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Spirit. But in a special manner it belongs to the Spi. sit: as the Father elects, the Son redeems, and the Holy Ghost sanctifies. It is the work of the Spirit of God then. For, : 1. In initial fanctification the Spirit acts alone, and the poor finner is wholly passive, and can do nothing that way. For he is dead in lin, and cannot move out of its dominion. He lies in the grave like the dry bones, which cannot live, nor stand up till they be breathed upon by the Lord himself.
2. In progressive fanctification, though the finner does act towards his own fanctification, 2 Cor, vii. 1. yet he acts not, but as he is acted by the Holy Spirit, Phil. ii. 13. In vain will he spread out his fails, if the wind from heaven blow not, Cant. iv, 16. No blow of his struck in the battle against lusts will do execution, if the Spirit do not carry it home.
THIRDLY, The moving cause of it. Sanctification is a great benefit: whom the Lord bertows it upon, he puts an honour on, for they are set apart for himself. There is an intrinsic glory in holiness, Psal. xlv. 13. The King's daughter is all glorious within. God is gloricus in it, and therefore no wonder it be the glory of the creature. When the Lord makes, one holy, he does more for him than if he would give him all the gold of the Indies, or make him sole Jionarch of the world, Nay, the gift of fanctifica. tion is more worth than the Spirit of prophecy, or the faith of miracles : for men may be ruined not withstanding of these, but not if they have this,
The only cause of it is free grace, not any personal worth in the creature, Tit. iii, 5: As the fun thines without hire, and enlightens the dark world; so does the Holy Spirit sanctify the unholy finner freely, without any thing in him to inove him thereto, Matth, xi. 25. 26. lor,
1. There is nothing in an unholy finner that is pleafing and acceptable in God's light, Rom. viii, 8a There is nothing but Itench and rottengess in the dad
foul. till the fanctifying Spirit enter into him. His best dispositions, actions, and performances are fin, les being without faith, and the mere product of nature unrenewed.
2. Though there be a great difference betwixt natu. ral men before the world, one having by far the advan, tage of the other, in respect of their natural tempers and the way of their life; yet the Lord does not give his fanctifying grace according to these advantages, but oftimes grace takes hold of those who are most unlikely to get it, i Cor. i, 26. 27. &c. Publicans and harlots enter into the kingdom of God before scribes and Pharisees. And oftimes sovereign grace overlooks those of the most sweet natural dispositions, and brings in those of the most sugged.
3. Sovereign grace often chuses the time for sanctifying the finner, when he has gone the farthest length in fin and wickedness. Paul was carried the length of blafphemy and perfecution ere fancifying grace took hold of him, i Tim. i. 13. And Manasseh was carried to horrid murders and witchcraft, ere he was prevented by divine grace. Many have been carried to extraordinary acts of wickedness, whereby they have lost their lives in the course of justice, whom grace has plucked as brands out of the burning, to proclaim the freedom of grace.
FOURTHLY, I hhall fhew wherein fanctifica: ticn confifts, or what the Spirit doth to a finner when he sanctifies him. It consists in the renewing of the finner after the image of God, Eph. iv. 2 3. 24. The Tuin of man's nature lay in defacing of the image of God which was upon him : fanctification is the renewing and repairing of it, without which God can take no delight in his creature. Now, in all renewing, the old is put away, and the new brought in. So there are two acts of the Spirit in fanctification.
1. Destroying of the body of fin, called the old man, Rom. vi. 6. putting it away, Col. ii. 11. The Spirit of the Lord breaks the dominion of fin in the
o foul, and turns it off the throne, that it cannot comį mand the lioner as aforetime, Rom vi, 14. weakens
and mortifies the several lufts thereof, Rom. viii. 13. so that it is a crucified man, who has got his death's wounds by the nails, and shall not come down till he die out.
2. Endowing the finner with grace, even with all the graces of the Spirit, John i. 16. whereby the finper becomes a new creature, 2 Cor. v. 17. This is the new man which is put on in fanctification ; the
seed of heaven, which can never misgive, but will i spring up to everlasting life, being carried on towards E perfection, by the fame Spirit. .
