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assaulted by diseases which are loathsome to the eye, and offensive to the smell! concerning the pride of clothing, the wise Solon told Cresus, who appeared before him in robes of costly magnificence, that peacocks and pheasants were dressed with superior bril


The splendour of apparel is not however always a criterion of the pride of him, who wears it: the affected contempt and actual negligence of a decent exterior, more frequently points out the character, where that passion has taken much deeper. root: for to many an arrogant sloven of the present day, may justly be applied the reproof of Socrates to Antisthenes, " I see thy vanity through the . holes of thy coat."

Even of mental accomplishments in the highest perfection, which have the best claim to challenge admiration and swell the heart with pride, those who in reality possess


them, are usually the most diffident: for it has been well remarked, that ships which are heaviest laden sail lowest, so à mind richly stored with sound and genuine Philo. sophy, is the most humble.

The wisest man of antiquity summed up the extent of his knowledge in these pithy words, “ I know one thing,” says he, which is this, “ I know nothing;" yet, alas, pride, that parent sin, which was unbecoming man in his best estate, he retains in the worst. There dribbles the idiot, or raves in a mad-house, he, who, once edified by his wisdom, or charmed by his eloquence !-look at him, who once gave out, “ that the stars fell before him, that the earth trembled at his presence, and that he was the scourge of God!" but where look for him? the haughty tongue is condemned to eternal silence. This very man* who had



• Attila.

expressed a wish to extend his conquests over the whole world, and often glutted his barbarity by dragging captive kings in his train, is suddenly choked by an effusion of blood, and that on his nuptial day! pride was not made for man! reflect on this, and be no longer proud!



THE celebrated Lord Rochester has somewhere remarked, That all men would be cozu. ards if they durst:" whether that observation is founded in truth or error shall not be the subject of present investigation: but as a general argument, we will maintain, that if a man be naturally void of fear, courage is no virtue in him, and if he fears, he is conscious of cowardice.

The most courageous among brutes are not insensible to the impressions of fear:

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Natural History will inform us, that the Lion is terrified at the crowing of a cock, and the Elephant itself, is frightened at the grunting of a hog

Aristotle calls your brave fellows, who seem to fear nothing, not even the artillery of the skies, downright fools. Fear is implanted in our natures, and the bravest are subject to it. There was not a more gallant general than Aratus, mentioned by Plutarch; yet he never entered upon action without palpitations of heart, and great reluctance: and it is said, that Gracias King of Navarre, called the Trembler, whose bravery is well known, was seized with a violent tremour whenever he was going to give battle; and said once to his squire, who was arming him, and endeavouring to animate him, “ Poor man, you know but little of me. Could my flesh be sensible of the dangers to which my courage will this


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