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for determining the heights of places above sentries placed around his dwelling, keeps the sea. Mr Wollaston's instrument is as himself within doors, and passes his time in sensible as the common mountain barome- dictating his memoirs to MM. Las Cases, ter. Every degree of Fahrenheit on it oc- De Montholon, and Bertrand. Our govern. cupies the length of an inch. The thermo. ment, however, it appears, are not more dis. meter, with the lamp and vessel for boiling posed to grant facilities to the execution of water, wlien packed into a case, weighs the work of the imperial historian, than they about 1! Ib. It is sufficiently sensible to were to the execution of his Berlin and point out the difference in height between Milan decrees. To a late application of a the floor and the top of a common table. London publisher, for permission to com. The difference, on two trials with it, com- municate with Bonaparte on the subject of pared with the same heights, measured by publishing his work, a direct refusal was General Roy by the barometer, did not ex. given by Earl Bathurst.. ceed two feet.

Two lizards were lately discovered in a Dr Leach, of the British Museum, has chalk-bed in Suffolk, sixty feet below the recently printed a very complete Catalogue surface; and the publication of this fact has of Birds and Quadrupede, which are natives produced the following affidavit :-We Wil. of Great Britain. It is perhaps the most liam Mills and John Fisher, both of the correct Catalogue which, in our present im- parish of Tipton, in the county of Stafford, perfect knowledge of British Ornithology, do hereby certify and declare, that a few has been as yet compiled.

years ago, in working in a certain coal-pit Dr Leach' has submitted to the Linnvan belonging to the Right Honourable Viscount Society a description of a species of deer Dudley and Ward, at what is called the Pieces, called the Wapili, found on the banks of in the parish of Tipton aforesaid, and on the Missouri. Four of these animals, which cleaving or breaking the stratum of coal, are extreinely gentle, docile, and clegant, which is about four feet thick, and in that brought from America by Mr Taylor, are situation lies about fifty yards from the surnow exhibiting in the King's Mews. It is face of the earth, we discovered a living said to be domesticated by the natives of reptile of the snake or adder kind, lying America ; and Mr Taylor is of opinion that coiled up, imbedded in a small hollow cell it might be used with advantage in this within the solid coal, which might be about country, in many cases, as a substitute for twenty tons in weight. The repule, when lorses.

discovered, visibly mnowed, and soon after. Mr Beech, a chemist of Manchester, on wards crept out of the hole ; but did not the important subject of gas-lights, states, live longer than ten minutes on being ex.. that the oil of bitumen, or coal-tar, which posed to the air. The hollow in which it is considered as waste by those who make lay was split in two by means of an iron and burn gas, if mixed with dry saw-dust, wedge, and was rather moist at the bottom, exhausted log wood, or fustic, to the con- but had no visible water. It was ncarly sistence of paste, and allowed to remain the size of a common tea-saucet ; and the until the water has drained off,-2 cwt. of reptile was about nine inches long, of a the mass, being put into the retort instead of darkish ashy colour, and a little speckled. *** coals, will produce more gas, and be less offensive, than the same quantity of cannel

FRANCE. coal; and the process may be repeated until The Musée Impérial-Royal has again the whole of the tar is consumed. This, he been opened for public inspection ; and notsays, will not only be a saving of about one withstanding the pretty large drafts upon it half the expense of coals, but will add to by Messrs Blucher, Canova, & Co. it is still deanliness and neatness, as the residuum perhaps entitled to rank as the richest col. is well known to have a very offensive smell. lection in the world. It contained, before

