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SECT. clxxvi.

John

315

The world would hate them, as it hated him. Remember that you have not first chosen me, 16 Ye have not but I by my sovereign and effectual grace have chosen me, but I have

you,

and orchosen you to the honourable office of my apos. dained you, that ye XV. 16. tles and ambassadors; and have appointed and should go and bring ordained you, that you should go and publish what forth fruit

, and thul you have heard from me to all the world, and maio : that whatsoever be so qualified and assisted, that you may bear ye shall ask of the Faabundant fruit in the most distant countries, and ther in my name, lie

may give it you.
[that] the blessed effect of your fruit should con-
tinue even to the remotest generations : yea, I
have also raised you to such a happy circum-
stance, and made you so eminently the favour-
ites of heaven, that, as I lately told you (ver. 7),
whatever you shall ask the Father in my name, he
may perform it for you; and you may certainly

depend upon it he will give it you,
17 But then again I would remind you, that if 17 These things I
you would continue thus the objects of these bis command you, that ye

love one another. gracious regards, you must carefully practise your duty to each other as well as to him ; for these things I command you, that ye love one another; and this you should the rather do, as you

will be the mark of common hatred and persecu18 tion. Yet if you find the world hate and in 18 If the world hate

jure you, you have no reason to be offended you, ye know that it or surprised at this ; for you know, that mild and

hated me before it benevolent as my conduct has always been, yet it has hated me your Chief and Lord", before it

discharged its venom and malignity on you. 19 Indeed if you were like the rest of the world, and 19 If ye were of the your doctrines and practice were conformable to world, the world would

love his own: but beits customs and maxims, the world is so gene

cause ye are not of the rally under the power of selfish prejudices, the

world, it undoubtedly would love its own, and you might expect much better treatment from ito: but because

this

hatod

you.

c That you should go and bear fruit, &c. words in the original (que supuloy vay This was a security to them that they might nev), which we render, It hated me should be preserved from immediate dan- before it hated you, may (as Dr. Lardner gers, and that their life should be guard. well observes) be more literally rendered by Providence till some considerable ed, It heted me your Chief ; wbich makes services had been accomplished by their the expression more lively and exactly means.-When our Lord ades, that your parallel to Mat. X. 24, 25, sect Ixxv. (See fruit should continue, he may allude to the Lord Credib. part i. Vol. I. p. 693.) custom of keeping rich and generous wines Thus cry wpur sepeo syw (1 Tim. i. 15.) a great many years, sv that in some cases is well translated, of whom I am chief. (which was especially applicablc to the e if you roʻre of the world, the world sweet castern wines) they ight provca cor- would love its own.] This seems to me dial to those who were unborn when the a strong intimation, that even in nations grapes were pro luced. In this view there which prof ss Christianity, if true religion is a beautiful propriety in the representa- fall, as it very possibly may, to a very tion, which I hope will be particularly felt low ebb, they that exert themselves rewhen these reviving chapters are read. markably for the revival of it, must, on d It has hated me your chief.] The the very principle herc laid down, expect

hatred

clxxvi.

The Jews were inexcusable in their hatred of him.

313 world, but I have cho- this is not vour character, and you are not thus SECT: sen you out of the world, therefore the of the world, but I have chosen

you out of the world hateth you. world, not only to separate froin, but to oppose

John its vices and enormities, and even to be leaders XV. 19. in that holy and necessary opposition, it is no wonder that upon this account the world hateth you, though the cause in which you are engaged be indeed so honourable, and your lives so use

ful and beneficent.
20 Remember the Remember, and recollect upon this occasion, 20
word that I said unto the word which I spake to you some time ago
you, The servant is not
greater than his lord. (Mat. x. 24. and Luke vi. 40), and which I
If they have persecuted have but lately repeated (John xiii. 16), The
me, they will also per- servant is not greater than his lord, nor the
secute you: if they
have kept my saying, messenger greater than him that sent him: if
they will keep yours therefore they have persecuted me, and provi-

dence has permitted them to do it, you may rea-
sonably conclude they will also persecute you,
and cannot justly complain if you have your
share of sufferings; and if you have seen that
they have generally kept my saying, I will give

you leave to suppose they will also keep yoursf.
21 But all these But when you see, as you very quickly will, not 21
things will they do un- only my doctrine rejected, but my person assault-
to you for my name's
sake, because they

ed, abused, and murdered, it must be a sensible know hot him that sent warning to you to prepare for the like usage;

and all these things they will in fact do to you for
my name's sake, because they do not know him ihat
sent me; for their ignorance of that God to
whom they boast so near a relation does indeed

lie at the bottom of all their opposition to me.
22 If I had not come, And a dreadful account they will have to give 22
and spoken unto them, for it; for if I had not come and spoken thus
they had not had sin:
but plainly to them, they would comparatively have

had

also.

