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capnon on which they were bound, it will be salledged, that the Black ficken at the recital of thefe horrors : * Code was instituted in their favour. - Be My eyes ach with seeing them: - My it fo: the severity of their masters still ears with hearing them! Happy you! exceeds the allotted punishments, and When the town gives you offence, you their avarice with-holds the provisions, retire to the country; your eye is de. the repofe, and rewards, that are their lighted with beauteous plains, hills, bam- due. If the unfortunate creatures would lets, harvests, vintages, a people that complain, to whom can they complain? dance and fing; - images, at least, of Their judges are often their greateft tyhappiness! Here I fee poor negro-wo. rants. men bending o'er their spades, their na It is alledged, that, without severity, it ked children bound upon their backs, is impoflible to manage the Daves : you miserable creatures that tremble as they must have punishments and pains, iron pafs; before me. Sometimes, perhaps, 1 collars with three braces, whips, blocks hear at distance the found of their tamto bind them to by the foot, and chains bour, but more frequently the found of to go round their necks. They must, in whips cracking in the air like the report short, be treated like beafts, that the of a pistol, and the heart-rending cries whites may live like meh. of Mercy, Master, Merey !”- If I fly Can we wonder at reafoning like this? to folitudes, I find myfelf among rugged Where there is injustice in the principle, rocks, mountains that lift their inaccef- there must be inhumanity in the consefible fummits into the clouds, and tor- quence. rents that rush horribly into the abyss But it is not enough that these poor beneath ; ,winds that howl through ia- wretches are given up to the avarice and vage deserts, the fullen found of waves cruelty of the most depraved of mankind: breaking against the shores, the vast ocean they must be the sport likewise of their rolling its stupendous waters to regions fophiftry. unknown to human inquiry all these Theologians affirm, that by a tempat objects ferve but to cherish the melan- ral Navery they procure a spiritual liber chaly ideas of seclusion from fociety, and ty. The greater part of them, however, of exile.
mai are purchased at an age when they can" P.S. I know not whether coffee and not learn French, and the missionaries do sugar may be necessary to the happiness not understand their language. Besides, of Europe, but I know that they have those that are baptized are treated like been the fource of mifery to two quarters the rest. of the globe. America was depopulated They add, that they have merited the to obtain room for planting, and Africa chastisement of Heaven by felling one anwas depopulated to furnish Naves for the other. But are we then to be their exe cultivation.
cutioners! Let us leave the vultures to We are told, that it is our interest ra- destroy the kites. ther to cultivate such commodities as are It is a maxim with the politicians, become necessary to us, than purchase That slavery is the authorised effect of them of our neighbours. But as car. war. But the blacks make no war on penters, tilers, mafons, and other Eu- us: I allow that hunian laws permit this; ropean artificers, can, in their several but we ought at least to confine ourselves countries, pursue their business in the within the bounds they prescribe. heat of the sun, why should we not havel I am mortified when I think, that those white labourers here? But what then, philofophers who have shewn fo much you will say, would become of the pro- fortitude in their attacks of moral and prietaries --They would grow richer, religious abuses, have not once mention-> A planter with twenty farmers, would ed the poor negroes, unless in the way. be in good circumstances. With twenty of pleasantry. They turn from the view saves he is poor. They reckon here of their misfortunes. They talk of the 20,000 Naves. Of these an eighteenth massacre of the Mexicans by the Spapart are renewed annually; so that the niards, as if that crime were not the guilt colony left to itself, would in eighteen of our own days; a guilt in which half years be totally exhausted. So true it is, Europe is concerned. Is it a greater that population depends on liberty and, crime at once to aflaffinate a people who property, and that injustice is the worst differ from us in opinion, than to hold in economy.
l's living tormcuts a race of men who labour
for the gratification of our palates and has always a right to encouragement; and appetites, our internal and external luxu-l abour is jatitled to respect, at leak, and it ries Thofe beauteous colours of fame tention, even whore fuccefs is uncertain, and and rofes' that-adorn our European la reward unhoped Let M. de Gebelia, theredies, their cotton, their lugar, their cof- fore, plead bis claim to a candid and the fee, their chocolate, their rouge, – all partial bearing. His researches bear imme these the hand of the unhappy negro has diate relation to the bufiness and interests of prepared. Ye fouls of female fenfibility! man; if he fucceed, let us applaud him; if whole bright eyes overflow at scenes of he fail, let us forgive him. M. theatric misery, do ye ever consider, that
Philofophical inquiries concerning the E! what contributes to your pleasures is syprians and the Chince. By M. de P wet with human tears, and stained with liv.
