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capnon on which they were bound, it will be salledged, that the Black ficken at the recital of thefe horrors : * Code was instituted in their favour. - Be My eyes ach with seeing them: - My it fo: the severity of their masters still ears with hearing them! Happy you! exceeds the allotted punishments, and When the town gives you offence, you their avarice with-holds the provisions, retire to the country; your eye is de. the repofe, and rewards, that are their lighted with beauteous plains, hills, bam- due. If the unfortunate creatures would lets, harvests, vintages, a people that complain, to whom can they complain? dance and fing; - images, at least, of Their judges are often their greateft tyhappiness! Here I fee poor negro-wo. rants. men bending o'er their spades, their na It is alledged, that, without severity, it ked children bound upon their backs, is impoflible to manage the Daves : you miserable creatures that tremble as they must have punishments and pains, iron pafs; before me. Sometimes, perhaps, 1 collars with three braces, whips, blocks hear at distance the found of their tamto bind them to by the foot, and chains bour, but more frequently the found of to go round their necks. They must, in whips cracking in the air like the report short, be treated like beafts, that the of a pistol, and the heart-rending cries whites may live like meh. of Mercy, Master, Merey !”- If I fly Can we wonder at reafoning like this? to folitudes, I find myfelf among rugged Where there is injustice in the principle, rocks, mountains that lift their inaccef- there must be inhumanity in the consefible fummits into the clouds, and tor- quence. rents that rush horribly into the abyss But it is not enough that these poor beneath ; ,winds that howl through ia- wretches are given up to the avarice and vage deserts, the fullen found of waves cruelty of the most depraved of mankind: breaking against the shores, the vast ocean they must be the sport likewise of their rolling its stupendous waters to regions fophiftry. unknown to human inquiry all these Theologians affirm, that by a tempat objects ferve but to cherish the melan- ral Navery they procure a spiritual liber chaly ideas of seclusion from fociety, and ty. The greater part of them, however, of exile.

mai are purchased at an age when they can" P.S. I know not whether coffee and not learn French, and the missionaries do sugar may be necessary to the happiness not understand their language. Besides, of Europe, but I know that they have those that are baptized are treated like been the fource of mifery to two quarters the rest. of the globe. America was depopulated They add, that they have merited the to obtain room for planting, and Africa chastisement of Heaven by felling one anwas depopulated to furnish Naves for the other. But are we then to be their exe cultivation.

cutioners! Let us leave the vultures to We are told, that it is our interest ra- destroy the kites. ther to cultivate such commodities as are It is a maxim with the politicians, become necessary to us, than purchase That slavery is the authorised effect of them of our neighbours. But as car. war. But the blacks make no war on penters, tilers, mafons, and other Eu- us: I allow that hunian laws permit this; ropean artificers, can, in their several but we ought at least to confine ourselves countries, pursue their business in the within the bounds they prescribe. heat of the sun, why should we not havel I am mortified when I think, that those white labourers here? But what then, philofophers who have shewn fo much you will say, would become of the pro- fortitude in their attacks of moral and prietaries --They would grow richer, religious abuses, have not once mention-> A planter with twenty farmers, would ed the poor negroes, unless in the way. be in good circumstances. With twenty of pleasantry. They turn from the view saves he is poor. They reckon here of their misfortunes. They talk of the 20,000 Naves. Of these an eighteenth massacre of the Mexicans by the Spapart are renewed annually; so that the niards, as if that crime were not the guilt colony left to itself, would in eighteen of our own days; a guilt in which half years be totally exhausted. So true it is, Europe is concerned. Is it a greater that population depends on liberty and, crime at once to aflaffinate a people who property, and that injustice is the worst differ from us in opinion, than to hold in economy.

l's living tormcuts a race of men who labour

4 U2

for

for the gratification of our palates and has always a right to encouragement; and appetites, our internal and external luxu-l abour is jatitled to respect, at leak, and it ries Thofe beauteous colours of fame tention, even whore fuccefs is uncertain, and and rofes' that-adorn our European la reward unhoped Let M. de Gebelia, theredies, their cotton, their lugar, their cof- fore, plead bis claim to a candid and the fee, their chocolate, their rouge, – all partial bearing. His researches bear imme these the hand of the unhappy negro has diate relation to the bufiness and interests of prepared. Ye fouls of female fenfibility! man; if he fucceed, let us applaud him; if whole bright eyes overflow at scenes of he fail, let us forgive him. M. theatric misery, do ye ever consider, that

Philofophical inquiries concerning the E! what contributes to your pleasures is syprians and the Chince. By M. de P wet with human tears, and stained with liv.

