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Friendliest of men, Aders, I never cor.e I
Within the precincts of this sacred Room, i1
But I am struck with a religious fear,
Which says " Let no profane eye enter here."
With imagery from lieav'u the walls are clothed,
Making the things of Time seem vile and lotuhed.
Spare Saints, whose bodies seem sustain'd by Love
With Martyrs old in meek procession move.
Here kneels a weeping Magdalen, less bright
To human sense for her blurr'd cneeks; in sight
Of eyes, new-touch'd by Heav'n, more winning fair
Than when her beauty was her only care.
A Hermit here strange mysteries doth unlock
In desan sole, his knees worn by the rock.
There Angel harps are sounding, while below
Palm-bearing Virgins in white order go.
Madonnas, varied with so chaste design,
While all are different, each seems genuine,
And hers the only Jesus: hard outline,
And rigid form, by Durer's hand subdued
To matchless grace, and sacro-sanctitude;
DuRER, who makes thy slighted Germany
Vie with the praise of paint-proud Italy.
Whoever enter's! here, no more presume
money or petition." Lord Bemers, the i
In illustration of the custom of "making
Is the Friday before Easter. Anciently it was a custom with the kings of England on Good Friday to uallow, with great ceremony, certain rings, the wearing of which was believed to prevent the falling-sickness. The custom originated from a ring, long preserved with great veneration in Westminster Abbey, which was reported to have been brought to King Edward by some persons coming from Jerusalem, and which he himself had long before given privately to a poor person, who had asked alms of him for the love he bare to St. John the Evangelist. The rings consecrated by the sovereigns were called "cramp-rings," and there was a particular service for their consecration. Andrew Boorde, in his Breviary of Health, 1557, speaking of the cramp, says—"The kynge's Majesliehath a great helpe in this matter in halowing Crampe Hinges, and so geven without
leathe. and of his five woundes, to say five I'aler-nosters, five Aves, and one Ende, that it may please his mercifull goodness to make us partenersof the merits of ihis his most glorious passyon, bloode, and deatlie."
Of the remarkable usages on Good Friday there are large accounts in the Every- Day Book, not forgetting hot-cross-buns. They still continue to be made, and cried about the streets, as usual, though certainly in less quantities than can be well remembered.
A provincial newspaper, of about the year 1810, contains the following paragraph :—" Good-Friday was observed w ith the most profound adoration on board the Portuguese and Spanish men of war at Plymouth. A figure of the traitor Judas Iscariot was suspended from the bowsprit end of each ship, which hung till sun-set, when it was cut down, ripped up, the representation of the heart cut in stripes, and the whole thrown into the water; after which the crews of the different ships sung in good style the evening song to the Virgin Mary. On board the Iphigenia Spanish frigate, the effigy of Judas Iscariot hung at the yard-arm till Sunday evening, and, when it was cut down, one of the seamen ventured to jump over after it, with a knife in his hand, to show his indignation of the traitor's crime by ripping up the figure in the sea; but the unortunate man paid for his indiscreet zeal with his life ; the tide drew him under the ship, and he was drowned."
March 20. Day breaks ..40 Sun rises . . . • 5 58 — sets .... 6 2 Twilight ends . . 7 58 Dog-violet flowers. Dr. Forster imagines that Milton refers to this species when he speaks of "violet embroidered vales."
Earl Of Totness.
George Carew, Earl of Totness, who died at the age of seventy-three, in March, 1629, was the son of a dean of Exeter, and received his education at Oxford. His active spirit led him from his studies into the army; but, in 1589,
he was created master of arts. The scene of his military exploits was Ireland, where, in the year 1599, he was president of Munster. With a small force he reduced a great part of the province to the government of Queen Elizabeth, took the titular Earl of Desmond prisoner, and brought numbers of the turbulent Septs to obedience. The queen honored him with a letter of thanks undet her own hand. He left the province in general peace in 1G03, and arrived in England three days before the queen's death. James I. rewarded his service by making him governor of Guernsey, creating him Lord Carew, of Clopton, and appointing him master of the ordnance for life. Charles I., on his accession, created him Earl of Totness. He was not less distinguished by his pen than his sword. In his book " Pacata Hibernia," he wrote his own commentaries, of which his modesty prevented the publication during life. He collected four volumes of Antiquities relating to Ireland, at this time preserved unheeded in the Bodleian Library, and collected materials for the life of Henry V., digested by Speed, into his Chronicle. Anthony Wood eulogize him as " a faithful subject, a valiant and prudent commander, an honest counsellor, a gentle scholar, a lover of antiquities, and great patron of learning." He lies interred beneath a magnificent monument at Stratford upon Avon.'
In March, 1798, died, aged eighty-lour, at his house in the neighbourhood ol Aentish Town, where be had resided more than forty years, John Little, Esq. His life exemplified the little utility of money in possession of such a man. A few days before his death the physician who attended upon him advised that he should occasionally drink a glass of wine. After much persuasion he was induced to comply; yet by no means would entrust even his housekeeper with the key of the cellar. He insisted on being carried to the cellar door, and, on its being opened, he in person delivered out one bottle. By his removal for that purpose from a warm bed into a dark humid vault, he was seized with a shivering fit, which terminated in an apoplectic stroke, and occasioned his death. He
had an inveterate antipathy to the marriage state, and discarded his brother, the only relative he had, for not continuing like himself, a bachelor. On examining his effects, it appeared that he had £25,000 in different tontines, ft 1,000 in the four per cents., and £2000 in landed property. In a room which had been closed for fourteen years were found 173 pairs of breeches, and a numerous collection of other articles of wearing apparel, besides 180 wigs hoarded in his coach-house, all which had fallen to him with other property by the bequest of relations. All his worldly wealth fell to the possession of his offending brother.'
A man need to care for no more knowledge than to know himself, no more pleasure than to content himself, no more victory than to overcome himself, no more riches than to enjoy himself.—Bp. Hall.
March 21. Daybreaks . . 3
The time of keeping Easter in England is according to the rule laid down in the Book of Common Prayer, which it may be here proper to re-state.—" Easter-Day (on which the movable feasts depend) is always the first Sunday after the full moon which happens upon, or next after the twenty-first day of March; and, if the full moon happens upon a Sunday, Easter-day is the Sunday after." In conformity, therefore, to this rule, if the 21st of March falls upon a Saturday, and a full moon happen upon that day, the next day, Sunday, the 22nd of March, must be Easter-day. It will be observed, therefore, that Easter day can never occur earlier than the 22nd of March.
customs at Easter, the practice of" stoning Jews in Lent" is stated at some length. It may be added, as an historical fact, that the people of Paris were accustomed, during Holy Week and on Easier-day, to pursue the Jews through the streets with stones, and to break the doors and windows of their houses, in some provincial towns it was the practice on holidays to conduct a Jew to the church, and publicly beat him on the face. An old chronicler relates that, Aimeric Viscount de ltochechouard having visited Toulouse, the chapter of St. Etienne, in order to do him honor, appointed lluaues, his chaplain, to beat a Jew, according to annual custom at the Easter festival. Hugues performed the office so zealously, that the brains and eyes of the unhappy victim of intolerance fell upon the ground, and he expired upon the spot.'
Among the abundant information in the Every-Day Book concerning former
The First Easter.
It happened, on a solemn even-tide,
Though blameless, had incurred per eternal strife,
Whose deeds had left, in spite of hostile acts,
They thought him, and they justly thought him, one
Sent to do more than he appeared to have done;
To exalt a people and to make them high Above all else, and wonder'd he should die. Ere yet they brought their journey to an end, A stranger join'd them, courteous as a friend, And a3k'd them, with a kind engaging air. What their affliction was, and begg'd a share. Inform'd, he gather'd up the broken thread. And, truth and wisdom gracing all he said, Explain d, illustrated, and search'd so well, The tender theme on which they chose to dwell.
That reaching home, the night, they said, is near.
We must not now be parted, sojourn here,— The new acquaintance soon became a guest, And made so welcome at their simple feast, lie bless'd the bread, but vanish'd at the word,
And left them both exclaiming, 'Twas the Lord!
Did not our hearts feel all he deign'd to say? Did they not burn within us by the way 1
March 22. Day breaks , . 3 57
— sets . . . . 6 fj
Crown imperial flowets. Marsh marygold floweis. Pilewort, with its stars of bright golden yellow, bespangles the lawns and glades
To the full accounts in the Every-Dny Pooh of the celebration of Easter Monday and Tuesday, and the Easter holidays, in ancient and modern times, there is not anything of interest to add, unless this may be an exception—that there is a custom at this season, which yet prevails in Kent, with young people to go out holiday-making in public-houses to eat " pudding-pies," and this is called "going a pudding-pieing.'' The pudding-pies are from the size of a tea-cup to that of a small tea-saucer. They are flat, like pastrycooks' cheese-cakes, made with a raised crust, to hold a small quantity of custard, with currants lightly sprinkled on the surface. Pudding-pies and cherry beer usually go together at these feasts. From the inns down the road towards Canterbury, they are frequently brought out to the coach travellers with an invitation to "taste the pudding-pies." The origin of the custom, and even its existence, seem to have escaped archaeological notice. It is not mentioned by Hasted.
March 23. Day breaks . . 3 55
— sets .... 6 8
Yellow star of Bethlehem flowers.
On the 24th of March, 1603, queen Elizabeth died at Richmond Palace, in the seventieth year of her age, 'and the forty-fifth of her reign. She had been raised from a prison to a throne, which
she filled with a dignity peculiar to her character, and a sufficiency that honored her sex. She completed the reformation, restored the coin of the realm to its just value, settled the state of the kingdom, and lived, in the affections of the people, a terror to Europe. It was her policy to select ministers of great ability and address,-by whom, so great was her knowledge and penetration, she never suffered herself to be overruled.
Dress, Temp. Elizabeth.
We are informed by Hentzner, that the English, in the reign of Elizabeth, cut the hair close on the middle of the head, but suffered it to grow on either side.
As it is usual in dress, as in other things, to pass from one extreme to another, the large jutting coat became quite out of fashion in this reign, and a coat was worn resembling a waistcoat.
The men's ruffs were generally of a moderate size; the women's bore a proportion to their farthingales, which were enormous.
We are informed that some beaux had actually introduced long swords and high ruffs, which approached the royal standard, This roused the jealousy of the queen, who appointed officers to break every man's sword, and to clip all ruffs which were beyond a certain length.
The breeches, or, to speak more properly, drawers, fell far short of the knees and the defect was supplied with long hose, the tops of which were fastened under the drawers.
William, earl of Pembroke, was the first who wore knit stockings in England, which were introduced in this reign. They were presented to him by William Rider, an apprentice near London Bridge, who happened to see a pair brought from Mantua, at an Italian merchant's in the city, and made a pair exactly like them.
Edward Vere, the seventeenth earl of Oxford, was the first that introduced embroidered gloves and perfumes into England, which he brought from Italy. He presented the queen with a pair of perfumed gloves, and her portrait was painted with them upon her hands.
At this period was worn a hat with a broad brim, and a high crown, diminishing conically upwards. In a print of Philip H., in the former reign, he seems to wear one of these, with a narrower brim than ordinary, and makes at least as grotesque an appearance, as his countryman Dun Quixote with the barber's bacon.
The Rev. Mr. John More, of Norwich, one of the worthiest clergymen in the reign of Elizabeth, gave the best reason that could be given for wearing the longest and largest beard of any Englishman of his time; namely, "that no act of his life might be unworthy of the gravity of his appearance." Mr. Granger wishes that as good a reason could always have been assigned for wearing the longest hair and the longest or largest wig.
It was ordered, in the first year of Elizabeth, that no fellow of Lincoln's Inn "should wear any beard of above a fortnight's growth."
As the queen left no less than 3000 different habits in her wardrobe when she died, and was possessed of the dresses of all countries, it is somewhat strange that there is such a uniformity of dress in her portraits, and that she should take a pleasure in being loaded with ornaments.
At this time the stays, or boddice, were worn long-waisted. Lady Hunsdnn, the foremost of the ladies in the engraving of the procession to Ilunsdon House, appears with a much longer waist than those that follow her. She might possibly have been a leader of the fashion, as well as of the procession.
by sondry persons in this behalf, she straightly chargcth all hir officers and ministers to see to the due observation hereof, and as soon as may be to reform the errors already committed, &c."
Beneath an engraved portrait on wood of queen Elizabeth in llenlowe's "Theophila, or Love's Sacrifice, 1052," are these lines:—
'Shee was, shee is, what can there more be said?
In earth the first, in heaven the seeond maid." Theuphilus Cibber says these lines were an epigram by Budgell upon the death of a very fine young woman: they are the last verses of an inscription mentioned, in the " View of London, 1708," to have been on a cenotaph of queen Elizabeth in How church.
A proclamation, dated 1.563, in the hand-writing of secretary Cecil, prohibits "all manner of persons to draw, paynt, grave, or pourtrayit her majesty's personage or visage for a time, until, by some perfect patron and example, the same may be by others followed, &c, and for that hir majestie perceiveth that a grete nomber of hir loving subjects are much ereved and take grete offence with the errors and deformities allrtdy committed
In Walpole's "Catalogue of Royal and Noble Authors," there is a curious head of queen Elizabeth, when old and haggard, done with great exactness from a coin, the die of which was broken. A striking feature in the queen's face was her high nose, which is not justly represented in many pictures and prints of her. She was notoriously vain of her personal charms, and, affirming that shadows were unnatural in painting, she ordered Isaac Oliver to paint her without any. There are three engravings of her after this artist, two by Vertue, and on ea whole length by Crispin de Pass, who published portraits of illustrious persons of this kingdom from the year 1500 to the beginning of the seventeenth century.*