It has been generally believed, that Bona- the restitutions, 1,233 pictures. The cataparte was occupied in writing a history of logue now published comprehends 1,101 * his eventful life. Santini, his huissier du pieces : of these the French school furnishes cabinet, lately returned from St Helena, 233, some artists, not deemed forinerly states, that the work is already considerably worthy a place, being now admitted. The advanced, having reached the termination German and Flemish schools scem nearly, of the Egyptian expedition, but that its as numerous as before, though some of the future progress was in some measure arrested best works are wanting. by difficulties in procuring certain printed The petition of the booksellers of Paris documents, a set of the author's military for the repeal or recliction of the heavy du. bulletins, and the Moniteur from France. ties on the importation of foreign books into So far as written, every vear is said to form France, has received attention from the a large volumc in manuscript; and it is government. By the new turif, books print.. computed that the whole, when completed, ed in foreign countries, in the dead or to. might extend to tight or ten printed volumes reign languages, are only subjected to a duty is quarto. Bonaparte, who has at all times of 10 francs per 50 kilogramnus métriques, been particularly careful of his own personal about 2 cwt. safety, not choosing to run the risk of being Madame de Stael is said to have sold her fired upon by some one of the numerous memoirs of M. Neckar (her father) to an

association of English, French, and German out injury to the workman, in the art of booksellers, for £1,000 : the work is to ap- gilding, the same subject is proposed anew pear in the three languages at the same for 1818.-Two other prizes, gold medals tiine.

of the value of 3,000 francs each, remainA report made to the council-general of ing also unmerited by any of the memoirs hospitals in Paris, relative to the state of which they have produced, are in like manthose establishments from 1803 to 1814, ner offered again for 1818. The subject contains some important facts. They are of the first is, “ To determine the rise of divided into two classes, called hopitart the thermometer in mercury comparatively and hospices; the former, ten in number, with its rise in air from 20' below 0 to 200 being designed for the sick and diseased; centigr. ; the law of cooling in a vacuum ; and the latter, which amount to nine, af- the law of cooling in air, hydrogen zas, and fording a provision for helpless infancy, andcarbonic acid gas, to different degrees of poor persons afflicted with incurable infir- temperature, and according to different mities. The Hote Dieu, the most ancient states of rarefaction.” The subject of the of the hospitals, contains 1200 beds. The second prize is, “ To determine the chemigeneral mortality in the hospitals has been cal changes which fruits undergo during i in 74, and in the hospices 1 in 6); and and after their ripening.” Another prize it has been more considerable among the to the same amount is offered for 1819, for women than the men. It is found, that the following subject :-" To determine by, wherever rooms of the same size are placed accurate experiments the defraction of lua one over another, the mortality is greatest minous rays direct and reflected, when they in the uppermost. In the Hospice de l'Ac pass separately or simultaneously near the couchement, in 1814, there were delivered extremity of one or many bodies of an ex. 2,700 females, of whom 2,400 acknowledged tent either limited or indefinite." that they were unmarried. In the ten years On the first day of the publication of from 1804 to 1814, there were admitted Germanicus at Paris, 1,800 copies were sold. into the Hospice d'Allaitement, or Found. The copyright has been purchased for 4,500 ling Hospital, 23,458 boys, and 22,463 francs. girls, total 45,921 children, only 4,130 of The grand desideratum of rendering sea whom were presumed to be legitimate. The water potable, seems at length to be obtained mortality of infants in the first year after by simple distillation. The French chemists their birth was under 2-7ths. During the have been unable to discover in distilled sea ten years, 355,000 sick were admitted into water, any particle of salt or soda, in any the hospitals, and 59,000 poor persons into form ; and it is ascertained, that one cask the hospices. The total number that re of coals will serve to distil six casks of water. ceived relief out of these establishments in A vessel going on a voyage of discovery, by 1813, which gives about the average of that order of the French government, comperiod, was 103,000, of whom 21,000 be manded by M. Freycinet, will only take longed to the department of the Seine.. fresh water for the first fortnight, and, inSome pains have been taken to ascertain the stead thereof, coals, which will be but one different causes of mental derangement. It sixth of the tonnage ; distilled sea water appears, that among the maniacs the num being perfectly as good as fresh water that ber of women is generally greater than that has been a fortnight on board. of men. Among the younger females, love M. Dorion has discovered that the bark is the most common cause of insanity; and of the pyramidal ash, in powder, thrown among the others, jealousy or domestic dis- into the boiling juice of the sugar-cane, cord. Among the younger class of males, effects its clarification. The planters of Marit is the too speedy developement of the tinique and Guadaloupe have given him passions, and with the others, the derange. 200,000 francs for communicating his disment of their affairs, that most frequently covery. produces this effect. The calamities of the Perpetual Motion.-MrMaillardet of Neu. revolution were another cause of madness chatel announces, in a foreign journal, that in both sexes; and it is worthy of remark, he has succeeded in resolving the celebratthat the men were mad with aristocracy, ed problem of perpetual motion, so long rethe women with democracy. Excessive garded as a scientific chimera. The piece grief occasioned lunacy in the men ; whereas of mechanism to which he applies his prin. the minds of the females were deranged by ciple is thus described :-It is a whicel, ideas of independence and equality.