[xxxii. 551.] Frerich. izmo.''2 vols, Bar.

- This author divides his work into human blood ?"

three parts. In the first he treats of the Chis. If there be any man, who, on the per- nefe and Egyprian womco, the state of per ufal of this letter, feels not for the cause pulation among both people, and the food of justice and humanity, to offer him they live upon. The fecond part is en the further argunrents in their support would fate of painting and touiptore among the be fruitiers. M.

Egyptians, the Ohinese, and the people of FOR Ei

the East in general; concloding with the E I GN.

state of chymistry and architoetuse amongt 1. General plan and argument of several the Egyptians and Chinese. The taire, objects and discoveries that compose a work, which is the largeft: part, is wholly on the intitled," The primitive world analyled, and telgica and government of the Egyprias compared with the modern world; or, Inquiries and Chincfe. From chcfe feveral compara into the antiquities of the world. By M. Coure tive views, the author deduces bis cont de Gebelin. -2. Oriental allegories; or, quence, viz. That there never was any mi The Fragment of Sanchoniathon : contain: gration from Egype to China; ao least, the ing the history of Saturn, together with the che Chine le were not originally a colony fream histories of Mercury and Hercules, and an Egypt. M. (xx1.577. xxii 23. savit. rje] explication of his Twelve Latours ; being The true principles of government. Hya an introduction to the knowledge of the late magistrate. French. 8vo. 2 vols. fsfymbolie genius of antiqnity. By the fame. risi - lbe auihor of this work appears a

3. The primitive world analysed, and be as fincere friend 10 sturb, to virtue, and compared wich the modern world in a view to liberty; and to be well sa quainted with of its allegoric genius, and of the allegories political lubjects. He wipes in a ciear, eziy, to which that geaius led. French. 410; cach and natural manner; but he has advanced a. volume. Paris.

1773

Thefe fepa- nothing that is vew In regard to Teligie, rate publicasionis, which, in order of time, it is very obvious what his feniments are: appeared as we have placed them, constitute is is but justice to acknowledge, hoszte, the first volume of a work that has exrned the that he writes upon this fubject in á dish attention and curiofiiy of Europe. The more model and cleceut manger, then the greatnets of the object, the fpirit of the ai- generality of modern French writers, M. tempt, the idea of erudition requitice to fuch The works of M. Thomas, of the French an enterprise, have filled the literali with an academy, a new edition, &c. French. rida Nondhment in general ; — with doubts and et vols Paris. - We have here an edition fufpiciuns, hope and admiration, expecta- of M. Thomas's profe-works much fuperior tion and contempt, in particular, as envy or to any of the former editions, M. benevolence, prejudice or enchilafon pre. • The military ant of the Chinese ; or, & vailed. "We seldom fit in *fober judge ment collection of ancient 'trcatiles upda wa, on extraordinary objects. Private patrious composed before the Christian era, by dit often interfere, although futh objet nugtis terens Chioete generals. To which are addever to be viewed with the most difpallionste ed, ten precepes ackdressed co the soops by eye. If we are offended with high aliump- the Emperor Yong-tcheng, father of the pretrons of learning, adieu to fobriety of judge Sent Emperor. Tranflated into Feach by ment! Our envy is alarned, beyond a P. Amiot, millionary at Peking. Revik doubt. - Yet this is rank folly. is the man and publithed by 61. Deguignes, French, who assumes this fuperiority of knowledge 460. Puris. An advertisement prefixed an objet for envy How far from it! How to this curious publication informs us, the perilous the eminence on which he has pla: the treatises upon the military art of the ced himself? What horror would noe partie Chinese, which are comtuined in it, were his tall? Should we envy him? we should fent from China, by the trolator, to M. rather behold him with the same fenfations Bertin, minifter and fecretary of State; that which we might feel for a man standing on M. Bertin, with the King's permiflion, mais a pinnaclc, in a storna. - Literary enterprise

cains a regular correfpondence with fome fidering him as a poet, a dramatic writct, an learned Chinese, who transmir memoirs é, hiftoriae, &c. cárnico ou by a man of tafte very year to France, and which are commu, and genius, cannot fail of proving agreeable nicaced by the minister to the publica M. » ». to every friend, to literature, good taste

