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CONTENTS

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CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION THE MEANING OF

LITERATURE .

The Shell and the Book. Qualities of Literature. Tests of Literature.
The Object in studying Literature. Importance of Literature. Sum-
mary of the Subject. Bibliography.

CHAPTER III. THE ANGLO-NORMAN PERIOD

The Normans. The Conquest. Literary Ideals of the Normans. Geoffrey
of Monmouth. Work of the French Writers. Layamon's "Brut.”
Metrical Romances. The Pearl. Miscellaneous Literature of the Nor.
man Period. Summary. Bibliography. Questions. Chronology.

CHAPTER IV. THE AGE OF CHAUCER.

History of the Period. Five Writers of the Age. Chaucer. Langland.
" Piers Plowman.” John Wyclif. John Mandeville. Summary. Bibli-
ography. Questions. Chronology.

х

Decline of the Drama. Shakespeare's Contemporaries and Successors.
Ben Jonson. Beaumont and Fletcher. John Webster. Thomas Middle-
ton. Thomas Heywood. Thomas Dekker. Massinger. Ford. Shirley.
Prose Writers. Francis Bacon. Richard Hooker. Sidney. Raleigh.
John Foxe. Camden and Knox. Hakluyt and Purchas. Thomas North.
Summary. Bibliography. Questions. Chronology.

CHAPTER VII. THE PURITAN AGE.

The Puritan Movement. Changing Ideals. Literary Characteristics.
The Transition Poets. Samuel Daniel. The Song Writers. The Spen-
serian Poets. The Metaphysical Poets. John Donne. George Herbert.
The Cavalier Poets. Thomas Carew. Robert Herrick. Suckling and
Lovelace. John Milton. The Prose Writers. John Bunyan. Robert Bur-
ton. Thomas Browne. Thomas Fuller. Jeremy Taylor. Richard Baxter.
Izaak Walton. Summary. Bibliography. Questions. Chronology.

CHAPTER VIII. PERIOD OF THE RESTORATION

History of the Period. Literary Characteristics. John Dryden. Samuel
Butler. Hobbes and Locke. Evelyn and Pepys. Summary. Bibliography.
Questions. Chronology.

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452

CHAPTER XI. THE VICTORIAN AGE
Historical Summary. Literary Characteristics. Poets of the Victorian
Age. Alfred Tennyson. Robert Brc wning. Minor Poets of the Victorian
Age. Elizabeth Barrett. Rossetti. Morris. Swinburne. Novelists of
the Victorian Age. Charles Dickens. William Makepeace Thackeray.
George Eliot. Minor Novelists of the Victorian Age. Charles Reade.
Anthony Trollope. Charlotte Brontë. Bulwer Lytton. Charles Kingsley.
Mrs. Gaskell. Blackmore. Meredith. Hardy. Stevenson. Essayists
of the Victorian Age. Macaulay. Carlyle. Ruskin. Matthew Arnold.
Newman. The Spirit of Modern Literature. Summary. Bibliography.
Questions. Chronology.

GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY

569

INDEX

573

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THE MANUSCRIPT BOOK .

After the painting in the Congressional Library, by John W. Alexander

GEOFFREY CHAUCER

68 After the Rawlinson Pastel Portrait in the Bodleian Library, Oxford POR TIA

· 150 After the portrait by John Everett Millais. Property of the Metropolitan

Museum of Art

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE

A PAGE FROM THE MANUSCRIPT OF BEOWULF

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19 28

STONEHENGE, ON SALISBURY PLAIN
INITIAL LETTER OF A MS. COPY OF ST. LUKE'S GOSPEL

31

RUINS AT WHITBY.

32

CÆDMON CROSS AT WHITBY ABBEY

39

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47

LEIF ERICSON'S VESSEL
CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL AS IT WAS COMPLETED LONG AFTER

THE CONQUEST

50 62

REMAINS OF THE SCRIPTORIUM OF FOUNTAINS ABBEY

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TABARD INN

75 84

JOHN WYCLIF
SPECIMEN OF CAXTON'S PRINTING IN THE YEAR 1486

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