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sespecting spiritual subjects, as well as the levity of their di position, and their rooied attachment to their cruel and idolatrous cuítoms, would very much dihearten you, if you were not previously prepared to expect them. This circumstance, however, ihould not relax but invigorate your determination, since there difficulties must every where oppose the firit attempts to introduce the Go:pei into uncivilized countries; and should you only fo far lucceed as to lay a good foundation, on which others may raise tije fpiritual building, great will be our joy, and great also your reward. It is in the next and succeeding genera. tions that the fruits of your labours may be exzecied to app'ar. These will very probably spring oat of the instructions you will communitate to the rising generation of the natives, and it is, therefore, one of thio molt important duties of a Aliffionary to devote himfcif to the education and improvement of the chilcren of both sexes.
Let your expectations, therefore, be witely regulated, as to the nature of your employment, as well as to the degree of your success among the Heathen. Perhaps, Brother, you may have conceived that the principal, if not the only engagement of a Missionary will confift in public preaching, and you may contemplate this plan of life with complacency. This, doubtless, forms a considerable part of your duty, and especially of those who may be more particularly set apart as Ministers of the Gospel; but the education of children, though a less graiifying, is not a Jels neceffary or useful branch of duty; and as it is to the faithful discharge of this service to which we look for your principal fucccss, we feel it to be incumbent upon us to itate to you expressly that we expect from you a great degree of attention to this point, and that you muit, therefore, be so completely acquainted with the rudiments of cominon learning, as to be able to fulfil this part of your duty. Should you stand in need of instruction in this respect, the Directors will affist you in procuring it.
Perhaps you may have formed such ideas of the falubrious climate and productive soil of the country to which you may be sent, as to indulge the expectation, that the means of subsistence will be so easily procured, as to admit of a life of ease and pleasure, and exempt you from the labours to which you have been subject in your native country. If the expectation of ease and outward enjoyment operates upon you as a motive, we adnionith you to
tion them preferve religious inftriathus they w
dismiss such improper ideas, as being inconsistent with the Missionary Spirit, highly injurious in their influence on your own mind, and fatal to the prospects of usefulness among the Heathen. It is not indolence, but exertion to which we invite you. The labour of your hands must, in general, produce to you the means of your support, and you must exemplify among the Heathen the advantages which arise from daily industry, and the suitable employment of time. You are to instruct them especially in the cultivation of their foil, in the erection of their habitations, in the construction of their boats, and in the art of converting the productions of their country into articles of decent apparel. It is by thefe means your influence among them is to be promoted, and your usefulness encreased. In this way they may be gradually rescued from their pernicious courses, which arile principally out of their wild and uncivilized state, and from the want of a regular and useful system of moderate labour : thus they will be prepared to attend to religious instruction, and its influence upon them preserved and protected from the fatal infection of Heathenish manners. Consider, therefore, Brother, whether you are disposed to this self-denying process, this course of active service, and whether you are fitted for performing its duties—if not, we recommend that you Thould abitain from this engagement till you have received instruction in some of these or other equally neceffary qualifications.
It is probable you may feel a disposition to embark in this undertaking in the way of experiment, and may conclude, that after you have made the trial, and gratified your curiosity, an opportunity may be embraced of relinquishing the employment, and returning to your country and friends. If there should be vour reflections, be so faithful to us and to the cause of Christ among the Heathen, as to avow thein beforehand : the work is far too facred to be entered upon with fo light a mind, and so unsteady a purpose. He who puts his hands to the Miffionary plough, ought not to look back, but consider that perseverance in the work is our just expectation and his incumbent duty. Circumstances may indeed arise, in which it may be allowable to relinquish the appointed station : but the reafuns muft be satisfactory, and the necessity imperious.
It is possible you may entertain false ideas of indepenVOL. VIL
dence, and have been led to expect that you shall not be placed under any superior controul; but, Brother, a spirit of insubordination would be extremely prejudicial to the fuccess of your important labours, as well as to the interests of your own soul. To be subject one to another, and to be clothed with humility, is among the first of qualifications. We think it neceffary, therefore, to state to you that, during the voyage the decisions of the Captain, and Superintendant of the Million, should be subinitted to with cheerfulness. . It will be the duty of each individual zealourly to support their authority, to submit himself wil.. lingly to their advice and direction, and to pay a conscientious regard to such rules as may be prescribed for the regulation of his conduet during the passage, or in the place of his settlement abroad. If every inan afsuine a right to dictate, and will obey his own wilful spirit only, there must necessarily be confusion and every evil work : while attention to order, and obedience to appointed authority, will be found not lets beneficial in its influence on the Heathen, than profitable to your own foul..
