American History: For Use in Secondary Schools

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Macmillan, 1907 - 557 Seiten
 

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8 The Indian tribes
11
Indians By MacNeil
12
Life and character of the Indians
13
General relations of Indians and Whites
14
Help given to the English by the Indians
15
Results of Indian wars
16
13 Connection between the history of Europe and America
17
Political Europe after 1450
18
Trade with the East before 1475
19
Search for new sea routes to India
20
Summary
21
CHAPTER II
24
Columbuss first voyage
25
SECTION PAGB 20 The Popes division of the earth 26 21 Later voyages of Columbus 27 22 The Cabots 28 23 Vespucius and the naming of Ameri...
30
The Southwest 15391543
31
De Soto 32 28 Verrazano and Carrier
32
29 The situation in Europe
33
The French in Florida 15621565
34
The English in the New World 15621583
35
The Ralegh colonies 15841590
36
The results of the first century 33 34 35 36
37
CHAPTER III
40
The settlement at Jamestown
41
The influence of tobacco culture
42
The first Virginia assembly 1619
43
The English Puritans
46
The Puritans and the English monarchs
47
The Pilgrim migrations
48
King Charles and the Puritans
50
Character of the Massachusetts Bay colony
51
Political problems and dangers
52
Religious difficulties
53
The Connecticut Valley
55
SECTION FACE 51 New Haven
56
Northern New England
57
The charter of Maryland 1632
59
The proprietor and the freeman
60
Summary
61
CHAPTER IV
63
England and the Colonies 16601685
64
New York in the XVII Century New Amsterdam
66
New Netherland and its neighbors
67
The English in New York 16641685
68
65 New Jersey and the Quakers
69
Penn and his colony
70
The government of Pennsylvania
71
Boundaries of Pennsylvania
72
Bacons rebellion 1676
74
The Carolina charters 16631665 75
75
King Philips war 16751676
77
Massachusetts and the Crown 16751684
78
The revolution of 1689 in England and New England
80
Revolutionary movements in the Middle and Southern Colonies ffr
82
Results of the revolution in America
83
The colonies in 1700
84
RIVALRY OF FRENCH AND ENGLISH 16891763
86
Champlain
87
Exploration of the West
88
Louisiana 16991720
89
Georgia
91
The English colonists and their governors
92
Government of the French colonies
93
Preparation for the final conflict
94
90 The struggle for the upper Ohio valley
95
The first period of the war 17541757
97
The second period of the war 17581760
98
The Peace of Paris 1763
99
Summary
101
100CHAPTER VI
104
Classes of society
105
Indented servants
106
Colonial life
108
Agriculture no 102 Commerce and shipping
111
Industry and labor
112
Colonial currency
113
The professions
114
106 Colonial churches
115
Superstition
116
SECTION PAGE 108 Crime
117
Education
118
no Newspapers
120
Travel
121
Colonial government
122
Colonial law
123
PART II
127
115 General methods of colonial control 116 Englands interference with colonial government
128
Englands control through colonial officials
129
Control of colonial legislation
130
Early acts of trade 16601696
131
Later Restrictive Legislation 16961760
132
General effect of the commercial system
133
The writs of assistance
134
James Otis
135
128
140
123 The conditions in 1763 135 124 George III and his ministers 17601782 136 125 The establishment of a colonial army 1763 137 126 The Sugar...
143
The Townshend Acts 1767
144
The reception of the Townshend Acts 145 134 Growing disorder 1768177?
