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Therefore kiss the Son, and be reconciled to him, and so shall ye appear before him as your Judge at the last day. Acquaint now yourselves with him, and be at peace; for thereby good shall come unto you, particularly that of a folemn acquittal in the last judge. ment. But if ye will not now submit unto the scep. tre of his grace and righteousness, and subject yourselves to him as your only rightful Lord and Sovereign, willing to have him to reign over you, and to be ruled by his laws, ye shall not be able to stand in judgement, but be condemned with his enemies, and have your eternal habitation in the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone. Knowing therefore the terrors of the Lord, be persuaded to flee from the wrath to come, and so iniquity shall not be your ruin.
Of the Application of Redemption,
Titus iii. 5. He saved us, by—the renewing of the Holy Ghost, I TAVING taken a view of our glorious Redeem. M e r in his person, incarnation, offices, and his twotold state of humiliation and exaltation, let us now proceed to consider the application of that redemption which he purchased for us by his obedience and death.
If we cast our eyes backward to the preceding words, we find, (1.). Our wretched natural state, ver. 3. For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lufts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful and hating one ano! her. This is a dreadful picture of the depravity and misery of human nature; in which not only Pagans, who lived without God in the world, but Jews, the peculiar people of God, of which nation was Paul, were deeply involved. (2.) Redemption purchased for us by Je
saved, but them ihlete salvationers of this
sus Christ, which is the way in which the love of God to man appeared. And this redemption is as extensive as the wretched condition of man. As all mankind, both Jews and Gentiles, are by nature in a state of wretchedness, so redemption was purchased by Christ for both, and both are warranted to come to Christ for it; though none but the elect among both will obtain it. And in the text we have the application of that redemption, He saved us, &c. In which we have,
1. Sinful creatures made partakers of Christ's redemption, He saved us. He speaks of himself and other saints yet in the world, whom he says God has saved, saved by virtue of Christ's death, from sin and wrath, put them into a state of, and given them a right to eternal complete salvation.
2. How they are made partakers of this redemption. Where we may observe, (1.) The impullive cause ; not according to our good works, these were not the moving causes of our salvation ; but his own mer. cy: the same mercy that moved him to send our Redeemer, moved him to apply the redemption purcha. sed by him. (2.) The way and manner of accomplishing it, By the renewing of the Holy Ghost. The Holy Spirit makes the application of that redemption, rege. nerating us, whereof baptism is the fign, and so reDewing and making us new creatures. Thus Christ made the salve for our sore by his obedience and death, and the Spirit applies it. Hence we have a proper an. swer to that
Guest. " How are we made partakers of the redemp. « tion purchased by Christ ?" .
Doct. Anf. “ We are made partakers of the re« demption purchased by Christ, by the effectual apo plication of it to us by his Holy Spirit." In handling this subject I shall, 1. Consider the purchase of this redemption, II. The application of it.
Shirit maks. whereof
III. Apply the subject in some practical uses.
1. As to the purchase of redemption or falvation spoken of in the text, four things are to be considered.
1. What the redemption is. 1. It is deliverance by, payment of a price, i Pet. i. 18. re were not redeemed with corruptible things, &c. Sinners were the lawful captives of justice, Il. xlix. 24. Shall the lawful captive be delivered? And without thedding of blood there is no remiffion. This redemption consists of two parts. (1.) Deliverance from evil. (2.) Restoration to the good loft. (1.) Deliverance from fin, the chief evil, Matth. i. 2 I. He shall save his people from their fins. This is the house of bondage which our Redeemer finds all his people in, where they are in their chains held fast to their drudgery. He came to deliver them and set them free from this slavery, Rom. vi. 6. 7. Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of fin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve fin. For he that is dead, is freed from fin. (2.) Deliverance from wrath, i Theff. i. ult.-Jesus which delivered us from the wrath to come. The wages of in being death, even eternal destruction of the finner in hell, all mankind were liable unto it: but now a ranfom is paid, whereby there is purchased to finners freedom from wrach, the taking off the sentence of death lying on them, whereby they were bound over to everlasting misery.
2. Redemption includes in it a restoration to the good loft; or a poffeffion of all that happiness and all those bleffings which men forfeited by the primitive transgression, which may be all summed up in eternal life, begun in every believer in this world, and perfected in the world of glory.
2. Who purchased this redemption. Even Jesus Christ, the Son of God in our nature, i Theff. i. ult: forecited. He took on himn our nature, and became our gear kinsman, that he might redeem the slaves and
the captives, and redeem to them their mortgaged in. heritance. For he made a full redemption ; not only buying anners from under the curse, but withal purchasing for them the blessing they had forfeited. This was a work too great for any lower person : rivers of oil would not have done it; the stock of angels could not have answered this strait of mankind: But God laid help upon one that is mighty, Pfal. lxxxix. 19.
3. What was the ransom paid. All that Christ did and suffered for finners comes under the name of the ransom. For he himself was the ransom, I Tim. ii. 6. Who gave himself a ransom for all. He did not give gold, money, or lands, for us, for such mean things could not have been accepted : but he gave himself foć us : Who gave himself for me, says Paul, Gal. ii. 20. He gave body for body, soul for foul, bare our fins in his own body, and made his soul an offering for fin. And as our ransom,
(1.) He obeyed; gave pun&tual perfect obedience unto all the commands of the law, and so fulfilled all righteousness. Whereas we were born 'finners, he was born holy; whereas we lived finners, keeping none of the commands, he lived sinless, and kept them all. so that the law had all its demands of obedience front him.
(2.) He suffered and bare what the law threatened ; and to satisfied justice in the room of sinners. Both these we have Gal. iv. 4. §. When the filness of time was comé, God sent forth his Son made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of fons. Phil. ii. 8. Being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Hence when the scripture attributes our redemption to his blood, Eph. i. 7. i Pet. i. 18. 19. it is not to be understood exclusively of his obedience and other fuf. ferings, but of his bloody death, which was the completing of the ransom; John xix. 30. Jetus cried, li · VOL. II. .
is fibzi: and therefore his bicod is samed, as suppos hing the other parts of his obedience and sufferings ; as it one thouid say, that a man is delivered from prison, Ly one's paying the utmost farthing for him.
4. For whom this redemption was porchased. The fanícm paid was fufficient for the redemption of all mankind: but the elect only were actually redeemed, it was deligned for them obly; John X. 15. I lay down my life for the beep. Chap. xvii. 9. I pray not for the world, but for them which thou has given me. It is certain that many perih, and that satisfaction is exacted of themselves for their own debt; so that if Chrift died for them, he so far died in vain, Gal. ii. 21. as I have formerly thewn at large.
11. As to the application of this redemption, consi. der,
1. Whit this application is. It is the actual interciling us in it, investing us in the poflefion of it, and making it cffeétual to us for the ends for which it was purchased; and therefore the text calls it a faving us. So the immediate consequent of this application is twofold.
1, Deliverance from fin and the wrath of God, Rom. vi. 18. Being made free from fin. Chap. viii. 1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus. The chains of guilt binding over the finner to God's wrath are broken off; the cords are loosed, and thrown away from the prifoner; he is freed from the flavery and reigning power of lusts, and Lo brought out of Satan's prilon. ..
adly, Restoration to peace with, and the favour of God, and to a right and title to heaven, and in a word, being entitled to all the benefits of Christ's purchase, and actual enjoying them in ctir own persons. This is the electual application of it to us, even as a salve applied heals the forea
2. The necessity of this application. It is so neces. sary that none can have saving benefit by it until it be
Loored, am the llavesaran's prilonih, and the