me.

hatred and opposition; and that the pas- have been accessary to their own damage,
sages in scripture relating to persecution and the much greater mischief of those that
are not so peculiar to the first ages, or to have injured them.
Christians living in idolatrous cou tries, f If they have kept my saying, &c ] I
as some have supposed. Would to God, am surprised that such a multitude of learn.
the malignity to be found in some of us cd commentators, and among the rest Gata-
against our brethren, diri not too plain'y ker and Knatchbull, should contend that
illustrate this remark! Men will probably try nogou should here be understood of
experience the truth of it, in proportion observing a person's discourse with a malig-
to the degeneracy of those around them, nant design to carp at it. (See IVolfius, in
and to the vigour and resolution with loc.) llaçelupety has indeed that sense,
which they bear their testimony against Mark in. 2. Luke vi. 7. xiv. 1. xx. 20.)
prevailing errors and vices. Yet it is cer But no certain argument can be drawn
tain, that the impri dence and bigotry of from hence, especially considering how
some very good men has sometimes made constantly the phrase before us is taken in
matters worse than they wou d otherwise a good sense, fór an obedient regard, in this
have been, and perhaps has irritated the very discourse, in which it often occurs.
vices of their enemies, so as in part to See John xiv. 15, 21, 23. xv. 10. xvii. 6.

% They

John

23 He that hateth

320

The Spirit, when he comes, will testify of him. SECT. had no sinz; but now they have no excuse or pre- but now they have no clxxvi.

tence for their sin, but, being committed against cloak for their sin.

so clear and strong a light, it stands exposed in XV. 23. its most odious colours:

Yea, it appears re-
bellion against God, as well as ingratitude to me, hateth my Father

also.
me; for he that hateth and opposeth me, hateth
and opposeth my Father also, whose commission
I bear"; and this is what they have done, af-

ter all reasonable methods have been taken for 24 their conviction. If I had wrought no mi 24 If I had not done

racle at all, nay, if I had not done among them among them the works
such extraordinary works as no other man ever did, they had not had
did, not even their prophets, or Moses himself, sin : but now they
they had not had any degree of sin, comparable hated both me and my
to that which they are now under ; but now, as Father.
they have rejected my superior miracles, which
they have seen with their own eyes, at the same
time that they own the evidence of those which
Moses wrought, of which they have heard only
by distant report, they manifest such an obsti-
nate perverseness of temper, that I may truly
say, they have both seen, and hated both me and
my.

Father; and God himself will justly resent and punish it, as an indignity that shews their 25 enmity to him. But [this is all permitted], 25 But this cometh to

that the word which is written in their law, or in pass;, that the word
their sacred volume, concerning David (Psal. is written in their law,
xxxv. 19), might eminently be fulfilled in me, They hated me with-
as many ancient prophecies foretold that it out a cause.
should,“ Surely they have hated me without a

causei."
26
But when the Comforter is come, whom, as I

26 But when the

Comforter is come, told you (chap. xiv. 26), I will shortly send to whom I will send un

you

to

& They would have had no sin.] It is so i They have hated me without a cause.] It evident from the word of God (see Rom. i. appears to me very evident that Psal. xxxv. 20, 21. and ii. 12-15), as well as from cannot be, strictly speaking, a prophecy the reason of things, that sin may be im- concerning the Messiah, especially from ver. puted to those who have no revelation, that 13, 14, which represent a person incait is most evident this is only a hebraism; pable of helping others in their sickness, as when, according to the pathetic man- otherwise than by fasting and prayer, ner of speaking, especially in use among whereas Christ (and, so far as we can find, the eastern nations, that is said to be no he alone) had a power of working miracles thing at all which, wben compared with whenever he pleased. Nevertheless, that something else, is inconsiderably small. the enemies of the Messiah should hate See Psal. xxxix. 5. Isa. xl. 17. i Cor. i. him without a cause was expressly forctold 28. iii. 7. and compare John ix. 41. (Isa. liii. 3-9. Dan. ix. 26. and Zech,

h Hateth my father also.] How much xii. 10.) not to mention the argument it is to be wished that those who make arising from comparing all the places in light of Christ, while they pretend a great which his innocence and holiness are describveneration for the Father, would seriously ed, with those which refer to his sufferings. attend to this weighty admonition, lest so that I apprehend the turn given in the haply they be found even to fight against God! paraphrase sufficiently justified. (Acts v. 39.)

clxxvi.

Reflections on the world's hatred of Christ, &c.

