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-MI$* If we may place any reliance on tradi- his first retum from college, he became tional report, it would seem that Guilderoy tutor in the family of Mr M Ghie of Airds, belonged to the proscribed Clan Gregor,' an amiable country gentleman, who had and that the ballad was composed, not long several beautiful daughtersi x In this ro after his death, by a young woman of no mantic abode, so favourable to the descripmean talent, who unfortunately became at tive muse, Lowe composed many little tached to this daring robber, and had coha- pieces, of which it is to be regretted that bited with him for some time before his few copies are now to be found, though execution. That the ballad was well known there are songs of his composition still sung sin England in 1650, is evident from a black by the common people of tho Glenkens in letter copy of it, printed at least as early as Galloway. He also composed a pretty long that date. There is another copy of it, pastoral, entitled, Morning 2 Poem, with some slight variations, in Playford's which is still preserved in his own hand. * Wit and Mirth,” first edition of vol. iii. writing. He likewise attempted to write a printed in 1702. Both these copies, how. tragedy, but no part of it is now to be ever, though possessing several stanzas of found. About this time Mr Alexander Teal poetical merit, contained many indeli- Miller, a surgeon, who had been engaged cate suxuriances, that required the aid of to Mary, one of the young ladies of Asrds, the pruning-hook. This was performed by was unfortunately lost at sea ; an event a lady in every respect qualified for such an which would probably have been forgotten, undertaking, namely, Miss Halket of Pit- but for the exquisitely tender and pathetic ferran, afterwards married to Sir Henry song of Mary's Dream, which has given Wardlaw of Pitreavie in Fifeshire, the well. to it immortality. It is presumed that our known authoress of Hardiknute. In Lady poet was sensibly alive to the misfortunes Wardlaw's amended copy, which did not of a young lady, whose sister had inspired appear till after her death, some of the old him also with the tenderest passion; but it stanzas are retained, others retouched or was not their fate to be united. expunged, and several from her own pen “ After finishing his studies at the Divi. are added. The ballad, in its present shape, nity Hall, and seeing no prospect of obtainis now excellent and unexceptionable. It ing a living in his native country, Mr Lowe, is rather long for insertion here, but it may in 1773, embarked for America, For some be seen in the collections of Herd, Ritson, time he acted as tutor to the family of a Gilchrist, and many others barrismi ne

brother of the great Washington; a situa

tion which supplied some hopes of advanceför W SONG 37. Maru's Dream. Dios ment. He next opened an academy for -$299019

10 is also save the education of young gentlemenz (in FreY1*t' This beautiful song, as well as the first dericksburgh, Virginia, which was given

Set of the tune, are the composition of Mrup upon his taking orders in the church of -John Lowe, who was born at Kenmore in England. After this event he married a Galloway, in the year 1760. His father Virginian lady, who unfortunately proved

yras gardener to the Honourable Mr Gordon his ruin. She was not only regardless of J of Kenmore, son of that unfortunate noble, his happiness, but even unfaithful to his man who paid the forfeit of his life and bed. Overwhelmed with shame, disappointtitles for his adherence to the house of ment, and sorrow, the vigour of his constiStuart in 1715. Lowe was the eldest son tution was broken, and he fell into an unof a numerous family, and received a pretty timely grave in 1798, in the forty-eighth ' liberal education at the parish school of year of his age. His remains were interred

Kells. At the age of fourteen, he was under the shade of two palm trees near bound apprentice to a respectable weaver Fredericksburgh, without even a stone to of the name of Heron, father of the late write, Mary, weep no more for me." - Robert Heron, author of the History of “This truly elegant and popular ballad, Scotland in six volumes, and other works. however, was originally composed by Lowe This profession, though dictated by the ne in the Scottish dialect, before he gave it the cessity of a parent, was neither congenial to polished English form. As the older ballad the feelings nor genius of young Lowe. By may be interesting, even in its rude form, his own industry, however, he was after to some readers, it is here subjoined. it wards enabled to place himself under the ***;. my JOSTIOS yritonem 2 tuition of Mr Mackay, then schoolmaster of I

