Report of the Council of Hygiene and Public Health of the Citizens' Association of New York upon the sanitary condition of the City

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D. Appleton and Company, 1865 - 360 Seiten
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Inhalt

Reports on Pestilential Diseases
xxviii
1 Preliminary StatementPurposes of Sanitary Inquiry
xxxvii
Sanitary Necessities of Great Cities xxxviji 3 The Aggregation of Population in Towns and Cities
xxxviii
Avoidable and Preventable Causes of Disease and Death
xxxix
Rates of Inevitable Sickness and Mortality
xl
Standards of Health
xli
The Study of Sicknessrates
xlii
Rates of Constant Sickness in the City of New York
xliii
The Deathrate in New York
xliv
Preventable Causes of Disease
xlvii
The Association of the External and the Personal Causes of Disease illustrated
xlix
The Localizing Causes of Prevailing Diseases
lxii
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
lxvi
Recommendations by the Council for maintaining a System of Sanitary Inspection and Inquiry
lxvii
The TenantHouses of New York
lxviii
Engraving from a Photographic View of a NewlyConstructed FeverNest in the Sixth District facing p
lxxvi
TenantHouses and their Inhabitants Lix
lxxix
Engraving from a Photographic View of Gotham Court illustrating Chapter on TenantHouses
lxxx
FloorPlan of a FeverNest near the Central Park
lxxxi
Dwelling ImprovementsExamples and Recommendations
lxxxvi
Conveyances
lxxxix
Sanitary Wants of Private Dwellings Hotels and Public 23 Neglected Privies and Dark Places
xci
Special Nuisances
xcii
A Chart illustrating the Encroachment of Nuisances upon Populous Up Town Districts facing p
xciv
Drainage and Sewerage of the City
xcvi
Special Application of Chemistry and other Sciences to San itary Works
xcviii
Special Report by Professors John W Draper and R O Doremus upon the Hygienic Applications of Chemistry
xcix
The Practical Character of Sanitary Works
civ
Prevalent Diseases which illustrate the Necessity of Sanitary Works су
cv
Fevers су 31 Diarrhæal Maladies
cviii
SmallpoxVaccination
cx
Examples of Sanitary Works and Results схііі
cxiii
Prospective View of the Sanitary Necessities of New York
cxix
Practical Uses of Vital Statistics
cxxiii
Remedial Measures
cxxv
Cleanliness and the Removal of Nuisances cxxviji
cxxviii
Ventilation and the Prevention of Overcrowding
cxxix
Sanitary Care of Contagious and Pestilential Diseases
cxxxv
Conclusions
cxlii
Examples of Preventable Diseases and their Causes
1
First Sanitary Inspection District Dr Joseph A Monells Report
3
Engraving from a Photographic View of a FeverNest in the First Ward facing p
8
Specific Causes of Preventable Diseases illustrated by the History of Typhusfever in the City and by the spread of Smallpox from the City to the Cou...
13
Recommendations concerning the Control of Contagions
14
Third Sanitary Inspection District Section A Dr Hampton Harriots Report
19
cal Topography of the Third District facing p
21
Chart of a Region of Typhus and Smallpox in the Fifth Ward
31
GroundPlan of Do
79
View of a Public School and an adjacent SlaughterPen facing p
87
Chart of a Region of Fatmelting Hidecuring and Slaughter Nuisances in the shopping neighborhood of the 7th District
88
Plan and Sectional View of a Feverbest in the 9th District
103
port
116
FloorPlan of an Improved TenantHouse in the 11th District
122
Map Illustrating the Medical Topography and Drainage or the 15th Ward
126
Infections lxi
129
Plan and Sectional Views of an Overcrowded TenantHouse in the 12th District
136
Report
142
Diagram of an Insalubrious Quarter in the 13th District
152
An Inside View of a Cattle and Sheep Market in Sisth Street
157
Chart of an Insalubrious Court and a Crowded Square in the 17th Ward
160
Fourteenth Sanitary Inspection District Dr E W Derbys
165
Market and SlaughterPens in the 11th Ward
176
Scene in Rivington Place
178
port
182
Seventeenth Sanitary Inspection District Dr Guido Furmans
195
TenantIlouse Cellar Nuisances in the 16th Ward
198
Plan of a Cellar Tenement in the 16th Ward
200
Floor Plan and a Sectional View of a Ventilated TenantHouse
204
Eighteenth Sanitary Inspection District Dr H M Fields
206
Map illustrating the Medical Topography of the 18th District
207
FloorPlan of a FeverNest in Do
217
Plans of DirtCatchers and Cleaning Chambers for Sewers 234
234
Another Plan of Do and of a Culvert 436
239
Four Figures illustrating Cubical AirSpaces and Ventilation
258
FloorPlan of an ordinary and unhealthy TenantHouse in the 20th Ward
259
FloorPlan of TenantHouse with ThroughandThrough Ventilation
261
Chart of a Region of Nuisances in the 20th Ward
266
Twentysecond Sanitary Inspection District Dr R L Parsonss
268
GroundPlan of a FeverVest in East 28th Street
275
Diagram of a Perpetual FeverNest in the 21st Ward
280
Twentythird Sanitary Inspection District Dr Ellsworth Eliots
282
Plot of an Insalubrious District in the 2ist Ward
287
A Birdseye View of a Rookery at the foot of Murray Hill
289
Twentyfourth Sanitary Inspection District Dr Robert Stewarts
291
Twentyfifth Sanitary Inspection District Dr J Lewis Smiths
298
Map of the Sanitary Topography of the 25th District
299
Map of a Pestilential Spot on the margin of the Central Park
316
Descriptive Chart of an Unhealthy Neighborhood near the Central Park
318
Improved Garbage Receptacles etc for TenantHouses
332
1
333
Twentyeighth Sanitary Inspection District Dr L A Rodensteins
335
Twentyninth Sanitary Inspection District Dr Joseph 0 Far
345
INDEX
351
26832

