Report of the Council of Hygiene and Public Health of the Citizens' Association of New York upon the sanitary condition of the City
D. Appleton and Company, 1865 - 360 Seiten
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amount apartments appearance Avenue become buildings built causes cellars character cholera clean cleanliness condition connected construction containing Council crowded deaths direction disease district drain drainage dwellings east effect entire evils exist extent fact families feet fever filthy floor four front garbage give greater ground gutters houses hundred Hygiene important improvement influence inhabitants inquiry insalubrious inspection instances kind laboring laws less living localities matter means months mortality natural nearly neglect nuisances observed occupied occurred original persons places poor population portion practical present prevailing privies proper public health rear reference regard removed residences respect River rooms sanitary sanitary condition Sanitary Inspector Second sewer sickness side Sixth small-pox sources square stables Street surface tenant tenant-houses tenements Third tion typhus ventilation Ward whole yard York
Seite xxxix - Lord PALMERSTON would therefore suggest, that the best course which the people of this country can pursue, to deserve that the further progress of the Cholera should be stayed, will be, to employ the interval that will elapse between the present time and the beginning of next spring, in planning and executing measures by which those portions of...
Seite 42 - At high tide the water often wells up through the floors, submerging them to a considerable depth. In very many cases the vaults of privies are situated on the same or a higher level, and their contents frequently ooze through the walls into the occupied apartments beside them.
Seite cix - The fact that, in modem times, the subject of hygiene generally, and State Medicine in particular, has commenced to attract so much the public attention, is undoubtedly owing to the application of statistics to public health. It is impossible for any nation, or for any Government, to remain indifferent when, in figures which admit of no denial, the national amount of health and happiness, or disease and suffering, is determined.
Seite xxxix - Lord Palmerston would, therefore, suggest that the best course which the people of this country can pursue to deserve that the further progress of the cholera should be stayed, will be to employ the interval that will elapse between the present time and the beginning of next spring in planning and executing measures by which those portions of their towns and cities which are inhabited by the poorest classes, and which, from the nature of things, must most need purification and improvement, may be...
Seite xxix - ... from time to time to those who are chiefly concerned in sanitary evils and their removal, so as effectually to bring home to the dwellers in darkness, ignorance, and disease, the immense significance of the facts taught by these figures.
Seite 60 - The Inspector of the Sixth Ward says : "Do- t mestic garbage and filth of every kind is thrown into the streets, covering their surface, filling the gutters, obstructing the sewer culverts, and sending forth perennial emanations which must generate pestiferous disease. In winter the filth and garbage, etc., accumulate in the streets, to the depth sometimes of two or three feet.
Seite lxii - ... back to back with other buildings, correspondingly situated on parallel streets; the courts and alleys are more greedily encroached upon and narrowed into unventilated, unlighted, damp, and well-like holes between the many-storied front and rear...
Seite lxviii - barracks" has apartments for 126 families. It was built especially for this use. It stands on a lot 50 by 250 feet,' is entered at the sides from alleys eight feet wide, and, by reason of the vicinity of another barrack of equal height, the rooms are so darkened that on a cloudy day it is impossible to read or sew in them without artificial light.
Seite lxi - ... about the wharves and thoroughfares, rendered a near residence of much importance. At this period, rents were moderate, and a mechanic with family could hire two or more comfortable and even commodious apartments, in a house once occupied by wealthy people, for less than half what he is now obliged to pay for narrow and unhealthy quarters. This state of tenantry comfort did not, however, continue long; for the rapid march of improvement speedily enhanced the value of property in the lower wards...
Seite 39 - ... tell that decay and death are usurping the place of health and life. Two older children are in the street, which is their only playground, and the only place where they can go to breathe an atmosphere that is even comparatively pure. A fourth child, emaciated to a skeleton, and with that ghastly and unearthly look which marasmus impresses on its victims, has reared its feeble frame on a rickety chair against the window sill, and is striving to get a glimpse at the smiling heavens whose light...