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doth God service.



when the time shall come, ye may remem



They lamented his going, but it was for their advantage. 323 you, will think that he able] service to God b: to so mad a rage shall sect:

their zeal arise, and so thick is the darkness with 3 And these things which their ininds are veiled. And all these

John will they do unto you; crnel things they will do unto you, because they XVI. 3. know the Father, nor have not known either the Father, or me : which

if they had done, instead of injuring me, and
exercising such inbumanities towards you, my

apostles, they would have received us with the
4 But these things greatest pleasure and thankfulness. But I have 4
have I told you, that spoken these things plainly to you, and forewarı-

ed you of them, that when the season comes in ber that I told you of which they shall happen, you may remember

these that I told you of them; and so may turo what
things I said not unto
you at the beginning, bas so discouraging an aspect into a further
because I was with confirmation of vour faith. And I did not

indeed say these things to you from the beginning
of my mmistry because I was then with you,
and could easily suggest proper instructions
and consolations,

circumstances of
5 But now I go my difficulty arose : But now I speak them, because 5
way 10 bin that sent I am departing froin you for a while, and am
me, and none of your going away to him that sent me, into the world ;
asketh me,

and yet none of you asketh me, Whither dost
thou go? nor is concerned to make those in-
quiries about that better world where we are

to dwell together, which surely might well be-
6 But because I have come you in such a circumstance. But because 6
said these things uinto I have spoken these things unto you, and talked
you, sorrow hath filled

of leaving you for a time, your natural affec-
tions have been greatly moved, and sorrow has
filled and pierced your very hearts, so that you
seem almost stupilied with it.




goest thou

your heart.

to the high priest, as if it were meritorious thaugh under a Christian profession. See
rather than erininal; (Acts xxvi. 14, 15). 1 Cor. xvi. 22.
And to such sort of facts the.e words of our b Shull think that he offers (an acceptable]
Lord may peculiarly relate.--- Permit me to service to God.] The words ace?ssoren word
digieas so far a: to add, that I apprehend, in Pepson Tw Osu might (as Abp. Leighton ob-
other cases, after they were thus disarmed serves) be rendered, offers an oblation or
of the power of life and death, they had (as sacrifice to God. This intimates, as that
I may elsewhere prove) a de pendance upon excellent man glosses on the text (Serm.
the interposition of providence to add that ef. xvii. p. 302. that “ the sercints of Christ,
ficacy to their censures which their power, should be considered, not only as sheep
infringed as it was, could not give: in re- for the slaughter, but as sheep for the altar
ference to which this highest serilence of er to," The rage of persecuting cnemies,
communicatinn was in the decline of their and, beyond al comparison, the murders
state called anathema Murun-otha, or a committed by papal cruelty in the name of
sentence which the Lord would remarkably the Lord, in their hecatombs of whole burnt-
come to execute, though they themselves offerings, (if I may be allowed an expreso
could not carry it into effect. St. Paul sion which falls so far short of the dread-
therefore, wito a peculiar beauty and pro. ful truth,) too justly illustrate the remark.
priety (but never, so far as I can find, fully But how God will resent the murder of his
explained), applies it to a crime not capable children upon his altar, the day when he
of convicuion before any human judges; makes inquisition for blood will declare.
eyen the want of a sincere love to Christ,


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me ;

324 The Spirit will convince of sin, righteousness, and judgment.

But I tell you the exact truth of the case, when 7 Nevertheless I tell

I say that it is on the whole advantageous to you the truth ; it is ex; John you, as well as proper for me, that I should go go away, for if I go XVI. 7. away, considering the agreement made between not away, the Comfor

the Father and me in the counsel of peace be- ter will not come unto
tween us ; for if I do not go away, and appear will send him unta
in heaven under the character of the great High- you.
Priest, the Comforter will not come to you, since
the gift of the Spirit is the fruit of my purchase,
and is appointed to be consequent upon my be-
ing glorified, (John vii. 39. sect. ci.) but when

I go from hence, I will not fail to send him to
8 you. And when he comes, he will abundantly