[xxxii. 551.] Frerich. izmo.''2 vols, Bar.
- This author divides his work into human blood ?"
three parts. In the first he treats of the Chis. If there be any man, who, on the per- nefe and Egyprian womco, the state of per ufal of this letter, feels not for the cause pulation among both people, and the food of justice and humanity, to offer him they live upon. The fecond part is en the further argunrents in their support would fate of painting and touiptore among the be fruitiers. M.
Egyptians, the Ohinese, and the people of FOR Ei
the East in general; concloding with the E I GN.
state of chymistry and architoetuse amongt 1. General plan and argument of several the Egyptians and Chinese. The taire, objects and discoveries that compose a work, which is the largeft: part, is wholly on the intitled," The primitive world analyled, and telgica and government of the Egyprias compared with the modern world; or, Inquiries and Chincfe. From chcfe feveral compara into the antiquities of the world. By M. Coure tive views, the author deduces bis cont de Gebelin. -2. Oriental allegories; or, quence, viz. That there never was any mi The Fragment of Sanchoniathon : contain: gration from Egype to China; ao least, the ing the history of Saturn, together with the che Chine le were not originally a colony fream histories of Mercury and Hercules, and an Egypt. M. (xx1.577. xxii 23. savit. rje] explication of his Twelve Latours ; being The true principles of government. Hya an introduction to the knowledge of the late magistrate. French. 8vo. 2 vols. fsfymbolie genius of antiqnity. By the fame. risi - lbe auihor of this work appears a
3. The primitive world analysed, and be as fincere friend 10 sturb, to virtue, and compared wich the modern world in a view to liberty; and to be well sa quainted with of its allegoric genius, and of the allegories political lubjects. He wipes in a ciear, eziy, to which that geaius led. French. 410; cach and natural manner; but he has advanced a. volume. Paris.
Thefe fepa- nothing that is vew In regard to Teligie, rate publicasionis, which, in order of time, it is very obvious what his feniments are: appeared as we have placed them, constitute is is but justice to acknowledge, hoszte, the first volume of a work that has exrned the that he writes upon this fubject in á dish attention and curiofiiy of Europe. The more model and cleceut manger, then the greatnets of the object, the fpirit of the ai- generality of modern French writers, M. tempt, the idea of erudition requitice to fuch The works of M. Thomas, of the French an enterprise, have filled the literali with an academy, a new edition, &c. French. rida Nondhment in general ; — with doubts and et vols Paris. - We have here an edition fufpiciuns, hope and admiration, expecta- of M. Thomas's profe-works much fuperior tion and contempt, in particular, as envy or to any of the former editions, M. benevolence, prejudice or enchilafon pre. • The military ant of the Chinese ; or, & vailed. "We seldom fit in *fober judge ment collection of ancient 'trcatiles upda wa, on extraordinary objects. Private patrious composed before the Christian era, by dit often interfere, although futh objet nugtis terens Chioete generals. To which are addever to be viewed with the most difpallionste ed, ten precepes ackdressed co the soops by eye. If we are offended with high aliump- the Emperor Yong-tcheng, father of the pretrons of learning, adieu to fobriety of judge Sent Emperor. Tranflated into Feach by ment! Our envy is alarned, beyond a P. Amiot, millionary at Peking. Revik doubt. - Yet this is rank folly. is the man and publithed by 61. Deguignes, French, who assumes this fuperiority of knowledge 460. Puris. An advertisement prefixed an objet for envy How far from it! How to this curious publication informs us, the perilous the eminence on which he has pla: the treatises upon the military art of the ced himself? What horror would noe partie Chinese, which are comtuined in it, were his tall? Should we envy him? we should fent from China, by the trolator, to M. rather behold him with the same fenfations Bertin, minifter and fecretary of State; that which we might feel for a man standing on M. Bertin, with the King's permiflion, mais a pinnaclc, in a storna. - Literary enterprise
cains a regular correfpondence with fome fidering him as a poet, a dramatic writct, an learned Chinese, who transmir memoirs é, hiftoriae, &c. cárnico ou by a man of tafte very year to France, and which are commu, and genius, cannot fail of proving agreeable nicaced by the minister to the publica M. » ». to every friend, to literature, good taste