321 to you from the Father, you from the Father, [even] the Spirit of truth, $ect: even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, and is to reside the Father, he shall in my church, he shall bear a convincing testis

John testify of me. mony to me, to vindicate my character from all xv. 26.

the infamy they are maliciously attempting to 27 And ye also shall throw upon it. And you also, weak as you 27 bear witness, because ye have been with me

now appear, shall by his powerful assistance from the beginning.

bear a courageous and convincing testimony to
me, because you have been with me from the begin.
ning of my ministry, and therefore are the best
qualified to give an account of my whole con-
duct; which the better it is known, the more it
will justify my cause, and expose the wicked-
ness of those that rise up against me.

IMPROVEMENT.

The Son of God condescends to speak under the character of Ver. a Friend; and with what humble gratitude should we attend to 15 his words! He lavs aside the majesty of a sovereign to assume this more tender relation; and surely our overflowing hearts must inquire, blessed Jesus, what shall we do to express the friendship on our side? Let us observe what he has here declared, Ye are my 14 friends indeed, if ye do whatever I command you. Lord, we will run the way of tee thy commandments, when on this noblest principle thou shalt enlarge our hearts ! (Psal. cxix. 32.)

He has loved us with an unexampled affection, which has ap-12,13 proved itself stronger than death ; and, in return, he requires us to love one another. How gracious a command! How merciful to our fellow-creatures and to ourselves, who should infallibly feel the benefit of the practice of it, both in the delight inseparable from benevolent affections, and in the circulation of kind and friendly offices, which, degenerate as human nature is, few are so abandoned as not to endeavour to repay! Who would not imagine that the whole world should feel and obey the charm ? And yet, instead of this, behold, they hate Christ, and his ser-18, 25 vants for his sake, though without a cause, and against the strongest engagements. Miserable creatures ! who by a necessary consequence, whatever they may fondly imagine, hate the Father also, 23, 24 and stand daily and hourly exposed to all the dreadful térrors of an alınighty enemy.

Let us not wonder if the world hate us; nor greatly regard if 19, 20 it injure us. We are not of the world, nor is the servant greater than his lord: but surely the opposition which the gospel brings along with it, is nothing when compared with those blessings which it entails on all who faithfully embrace it. Were the suf

ferings

clxxvi.

322

Christ warns his disciples to expect persecution. SECT. ferings and difficulties a thousand times greater than they are, we

ought to esteem the Pearl of price, the most happy purchase at any Ver. rate; and to be daily returning our most thankful acknowledg

ments, that Christ sent forth his apostles, qualified with such a

knowledge of himself, and assisted by such power from his Spirit, 26 appointing them to go and bring forth fruit, even fruit which

should remain to the remotest ages. Through his guardian care it still remains in the world : Oh may it flourish more abundantly among us! and may its efficacy on our hearts and lives be more apparent! And may Divine Grace convince those who now re

ject and oppose it, that in the midst of such various evidence of 22 his having come and spoken to them, they have no cloak for their

sin! but with whatever fond excuses they may amuse themselves and others, it will quickly appear, that the bed is too short to stretch themselves on it, and the covering too narrow to wrap themselves in. (Isa. xxvii. 20.)

SECT. CLXXVII.

Christ warns his disciples of the sufferings they must cxpect, and

labours to reconcile them to the thoughts of his remove, as what would on the whole be advantageous to them, as the occasion of sending the Spirit, which would be so great a support to them and their cause.

John XVI. 1-15.

SECT.

John XVI. 1.

JOHN XVI.1. C

HRIST farther added in his discourse to bis THESE things have I clxxvii. disciples, These things I have spoken to you that ye should not be

concerning the opposition which you are to ex- offended. John XVI. 1. pect from the world, and the proportionable

supports you will receive from the Spirit, that when the storm arises, you may not be offended and discouraged, and much less be drawn to renounce your profession, in order to avoid the 2 danger. They shall indeed excommunicate, or 2 They shall put you

out of the synagogues: cast you out of the synagogues; yea, that is not

yea, the time cometh, all, l'or the hour is shortly coming, that whosoever inat whosoever killeth killeth you?, shall think that he offers (an accept

able]

you,

a Whosoever killeth you.] As the lower larly pronounced, was indeed an act of duty kinds of excommunication among the Jews and obedience to God, while they had the were attended only with separation from sy- power of life and death in their hands : but nagogueworship, and from familiar converse after it was wrested from them some might (Luke vi. 22), or, in cases of greater guilt, perhaps think it an act of very acceptable with confiscation of goods and forfeiture of piety and zeal to attempt such executions, all their substance (Ezra x. 8), the highest though at the hazard of their own lives (of kind of it was a capital sentence (Lev. xxvii. which the forty conspirators against Panl 29); the execution of which, when regu- do therefore so boldly avow a design, even

to

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