8 And when he is display the efficacy of his grace, not only in the the world of sin, and

come, he will reprove comforts he will give you under all your trou- of righteousness, and bles, but in the wonderful success with which of judginent : be will enable you to carry on my cause ; and will effectually convince the world, by your mi

mistry', of sin, and of righteousness, and of judg. g ment. He will convince the world of that 9 or sin, because aggravated sin which they are guilty of, because they believe not on they do not believe in me ; to the truth of whose mission he will bear an unanswerable testimo

ny by his enlightening influences and miraculous 10 operations. He will convince them of my 10 Of righteousness, righteousness and innocency; because it will evi. because I go to my Fa

ther, and ye see me ne dently appear that I go to my Father, and accepted of bim, when I send the Spirit from him in so glorious a manner, (compare Acts ii. 33. and Rom. i. 4.) and that my righteousness may therefore be relied on for the justification and acceptance of my people, since you see me no more appearing among you in the form of a servant, but are assured that, having finished

what I was to do on earth, I am taken up to 11 heaven, and received into glory. And he will 11 Orjudgment, be. convince them of my being invested with the cause the prince of

this world is judged, power of executing judgment; because the prince of this world, the great head of the apostacy, is now as it were already judged and condemned, and shall then be triumphed over in a very remarkable manner, when his oracles are silenced and he is cast out from many persons, and countries too, which he before possessed : (compare John xii. 31. sect. cxlviii.) And Satan being thus divested of his power, my gospel sball be

propagated c He will convince the world.] So the and Jam. ii. 9.–For the illustration of this, word shirts properly signifies. Compare and the following verses, see Archbishop John viii. 9. 46. 1 Cor. xiv. 24. Tit. i. 9. Tillotson's I'orks, Vol. III. p. 287–289.



inore :



them now.

to come.

Reflections on the ends for which the Spirit should be sent. 325

propagated through the world, and a full proof sect.
at length be given of my sovereign authority,
in my coming to execute judgment upon all
ungodly sinners.

XVI.11 12 I have yet many I have yet many other things to say to you, 12 things to say unto you, with relation to matters of considerable moment but ye cannot bear

in the settlement of my church; but I wave
them at present, because I know that you are not

able to bear (them] now, and are not yet pre-
13 How beit, when pared to receive them. But when he, (even] 13
is come, he will guide the Spirit of truth, is come, according to the pro-
you into all truth : for mise I have given you, he, as a faithful Guide,
he shall not speak of will lead you into all necessary truth: for he will
ever he shall hear, that not exceed his commission, and, like a careless
shall he speak : and he or unfaithful inessenger, speak merely of himself;
will shew you things but,likea wise and good Ambassador, whatsoever

he shall hear and receive in charge, [that] will
he speak; and he will shew you things to come
as far as may be necessary to prepare and qualify
you for the great work you shall be called to :
and will acquaint you with future events, the
prediction of which, as delivered by you, may

be a lasting testimony to the truth of my gospel.
14 He shall glorify And he shallindeed glorify me in the most sig-14
me : for he shall re, nal manner; for he will take of mine, or of those
ceive of mine, and
shall shew it unto you.

doctrines which relate to me, and those benefits
which I procure and bestow, and will reveal and

shew [it] to you, in the most clear and attractive
15 All things that light. And indeed all things whatsoever the
the Father hath are Father hath are mine ; and therefore, to express
mine; cherefore said
1, thắt he shall take the whole systein of evangelical truth, I said
of mine, and shall unto you, that he will take of mine, and will sher
sbew it unto you.

[it] to you ; since whatsoever he reveals to you
in the name of God may be called mine, as all
truth proceeds from me, and all real goodness
is my cause and interest in the world.



How great is the ignorance and folly of them that persecute Ver. 2 their brethren in the name of the Lord, and kill his dear children


d But you are not able to bear them now.] disciples, till their remaining prejudices, Those other things to wbich our Lord refers were removed. However, the prudence of might probably relate to the abrogation of Christ, in this respect is an excellent patthe ceremonial law, to the doctrine of justi- tern for ministers ; and we had need to fication by faith, the rejection of the Jews, pray earnestly for the instructions and the calling of the Gentiles, and the like; assistances of the Spirit of God, that we which might have given some offence to the may neither forget nor abuse it.

326 Christ tells them, in a little time they should not see him

SECT: under the pretence of offering him an acceptable sacrifice! Thus elxxvii.

were the apostles treated by those that knew not the Gou for whom 3 they professed all this burning zcal. Let us bless God that we

are providentially sheltered from those effects of it which might otherwise bear so hard upon us: and let us diligently watch over our hearts, that no irregular affections may work ther', and no uncharitable sentiments be barboured. When, like the apostles, our hearts are filled with sorrow let us be cautious that they may not be stupified by it, so that any call of duty should pass unheard

or any opportunity of religious advancement unimproved ; and 5, 6 let us not be indolent in our inquiries into the meaning of those

dispensations which we do not understand ; but seriously con-ider whether we are not sorrowful for that which is indeed designed for our advantage, and in the issue will be matter of rejoicing to


