight ago at Cox's it died immediately, and exhibited sympRiver, in the newly discovered country. toms of putrescence in a few moments after. From its general conformation, it may be one of them was known to advance from pronounced a species of the Jerboa tribe. Its beneath a rock to the centre of a road as & resemblance is about midway between that man was passing, with the apparent interof the rabbit and the rat, the ears short and tion of attacking him. They are said to be erect, like those of the former, the head generally from five to six, or seven feet longer, like that of the latter, as is also the long, are of a disagreeable dark colour, and tail, which is very long, but terminating have very large heads. with a thick fur; the weight of the animal, Mr Armiger is engaged in Researches, to all appearance, not exceeding eight or nine and in the Collection of Materials for an ounces.-Sydney Gazette.
English work on Physiology, intended to A curious phenomenon recently exhibit supply an acknowledged deficiency in the ed itself on board a vessel now in the Cove, elementary books of this country, to exhibes to a party while at supper. On the opening the present state of that important science, of a rock oyster, the shells of which were and the extent to which it is indebted to the forced asunder with much difficulty, a small investigation of British physiology. fish of two inches length, which had been Mr Sewell, assistant professor at the curled up in the place which the native in- terinary College, has discovered a mode habitant of the shell had before occupied, curing a chronic lameness, to which hunters, sprung out upon the table, and was prechargers, and other valuable horses, are des served alive for some time. Examined in a ble after any considerable exertion. glass of clear salt water, th: little intruder, consists in dividing the nervous trunk, and which had doubtless devoured its host, the extirpating a portion of it, where it enten oyster, had a beautiful appearance when the foot behind the pastern joint alive. Its great pliancy when in motion, A paper, by Dr Leach of the Britis determines its species to be cartilaginous, Museum, has been read to the Royal so while the back and belly, which were orna ciety, containing some observations on a ne mented with a series of spines linked toge- genus of marine animals inhabiting the a ther by a transparent silken membrane, and gonaut and nautilus shells. It was obsers its fine curling tail, displayed the richest by Sir Joseph Banks, that the animal foun beauties to the admiring eye. The crea in these shells is not the fabricator of theill, y me was itself almost entirely transparent, but a parasite which has taken up its ole