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creature. This anion, no doubt, was very intire, and the parts very well adjusted together, since there resulted a perfect harmony betwixt the male and female, although they were obliged to be insea parable companions. And so great were the harmony and happiness flowing from it, that the An. drogynes (for fo Plato calls them) or men-women, became insolent upon their profperity, and rebelled against the Gods. To punish them for this teme. rity, Jupiter could contrive no better expedient than to divorce the male part from the female, and make two imperfect beings of the compound, which was before so perfect. Hence the origin of men and women, as distinct creatures. But notwithstanding this division, fo lively is our remembrance of the happiness which we enjoyed in our primeval state, that we are never at rest in this situation; but each of these halves is continually searching through the whole fpecies to find the other half, which was broken from it ; and when they meet, they join again with the greatest fondness and sympathy. But it often happens, thạt they are mistaken in this particular ; that they take for their half what no way corresponds to them ; and that the parts do not meet nor join in with each other, as is usual in fractures. In this case the union is foon dissolved, and each part is set loose again to hunt for its loft half, joining itself to every one whom it meets, by way of trial, and enjoying no rest till its perfect sympathy with its partner shews, that it has at last been successful in its endeavours,

Were

Were I disposed to carry on this fiction of Plato, which accounts for the mutual love betwixt the sexes in so agreeable a manner, I would do it by the following allegory.

When Jupiter had separated the male from the female, and had quelled their pride and ambition by so fevere an operation, he could not but repent him of the cruelty of his vengeance, and take compassion on poor mortals, who were now become incapable of any repose or tranquillity. Such cravings, such anxieties, such necessities arose, as made them curse their creation, and think existence itself a punishment. In vain had they recourse to every other occupation and amusement. In vain did they seek after every pleasure of fense, and every refinement of reason. Nothing could fill that void which they felt in their hearts, or fupply the loss of their partner who was fo fatally separated from them. To remedy this disorder, and to bestow some comfort, at least, on the human race in their forlorn situation, Jupiter fent down Love and Hymen, to collect the broken halves of human kind, and piece them together in the best manner possible. These two deities found such a prompt disposition in mankind to unite again in their primeval state, that they proceeded on their work with wonderful success for some time, till, at last, from many ún. lucky accidents, diffention arose betwixt them. The chief counsellor and favourite of Hymnen was Care, who was continually filling his patron's head with prospects of futurity, a settlement, family,

children, children, fervants; so that little else was regarded in all the matches they made. On the other hand, Love had chosen Pleasure for his favourite, who was as pernicious a counsellor as the other, and would never allow Love to look beyond the present momentary gratification, or the fatisfying of the prevailing inclination. These two favourites became, in a little time, irreconcileable enemies, and made it their chief business to undermine each other in all their undertakings. No sooner had Love fixed upon two halves, which he was cementing together, and forming to a close union, but Care insinuates himself, and bringing Hymen along with him, disfolves the union produced by Love, and joins each half to some other half, which he had provided for it. To be revenged of this, Pleasure creeps in upon a pair already joined by Hymen; and calling Love to his aslistance, they underhand contrive to join each half, by secret links, to halves which Hymen was wholly unacquainted with. It was not long before this quarrel was felt in its pernicious consequences; and such complaints arose before the throne of Jupiter, that he was obliged to summon the offending parties to appear before him, in order to give an account of their proceedings. After hearing the pleadings on both sides, he ordered

an immediate reconcilement betwixt Love and Hymen, as the only expedient for giving happiness to mankind: and that he might be sure this reconcilement should be durable, he laid his striết injunctions on them never to join any halves without consulting their favourites Care and Pleasure, and obtaining the consent of both to the conjunction. Where this order is ftri&tly observed, the Androgyne is perfectly restored, and the human race, enjoy the fame happiness as in their primeval state. The feam is scarce perceived that joins the two beings: but both of them combine to form one perfect and happy creature,

No. 1.

ESSAY III.

OF THE STUDY OF HISTORY.

THERE is nothing which I would recommend more earnestly to my female readers than the study of history, as an occupation, of all others, the best suited both to their sex and education, much more instructive than their ordinary books of amusement, and more entertaining than those serious compofitions, which are usually to be found in their closets. Among other important truths, which they may learn from history, they may be informed of two particulars, the knowledge of which may contribute very much to their quiet and repose. That our sex, as well as their's, are far from being such perfect creatures as they are apt to imagine, and that Love is not the only paffion which governs the male world, but is often overcome by ayarice, am

bition,

bition, vanity, and a thousand other passions. Whether they be the false representations of man. kind in those two particulars, which endear novels and romances so much to the fair sex, I know not; but must confess, that I am sorry to see them have such an aversion to matter of fact, and such an appetite for falsehood. I remember I was once de sired by a young beauty, for whom I had some pafsion, to send her some novels and romances for her amusement to the country; but was not so ungenerous as to take the advantage, which such a course of reading might have given me, being refolved not to make use of poisoned arms against her. I therefore sent her Plutarch's Lives, assuring her, at the same time, that there was not a word of truth in them from beginning to end. She perused them very attentively, till she came to the lives of Alexander and Cæsar, whose names she had heard of by accident, and then returned me the book, with many reproaches for deceiving her.

1 may, indeed, be told, that the fair sex have no such aversion to history, as I have represented, prom. vided it be secret history, and contain some memorable transaction proper to excite their curiosity. But as I do not find that truth, which is the basis of history, is at all regarded in these anecdotes, I cannot admit of this as a proof of their passion for that study. However this may be, I see not why the fame curiosity might not receive a more proper direction, and lead them to desire accounts of those

who

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