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Whether I have succeeded, is not for me to determine. But I may say, that I have pursued an independent course of study, and that by uniformly resorting to the Sacred keys, as well as to the historic, I have been led to results that are widely different from the views of every other commentator; in the division of the prophecy, in the relation of the parts to one another and to the whole, in the uniform signification of the symbols, in the scope of many symbolic visions, their time and order, and generally in the events by which they are fulfilled.
Induced by circumstances, which need not now be specified, I attempted, some years ago, to explain the seventeenth chapter of the Apocalypse; but I soon found it must be studied in connexion with many other visions. While engaged in these investigations I was gradually convinced that the Apocalypse, from the first seal to the end of chapter xix., is a great prophetic system, and that it can be understood only by being studied as a whole, and in connexion with the prophecies of the Old Testament. I was thus made to see the necessity of the uniform application of the Apocalyptic and prophetic keys, as well as of the historic.
I beg to direct particularly the reader's attention to the manner in which they have been used, and to the light that has thereby been thrown on visions that are, otherwise, so dark and inexplicable.
As the Apocalypse is a closely connected system, which ought to be viewed as a whole, and not in detached portions, I should have liked to publish the entire of my exposition at once, or at least to the end of chapter xii., where a very remarkable Apocalyptic and historic
period terminates. But I could not venture to incur the expense of a large book; so my exposition must end, for the present, with the fourth trumpet.
Of course it depends very much upon the reception of the first part, when the second shall appear. But I have a confident hope, that the reader will be satisfied with the soundness of the principles, and the fairness with which they are applied; and that he will feel, that no inconsiderable amount of information, not readily to be got elsewhere, has been communicated on the Apocalypse, on prophecy in general, and on some historical subjects of great interest.
CHAPTER 1.-PAGE 1 to 14.
The object of the work—Contents of the fulfilled prophecies of the Apocalypse
from c. vi. to the end of c. xix.,
Bishops Pearson and Butler-His double kingdom the subject of many
the symbolic visions—Reason, authorities, and examples,
-Examples—Sacred symbols— The meaning of the enigmatic symbols
fixed by scripture, Prophecy interpreted by history— Necessity of
, illustrated by Daniel, ii., vii., Place and time of the events a part of the prophecy, The order of the prophecy, Rev. vi.-xix., not the order of the visions—The
mination of it not necessary to understand the visions that have been ful-
Analogy of Daniel, vii.,
7 9 10
12 14 ib.
CHAPTER II.- Page 15 to 27.
The first seal, considered by itself, contains no notes to fix the time, place, or
character of the events which fulfil it—The scope is to be ascertained by
the symbols, The white horse" and rider, Rev. xix. 11, &c.—The Lord introduced twice in
in the Apocalypse on a white horse, why-Rev. xix. 11, &c., determines
the scope of the first seal to be the propagation of the Gospel, This, confirmed by the prophecies of the Old Testament, wherein the symbols
of the seal are found—Psalm, xlv. 1, 9-Its evangelical character and
scope—The translators of the Bible-Augustine-Bishop Horsley, The bow expressly given to the Lord, Zech. ix. 13—The subject and scope
Solomon, &c.—Taken off from Zedekiah-Reserved for the Messiah, Ezek.
CHAPTER III.--REVELATION, xix., 11, &c.-PAGE 28 to 40.
Preliminary remarks and scope of the vision,
Plutarch, Virgil, Tacitus, Lactantius, Rev. xvii.-A woman sits on the
government in the Apostle's time-She reigns over the kings of the earth,
Greece, Daniel, vii., 12—Sir Isaac Newton-Bishop Hurd,
apocalyptic periods and the “day of vengeance," :
&c.; Isaiah, lxiii., 1, 6; xxxiv.; Rev. xix., 11, &c.; vi., 14,
sian- The war renewed—The Vitellians defeated - Italy devastated by the
Rome-- The Vitellians destroyed,
The revolt of Civilis,
Tacitus' account of the course of the civil war-Remarks,
The Imperial system, a military government disguised by Republican names
and the appearance of an election--Gibbon, Tacitus, Dion Cassius-The
secret of the empire discovered by the death of Nero--Tacitus—Galba
assumes the symbol of the seal—The military tenure of the empire and the