Experimental chymistry. By M. Baumé; and good morals. The author of the letters [a public teacher of chymistry at Paris.] before us feems extremely well qualified for French. 3 vols. 8vo. Paris. The work conductisg such an inquiry, as far as we can now before us is perhaps one of the molt judge from that part of the work which is complete systems that was ever publifhed already published. He proposes, in a series in any science. It is the result of ipuch ex- 'of letters, to enter into a full examination of perience in the practice of chymistry; and in Voltaire's works ; nor with a view to depreiis application to the most useful arts in life. ciate them, but to thew, that he ought, tyy The author's reasoning is extremely chaste; no means, to be coufidered as the great mahe has carefully avoided every theory, which ster of French literature and poetry; that is not founded on induction, and which is the wide-Ipread and growing corruption of not derived from experiment and obferva-" taste in France is principally owing to him tion, and we recommend this valuable work and to point out the numerous bleroifhes in to our chymical readers, not only for the his belt poetical productions; blemishes science which it contains, but for the perfpi- which, he says, are owing to a pallion for cuity and method with which the author has bel esprit, — the most formidable enemy to created his fubjeci.-M. Baumé has publith- nature and genius. Of the productions of ed many important discoveries in the Me his dotage, however, he proposes; out of moirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences at tenderneis to him, to take no notice they Paris, of which he is a member, and has gi- are only fit, indeed, 10 regale the giddy, ven us an excellent creatise upon æther; all the unprincipled, the libertine, and the do of which, together with most of the new bauchee. Like, a generous and spirited addiscoveries and improvements in chymistry, versary, M. C. attacks him in his strong are to be found in this valuable publicatioa. holds, the works of his better days, when
We are forry that our author feems not to his genius was in its full bloom and vis underland, or not to believe, the doctrine gout. M. of fixed air, as delivered to us by the inge The Seafons, a poem.
French. 8vo. nious Dr Black, on the subject of Magnesia, Amsterdam, This is the sth edition of which has been incontestably proved to bear this excellent poem. The ingenious author such relation to alkaline falts and calcarious has taken great pains to correct and improve eachs as to determine their cautricity or it. He has added a few notes, one upon mildness: and we must do that judice sú our gardegs : he compares the English and countrymen to deciare, that the united lao French Galte in gardenings, and gives the bours of Black, Macbride, Cavendish, and prefercoce to that of the Englith, upon Prieltly, have contributed more, by their which he bestows the highest commendan experiments on the subject of fixed air; to- tions. M. , ward the reformation of chymnical philofo The elcgies of Propertius, tranflated by phy, than the philosophers of other coon- M. de Longchamps. . French. 8vo. Paris. ties. M.
- This trasllation, which is in prole, is Letters to Voltaire. By M. Clement, not a cold, literal translation, but has much French. 8yo. Paris. There is no wri. of the force and spirit of the original. (M. tor of the prefeat age, whole works have been so generally read and admired as those
PREFER MENT of Voltaire. The old, the young, the grave, the gay, the divine, and the politician, the
A petition of John Maclellan, Esa; a lieu fpeculative philosopher, and the man of the tenant in the zoth regiment of foot, claimia world; seaders, in a word, of levery class, ing the title and honours of Lord Kirkcudand of every character, find much coterrain bright '(xxiii. 218. xxiv. 219.), was heard mcht, and many things to admire, in them. before the boufe of Lords, on the isch. of le cannot be denied, however, that though March, and some days afterward; and, May therca is much to admire, there is likewile 3. che claim was fustained. On the sth much to blame in his writings that he has of that month, John, Lord Kirkcudbright contributed greatly, especially in France, to bad the honour to kiss his Majesty's hand, on the prevailing depravily both of talte and having the honours of his ancestors confirin manners; that he is far from being a perfected to him by a decree of the house of Lords. model in any species of composition; and His Lordihip was introduced by the Earl of that no writings are more obviously calcula. Oxford, and accompanied to court by the ted than his to promote a spirit of libertinism Earl of Loudon. and infidelity. A critical inquiry, there * In the Index, this, by mistake, is marked to fore, into the character of M. Voltaire, con- be in p. 703.