around the circumference of which there is The National Institute of France has this a certain number of tubes, which alternate. year adjudged the prize, founded by Lalande, ly radiate or turn in towards the centre, for the most interesting observation or the rendering the moving power at one time most useful memoir in astronomy, to M., strong, at another weak; but preserving Bessel, director of the Royal Observatory of throughout such an intensity of force, that Konigsberg.--As the Institute has received it is necessary to keep it in check by a rea no satisfactory memoir for the premium of' gulator, 3,000 francs let by the late M. Rayrio, for M . M. Majendie and Pelletier have comany person who should discover a process municated to the Academy of Sciences at by which mercury may be employed, with Paris, an interesting discovery upon ipeca

cuanha. It appears that these gentlemen

ITALY. have succeeded in separating the principal M. Niebuhr, the Prussian envoy at Rome, substance to which the good effects of ipeca. has discovered, in the Vatican Library, the cuanha in medicine are owing, from those fragment yet wanting in Cicero's Oration adjuncts which give it that odour and taste pro Marco Rabirio, and a fragment of the so disagreeable to invalids. They have Oration pro Plancio. These two fragments named this principal substance hemetine. were discovered in the same MS. from A great number of experiments and obser. which Amaduzzi has already extracted an vations have been made, which fully con- unpublished fragment of Livy. The learnfirm the truth of the discovery.

ed Prussian envoy has also found some The recent sale of the library of the late passages of the Works of Seneca. Count Macarthy affords a standard for There is reason to hope that the researchjudging of the force of the bibliomania in es which are actively continued at Pompeji France. Among articles which fetched the will soon lead to important discoveries. highest prices were the following:

The works in the interior of the Forum of Psalmorin Codex, Mogunt. 1457, fol. sold that ancient town, have already begun to for 12,000 francs.

lay open a peristyle of six columns, which Psalmorum Codex, Mogunt. 1459, folmust doubtless have belonged to some tem3350 fr.

ple. The number of labourers has been G. Durandi Rationale Divinorum Offici increased. The portico around the arena of -orum, Mogunt. 1459, fol. 2000 fr. the amphitheatre is already completely Speculum Humanæ Salvationis, fol. 1320 fr. cleared ; and Padiglione, an able artist, has

(The same copy sold in 1769 for 1600 fr.) received directions to make a model of that Historia Beatæ Mariæ Virginis, per figuras, monument on a small scale.

fol. 1560 fr. (Sold in 1769 for 352 fr.) By more recent accounts we learn, that Ciceronis Officiorum, libri iii. Mogunt. 1465, magnificent monuments of ancient splensm. fol. 801 fr.

dour still continue to be discovered in searchCiceronis Officiorum, libri ii. Mogunt. 1466, ing the ruins of Pompeji. Behind the temsin. fol. 1190 fr.

plë lately noticed, a public building has Gul. Ficheti Rhetorica, 4to. One of the been found, built at right angles, 260 Nea

first books printed at Paris about 1470.) politan palms long, and 120 broad, and sur. 501 fr.

rounded in the interior by a portico of 50 Biblia in Lingua Vulgare, 1471, 2 vols fol. columns. It is ornamented with beautiful