Experimental chymistry. By M. Baumé; and good morals. The author of the letters [a public teacher of chymistry at Paris.] before us feems extremely well qualified for French. 3 vols. 8vo. Paris. The work conductisg such an inquiry, as far as we can now before us is perhaps one of the molt judge from that part of the work which is complete systems that was ever publifhed already published. He proposes, in a series in any science. It is the result of ipuch ex- 'of letters, to enter into a full examination of perience in the practice of chymistry; and in Voltaire's works ; nor with a view to depreiis application to the most useful arts in life. ciate them, but to thew, that he ought, tyy The author's reasoning is extremely chaste; no means, to be coufidered as the great mahe has carefully avoided every theory, which ster of French literature and poetry; that is not founded on induction, and which is the wide-Ipread and growing corruption of not derived from experiment and obferva-" taste in France is principally owing to him tion, and we recommend this valuable work and to point out the numerous bleroifhes in to our chymical readers, not only for the his belt poetical productions; blemishes science which it contains, but for the perfpi- which, he says, are owing to a pallion for cuity and method with which the author has bel esprit, — the most formidable enemy to created his fubjeci.-M. Baumé has publith- nature and genius. Of the productions of ed many important discoveries in the Me his dotage, however, he proposes; out of moirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences at tenderneis to him, to take no notice they Paris, of which he is a member, and has gi- are only fit, indeed, 10 regale the giddy, ven us an excellent creatise upon æther; all the unprincipled, the libertine, and the do of which, together with most of the new bauchee. Like, a generous and spirited addiscoveries and improvements in chymistry, versary, M. C. attacks him in his strong are to be found in this valuable publicatioa. holds, the works of his better days, when

We are forry that our author feems not to his genius was in its full bloom and vis underland, or not to believe, the doctrine gout. M. of fixed air, as delivered to us by the inge The Seafons, a poem.

French. 8vo. nious Dr Black, on the subject of Magnesia, Amsterdam, This is the sth edition of which has been incontestably proved to bear this excellent poem. The ingenious author such relation to alkaline falts and calcarious has taken great pains to correct and improve eachs as to determine their cautricity or it. He has added a few notes, one upon mildness: and we must do that judice sú our gardegs : he compares the English and countrymen to deciare, that the united lao French Galte in gardenings, and gives the bours of Black, Macbride, Cavendish, and prefercoce to that of the Englith, upon Prieltly, have contributed more, by their which he bestows the highest commendan experiments on the subject of fixed air; to- tions. M. , ward the reformation of chymnical philofo The elcgies of Propertius, tranflated by phy, than the philosophers of other coon- M. de Longchamps. . French. 8vo. Paris. ties. M.

- This trasllation, which is in prole, is Letters to Voltaire. By M. Clement, not a cold, literal translation, but has much French. 8yo. Paris. There is no wri. of the force and spirit of the original. (M. tor of the prefeat age, whole works have been so generally read and admired as those

PREFER MENT of Voltaire. The old, the young, the grave, the gay, the divine, and the politician, the

A petition of John Maclellan, Esa; a lieu fpeculative philosopher, and the man of the tenant in the zoth regiment of foot, claimia world; seaders, in a word, of levery class, ing the title and honours of Lord Kirkcudand of every character, find much coterrain bright '(xxiii. 218. xxiv. 219.), was heard mcht, and many things to admire, in them. before the boufe of Lords, on the isch. of le cannot be denied, however, that though March, and some days afterward; and, May therca is much to admire, there is likewile 3. che claim was fustained. On the sth much to blame in his writings that he has of that month, John, Lord Kirkcudbright contributed greatly, especially in France, to bad the honour to kiss his Majesty's hand, on the prevailing depravily both of talte and having the honours of his ancestors confirin manners; that he is far from being a perfected to him by a decree of the house of Lords. model in any species of composition; and His Lordihip was introduced by the Earl of that no writings are more obviously calcula. Oxford, and accompanied to court by the ted than his to promote a spirit of libertinism Earl of Loudon. and infidelity. A critical inquiry, there * In the Index, this, by mistake, is marked to fore, into the character of M. Voltaire, con- be in p. 703.

