« ZurückWeiter »
maid proposed to mix willow and milk while: the willow was excluded because it signified forsaken,
A virtuous, discreet, and loving wife.
Let no man value at a little price A virtuous womanu counsaile \ her wing'd spirit
la feathered oftentimes with heavenly words;
And (like her beauty) ravishing, and pure
She gives him double forces, to endure
If he lament, she melts herself in teares:
And is, in alterations passing strange,
Yet cannot bend in rule the weakest hearts , Musick delights but one sense; nor choice meats;
One quietly fades, the other stir to sinne;
There is nothing can please a man without love: and if a man be weary of the wise discourses of the Apostles, and of the innocence of an even and a private fortune, or hates peace, or a fruitful year, he hath reaped thorns and thistles from the choicest flowers of paradise; for nothing can sweeten felicity itself, but
love; but, when a man dwells in love, then the breasts of his wife are pleasant as the droppings upon the hill of Hermon, her eyes are fair as the light of heaven; she is a fountain sealed, and he can quench his thirst, and ease his cares, and lay his sorrows down upon her lap, and can retire home to his sanctuary and refectory, and his gardens of sweetness and chaste refreshments. No man can tell, but he that loves his children, how many delicious accents make a man's heart dance in the pretty conversation of those dear pledges; their childishness, their stammering, their little angers, their innocence, their imperfections, their necessities, are so many little emanations of joy and comfort to him that delights in their persons and society.—Jeremy Taylor.
Oh 1 to my sense, there is in childhood's kiss.
And in its trust, that, in a world like this, Each that surrounds it is its genuine friend!
Their little pranks, the which with emphasis Speaks of the heavens! 'Tis to condescend, From converse with a child ,wi th aught on earth to blend.
In a child's voice—is there not melody?
In a child's eye—is there not rapture seen? And rapture not of passion's revelry?
Calm, though itnpassion'd I durable, though keen I
It is all fresh, like the young spring's tint green 1
Children seem spirits from above descended. To whom still cleaves heaven's atmosphere serene;
Their very wildnesses with truth are blended: Fresh from their skiey mould, they cannot be amended.
Warm and uncalculating, they're more
More of the stuff have they of paradise—
Than all that bards e'er feign; or tuneful skill
C. LUyd. 1831.
In a handsome three and sixpenny Entertainments in the City of London."
tract, entitled "London Pageants," Mr. It is printed in octavo, and embellished
John Gough Nichols has compiled "Ac- with a folding quarto plate (from which
I counts of fifty-five Royal Processions and the preceding engraving is copied), after
one of seven very rare folio prints representing "The Arches of Triumph erected in honor of the High and Mighty Prince James, the first ot the name king of England, and the sixth of Scotland, at his Majesty's entrance and passage through his honorable Citty and Chamber of London, upon the 15th day of March, 1603. Invented and published by Stephen Harrison, Joyner and architect; and graven by William Kip." In 1803 a set of these prints, at Mr. Woodhouse's sale, produced twenty-six guineas, and therefore Mr. Nichols's view of one of these coronation arches enhances the interest of his work. It abounds in curious knowledge, familiarly communicated upon competent authority,and is consequently a desirable publication to all who wish to be acquainted, at a small expense, with the old royal processions in the metropolis.
On reference to Mr. Nichols's "London Pageants," we find, that, from very early times, the kings of England made processions through London to their corenation.
In 1236, Henry III. having solemnized his marriage with Eleanor of Provence, at Canterbury, they were met, on their way to London, by the mayor, aldermen, and principal citizens, on horseback, richly arrayed in silk embroidered robes, each carrying a gold or silver cup, in token of the privilege claimed by the city, of being chief butler of the kingdom, at the king's coronation; and so they rode with the king and queen to their coronation at Westminster: there were set out in the streets pompous shows, and at night the city was splendidly illuminated with cressets and other lights. This seems to be the first coronation procession through the city upon record.
The procession of Richard II. on St. Swithin s day, 1377, is remarkable. The king, then a youth, clad in white garments, with a multitude of attendants, rode from the tower after dinner, through the city. The conduits ran with wine. In the Cheap was erected a castle spouting wine with four towers, and in each tower a beautiful virgin in white, of like stature and age with the king; on his approach each virgin blew in his face leaves of gold, and threw on him and his horse counterfeit gold florins, and, filling wine from the castle spouts into go.d cups, presented wine to the king and his nobles; and on the top of the castle was a golden angel, holding a crown, and so contrived,
that he bowed down when the king came, and offered him the crown. There were other pageants, or shows, at other places in the line of route, but this was the most striking.
