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the door of your hearts to receive him, And when the least good motion is found kindled in your hearts, cherish it as a tender bud of heaven ; nourish the fpark, and it will increase into a flame.

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1 CORINTHIANS xii. 13.
For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whe-

ther we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or
free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
H E apostle in the preceding verse having assert.

ed, that Christ myftical, i. e. Christ and believers, are one, making but one mystical body; in the words of the text does at once explain and confirm the same from the two facraments of the New Testa. ment, baptisın, and the Lord's supper.

1. From the facrament of baptisın, where he shews us the blessed union made. And here consider,

it. The parties united ; on the one hand, we all; viz. who believe in Christ, as distinguished from unbelievers. On the other hand, Jesus Christ, whom he had just before mentioned, and who is here understood as implied in the one body, whereof he is the head, or principal part.

2dly, The uniting or joining of the parties, which is expressed by being baptized into one body, the sacramental sign being put for the thing signified : as if he had said, We are united into one body with Chrift, which is fignified and sealed by our baptism.

2dly, The efficient cause of the union, or the party uniting us to Christ, one Spirit, the one Spirit of Christ. "Tis by him we are baptized, and are joined to Chrift. He calls the indiffoluble knot; as Christ brings us to the Father, the Holy Spirit brings us to Christ, by faith which he works in us, and makes the marriage-tie be

Party to Christ. Her of the parties :

tween the King of saints and the daughter of Zion, This Spirit must needs be the infinite Spirit of God, since it is but one Spirit that knits all not only as the author, but the bond of the union.

4thly, The result of this union, one body. Hence it comes to pass, that Christ and all believers are one myftical body; they are all joined to Christ and among themselves, as the head and members,

5thly, The character of the parties whom the Spirit unites to Christ. He confines not himself to any one party of finners in the world, but takes them indiffe. rently out of all sorts, whether they be Jews or Gentiles, whether they be bond or free men. He goes to unbelieving Jews that had rejected Christ for some time, and to unbelieving Gentiles that had not heard of him. And he unites them to Christ by working faith in them; for he deals with them that have reafon, not as with stocks, knitting them without any action of their own'; but as rational creatures, apprehend. ing them, and working faith in them, whereby they appreha nd Christ.

2. From the sacrament of the Lord's supper, where he fnews us the blessed fruit of this union, And have been all made to drink into one Spirit. Here consider,

ift, The common benefit, the purchase of Christ's redemption; one Spirit, the leading comprehensive purchase of Christ's death. This is that Spirit poured on Christ without measure, to be communicated, for life, and supplies of life, to all that come to him.

2dly, The participation of that benefit, which is exprefled by being made to drįnk into one Spirit, the facramental sign for the thing signified ; As if he had said, We all partake of Chrilt's Spirit more and more to our fpiritual nourishment add growth in grace, which is as necessary to us, as drink to strengthen our bodies, which is signified and sealed by the facrament of the Lord's supper,

3dly, The parties made partakers thereof, We all, who are united to Christ. As life goes before eating or drinks

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ing, so the union with Christ goes before communion. in and partaking of the benefits of his redemption, and the former is the cause of the latter. : Hence ye may fee, That “the Spirit applieth to us is the redemption purchased by Christ, by working .66 faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ in our 66 effectual calling.”

The great subject to be handled here, is the union betwixt Christ and believers. And here let us consider,

I. How Christ's redemption is applied to a sinner. · II. Shew that there is a real union betwixt Christ and believers.

III. What is that union.
IV. What are the bonds of it,
V. Who is the author and efficient cause of it.
VI. The properties of it.
VII. Apply.