706 The LONDON General Bill of Christenings and Burials, from December 15, 172, to Den
cember 14. 1773; with the diseases and casualties, br. Christen cd
Deereafed in the bu-
rials this year 4397 Age. No. Age.
60 and 70.1324.
go and 100
$3 Discoses. Dropsy
2 Tympany Abort, and Stillb. 714 Evil
64 Vomit, and Loofen Aged 1490 Fever, Malignant Mealles
199) Worms Ague
Fever, Scarlet Fe Miscarriage Apoplexy and Sud. 221 ver, Spotted Fe.
220 Athma and Phthis.434 ver, and Purples 3608 Palfy.
63 Broken Limbs Bedridden 8 Fistula
4 Excellive Drinking Bursten and Rupturero | Gout
14 Executed Cancer 35 Gravel, Strangury,
s Found Dead Canker
Killed by Falls, and Chicken pox 2 Grief o Scurvy
several other AcciChildbed 192 Headach
Small Pox 1039
dents Cholic, Gripes, Twist- Headmouldth. Hor- Sores, and Ulcers 18 Killed themselves 33
ing of the Guts 44 Moehead, and Wa Sore Throat, 3.Murdered Cold
ter in the Head • 221 St Anthouy's Fire 4 Overlaid Consumption 4825 Jaundice ..123 Stoppage in Stom. uscălded Convulsions $669 Imposthume 2 Surfeit
052 Starved Diabetes 3 Leprofy
3) Thrush, 61 Suffocated
General Bill of Mortality for 1773, in EDINBURGH,' and WEST-KTR* parish.
Under 2 years 360 January 34 34 68 18 18 36
5 & 10
73 March 33 41 74
20 & 30
1:30 & 40 June
79 Ž 40 & 50 July
Iso & 60
Bo September 25
70 & 90 O&tober
37 November 18 28 46 23 17
199 & 100 December 39 44 83 17
I TOT Total 316 374 690 194
60 & 70
80 & 90
(Aged 117 Confumpt. 292 Iliac pallions Rupture 11 Water in head Apoplexy Cramp in stom, 2 Inflammation Small pox 127 Weakness Althma 1 Draughts Jaundice 3 Stillborn
37 Cafualties Bowelhive 42 Droply 3 Locked jaw + Suddenly 14 Drowned Cancer I Fever 231 Lunatic
Swelling lExecuted Childbed 12 Fistula
49 Teething 76 Found dead Chincough 51 Flux 5 Nerves
1 Timpany *Kiled by falb 3 (Colic
I Gravel 4 Pally 3 Vermin I. Smostered The burials in the Canongate and Calton burial-places are not included." PARIS. Births 18,847; Deaths 18,518; Marriages 4810; Foundling children 5y59. GLASGOW. Dcaths : 633 males, 686 females, is 7319.' Deerea sed 155: • In our annual mortality-bill for 1772 [xxxiv. 728.] lin ult. read lacreasca 3*,
As I and I, and likewise U and V, are each a disting letter, both in character and power, they
N. B. When different pages are referred to at any article, if the numbers are disjoined by a com-
Berdeen, Atate of the house 219. The answer 326. rishing state of the indigo
trade at Point Coupee 665
speech concerning forgery of fembly diffolved, and writs
from Governor Hutchinson Proclamations by the go-
fight a duel about the disco strongly opposed 664. A
acknowledges that he tranf. in Lancaster county 665
he wrote to England 664
Georgia, a scuffle with Salem, vote of the town
gedy of 201. Criticisms on Lands ceded by the Indians negroes 384
to be sold 327. The Indians South Carolina, the go-
chosen by the assembly, and
Upper, and released by the
St Christopher's, a good
one of the council of that ricane there' last year $1
St Vincent's, authentic