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706 The LONDON General Bill of Christenings and Burials, from December 15, 172, to Den

cember 14. 1773; with the diseases and casualties, br. Christen cd

Males 8549)
Females 8250)

Deereafed in the bu-
| Buried {Fahales 1083} 21050)
$16805

rials this year 4397 Age. No. Age.

No. Age.

No.

Age, No.
Died under 2. 6850 20 and 30 1953

60 and 70.1324.
2 and 5 1589 30 and 40 2325 70 and 80 1113
5 and 10 655 40

and
50 2306
80 and 90 444

103
To and 20 839 so and 60 2004

go and 100

$3 Discoses. Dropsy

970 Lethargy

2 Tympany Abort, and Stillb. 714 Evil

28 Lunatic

64 Vomit, and Loofen Aged 1490 Fever, Malignant Mealles

199) Worms Ague

Fever, Scarlet Fe Miscarriage Apoplexy and Sud. 221 ver, Spotted Fe.

Mortification

Casualties.

220 Athma and Phthis.434 ver, and Purples 3608 Palfy.

63 Broken Limbs Bedridden 8 Fistula

Pleurily
Bleeding
12 Flux
13 Quiniy

Drowned
Bloody Flux
French Pox

4 Excellive Drinking Bursten and Rupturero | Gout

70 Rheumatism

14 Executed Cancer 35 Gravel, Strangury,

Rickets

s Found Dead Canker

4
and Stone
35 Scald-head

Killed by Falls, and Chicken pox 2 Grief o Scurvy

several other AcciChildbed 192 Headach

Small Pox 1039

dents Cholic, Gripes, Twist- Headmouldth. Hor- Sores, and Ulcers 18 Killed themselves 33

ing of the Guts 44 Moehead, and Wa Sore Throat, 3.Murdered Cold

ter in the Head • 221 St Anthouy's Fire 4 Overlaid Consumption 4825 Jaundice ..123 Stoppage in Stom. uscălded Convulsions $669 Imposthume 2 Surfeit

Smothered
Cough, and Hoop-,
Inflammation 108 Sweling

Istabbed ing-Cough

o Teeth

052 Starved Diabetes 3 Leprofy

3) Thrush, 61 Suffocated

20 Burnt

3

63 Rath

18

21

235 Itch

General Bill of Mortality for 1773, in EDINBURGH,' and WEST-KTR* parish.
Buried in the city. In the West- kirk-yarda

Age.
Males. ¡Femal., In all. Males. Femal, In all. Total.

Under 2 years 360 January 34 34 68 18 18 36

104 February

34 70
16

38
108

5 & 10

73 March 33 41 74

23 37
ITI
IO & 20

58 April

26
37 63 8 15

86

20 & 30
is 28

16 19
35 78

1:30 & 40 June

21
30 SI 14

28

79 Ž 40 & 50 July

55
IO
18

Iso & 60
Auguft
24 31 55 20

Bo September 25

49
18 37

86

70 & 90 O&tober

33
25
77

37 November 18 28 46 23 17

86

199 & 100 December 39 44 83 17

I 21

I TOT Total 316 374 690 194

417 1107

May

23

43

98

60 & 70

80 & 90

21

38

Decr. 74

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(Aged 117 Confumpt. 292 Iliac pallions Rupture 11 Water in head Apoplexy Cramp in stom, 2 Inflammation Small pox 127 Weakness Althma 1 Draughts Jaundice 3 Stillborn

37 Cafualties Bowelhive 42 Droply 3 Locked jaw + Suddenly 14 Drowned Cancer I Fever 231 Lunatic

Swelling lExecuted Childbed 12 Fistula

Mealles

49 Teething 76 Found dead Chincough 51 Flux 5 Nerves

1 Timpany *Kiled by falb 3 (Colic

I Gravel 4 Pally 3 Vermin I. Smostered The burials in the Canongate and Calton burial-places are not included." PARIS. Births 18,847; Deaths 18,518; Marriages 4810; Foundling children 5y59. GLASGOW. Dcaths : 633 males, 686 females, is 7319.' Deerea sed 155: In our annual mortality-bill for 1772 [xxxiv. 728.] lin ult. read lacreasca 3*,

IXDEX

A

town-meet.

161

As I and I, and likewise U and V, are each a disting letter, both in character and power, they
aré, in the following indexes, kept diffinit, and arranged alphabetically in the order in which they
are here fer down.

N. B. When different pages are referred to at any article, if the numbers are disjoined by a com-
ma, the first figure or figures in the preceding numbers are supposed to be repeated in the fubfequent.