FIFTHLY, The parts of fanctification are two,
1. Mortification, whereby the finner is enabled more and more to die unto fin, Rom, vi. 4. 6. The Spirit applying the virtue of Christ's death to the fin. ner, mortifies him to fin, blunts the edge of his affection to fin and finful courses, so that in respect of fin he is like a dying man. So that although he be not quite freed from it, yet he is on the way to be fo. His lufts are upon the cross, nailed through and pierced to the heart, not to come down till they have breathed out their last, Gal, v. 24. Like a dying man taking leave of friends, he is parting with his old lufts: like a man leaving off cares about the world, the bent of his soul is turned away from his former courses,
?. Vivification, whereby the finner is enabled more and more to live unto righteousness, Rom, vi. 4. The fanctified finner leads a new life, in respect of which he is as a man raised from the dead, not meddling as before in the business of the world ; so the sanctified finner lives as one of another world, not conforming himself to the sinful courses of this world, but being transformed into a likeness to those of the better world, Rom. xii. 2. Phil. iii. 26. The buliness of his life is to serve the Lord, and work out his own salvation ; to be preparing for the eternal rest in heaver, whither bis heart is carried before bin.
SIXTH LY, Let us view the subject of fanctifi. cation. Under which confider,
1. Who are fanctified. 2. What of them is fanctified.
First, Who are fanctified. It is the elect who are sanctified, even all of them, and they only, Eph i. 4. 2 Theff. ii. 13. And elect infants among the rest, dy. ing in infancy, being naturally corrupted, must needs be fanctified too, by the Holy Spirit, since they are of the number of the elect. For others may be fanctified from the womb, Jer. i. 5. And none other but the elect do partake of this grace of fanctification : so that fanctification is a certain evidence of election. 3
Secondly, What of them is fanctified. The whole man is fanctified, 2 Cor. v. 17. i Theff, v, 23. The grace of fanctification is a holy leayen, that goes thro' ! the whole lump, and makes every part of the man holy. · 1. The soul is fanctified in all the faculties thereof, new qualities being infused into and advanced in them. (1.) The understanding naturally darkened, is renewed in saving knowledge after. God's image, Col. iii. 10. A new light is ftruck out in the mind'; the light of grace ariies there, whereby the soul knows spiritual things in another manner than before; and this advanceth unto the perfect day, Prov. iv, 18. (2.) The will, naturally perverse and rebellious, gets a righteous set and bent, agreeable to the will of God, Eph, ii. 24. whereby it is averse to evil, and prone to good. (3.) The unholy affections are made holy, ibid, So that their love, hatred, delight, forrows, &c. are changed. And herewith comes along the fanctification of the conscience and memory. · 2. The body is fanctified, in so far as it is made the temple of the Holy Spirit, and a member of Christ, i Cor. vi. 15. 19. And the members thereof are changed in respect of their use, becoming inftruments af righteousness employed for the Lord, Rom. vi. 13. In reipect of which the body is presented a holy facia
fice to God, to serve and honour him with, whether by doing or suffering, Rom. xii. I.
But although the whole man is fanctified, yet no part of the man is perfectly fanctified in this life. It is neither midnight to them as with the unregenerate, nor mid-day as with the glorified, but twilight, which is a mixture of darkness and light. Hence arises the combat betwixt the flesh and Spirit, Gal. v. 17. Every grace has a weed of the contrary corruption by the fide of it, which occasions this struggle and imperfection in the best of their works.
SEVEN THLY, I am to shew the effect of fanctification. That is noliness. The fruit of this work of the Spirit is habitual holiness, that is, an habitual averfion of the soul to evil, and inclination to good; and actual holiness in all manner of life and conversation, in good works, which have God's word for their rule, his glory for their end, and are done in faith. Both which we have, Plal. xlv. 13. The King's daughter is all glorious within ; her cloathing is of wrought gold.
EIGHTHLY, I proceed to shew how fanctifi. cation is carried on. Now, though fanctification must needs be begun in an instant, yet it is not a simple act, but a work carried on by degrees, to which many actions (and these repeated) of the Holy Spirit do con. cur. The believer not being perfectly renewed at first, the renovation is carried on by degrees, and the Spirit is at that work still, so as not to give it over, till it be perfected, though there may be many interruptions of it. And,
1. The Spirit implants grace in the soul, fows the heavenly feed there, framing the heart anew, giving it a new power, and a new set, towards God and his law; and putting in new motions and inclinations in the soul, agreeable to the holy law, and contrary to the natural linful ones, Heb. viii jo. So that the foul is inclined to love what before it loathed, and to loath what before it loved.
2. He preserves the grace implanted, .. Pet. i. 5.