1199 fr. (Sold at the Duke de la Vallière's paintings, some of which are very valuable; sale, in 1784, for 720 fr.)

among others one which represents a warrior Quinctiliani Instit. Orator. Venet. 1471, fol. precipitated from a car drawn by fiery 1515 fr.

horses. The pavement is of Mosaic, formed Virgilii Opera, 1472, fol. 2440 fr.

in part of small white and coloured stones, Anthologia Græca, 4to, Florent. 1494. and in part of large slabs of marble of va. 1000 fr.

rious colours. Several inscriptions have Apollonia Rhodia Argonauticon, libri iv. been traced that ascertained the use of this 4to, Florent. 1196. 1755 fr.

monument. One of them indicates, that the La Bible Historiée, traduite du Latin de right, luminum obstrucndorum (a right es

Pierre Comestor, par Guyard Desinoulins, tablished by the Roman laws, preventing, in

Paris, fol. with 410 miniatures. 1202 fr. certain cases, neighbouring proprietors from Missale Mozarab. fol. Toleti, 1500, et Bre- having lights or prospects over the contigu.

viarum Mozarab. ib. 1502, fol. 1020 fr. ous estates), had been purchased at the price Euripidis Opera, studio Jos. Barnes, Cantab. of several thousand sesterces. This discovery 1694, fol. 1800 fr.

has afforded new riches to sculpture seve Xenophontis Opera, O.ron. 1703, 5 tom. in ral statues have been found. A Venus, five 6 vols 8vo, large paper. 1960 fr.

palms high, and a Hermophrodite, may be Xenophontis Cyropædia, Oxon. 1727, fol. et placed among the finest specimens of the

Xenophontis de Cyri Expeditione, libri vii. Greek chisel that have come down to us.

O.ron. 1735, fol. large paper. 2550 fr. Several distinguished artists think, that in Thuani Historiæ, Lond. 1733, 7 tom. fol. this Venus they have discovered one worthy bound in 14 vols, large paper. 1825 fr. to dispute pre-eminence with the Venus de

Mcdicis. This opinion, inspired, perhaps, GERMANY.

by the pleasure of the discovery, may be · Professor Kanngiesser of Breslaw has an before long discussed, as these precious nounced an extensive work, in Latin, on monuments of sculpture are to be trans. archaiology, in which he promises some im- ported to the Musée Bourbon. In the same portant discoveries in that science.

place have been found two arms of bronze, Goëthe has produced the fourth volume of adorned with bracelets. The chevalier, his Life, which he is publishing under the Ardite, who directs the search, hopes to be whimsical title of Truth and Fiction. enabled, in a short time, to expose the whole

Professor Berzelius has just discovered a extent of Pompeji, which wil probably be new earth, to which he has given the name a mine fruitful in objects of the fine arts, of thorite, from the Scandinavian god Thor. Andrea Mustoxidi, a young native, of Corcyra, who has already obtained some li- other accidents. In 1807, Dr Hennig proterary distinction, has addressed a letter to posed that copies should be procured of all the Abbate Morelli, the learned librarian of the original acts relative to Livonia, EsthoSt Mark, on the four celebrated Venetian mia, and the island of Oesel, preserved at horses, commonly supposed to be the work Konigsberg, in the archives of the grandof Lysippus. In this tract, printed at Pa- master of the order to which these provinces chia, and dedicated to Lord Holland, the formerly belonged. The proposal was anauthor successfully combats the opinion proved by the nobility of the provinces, and wbich gives a Roman origin to these mon Dr Hennig appointed to carry it into exeuments, and employs all his erudition and cution. With the permission of the Prussagacity to prove that they came originally sian government, that scholar proceeded to from the isle of Chio. This notion has Konigsberg in 1809, and in 1812 had sent since been adopted by the celebrated Ger off copies of 2000 documents. As the un. man writer, F. Schlegel.

dertaking proved too burdensome for the

nobility, by whom it was previously sup NETHERLANDS.

ported, the Emperor Alexander, at the inSafety Lamp.-- Mr Van Mons has com- stance of Karamsin, the historiographer, municated the gratifying intelligence, that granted a yearly sum for its prosecution. the safety lamp of Davy has completely The copies have since that time been for. succeeded in the Netherlands. “ Fortified warded to Petersburg, to be employed by with it,” he says, “ we can penetrate into Karamsin for his history of the Russian the foulest mines. We have even opened empire, and then deposited in the archives depots of gas, and procured its mixture with of foreign affairs. This enterprise is now the proportion of atmospheric air, calculated completed, and 3160 documents, on subjects to produce the most prompt inflammation, of interest for the history of the north, have and the strongest explosion, but the gas been rescued from oblivion, to furnish new has never taken fire. We use gauze made sources for the historian. of stronger wire than with you, in order to The Bible Society of Petersburg has re, guard against any exterior damage from the ceived from England the stereotype plates awkwardness of workmen, and to prevent for printing the New Testament in modern the men from opening the lamp; we have Greek, with which 300,000 copies may be also adopted the expedient of a small pad taken off. The sphere of action of this lock, with the key of which the master society is rapidly extending. At Tula and miner is intrusted. The heating of the Woronesch, the auxiliary societies formed gauze cloth, however intense it may be, is there have opened shops for the special pur. not attended with any danger, for iron the pose of selling the Holy Scriptures. Paul, inost incandescent will not affect gas ; no- the Armenian patriarch at Constantinople, thing but fame will kindle it. Some ate has also declared his willingness to co-opetempts have been made to light a mine by rate in the object of the Bible Society; and means of its gas, but I am not acquainted even the heathen Buraits of Siberia have with the result. I should think that such a intimated their ardent wish to possess “ the project would be attended with many diffi. word of the only God,” (according to their rulties."

own expression in their memorial addressed Hydrophobit.--Mr Van Mons has suc. to the civil governor of Irkutsk), in the ceeded in curing all cases of hydrophobia Mongol language, and have voluntarily by means of oxygenated muriatic acid, em, subscribed inore than 9000 rubles towards ployed both internally and externally, which the expense of printing it. The emperor proves that in this malady the moral holds has granted to the Bible Society of this city in dependence the physical powers. All the privilege of establishing a printing-office cases of turdy hydrophobia may be consi- at Abo. dered as the effect of imagination. Exam The Berlin Gazette gives the following ples have occurred of the disease reaching account of Von Kotzebue's voyage round its last stage, when it has been completely the world, which has been received from dissipated by the sight of the animal by Kamschatka Letters of an earlier date, which the patient was bitten.

which, after having doubled Cape Horn, he

sent from the coast of Chili, have been lost, RUSSIA.

or at least are not yet come to hand. M. Baron Ungern-Sternberg began, many Von Kotzebue discovered three new islands years since, to search the archives and pri- in the South Sea, in 14 of latitude, and vate libraries in Livonia for documents 1410 of longitude, to which he gave the tending to complete or illustrate the history names of Ronianzow (the author of the exof that province. Of these he collected pedition), Spiridon, and Krusenstern. Beseveral thousands, and had them printed, sides theses he discovered a long chain of with the assistance of Professor Brotze of islands in the same quarter, and two chusRiga, under the title of Diplomatic Codex ters of jsiands in the Ilth degree of latitude of Lnonia. This work, however, Icft several and 190 degree of longitude. (It is not chem, which it was the more difficult to specified whether the latitude is X. or S. or

fill up, as many of the archives of this pro- the longitude E, or W.) These he called - yince had been destroyed by fire, war, and after his shipe, Rurich's Chain ; the two VOL. I.

2 B

latter Kutusof's Cluster (a group), and pened since that time, which has made Suwarrot's Cluster. All these islands are them distrustful of the Europeans : perhaps covered with wood, partly uninhabited, and it may be the overturning of their surpri. dangerous for navigators. The discoverer singly large statues, which Kotzebue looked has sent to Count Romanzof a great many for in vain, and found only the ruins of one maps and drawings. On the 12th July 0. s. of them near its base, which still remains. Kotzebäe designed to sail from Kamschatka He saw no fruits from the seeds left by La to Behring's Straits, according to his instruc- Peyrouse, nor any sheep or hogs, which by tions. He hopes to return to Kamschatka this time must have multiplied exceedingly. in September 1817. On the whole voyage A single fowl was brought him for sale. It from Chili to that place, he had not a single seems we may hope much from this young person sick on board. He touched at Easter seaman, who is not yet thirty years of age. Island, but did not find the inhabitants so He was obliged, for many reasons, to leave friendly as La Peyrouse describes them. the learned Dane, Worniskrold, behind in He thinks that something must have hap Kamschatka.


DR DRAKE, the elegant author of the A Poem will speedily be published, by Literary Hours, has a new work in the the Right Hon. Sir Wm Drummond, unpress, entitled, Shakespeare and his Times ; der the title of Odin. This poem is conincluding the biography of the poet, criti. nected with the most interesting era of the cisms on his genius and writings, a disqui. northern mythology, and refers principally sition on the object of his sonnets, a new to the origin of the Gothic empire, which chronology of his plays, and a history of the the author, availing himself of the privilege manners, customs, and amusements,--su of the poet, and offering besides some properstitions, poetry, and elegant literature, bable conjectures, supposes to have been of his age.

founded by Pharnaces. Mr John Bell has in the press a new The third part of Neale's Illustrated Hiswork, in royal octavo, entitled, The Con- tory of Westminster Abbey, will be pubsulting Surgeon.

lished the 1st of July. Dr J. A. Paris is preparing a Descriptive A new edition of Philidor on Chess is Catalogue of the geological Specimens de nearly ready, with considerable improveposited in the Museum of the Royal Geo ments, and an original portrait of the author. Iogical Society of Cornwall ; interspersed The fifth edition is nearly ready for publi. with observations tending to shew the eco cation of " the Genuine Epistles of the Anomical application of geology to the agri postolical Fathers, St Barnabas, St Ignatius, cultural, mining, and commercial interests Bt Clement, St Polycarp, Shepherd of Her: of the county of Cornwall.

mas, and Martyrdoms of St Ignatius and Mr Parkinson, of Hoxton, intends to St Polycarp ;" translated and published, publish, in the course of May, an Essay on with a preliminary discourse, by William, the Disease called the Shaking Palsy. late Archbishop of Canterbury.

Sir William Adams has in the press, an The Rev. "Henry Rutter has in the Inquiry into the Causes of the frequent fail. press, a key to the Old Testament, or a ure of the Operations of extracting and de summary View of its several Books, pointpressing the Cataract, and the description of ing out the persons, events, and ordinances, an improved series of operations.

that were figurative of Christ and his church; Dr Coote is printing the History of Eu. with a more minute detail of the Psalms rope, from the Peace of Amiens in 1802, and the prophetic writings. to the Peace of Paris in 1915.

An Essay is printing, on Capacity and A History of Whitby, with a statistical Genius ; endeavouring to prove that there Survey of the Vicinity to the distance of is no original mental superiority between twenty-five miles, by the Rev. George the most illiterate and the most learned of Young; with the assistance of some papers mankind, and that no genius, whether inleft by the late Mr R. Winter, and some dividual or national, is innate, but solely materials furnished by Mr John Bird ; is produced by, and dependant on, circunin the press, and will be published early in stances ; followed by an Inquiry into the July.

Nature of Ghosts, and other Appearances Shortly will be published, an Historical supposed to be supernatural. Display of the Effects of Physical and Mo- Speedily will be published, in foalscap ral Causes on the Character and Circum. Svo, Evening Hours, a collection of origl. stances of Nations ; including a comparison nal poems. of the ancients and modernis, in regard to Specdily will be published, & Medicotheir intellectual and social state; by Mr chirurgical and Biographical Chart of MCJohn Bigland.

dical Science, from Hippocrates to the pres

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