o IV

90 ms - Carsphairn, an eminent master of the lan, “ The lovely moon had climb'd the hill

guages. Lowe at this time employed his Where eagles big aboon the Dee, sevenings in teaching church-music, as he And, like the looks of a lovely dame, Torv

possessed every just ear, sung well, and Brought joy to every body's ee Matti played with considerable skill upon the 'A' but sweet Mary, deep in sleep,02 on di violin. These qualities, added to a happy. Her thoughts on Sandy, far at seur 1990 lemper and a fine flow of animal spirits, A voice drapt saftly on ber leannolens sood gained him many thiends, through Sweet Mary, weep nad pair for snel To whose assistance wout poet was, in 1771, '91 , 17! $

1 2 900 viwola shabled to enter himself a student of divi. “She lifted up her waukening een, lour cych the nigersity of Edinburgh., On To see fron: whence the yoice might ha

I Jew




And there she saw young Sandy stand, the very nature of the materials em

Pale, bending on her his hollow ee. ployed, such hygrometers must be im-, "O Mary dear, lament nae mair!

perfect, in as much as they are subI'm in death's thraws aneath the sea ;

ject to changes, the extent of which Thy weeping makes me sad in bliss,

it is impossible exactly to appreciate. Sae, Mary, weep nae mair for me!

Now, is it not very strange, that after « « The wind slept when we left the bay,

all the complaints that we have heard But soon it wak’d, and rais'd the main, among meteorologists, and philosoAnd God, he bore us down the deep, phers in general, about the want of a

Wha strave wi' him but strave in vain. hygrometer on accurate principles, He stretch'd his arm and took me up, they should hesitate a single moment Though laith I was to gang but thee.

about adopting one as simple and acI look frae heaven aboon the storm,

curate as it is elegant and philosoSae, Mary, weep nae mair for me!

phical? I allude to the differential « « Take aff thae bride sheets frae thy bed, thermometer of Professor Leslie, which

Which thou hast faulded down for me; the ingenious inventor has applied, Unrobe thee of thy earthly stole

among many other useful purposes, to I'll meet, in heaven aboon, wi' thee.' that of measuring the relative dryThree times the gray cock flapt his wing, ness of the atmosphere, and which To mark the morning lift his ee,

does so upon principles as fixed and And thrice the passing spirit said,

determinate as those of the common • Sweet Mary, weep nae mair for me.'"

thermometer. For the sake of such of your readers as may not be conversant with the subject, I shall give a

short description of it nearly in the ON THE USE OF THE COMMON THER

Professor's own words: “ It consists MOMETER AS A HYGROMETER.

of a thermometer tube, curved like MR EDITOR,

the letter U, with a hollow ball at each I am happy to observe, that you in- extremity containing air, and holding tend to devote a certain portion of an intermediate portion of sulphuric your interesting miscellany to the sub- acid, tinged with carmine. When ject of Meteorology, and I have no these balls are of the same temperadoubt you can number, among your ture, the liquor will remain stationary, readers, a great many other meteoro- but if one of the balls be warmer than logists besides your Reporters. It is a the other, the liquor, urged by the insubject to which, from long habit, I creased elasticity of the air, will defeel very partial, and, with your leave, scend proportionally on that side. I will submit a few remarks on the To measure the difference of heat use of the hygrometer, for the con- between the two balls, the whole sideration of such as may be engaged interval beween freezing and boilin similar pursuits. It is not my in- ing water is divided into a thoutention to enter into any long or mic sand equal parts. If one of the nute detail of the numerous instru- balls be covered with cambric or silk, ments that have been proposed for as- and wetted with pure water, the incertaining the state of the atmosphere strument forms a complete hygrowith regard to moisture, or to attempt meter; for it will mark, by the dedeciding on the comparative merits of scent of the column in the opposite Saussure's hair, and De Luc's whale- stem, the constant diminution of tembone. I believe it may be safely af- perature which is caused by evaporafirmed, that a correct, at least a per- tion from that hunid surface, and it manently correct, hygrometer, never must consequently express the relative can be constructed on the principle of dryness of the ambient air.” It is any such contrivance, and for this ob- hardly necessary to observe, that hyvious reason : However accurately the grometers constructed on this princiinstrument may be originally made, ple must always indicate the same it no sooner begins to operate than it dryness, in the same circumstances, begins to change, the alternate ex- and may therefore be as readily compansions and contractions of the sub- pared with one another as thermomestance producing necessarily, however ters themselves. But my object is slowly, some derangement in its na- not so much to discuss the merits of tural texture. The contrivance itself the instrument itself, as to shew that may be extremely ingenious, but from the common thermometer may be usVOL. I.