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Seite xxxix - Lord PALMERSTON would therefore suggest, that the best course which the people of this country can pursue, to deserve that the further progress of the Cholera should be stayed, will be, to employ the interval that will elapse between the present time and the beginning of next spring, in planning and executing measures by which those portions of...
Seite 42 - At high tide the water often wells up through the floors, submerging them to a considerable depth. In very many cases the vaults of privies are situated on the same or a higher level, and their contents frequently ooze through the walls into the occupied apartments beside them.
Seite cix - The fact that, in modem times, the subject of hygiene generally, and State Medicine in particular, has commenced to attract so much the public attention, is undoubtedly owing to the application of statistics to public health. It is impossible for any nation, or for any Government, to remain indifferent when, in figures which admit of no denial, the national amount of health and happiness, or disease and suffering, is determined.
Seite xxxix - Lord Palmerston would, therefore, suggest that the best course which the people of this country can pursue to deserve that the further progress of the cholera should be stayed, will be to employ the interval that will elapse between the present time and the beginning of next spring in planning and executing measures by which those portions of their towns and cities which are inhabited by the poorest classes, and which, from the nature of things, must most need purification and improvement, may be...
Seite xxix - ... from time to time to those who are chiefly concerned in sanitary evils and their removal, so as effectually to bring home to the dwellers in darkness, ignorance, and disease, the immense significance of the facts taught by these figures.
Seite 60 - The Inspector of the Sixth Ward says : "Do- t mestic garbage and filth of every kind is thrown into the streets, covering their surface, filling the gutters, obstructing the sewer culverts, and sending forth perennial emanations which must generate pestiferous disease. In winter the filth and garbage, etc., accumulate in the streets, to the depth sometimes of two or three feet.
Seite lxii - ... back to back with other buildings, correspondingly situated on parallel streets; the courts and alleys are more greedily encroached upon and narrowed into unventilated, unlighted, damp, and well-like holes between the many-storied front and rear...
Seite lxviii - barracks" has apartments for 126 families. It was built especially for this use. It stands on a lot 50 by 250 feet,' is entered at the sides from alleys eight feet wide, and, by reason of the vicinity of another barrack of equal height, the rooms are so darkened that on a cloudy day it is impossible to read or sew in them without artificial light.
Seite lxi - ... about the wharves and thoroughfares, rendered a near residence of much importance. At this period, rents were moderate, and a mechanic with family could hire two or more comfortable and even commodious apartments, in a house once occupied by wealthy people, for less than half what he is now obliged to pay for narrow and unhealthy quarters. This state of tenantry comfort did not, however, continue long; for the rapid march of improvement speedily enhanced the value of property in the lower wards...
Seite 39 - ... tell that decay and death are usurping the place of health and life. Two older children are in the street, which is their only playground, and the only place where they can go to breathe an atmosphere that is even comparatively pure. A fourth child, emaciated to a skeleton, and with that ghastly and unearthly look which marasmus impresses on its victims, has reared its feeble frame on a rickety chair against the window sill, and is striving to get a glimpse at the smiling heavens whose light...

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