147
SECTION PAGE 137 The repressive acts 1774
148
The First Continental Congress 1774
149
The inevitableness of war
150
Summary
151
CHAPTER VIII
154
The war on the northern border 17751776
155
Change in the theater of war 1776
156
The Second Continental Congress 17751776
157
The character of the Declaration
159
The first state governments
160
148 The theater of war
161
British military organization and policy
162
The loyalists
164
Continental currency
165
A Continental bill
166
The Trenton Princeton campaign
168
The plan of campaign 1777 Philadelphia
169
Burgoynes advance 1777
171
The surrender of Burgoyne 1777
172
The French alliance 1778
174
Attempted conciliation by the British 1778
175
Intrigue and neglect 1778
176
The war in the North and West 17781779
177
The treason of Arnold 1780
179
Campaigns in the South 17801781
180
Nathanael Greene
181
Yorktown 1781
182
Claims and negotiations 1782
184
Provisions of the Treaty of Peace 1783
185
Summary
186
CHAPTER IX
189
75 The league of states
190
The amendment of the Articles of Confederation
191
Land claims of the states
193
Land cessions 17811802
194
Ordinances for the government of western territory
195
The West and foreign affairs
196
Relations with Great Britain
197
Internal disorder
198
The Connecticut compromise
201
Later history of the convention
202
Feeling of the people
203
Ratification of the Constitution by the states
204
The nation and the states
205
Congress
206
The courts
207
196 The sources of the Constitution
208
Beginnings of the new congress
210
The executive departments
212
Alexander Hamilton
213
SECTION PAGE 200 The national judiciary
214
CHAPTER X
218
The frontier
219
The admission of new states
220
The movement toward emancipation
221
The cotton gin and slavery
222
207 Voters and officeholders
223
Religious freedom
224
210 Commerce
225
Industry
226
Currency
227
Improved means of communication
228
DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATION 17891843
231
Financial Policy and Political Parties 17901793
233
Assumption of state debts
234
New national taxes
235
The United States bank
236
The formation of political parties
237
Grievances against England 1794
239
Jays treaty 1794
240
John Jay
241
The close of Washingtons administration
242
SECTION rAGK 224 Trouble with France 17961800
243
225 The Alien and Sedition laws 1798 244 226 The Kentucky and Virginia resolutions 17981799 245 227 The election of 1800 246 228 Jefferson a...
247
Reversal of Federalist practices 249 230 The national courts
250
231 Disputes over the lower Mississippi River 252 232 The purchase of Louisiana 253 233 Extent and importance of Louisiana 255 234 The Burr co...
256
235 European war and American commerce before 1806 257 236 The impressment of American seamen 259 237 Orders and decrees 18061807 26...
265
A NEW NATIONAL SPIRIT 18111824 269294
269
War in the North 18121813
270
The war on the ocean 18121814
272
SECTION PAGE 256 Internal improvements
282
Importance of the westward movement
283
The Missouri problem
285
The Missouri Compromises 18201821
286
Florida
288
The Monroe Doctrine 1823
289
Summary
291
CHAPTER XIII
295
New political parties
297
The election of Jackson 1828
298
New political methods
300
The spoils system
301
The WebsterHayne debate 1830
303
Changes in the tariff 18241832
304
The South and the tariff
305
Nullification and the compromise tariff
306
Overthrow of the bank
308
Government revenues and the panic of 1837
310
Administration of Van Buren 18371841
311
Tyler and Whigs 18411842
313
Summary
314
CHAPTER XIV
317
The era of canals
318
SECTION PACK 284 Railways 319 285 Significance of improved means of transportation 320 286 The telegraph and other inventions
322
Industrial changes after 1810
323
The era of free trade 18461857
324
289 Opening of the government lands
325
Development of Democracy
326
Changes in the states
328
Social legislation
329
American cities
331
Foreign immigration
333
The admission of new states
334
Early abolitionists
335
Abolition and petition 18351840
336
PART IV
339
Oregon territory to 1846
343
War with Mexico 18461847
344
Conquest of California Peace
346
Oregon Territory election of 1848
348
The elements of a compromise 1850
350
Discussion of the compromise
351
Completion of the compromise of 1850
352
Attempts to gain more slave territory
354
The KansasNebraska bill 1854
356
Reorganization of political parties
358
The struggle for Kansas 18551861
359
The case of Dred Scott 1857
360
Summary PAGE 353 354 355 356 358 359 360
361
CHAPTER XVI
366
Political factions and parties
367
The LincolnDouglas debates 1858
368
Union and slavery
369
Influence of John Browns raid 1859
370
The election of i860
371
374
374
375
375
376
376
Attempted conciliation DecemberJanuary The Confederate States of America Close of Buchanans term
377
Lincoln The Three Months War Lincolns policy
380
Sumter
381
Preparation for
382
The border states Bull
383
Resources of North and South
386
The southern armies The northern armies
387
The navies the blockade
389
341
390