ed in its stead, and that though it remarks are intended to throw any inay not possess the same degree of obstacles in the way of a more exdelicacy, it is sufficiently accurate for tended and general use of an instruall the ordinary purposes of meteoro- ment which is likely to be of such eslogy. Let two spirit of wine ther sential service to science, and which mometers be chosen, as nearly of the has already done so much honour to the same size as possible, and graduated ingenious inventor. My object is to so as exactly to coincide at different press upon those who may not have temperatures. Let the bulb of one had an opportunity of making any obof themi be covered with blue or pur-, servations with the hygroineter, but ple silk while the other remains nak- who are familiar with the use of the ed, and let them be suspended at about thermometer, not to neglect the means the distance of two inches from each which they possess of collecting facts other. Let the covered bulb be then on a branch of science which is still wetted with pure water, and the two in its infancy, and which never can thermometers will very soon indicate a make any advancement, but by the difference of temperature, the wetted patient application of the inductive one, from the cold produced by the philosophy. I remain, sir, yours reevaporation, sinking below the other, spectfully, more or less, according to the rapidity X- s, 2d July 1817. of the evaporation ; that is, according as the air is more or less dry. If the thermometers be graduated according to FRAGMENT OF A LITERARY ROMANCE. Fahrenheit's scale, each degree of difference must be multiplied by 54, and

“ Every scribe now falls asleep, the produet will express the degrees

And in his dreams of the Professor's hygrometer nearly ;

rly: Out-steps soine Fairy straight, ten pound

to one, or if they are graduated according to Awake. he rubs his eyes, and prints his. the centigrade scale, the degrees of

Tale." difference, multiplied by 10, will give

Marston's Satyrer. the hygrometric degrees exactly. From numerous comparative observations, I

CHAP. I. am able to say, that the average dry. It was a beautiful evening in June. ness of a month, as indicated by the The sun had nearly sunk beneath the thermometers, will not differ from western horizon, and was shedding a that indicated by the hygrometer more lingering golden ray on the tops of the than two hygrometric degrees, a quan- mountains. The heat of the day, tity that may be safely overlooked in which had been excessive, was now a series of observations which do not tempered by a gentle breeze, and I admit of extreme accuracy. It may had retired“ to dose, perchance to perhaps look like presumption, but I dream," in that little rustic arbour, so cannot help observing, that the therromantically situated on the side of mometers appear to me better calcu the rivulet which runs past my cottage. lated to give the mean dryness of the Seated in my oaken chair, I had abanair than the hygrometer itself, as the doned my weary mind to the free curlatter, from its extreme delicacy, is rent of its own reflections. All thoughts, sometimes affected by a sudden gust good, bad, and indifferent, in such of wind at the moment of observation, thick progress that one rode on the so as to rise two or three degrees. other, pursued, I cannot say the noiseThere is, however, one obvious ad- less tenor of their way; and the imagivantage which the thermometers pos. nation, well aware that its jailor, the sess over the hygrometer, and that is, reason, no longer mounted guard, flew their shewing not only the difference from its imprisonment with the rapidibetween the temperatures of the two ty of lightning, and began to play bulbs, which is all that the hygrome- those fantastic gambols which I am ter shews, but also the actual temper- now about to embody in perhaps as ature of both the wet and dry surface, fantastic a history. a circumstance necessary to be taken in I imagined (whether dreaming or to the account, in estimating the abso- in a waking vision I cannot tell) that, lute quantity of water held in solution as I listened, other sounds than the by the atmosphere at the moment. I murmur of the rivulet arose out of hope it will not be supposed that these some quarter near me. It seerned a