Berdeen, Atate of the house 219. The answer 326. rishing state of the indigo
infirmary there last Proceedings of

trade at Point Coupee 665
year 56. A violent ings 375. Remarkable pa - North Carolina, reasons
form at 103. Trials at 332. ragraph in a meffage pre- why the governor rejected,
*556! The sean of loft 668 fented to the Governor 383, almost every bill paffed by
Aberdeenthire, fiars of for Substance of the Governor's the assembly 327. The ai-
1772 168

speech concerning forgery of fembly diffolved, and writs
Ads passed 161.220, 64. 328. the coin, &c. ib. ' Letters iflued' for a new one ib.
384.

from Governor Hutchinson Proclamations by the go-
Acts, abstracts of : Of that to a gedtleman in England vernur requiring payment of
for encouraging the improve. 408. from Mr Oliver 480. the quit-rents and taxes 493
ment of entailed 'estates in $20. and from Nath. Rogers Ohio, the design of c-
Scotland 20. Of the game. 523. Vote of the assembly stablishing a new government
act for Scotland 449 concerning faid letters 413. on, communicated to the In-
Adams, M. & A. perpetrate a Message from the Governor dians 493. A graat of lands
thocking murder 612 concerning, and the assem- made 665
Addition. See Numbers bly's answer ib. Resolutions Philadelphia, a number
Addresses: Of the city of Lon- of a committee on 413. and of emigrants from Ireland
don on the birth of a prince of a board of couucil $24. arrive there 493. The im-
102. Of the Royal Society Meff. Whately and Temple porting of teas from England

fight a duel about the disco strongly opposed 664. A
Africa, on the trade from very of 666. B. Franklin shocking murder committed
Britain to 38

acknowledges that he tranf. in Lancaster county 665
Agricola on pruning trees 536 mitted them ib. The 14th Providence, a lead and
Air, on the denfity of 415 of August 1765 commemora copper mines discovered 810
Algiers. See Barbary ted at Boston 492. Proceed Rhode-illand, G. Rome
Ali Bey. Sce Turky ings of a town-meeting an interrogated and imprisoned
Anan, W. cast in his declara- gainst teas being landed there by the assembly for a letter
tor of marriage against Miss 664

he wrote to England 664
Young 498

Georgia, a scuffle with Salem, vote of the town
Alonzo, an account of the tra- fome Creek Indians 217. against the importation of

gedy of 201. Criticisms on Lands ceded by the Indians negroes 384
203. See Poetry

to be sold 327. The Indians South Carolina, the go-
America, of the ecclesiastical discharged of their debts on vernor rejects the Speaker
establishment in 9. The that account 493

chosen by the assembly, and
case of Diflenters in New and Honduras, bay of, a new diffolves it 102. A congress
Old England compared 10.An and destructive species of ti to be held with the Cherokee
island discovered from whence gers appear at 493. The and Creek Indians for ce-
America is supposed to be settlement there abandoning ding some lands 218.'. A
peopled 95. A correspond on account of a tebellion of printer imprisoned by the
ence entered into by the dif- the negroes 685

Upper, and released by the
ferent colonies 383. Mea Jamaica, an atrocious Commons house, and ad-
fures taken to hinder the murdereri hanged at 328. Sir - dreffes to the governor on
importation of teas into 664 B. Keith imbarks for the go-

609, io
Barbadoes, a diabolical vernment of 612

St Christopher's, a good
afsociation fuppressed at 328. - New Hampshire, trial profpect of 'retrieving the
Apply to the King to make between the Governor and damages suffered by the hur-
it a free port 610

one of the council of that ricane there' last year $1
- Boston, the Governor's province 442

St Vincent's, authentic
speech to the asembly 97. - New York, refolute be- papers relative to the expe-
Extracts from the votes and haviour of some forgers exe dition against the Caribs 62.
proceedings of a town-meer- cuted at 327. An infance Account of the rise
ing ror. Mellages and an- of the savage manners of the and progrefs of that expedi-
swers between the Governor Indians 610. Opposition to rion 174. Debates on in the
and House of representatives the East-India company House of Commons 188, 91,
concerning the judges sala- fending teas there 664. Mo Address the King to lay co-
ries 218. Governor's mela tives from whence that op- pies of the papers relative to
Lage concerning the province. pofition proceeds ib. Flou-

before

1

237

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