The return of Henry V. from his victory at Agincourt was welcomed with great rejoicing. The king was met at Blackheath by the mayor and aldermen of London, arrayed in orient grained scarlet, and 400 commoners in beautiful murrey, all with rich collars and chains, and on horseback. At St. Thomas a Watering he was received by the London clergy in solemn procession, with sumptuous copes, rich crosses, and centers. At London bridge, on the top of the tower, stood a gigantic figure with an axe in his right hand, and in his left the keys of the city hanging to a staff, in manner of a porter; by his side was a female figure, of scarcely less stature, intended for his wife: around them was a band of trumpets and other wind instruments: and on the towers were banners of the royal arms. On each side of the drawbridge was a lofty tower; one was painted to represent white marble, and the other green jasper; they were surmounted by figures of the king's beasts, an antelope, with a shield of the royal arms from his neck, holding a sceptre with his right foot; and a lion bearing in his right paw the royal standard. At the foot of the bridge, next the city, was raised a tower, having in the middle a splendid pavilion, under which stood a beautiful image of St. George, armed, except his head, which was crowned with laurel, studded with precious gems; behind him was crimson tapestry, healing a multitude of glittering shields, and on one side of him was his triumphal helmet, and on the other his arms, a red Cross; he held in his right hand the hilt of his sword, gifted, and in his left a scroll, extending along the turrets, and inscribed, Soli Deo Honor et Gloria. In an adjoining edifice innumerable boys, representing the angelic host, in white, with glittering wings, and sprigs of laurel in their hair, on the king's approach sang an anthem, accompanied by organs. The tower of the Conduit on Cornhill was decked with a tent of crimson cloth, and ornamented with the king's arms, and those of St George, St. Edward, and St. Edmund. Under the pavilion was a company of hoary prophets, in golden coats and mantles, and their heads covered with gold and crimson ; who, when the king passed, sent forth a great quantity of small birds, as a sacrifice agreeable to God, some of which alighted on the king's breast and shoulders, and others fluttered around him: the prophets then sang the psalm, Cuntate Domino canticum novum. See, The tower of the Conduit at the entrance of Cheap was hung with green, and ornamented with escutcheons. Here sat twelve old men, having the names of the apostles written on I heir foreheads, together with the twelve kings, martyrs, and confessors of England ; these also chaunted at the king's approach, and sent forth upon him round leaves of silver mixed with wafers, and offered wine from the pipes of the conduit, imitating Melchisedek's reception of Abraham, when he returned from his victory over the four kings. The Cross of Cheap was concealed by a noble castle, constructed of timber, and covered with linen, painted to resemble squared blocks of white marble, and green and crimson jasper; the arms of St. George adorned the summit, those of the king and the emperor were raised on halberds, and the lower turrets had the arms of the royal family and great peers of the realm. From a stage in front came forth a chorus of virgins with timbrel and dance, as to another David coming from the slaughter of Goliah; their song of congratulation was, "Welcome, Henry the Fifle, King of Englond and of Iraunce:" throughout the building there was dispersed a multitude of boys, representing the heavenly host, who showered on the king small coins resembling gold, and threw boughs of laurel, and sang, accompanied by organs, Te Deum lavdamiu. The tower of the conduit at the west end of Cheap was surrounded with pavilions, and in each pavilion was a virgin, and each virgin held acup,and these virginsblewforth from their cups golden leaves on the king: the tower was covered with a canopy resembling the sky and clouds; and the four corners of the celestial canopy were supported by angels, and on the summit was an archangel of brilliant gold. Under the canopy, on a throne, was a resplendent image representing the sun, shining above all things, and around it were angels singing, and playing all kinds of musical instruments. On the king leaving this pageant he passed on to his devotions at St. Paul's, and thence he departed to his palace at Westminster.
In order to make due mention of the subject of the present engraving, all notice of other processions, and scenes of uncommon splendor, must be omitted. Arriving then at the coronation progress of James I., Mr. Nichols says, "The king left the tower between the hours of eleven and twelve, mounted on a white jennet, under a rich canopy, sustained by eight gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, instead of the Barons of the Cinque Ports. His notice was first directed to three hundred children of Christ's Hospital, placed on a scaffold at the Church of Allhallows, Barking." He next came to the first arch, which was at Fenchurch, and is decribed in Mr. Nichols's work. Proceeding onwards towards Cornhill the cavalcade reached the edifice represented by the engraving at the head of this article, and which occurs to be spoken of in Mr. Nichols's words: "The second Pageant was erected in Gracechurch-street, by the Italian merchants. Its ground plan was a square ornamented with four great columns; in the midst of which was cut one arch, twenty-seven feet in height. Above the arch was represented king Henry the Seventh, seated, approached by king James, on horseback (as he was usually seen), to receive the sceptre from his ancestor. Between the columns were also four allegorical paintings. On the roof, on a pedestal, stood a female figure, holding a crown, which she seemed to stoop to bestow upon the king. At the four corners, were erected figures with trumpets; and over the gateway, on one side, were palm tree', and on the other a vine, with angels." This is the arch depicted in the print.