7 We bear to what purposes the Comforter was sent. His coming

was designed in a peculiar manner for the advantage of the apostles ; and was of greater service to them than the continuance of Christ's presence with them in the body would have been, not only to supa port and comfort them under all their trials, but to acquaint them

with all necessary truth, and fully to instruct them in the myste8 ries of godliness. And he came also for the conviction of an apos.

tate world ; for the important errand he was sent upon was to awaken men's minds, and to convince them of their own guilt,

and of Christ's righteousness, and of that awful judgment which 9, 10, 11

should be executed on the most inveterate of his enemies. Let us oft’n think of the force of the Spirit's testimony to the truth of Christianity, and endeavour to understand it in all its extent. Let us bless God that the gospel, and the character of his Son, were

thus vindicated ; and rejoice in the views of that complete con13 quest, to which Satan is already adjudged. In the mean time let

us earnestly pray that the influences of the Holy Spirit mar be

communicated to us in such a manner that Christ may be glorified 14, 15 in us, and we in him ; and that the things of Christ may be taken,

and shewn to us by that Spirit; for it can only be done by means of his influence and operations.


Our Lord concludes his discourse with assuring his disciples that his

separation from them would not be final, but that he would still act in their favour as their Guardian, and make them finally victori

John XVI. 16. to the end.


SECT. clxxviii.

John XVI. 16.

John XVI. 16.
UR Lord continued and concluded this ex- A Little while and ye

shall not see me: cellent discourse to his apostles in words John

and XVI. 16.


Intimating thereby his death and burial.

327 and again, a little t) the following purpose : It is yet but a little Sect:

clxxviii. while and ye shall see while, and you shall not see me any more conme, because I go to the Father.

versing wito you upon earth, as I have hitherto
done : and yet again, for your encouragement XV1.16.
and comfort, I assure you that it is but a little
while longer, and you shall see me again, on
terms of much greater advantage, because I
go to the Father ; plainly intimating thereby
that he would be so mindful of their interest
with the Father, as ere long to bring them to an

eternal abode with himna. 17 Then said some But their thoughts were so taken up about 17 of his disciples among other things, and they had stillsuch expectations this that he saith unto of his establishing an earthly kingdom, that, us, a little while and notwithstanding what he now had said was far ye shall not see me; from being obscure, they did not at first peneand again, while and ye shall see trate into the meaning of it : [some] of his disme; and because I go ciples therefore said one to another, Ilhat is this w the Father?

that he says to us? A little while and ye shall not
see me ; and again, a little while and


shall see me ; and 11 hy does he add, Because I go to 18 They said there. the Father ? They said therefore among them-18 he saith, A little while: selves. What is this little while of vehich he speaks? we cannot tell what he we know not what he says, and cannot apprehend what he means by it.



a Intimating--he would bring them to in them.-- It is indeed difficult to imagine an eternal abode, &c.] As this sense is what could perplex them, unless it were evidently much more important, so it apo that they suspected the words, A little while pears to me thore natural and easy than and ye shall not see me ; and again, a little that of Mons. Le Clerc, who under tands while and ye shall see me, &c. might intiit as if Christ had said, “ Though I am male that after he had gone to the Father, quickly to disappear from you, and be and made a short stay there, he would come lodged in the grave, I shall soon come again, and settle an earthly kingdom; and again, and make you another visit of some they might desire an explication in this length, before I return to heaven by my view. Accordingly, after having told ascension." His going to the Father was them that, though they were sorrorful no proof of this, though it strongly proved he would come and see them again after his his ability to introduce them to the heaven resurrection ver. 20, 22.) and would inly world. I apprehend that the whole troduce them to a state of comfortable joy which Christ's resurrection and ascension, converse with God by prayer, and a joy of as connected with each other, gave them, which none should deprive them, (ver. 23—27, is referred to in the following discourse, he adds, (ver. 28.) that he was quickly leave which therefore is so paraphraseri as to in- ing the reorld, to go and reside with the Fa. clude all that is pertinent and material in ther, from whom he came; thereby gently intithe explication above.

maling that no temporal reign was to be u What is this that he says, &c.] There expected And if we suppose him thus to are so many passages in the preceding have glanced obliquely at the most separts of this discourse which relate to cret sentiments of their hearts, it will acChrist's going to his father, (chap. xiv. 2, count for that confession of his omniscience 12, 28. xv. 26. xvi. 10 ) that it is a strange which is mediately follows this 28th verse instance of the dulness of the apostles that (ver. 29, 30.) ihe reason of which would they did not understand him here. Per- not appear merely from his discovery that haps it is recorded on purpose to shew what they doubted about something which their an alteration the Spirit afterwards made countenances and whispers might shew.

c Ye

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