I. Let us consider how Christ's redemption is applied to a finner. It is done by way of uniting the linner to Christ, as a plaister is applied to a fore, by laying the one upon the other. A finner is interested in, and put in poffeffion of Christ's redemption, thro' union with him, I Cor. i. 30. Of him are ye in Christ Jefus. Men must not think to stand afar from Chriit, and partake of the benefits of his death, upon their praying to him for it, as the beggar on his crying gets of the rich man's money thrown to him; which l ob. ferve is the foul-ruining notion many have of this matter. But he muft unite with Christ, and fo partake of the redemption purchased by Christ, as the poor widow drowned in debt, by marfying the rich man, is interested in his substance. It is with Christ himfelf that all saving benefits are given, Rom, viii. 32. and without him none such are received. Believe it, Sirs, that as Adam's fin could never have hurt you, unless ye had been in him; so Christ's redemption shall never savingly profit you, unless ye be in him ; Epha

17. In whom we have redemption through his blood. I hall next lhew,

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II. That there is a real union betwixt Christ and believers. Some, to advance their legal scheme of doctrine, acknowledge no other union but a relative one betwixt Christ and believers, such as may be betwixt, persons and things wholly separated. But that there is a real, true, and proper union betwixt Christ and believers, is evident, if ye consider,

1. The several equivalent terms by which this union is expressed in scripture. Christ is said to be in believers, Col. i. 27. Rom. viii. 10. and they in him, 1 Cor. i, 30. He is said to dwell in them, and they in him, John vi. 56. They are said to abide in one another, John xv. 4. Believers have put on Chrift, Gal. iii. 27. They are so joined, or agglutinated, as to be one Spirit, i Cor. vi. 17. To expound these of a mere relative union, such as is betwixt a king and his subjects, a master and his fervants, is but to wrest fcripture; and these phrases applied to such relatives would be extremely harsh, though they never so much agreed in judgement and affection.

2, The several real and proper unions which it is resembled to. It is resembled unto that betwixt the vine and the branches, John xv. 5. the head and the body, Eph, i. 22. 23. meat eaten and the eater, John vi. 56. yea, to that betwixt the Father and Christ, John xvii. 21. These are real proper unions, and fu is this.

3. Lastly, If this union be not a true and real one, but a mere relative one, the sacrament of the supper is but a bare fign, and not a seal, exhibiting and apply. ing Christ to believers. For without this real union, the feeding on Christ's body and blood truly and really in the sacrament cannot be ; which yet is the doctrine of the scriptures, and of our Larger Catechism, proved from the words of institution, Take, eat, this is my body. For if there be a true and real feeding, there must be a true and real union, as there is betwixt the food and our bodies into which it is incorporated.

111. I proceed to shew what is that union that takes place betwixt Christ and believers. There are three mysterious unions in our religion. (1.) The fubstantial union of the three persons in one Godhead. (2.) The personal union of the divine and human na. tures in Jesus Christ. (3.) The mystical union betwixt Christ and believers, which is that wherein Christ and believers are so joined, that they are one Spirit, one mystical body, i Cor. vi. 17. & xii. 13.

In this union the whole man iş united to a whole Christ. The believing foul is united to him, Eph. iii. 17. His body also is united to him, i Cor. vi. 19. i Theff. iv. 14. They are united to him in his divine nature, Col. i. 27. and in his human nature, Eph. v. 30. and so through the Mediator unto God, 2 Cor. vi. 16.

IV. I go on to shew what are the bonds of this u. nion, whereby Christ and believers become one. All corporal union is made by contact; but Christ is in heaven, and we on earth, and so we can have no such union with him; and if we had, what would it profit? John vi. 63. But this union is fpiritual, i Cor, vị. 17. and so are the bonds of it. And they are two.

1. The Spirit on Christ's part, whereby he appre, hendeth, taketh and keepeth hold of us, I Jolin jii, ult. The same infinite Spirit that dwells in Christ, he communicates to his elcct in their effectual calling, Ezek. xxxvi. 27. So that one Spirit living and acting in both, in Christ as the head, and in believers as the incmbers, they truly become one by that means. And the distance betwixt Christ and believers, as great as is betwixt heaven and earth, cannot hinder the joining of our souls and bodies to his, fince the Spirit is a: infinite Spirit, every where present. And seeing the {ame Spirit is in both, they are thereby made really one, notwithstanding of the distance; even as if there

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