But, upon the same spot, in Gracechurch-street, a Pageant of far greater splendor had been erected a century before, in 1501, to welcome the entry of the princess Katherine of Spain, on oo casion of her approaching marriage with Arthur prince of Wales. In the middle
• This custom, that Arches of Triumph should be erected by foreign mere hants, prevailed also on the Continent. At a public entry into Lisbon, in 1729, on the marriage of the prince of Brazil, when there were twenty-four Triumphal Arches in the several streets, each of the nations of strangers was obliged to erect one. M The English arch will be, the finest, and will cost at least 20,000 crusadoes ; the Hamhurghers about 15,000.*' — Whitehall Evening Pott, Feb. 22, 1728-P.
of Gracechurch-strect "where the water runneth into the channel," was fixed a foundation of stone of three or four feet high, having a passage for the current of water as usual: on which foundation was constructed a castle, formed of timber, but covered with canvas painted to resemble masonry. Within a man's height from the stonework, were battlements ornamented with these badges; 1, a red rose with a white one within it, surmounted by a crown of gold ; 2, three blue garters, with the posey of the order, also crowned ; 3, a golden fleur-de-lis; and 4, a portcullis with two chains, surmounted by a crown. In some parts also were clouds, with beams of gold, in a blue firmament; in other places white harts; and in others peacocks displayed. Above the first battlement was a great gate, with folding leaves, full of great bars of iron with nails, and over the gate a large portcullis, having in every joint a red rose; over this gate, on the stone work, were the King's arms, supported on the right side by a red dragon, dreadful, and on the left by a white greyhound; and a yard from these arms on every side was a great red rose of half a yard in breadth. Above this gate was another course of battlements and badges, like the former. Beneath, in the opening, stood a Knight, armed cap-a-pie, named Policy. The building stretched on each side into the adjoining windows and shops, with two other portcullises embattlemented, and ornamented with numberless repetitions of the badges and royal insignia already described ; and at each corner of this middle story and great tower was a turret, decked with roses, greyhounds, portcullises, and St. George's crosses of white and red, each turret having at top seven sides, and on each side a pinnacle and a vane. Above all this great story was another somewhat smaller, leaded above, and painted on its four sides like rag and flint stones, with hollow crosses, windows, and gunholes, and on the top great vanes with the King's arms, and at the summit of the whole a red dreadful dragon holding a staff of iron, and on it a great crown of gold. In this upper story was another large door wherein stood a knight with a head-piece, called Nobleness; and on his right hand a bishop who was named Virtue. The Knights and the Bishop all delivered long poetical addresses. The horseways and passages were under the wings of this Pageant, which was called the Castle of Portculleys. The prescribed limits restrain all notice
oere of the other gorgeous Pageants set out by the corporation for the entertainment of the princess, and the royal and noble personages accompanying her progress: nor can even a glance be taken at any of the numerous splendid Processions and Pageants described in Mr. Nichols's interesting publication.
Enquirers concerning accounts of" Lord Mayors' Shows" may be gladdened by knowing that in Mr. Nichols's " London Pageants" there is a thorough clue to their pursuits. The work contains a "Bibliographical list of Lord Mayors" Pageants," from the mayoralty of sir Woolston Dixie in 1585 ; with particulars of some of earlier date, and notices of others belonging to our own times; not omitting the mayoralty show of Mr. Alderman Lucas in 1027, when the gi... < walked.
Old Triumphal Sono.
My mind to me a kingdom is ;
Such perfect joy therein I find, That it excels all other bliss
Which God or nature hath assign'd:
No force to win a victory;
I see that plenty surfeits oft,
And hasty climbers soonest fall;
Mishap doth threaten most of all.
I press to bear no haughty sway;
I wish no more than may suffice;
Look, what I want my mind supplies;
I laugh not at another's loss;
Nor grudge not at another's gain;
And conscience clear my chief defence: