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geance, even in sight of their own lord seen Will Faa upon the Bridge, (the or the manor.
South Bridge was not then built); that “ They only abstained for a short he was tossing about his old brown hat, time; and no sooner had Sir David and huzzaing with great vociferation, and the other gentlemen taken leave that he had scen the laird before he of each other in the most polite and died." Indeed Will himself had no friendly manner, as border chiefs are time to lose ; for having set his face wont to do since border feuds ceased, homewards by the way of the sca coast, and had departed to a sufficient dis- to vary his route, as is the general custance, than the clan, armed with tom of the gang, he only got the length bludgeons, pitchforks, and such other of Coldingham, when he was taken ill, hostile weapons as they could find, and died." rushed down in a body; and before " His death being notified to his the chiefs on either side had reached friends at Yetholm, they and their their home, there was neither English acquaintance at Berwick-Spittal, Horn. tenant, horse, cow, nor sheep, left cliff, &c. met to pay the last honours upon the premises.
to their old leader. His obsequies were Notes on Answers C and D. Peculiar
Porin continued three suceessive days and
nights, and afterwards repeateri at Yetcast of gypsey features, everywhere distinguishuble, Sc.
holm, whither he was brought for in
terment. I cannot say that the fune, * « When first I knew any thing ral rites were celebrated with decency about the colony, old Will Faa was and sobriety, for that was by no means king or leader, and had held the sove the case. This happened in the year reignty for many years.
1783 or 1784, and the late Mr Visbet • čo Meeting at Kelso with Mr Walter did not long survive.” Scott, whose discriminating habits and just observation I had occasion to We have occupied so much of our know froin his youth, and at the same space with Mr Smith's interesting and time seeing one of my Yetholm friends accurate details, that we can only find in the horse market, I merely said to room at present for a limited portion Mr Scott, “ Try to get before that of our remaining original materials, man with the long drab coat, look at and must restrict ourselves to a few him on your return, and tell me whe- additional traits. Of the kingly dether you ever saw him, and what you meanour and personal achievements of think of him.” He was so good as to old Will Faa, many curious particuindulge me; and rejoining me, said, lars are related. He never forgot his without hesitation, “ I never saw the high descent from the “Lords of Little man that I know of; but he is one of Egypt.' He also claimed kindred with the gypsies of Yetholm, that you told the Messrs Falls of Dunbar, with whom me of several years ago." I need he affected to maintain some sort of scarcely say that he was perfectly cor- family intercourse; and he is said to rect.
have paid them a regular visit once “ The descendants of Faa now take a-year. On solemn occasions he asthe name of Fail, from the Messi's sumed, in his way, all the stately deFalls of Dunbar, who, they pride portment of sovereignty. He had themselves in saying, are of the same twenty-four children, and at each of stock and lineage. When old Will their christenings he appeared dressed Faa was upwards of eighty years of in his original wedding robes. These age, he called on ine at Kelso, in his christenings were celebrated with no way to Edinburgh, telling me that he small parade. Twelve young handwas going to see the laird, the late Mr maidens were always present as part Nisbet of Dirleton, as he understood of the family retinue, and for the purthat he was very unwell ; and hiinself pose of waiting on the numerous guests being now old, and not so stout as he who asseinbled to witness the cerehad been, he wished to see him once mony, or to partake of the subsequent more before he died.
festivities. Besides Will's gypsey as« The old man set out by the near- sociates, several of the neighbouring est road, which was by no means his farmers and lairds, with whom he was common practice. Next market-day, on terms of friendly intercourse (among some of the farmers informed me that others, the Murrays of Cherrytrees), they had been in Edinburgh, and had used to attend these christenings.-lu
virtue of his high magisterial office, corners, “ and a that fu' o gowd Will exercised the functions of country has na done’t.”—Jean's 6 apron-fu'o' keeper (as it was called), or restorer of gowd,' may perhaps remind some of stolen property ; which he was able our readers of Meg Merrilies' pock of often to do, when it suited his own jewels—and the whole transaction ininclination or interest, very effectually, deed forcibly recalls the powerful picthrough his extensive influence among ture of that stern and intrepid heroine. the neighbouring tribes, and his absolute dominion over his own.
Two curious documents, relating to Upon the death of old Will, a sort the early history of the gypsies in of civil war broke out among the Yet Scotland, which we had overlooked in holm clans :-an usurper thrust him- our former researches, have been pointself into the office of the deceased, but ed out to us by a learned friend. - The was dispossessed, after a battle, by the first is a letter from King James the loyal subjects who adhered to the legi- Fourth to the King of Denmark, dated timate heir. This bold rebel was the 1506, in favour of Anthony Gawino, leader of an inferior tribe, and the im- Earl of Little Egypt, and his followmediate successor of another doughty ers;- which serves to ascertain pretty chief, usually known by the appro- exactly what we formerly wanted priate title of the Earl of Hell. He the date of the first arrival of the is alluded to at page 54, being the race in this country. His majesty same individual who, on the occasion specifies, that this miserable train had there mentioned, “ had rubbit shou- visited Scotland by command of the thers wi' the gallows.”
pope, being upon a pilgrimage ; Among the many traditionary gyp- that they had conducted themselves sey anecdotes which we used former- properly, and now wished to go to ly to hear related, was the following Denmark: He therefore solicits the very characteristic one of Jean Gor- extension of his royal uncle's munifidon. We avoided mentioning it in a cence toward them; adding, at the more appropriate place last Number, same time, that these wandering Ehaving forgot some of the names which gyptians must be better known to him, serve to authenticate it, and which we because the kingdom of Denmark was are now enabled to supply through the nearer to Egypt !- This epistle is menkindness of a correspondent. It hap- tioned in a short but comprehensive acpened that Jean's husband, Geordie count of the gypsies, in the tenth Faa, was murdered at one of their volume of the Edinburgh Encyclopæclan-meetings by Rob Johnstone, ano. dia. ther gypsey, who stabbed him with a The other article is an Act of the graip, a sort of large three-pronged Lords of Council, dated at Stirling, fork used about farm offices. Johnstone June 6, 1541, and refers to the diswas instantly apprehended and com- pute, formerly mentioned, between mitted to Jedburgh jail ; out of which, Johnne Faw and his rebellious subhowever, he soon contrived to break, jects, who it appears had now mutually and got clear off the country. But it was agreed “ to passe hame, and to haue the easier to escape from the grasp of jus samyn decydit before the Duke of Etice than to elude gypsey vengeance: gipt." It is evident, that both the Jean Gordon traced the murderer chieftain and his followers had greatly like a blood-hound followed him to declined in credit with the Scottish Holland -and from thence to Ireland, government since the preceding year: where she got him seized and brought He is no longer complimented with back to Jedburgh; and she at length his high title; the letters and privia obtained a full reward for her toils, leges formerly granted had been reby enjoying the gratification of seeing voked ; and the Lords of Council prohim hanged on the Gallow-hill. Some ceed forthwith (for certain cogent reatime afterward, Jean being up at Sour- sons) to pass sentence of banishment hope, a sheep-farm on Bowmont Wa- upon the whole race, at thirty days ter, the goodman there said to her, warning, and under the pain of death. “ Weel, Jean, ye hae got Rob John Copies of both these papers will be stone hanged at last, and out o' the found in our Antiquarian Repertory, way.”—“Aye, gudeman!” replied
(To be continued.) Jean, lifting up her apron by the two
* MEMORIE OF THE SOMERVILLES. part of ther father's estate, because he had * Tuis book was published last year
no male cluildren of his oune bodie but a from the original MS. in the posses
brother's sone named Patrick, whom he de sion of the present Lord Somerville.
signed to have marryed upon his eldest
daughter, and given him the greatest part It is the composition of his ancestor,
of his lands eftir his death ; but the misJames Somerville, who died in the
carriage of his eldest daughter, which had year 1690,–who is styled in the title
a tragicall end, frustrated all his hope and page, James Eleventh Lord Somer- expectatione that way. For this young ville, but who in reality never found lady, as she was beautifull, inclyneing to it convenient, in the low state to which melanchollie, appeared to be very devote the affairs of his family were then re- in observeing strictly all rites and ceremóduced. to assume any higher designa. nies of religion then in use, wherby it came tion than that of the Laird of Drum.” to passe, frequenting much the abbacie of
Newbottle, she became acquainted with a His father was an officer of considera
· young monk of the Sistertian order, or the ble eminence in the Scottish army refyned Benedicts, belonging to that abduring the civil wars, but the author bacie, who having insinuated himself much himself is of a different way of think- in her favour under ane specious pretext of ing, being indeed a great stickler for holyness, did often converse with this lady the Divine right both of kings and of in her most private reteirements, both in the bishops. He is, notwithstanding, a abbacie and at her father's house in Gillvery worthy sort of person, and gives
mertoune, without the least suspitione that good advice to his children, for whose
he intended any villainie ; but this rascal,
by his divellish rhetorick and allurements, benefit only he professes to write, in a
soe far prevailled upon the simplicitie of manner that does him much honour. this gentlewoman, that at lenth he deboshed
The history of the Somerville fami- her; and because he thought nether the ly, during the first ages of its appear. abbacie nor her father's house to be safe for ance in Scotland, is extremely inac their intrigues of love, they agreed their curate ; dates and facts are often jum- meeting should be at a little ferme belongbled in a most absurd manner; and ing to Johın Herring, called the Grange, a indeed nothing can be more uninter
quarter of a myle or therby from Gillmeresting than both the subject and the
toune, neer by the road that leads to New
bottle. The mistress of this country-house manner of this whole part of the work.
being a young and a lascivious widow, some When, however, the author comes to tyme before hade been ensnared, and playtreat of events more near his own time, ed the wanton with his comerad; this house or when he favours us with the result was therfore thought the most convenient of his own reflections upon any gener for them to meet at, which they often did, al topic, there is cominonly a consid
to the great scandal of the monkes' profeserable admixture both of shrewdness
sione, and dishonour of the women, espeand naivete. Some of the anecdotes
cially of the young ladie, which occasioned
all ther ruines in the end. For, notwithwhich he relates are, moreover, singu
standing of the secresie of this affair, and larly picturesque, and for this reason
circumspectione for appoynting fitt hours we have thought fit to present our for their deeds of darkness, yet there was readers with a few of the most inter- some suspitione from the too much famili. esting passages.
aritie betwext Sir John's daughter and this · The first which we shall extract is woman soe far below her qualitie; ther oftthe history of a domestic tragedy, which en being together, and the frequenting of occurred in the reign of King Robert
her house, gave occasione of scandal to all, · II. and about the year 1371. The
which coming to Sir John's ears, being a
forward and furious man, he threatened his story is told with much feeling, and
daughter with noe lesse than death, if ever requires no commentary.
it came to his knowledge that she went to " Much about the beginning of this king's the Grange, or frequented that woman's reigne, ther happened a sad accident in the companie eftirwards. This she promised familie of Sir John Harring, laird of Ed. to her father to observe, but with noe in. mondstoune in Clidesdale, and of Gillmer. tentione to keep the same; for noe sooner toune in Mid Lothian. This gentleman was the darkeness of the ensueing night haveing two beautifull daughters, the eldest come, but at her accustomed hours she goes named Margaret, and the youngest Geilles, out at the back entry that leads to the both in expectatione to be sharers in a great Grange, where the two brothers in iniquitie
had aryved some tyme before, to whom, postscript of the letter, he reads Speares and eftir ther dalliance, she imparts her father's Jacks instead of Speates and Raxes : wheresuspitione and terrible threatnings against upon my lady, all amazed, without consiher, which these gallants litle regarded, dering her husband's ordinary forme of protesting that they would make her father wrytting, falles a-weeping, supposeing her doe pennance for that very suspitione, little lord had fallen at variance with some about dreameing that they themselves was soe the court, the king beginning about this neer destructione, for that very night all of tynie to discountenance his ancient nobilitie, them was brought to their end by a cruell and they again to withdraw both ther affecrevenge ; for Sir John, missing his daugh- tiones and due alledgeance from him. Efter ter out of her chamber, concluded where the reading of the letter, James Inglis of she was, and went presently to the place Eistscheill was presently sent for, and comwith two of his domesticks, where finding mandement given to him and the officers, the doors of the house shut, and noe answear that all the vassalles, with the able tennents made to his demands, nor the doors opened that wer within the two barronies of Carnotwithstanding of this threatnings, in a wath, Cambusnethen, and baillzierie of rage he sets fyre to the thatch with a (torch Carstairs, should be ready with ther horse his servant caryed, which immediately (the and armes to wait upon William Cleilland wind being somewhat high) set the wholl of that ilk be eight in the morning the en
d in a fyre, and burned it downe to suing day, and that in order to ther going the ground. Ther perished in the flame for Edinburgh. This command being puncand ruines above eight or nine persons ; for tually observed by the vassalles and the which cruell act, as it was highly aggravat. substantiall tennents that wer in use, and ed in all the horrible circumstances by the obleidged to ryde, by ther holdings and churchmen then in being, this poor gentle tackes, upon such occasions, they conveened man was forced to flee the country for a to the number of two hundred, with the tyme, his estate being forefaulted by the laird of Cleilland, and William Chancellor Ling."
of Quathquan, with the Baillzie upon ther The next extract relates to the visit
heads. * By eleven a clock they wer ad
vanced in ther journey for Edinburgh to paid by King James III. to the Lord
the side of that hill that is somewhat bewest Somerville, at his castle of Cowthally,
the Corsetthill. His majestie haveing breaknear Carnwath, in the month of July fasted by nyne in the morning, had taken 1 175.
horse, and was come the lenth of that little ." At which tyme the king, being dis. watter a myle on this syde of the Corsett. posed to take his pleasure at the poutting in hill, bussie, even then, at his sport upon Calder and Carnwath Muires, he acquaintes, the rode, when the first of all the little the Lord Somervill with his resolutione, company that was with him observed the who, by accident, was then at court; his advance of a troope of men, with ther majestie being pleased withall to shew him lances, within a myle of him, or thereby. he was resolved for some dayes to be his Whereupon, all astonished, he calles hastily guest. Wherupon the Lord Somervill im. for the Lord Somervill, who, being at some mediately despatches ane expresse to Cow. distance, came upon the spurre. The king thally (who knew nothing of the king's being of ane hastie nature, in great fury journey), with a letter to his lady, Dame demanded what the matter meaned, and if Marie Baillzie, wherein, according to his he had a mynde to betray him, and seize ordinary custome when any persones of upon his person the second tyme by ane qualitie wer to be with him, he used to other treacherous hunting ; and withall wryte in the postscript of his letters, Speates swearing his head should pay for it, if he and Raxes; and in this letter he had re- himself escaped the hands of these traitors, doubled the same words, because of the ex. who could be noe other but his vassalles traordinary occasione and worthyness of his and followers, brought togither off purpose guest. This letter being delyvered, and the for some ill designe. The Lord Somervill, messenger withall telling his lord was very without making any reply, immediately pressing, that it might be speedily and se castes himself from his horse to the ground, curely put in her ladyship's hands,-where and falles upon his knees, protesting, with upon she hastily breakes it up, commanding many solemn oaths, that he understood not the stewart to read the same, because she what the matter mcaned, nor what the could read non herself. This gentleman company was, nor the cause of ther being being but lately entered to his service, and in yonder place ; thairfore he humblie umacquainted with his lord's hand and cus- begged of his majestie that he would allow a tome of wrytting, when he comes to the him to goe see what they wer, friends or
foes; and, for securitie, he had with him Tito Gilmerton Grange, where this tragedy his eldest sone and heir, William, barrone
was acted, is near the village of Gilmerton, of Carnwath : iff all was not weill, and his : about four miles from Edinburgh, It is majestie safe from all hazard, he desyred still called by the old people Burntdole, that his sone's head may be strucken off from that singular, and melancholy event, bich is well remembered in the vicinago 49.81. i en sat their head.ru
upon the place. This the king acceptes, discoursed of then, as it is to this day a.' and convmands him to ryde up and discover monst persons of qualitie ; for of late the what they wer, and the intent of ther being Duke of Lauderdale, when he was comther; and, according as he found occasione, missioner, at a full table of the greatest part to returne or give a signe for his retireing of the nobilitie in Scotland, then dyneing
In the meantyme, his majestie, with his with him, related the wholl story almost im traine, being about twentieth horse, placed the same termes that I have set it dounes themselves upon the hight of the muir, to The king being come to Cowthally, tie had marke the Lord Somervill's goeing, and the his entertainement great, and his welcome carriage of the horsemen they beheld, who heartie, albeit my lady Somervill was some now, made ane halt, when they first ob- what out of contenance, all the discourse served the king's company, not knowing being anent the Speares and Jackes, whichi what they wer; but seeing them draw to the king could not forget, thinking it botlr gither, they apprehended they wer noe a good sport and ane easy mistake, because frcinds ; thairfore they resolved to advance of the neer spelling and sounding of the noe further, seeing a horseman comeing up words; and, withall his majestie was please to them with all the speed he could make, ed highly to commend the Lady Somer. until they knew for what intent he came. vill's love and respect to her husband, in The Lord Somervill was yet at some dis being so active and dilligent to conveen tance, when he was presently knoune by soe quickly her husband's friends and fol severall of the company to be ther lord and lowers, in case ther had been any necessitie master; whereupon the laird of Cleilland, for them, telling my lady that he hoped and William Chancellor of Quathquan, she would use the same care and dilligence galloped out to meet him. He was not a to conveen her lord's followers when he litle surprized when he saw them, and de- should call him and them to his service." manded the occasione that had brought In the next passage we have a cus them togither in that posture and number. To which they answeared, It was by his
rious view of the interior of the same lordship's directione and his ladve's com- baronial residence during a visit of mand ; that they wer comeing to Edinburgh James V. to waitt upon him, fearing he had fallen at « The divertisement his majestie had variance and feed with some one or other without doores was halking ; being now in about the court. He desyred to see the the midle of Jully, the poutes wer for flightletter. They told him the Baillzie had it. whereof they killed many: these fields, not By this tyme they wer joyned to the com- being soe much laboured then as now, yieldpany, where, calling for the letter, he made ed great store, which was the cause the king the same to be read, where ther was no , resorted thither afterward when he mynded such directione nor orders given as they his sport; but the recreatione he ruceived pretended. He enquired who read the in the fields gave him no such content as what letter to his lady: they answered, his new he had within doores with the ladyes, who, stewart, who being present, was commanded seeing the young king amorously inclyned, to read it again, which he did ; and come allowed him all the liberty that in honour ing to the postscript, reads Spears and he could requyre, or ther modesty permitt.si Jacks, instead of Speates and Raxes; and “ Amongst all the ladyes that was there, herein lay the mistake, that the Lord So- he fancyed non soe much as Katherine Carmervill knew not whether to laugh or be michaell, the captain of Craufuird's daughangry at the fellow. But mynding the fear ter, a young lady much about sexteinth he left the king in, and what apprehensiones years of age, admired for her bcautie, handand jealousies his majestie might intertaine somenes of persone, and vivacity of spirit, upon his long communing with them, he whereby she attracted all eyes that beheld commanded that they should depart every her, but soe strongly the king's, that most man to their respective dwellings; and he of his discourse was with her, and he took himself, with the laird of Cleilland, and it ill when he was interrupted, soe that all severall other gentlemen, returned to the the ladyes and moblemen that was prosent king, who remained still upon the same took notice thereof, and gave way to his place where he had parted from him ; unto majestie's opurting. I know ther was some whom being come he relates the wholl story, malitious tongues then, as there is not a whercat the king laughed heartily, calles few to this day, affirmes that it was at this for a sight of the letter, and reades it him. tyme, and in Cowthally-house, that the king self, swearing it was noe great mistake, for first procured this ladye's private favoures; he might have been guiltie of that error but, by ther leave, it is a great mistake, and himself. His majestie having given back, a most malitious calumnie ; for, albeit it the letter, it went from hand to hand & be true it was at this wedding he first mongst these few courtiers that was there, saw this young lady, and did affict her ex as they proceeded on their journey, the let tremely, beginning then his intrigues of ter itself containing noe matter of any con- love, yet had he noe opportunity allowed sequence but a naked compliment the Lord him to obtaine that which he aftirvard re Soinervill had written to his lady. This is ceaved att the castle of Crawfuird, her fi that story of the Speates and Raxes so much ther's house, The Lady Somervill being