mon nap without having some goddess be passing a cottage, out of which there or devil at my elbow." So I turned my came an old woman with a sickly and night-cap inside out, and, replacing it deformed infant in her arms. Not again on my head, resumed my fore aware of the importance of this to my mer position. “I thank you for your future destiny, and ignorant that compliment, continued the gentle ap- at that moment my stated period of parition, but you might have spared existence had been completed, I unyourself all this trouble, for I am about fortunately cast my eyes on this into give you a proof of our existence, far fant. The laws of our being took superior to what is contained in the effect, and I instantly became its very turning of your night-cap.

prototype. As I grew up, observing “ But first let me inform you to the adulation which began to be paid what circumstance you are indebted to literature, and the unexampled celefor my appearance.

brity of a fellow of the name of Dry“We spirits, you must know, for a den, I turned my genius into that chancertain time are endowed with those nel, and commenced author. No presupernatural powers with which I shall vious education was necessary. As a afterwards make you more fully ac- spirit I had made the four of the uniquainted. But whenever this portion verse,* and it was to amuse my time, as of our existence is completed, we are long as I was confined to an earthly destined to change our shape into shape, not to gratify my vanity, that I whatever being we may chance first to ever thought of writing. To one who, turn our eyes upon at the moment our like me, had held converse with supestated tract of years has expired. It rior beings, who had ranged at will signifies nothing what this being may through those innumerable worlds be. Whether rational or irrational that glitter in the boundless heavens, whether an inhabitant of the earth or and whose scenery is infinitely more of the air, that shape we must assume, beautiful, and whose inhabitants far or rather it is superinduced upon us more perfect than here on earth, it by a power over which we have no was no wonder that there should occur control. In this shape we continue something like contempt for those conupon earth for a series of years, at the sequential emmets that were swarming expiration of which we resume our around me.t Johnson knew nothing of spiritual form and invisible existence. this, and has growled out against me If it is a human being upon which we many of those high-sounding and sourmay chance, at the expiry of our hearted maxims which have imposed spiritual life, to turn our eyes, we ime on your foolish world. It was great mediately become mortals like your wonder, truly, that one should be irself, and engage in all your terrestrial ritated with the slow and awkward serpursuits with as much eagerness, but vice of a mortal domestic, I who had much more ability than you in the -world are capable of exerting. This " When he entered into the living world, will in some measure account to you it seems to have happened to him as to many for those wonderful geniuses which others, that he was less attentive to dead sometimes appear upon your earth. masters :-he studied in the Academy of You will recollect a little, sickly, Paracelsus, and made the universe his farickety, but, as he appeared to you, vourite volume." Johnson's Life. most extraordinary person, who was + “ He very frequently professes conthe wonder and admiration of what

tempt for the world, and represents himself

as looking on mankind sometimes with gay you term your seventeenth century,

ury, indifference, as on emmets of a hillock, below under the name of Alexander Pope. his serious attention." .

Ibid. That was none other than myself. “ He was a very troublesome inmate. You may start and look amazed, but He brought no servant, and had so many I swear to you, upon my spiritual wants that a numerous attendance was word, that it is a solemn truth. I had scarcely able to supply them. Wherever been engaged at a little aerial mas he was he left no room for another, because querade, where I met with some very

he exacted the attention and employed the

activity of the whole family. His errands pleasant spirits, who made up a party

were so frequent and frivolous that the foote of pleasure to visit your earth. We

men in time avoided and neglected him, came of course to England. And in

and the Earl of Oxford discharged some walking through one of its most beau- servants for the resolute refusal of his mes. tiful counties, our party happened to sages. The maids, when they neglected

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