It is alto probable that you may have formed erroneous expectations as to your reception among the Heathen, and vour permanent situation and intercourle with them. Per. haps you may think that your superior talents will acquire for you fome political influence over their affairs, some elevated rank, come flattering diftinction, and thus your condition be more eminent and distinguished than it would have been in your native land. Purify your heart, Bro. ther, from these ambitious and defiling thoughts, or venture not upon a work which demands a mortified spirit, and a nind crucified to the love of the world. It will be our defire, indeed, to place you in that situation where you will be favourably received, and the means of your fubfiftence fecured; but the continuance of the good will of the natives inuit greatly depend on your discreet and useful conduct among them. The idea of your fuperiority, which at first may attract their respect, will diminish by the fami. liarity of intercourse, except it be cherished by the wildom and prudence of your deportment. But it is greatly to be feared, that either through your own infirmity, or that of your Brethren, che impetuous passions of the Heathen may be occafionally rouled, and your personal safety endangercú. Recollect, therefore, Brother, that we send you out not in purtuit of eate or worldly honour. We forbid any interference in the political affairs of the Heathen, and we forewarn you that danger awaits you, and that you may be called to endure a great fight of afflictions, and real your testimony with your blood. i : · Thus, Brother, we have in faithfulness laid before you our reflections upon this subject ; revolve them in your mind, examine your motives and expectations, seek earncftly the wisdom that is from above, and let your determination be will weighed, deliberate, and abiding. If they shoud produce a discouraging influence upon you, and dispose you to relinquish the intention of engaging in the Missionary service, it furnishes a presumption that divine Providence may not have designed you for this line of duty; and it is far better that you should decline in time than repent of your engagement, or withdraw from your station after you have entered upon it.
If the Miffionary office pre-supposes such difficulties and dangers ; if it demands a spirit so entirely subdued to worldly expectations, it may be enquired what are the real inducements to undertake it? We reply, then, that the motives which inspire a true-hearted Aliffionary are facred and highly important; being greatly mortified in his affections to sublunary interefts, his elevated faith is fixed upon a higher marks in the spirit of facrifice he goes forth and perseveres unwearied in his arduous course, looking for no other requital to himself, in this life, than an inward peace arising from the hope of the divine approbation. Yet the fame views which induced the Apostles and Martyrs to encounter dangers and death, and which animated even the Son of God when he endured the cross, and despised the shame, actuate his mind. He perceives that the human race are involved in transgression, and haftening to deftruction, and his benevolent heart prompts him to attempt to rescue them from ruin, and raise them to purity and immortal happiness; and his zeal and fidelity are accompanied, even in the present state, with the most refined fatisfaction. Who ever heard that the course of a faithful Missionary was unattended with this spiritual joy? Which of them, at the close of life, ever expressed their regret that they had been consecrated to this service ? The precious witness within themfelves has been a spring of sacred consolation; and although, like their divine Master, the world has despised thein, yet supcrior fpirits witness and approve their faithful labours ; but their prin4 F 2
tipal motives relate to futurity, and their great expectations are transferred to the invisible state ; their minds anticipate the period of their Saviour's triumph, and in the day when he shall come to be glorified in his saints, they hope to form a part of his retinue, to receive from his lips the applauding sentence, and from his hand the unfading crown.
THOUGHTS ON EPHESIANS, ii. 8.
“ By Grace are ye saved." M EAN by nature is guilty, loft and polluted, without
IVI power to help himself, or will to be helped ; depraved in every part, and under the condemnation of an holy and juit law, which he has violated. Much need not be advanced to prove this-an Evangelical Apostle declares that, “ all have sinned, and come 1hort of the glory of God.” And the Royal Plalinist alserts, “ there is nore righteous; no, not one.”
The human mind has formed many devices to extricate mankind from this deplorable condition; some have endeavoured to merit pardon by a round of duties and good works ; others, to do all they can, and trust to Christ to make up the deficiency ; but it has all proved a “ hed too Toit, and a covering too narrow :" and if we examine the word of God, we, thall clearly perceive how totally impoffible it is for us to perform any thing good. “When I would do good,” says the apostle, “evil is present with me, I Jee another law in my members warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of fin.” Our salvation cannot be effected either in whole or in part by works, but by rich, sovereign and invincible grace alone, for " by grace we are saved through faith.”
The operations of the Spirit of God are free and sovereign. God is no refpe&er of persons, he delights to save the vileit of the vile: he bestows his grace on those only who feel their need of it, he receives a Magdalen and a dying Thicf into his favour, while those who are proud of their own works, and entertain high thoughts of themselves, he passés by.
When a sinner is first called by divine grace, he is convinced of the evil nature of sin, that he is condemned by the law of God, he feels his fins as a heavy burden, he groans under their weight. God appears in all his terrible