Bonds and a national banking system
391
343
392
344
393
346
395
347
399
348
401
349
403
35i The theater of war in Virginia
405
355 Events leading to emancipation
411
360 Operations around Chattanooga 1863
418
366
424
367
426
368
427
369
428
37 371
429
CHAPTER XVIII
431
Status of seceding states
433
373
434
35
436
375
437
377
439
Military reconstruction 18671870
440
378
441
379
442
380
443
The administrations of Grant 18691877
444
38i 382
445
383
447
384
448
386
449
389
450
392 393
452
394 395 39 397 PART V THE NEW NATION 18651907
453
Bonds and taxes after the war The greenbacks Laws relating to silver Business after the war Agriculture and the West
458
Development of the West by means of the railways Railway abuses
461
The granger movement and railway legislation
462
The interstate commerce commission 1887
463
398 Garfield and Arthur
464
SECTION PAGE 399 The election of Cleveland 1884
465
The spoils system and reform
467
Progress of civil service reform since 1883
468
Reform of elections
469
Changes affecting the presidency
470
39
471
CHAPTER XX
474
The Mormons
475
Proposed reform of the tariff 18821888
476
The election of 1888
477
The McKinley tariff 1890
478
The GormanWilson Tariff the income tax 1894
479
The Dingley tariff 1897
480
454
482
Election of 1896
483
Republican policies
484
Italy and Chile 1891
486
PanAmerican affairs
488
The United States in the Pacific
489
The United States and European interference
491
The dispute over the boundary of Venezuela 1895
492
Settlement of Venezuela controversy
493
Summary
494
CHAPTER XXI
497
426 Our relations with Cuba before 1895
498
The United States and Cuban insurrection 18951896
499
SECTION PAGE 428 Dangers to American interests in Cuba 18971898
500
Situation during the spring of 1898
501
The beginning of war
502
War on the Atlantic
504
War finance
506
Army administration and reform
507
The treaty of Paris 18981899
509
Philippine insurrection and the election of 1900
510
The Philippines since 1900
511
Efforts to obtain an isthmian canal before 1901
514
Arrangements for constructing a canal 515
515
Securing a satisfactory route for the canal
516
Problems of construction importance of canal
518
Relations with Cuba
519
Alaska
520
Arbitration
521
Summary
522
CHAPTER XXII
525
448 Industrial progress since 1880
526
Antitrust legislation in the states
528
The Sherman AntiTrust Law of 1890
529
Recent antitrust activity
531
Railway rate regulation
532
Commerce and shipping
533
454 Prosperity and panics since 1865
534
455
535
456
536
457
537
458
538
New states and new state constitutions
540
460
541
463464
542
Growth of cities
544
Corruption and fraud
545
Our land system
546
The Irrigation law 1902 and its application
547
Miscellaneous
548
468 Changes of a century and a third 550 469 Important characteristics of American development 551 470 The central government 552 471 The un...
555
APPENDIX The Declaration of Independence i
i
The Constitution of the United States vi
vi
The Presidents xx
xx
352
xxi
Justices of the Supreme Court xxii
xxii
39i 392
xxiii
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Seite xv - The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State. SECTION. 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion ; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the...
Seite viii - Senators. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.
Seite 143 - Britain; and that the King's Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords spiritual and temporal and Commons of Great Britain in Parliament assembled, had, hath and of right ought to have, full power and authority to make laws and statutes of sufficient force and validity to bind the colonies and people of America, subjects of the Crown of Great Britain in all cases whatsoever.
Seite xii - States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President. The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.
Seite v - NEW JERSEY Richard Stockton John Witherspoon Francis Hopkinson John Hart Abraham Clark PENNSYLVANIA Robert Morris Benjamin Rush Benjamin...
Seite 150 - Legislatures, where their right of representation can alone be preserved, in all cases of taxation and internal polity, subject only to the negative of their Sovereign, in such manner as has been heretofore used and accustomed.
Seite 291 - In the discussions to which this interest has given rise, and in the arrangements by which they may terminate, the occasion has been judged proper for asserting as a principle in which the rights, and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.
Seite vii - No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.
Seite viii - Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been encreased during such time ; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office.
Seite 370 - Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates will push it forward till it shall become alike lawful in all the States, old as well as new, North as well as South.

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