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stantly, by addition, what number he' 8. The greatest part of a creeping has selected; this is done by adding insect, and a woman's name, change together the top figures on the cards ing the first letter. returned.
9. One-third of a flower, a numeExample 1.-Suppose he fix on rical letter, and what England is. : 18; then he will return the cards No. 2 and 5, because 18 will be found
AMUSING EXPERIMENTS, &c. on those only; and the top figures of those cards are 2 and 16, which added together give 18.
TO INVERT. A GLASS OF WATER 2.-Suppose he fix on 41 ; then he
WITHOUT SPILLING. will return No. 1, 4, and 6, ard the Place a card upon a wine-glass top figures in these are 1, 8, and filled with water, that is, completely 32=41.
filled; then invert the glass, and the 3.-Suppose he fix on 58; then he
water will not escape; the pressure will return No. 2, 4, 5, and 6, and of the exterior atmosphere being the upper figures on these are, 2, 8, sufficient to support the card in its 16, 32-58.
position. This trick or operation may be performed by reversing the method : TO MAKE ARTIFICIAL CORU9let the person who fixes on the num
CATIONS. ber, retain those cards on which the
By the following method of pronumber is, and return those on which
ducing coruscations or sparkling fiery it is not; the upper figures of those
meteors, they will be visible not only cards which are returned being added
in the dark, but at noon day.. together and subtracted from 63,
Melt fifteen grains of solid phos(which is the sum of the top figúres
phorus in about a drachm of water; on all the cards), will give the num
when this is cold, pour upon it two ber fixed upon.
ounces of oil of vitriol-then shake Example 1.Suppose he fix on
the materials well together: at first 41, as above; then, for an exercise in
they will become heated, and aftersubtraction, he will return the cards
wards discharge fiery balls in, great No. 2, 3, and 5, the top figures of
number, which will adhere lite so which are 2, 4, and 16 = 22, and 22 taken from -63, leave 41.
many stars to the side of the glass, > 2.-Suppose he fix on 51; then
and continue burning a considerable
time; subsequently, if a small quanhe will return No. 3 and 4, the top figures of which are 4 and 8-12,
lity of oil of turpentine be poured in,
without shaking the phial, the mixand 12 from 63 give 51; and so of
ture will of itself take fire, and burn all other numbers.
very furiously. The vessel should be
large and open at the top. CONUNDRUMS OF CITIES IN ENGLAND.
1. An apostle and a corporation TO PRODUCE AN ELECTRIC SPARK town.
! FROM A PIECE OF BROWN PAPER. 2. A river, a Latin conjunction, Thoroughly dry before the fire a and the greatest part of a mistake. quarter of a sheet of rather strong
3. Half a way to pass a river, brown paper; place it on your thigh, most part of a hard mineral, and a holding it at the edge with one hand, liquid
while with the cuff of the sleeve on 4. A mute, a preposition, and one the other, you rub it smartly backwards third of a female fowl. .. and forwards ten or fifteen times; if • 5. Half a fruit, and three-fourths the knuckle be then placed near the of a limited time.
paper, it will emit a brilliant spark, 6. Three-fourths of a flight of accompanied with a snapping noise ; birds, and a passage into a house. - the prongs of a fork similarly placed, *. '. One-third of the sides reflux, will produce three distinct streams of and half a quick-sighted beast. light. The experiment must
course be performed in the dark, and the trowsers and coat be of woollen
salt. Stir it about for right or nine minutes with a short stick, and the congelation will be effected.
TO PREPARE A LUMINOUS BOTTLE,
WHICH WILL AFFORD SUFFICIENT
OF A WATCH. A phial of clear white glass, of a long form, should be chosen, and some fine olive oil should be heated to ebullition in another vessel. A bit of phosphorus, of the size of a pea, should be thrown into the phial, and the boiling oil carefully poured over it till the phial be one-third filled. The phial must then be carefully corked, and when it is to be used, it should be unstopped to admit the external air, and closed again. The empty space of the phial will then appear luminous, and give as much light as a dull ordinary lamp. Each time that the light disappears, on removing the stopple, it will instantiy re-appear. In cold weather the boʻtle should lie warmed by the hands before the stopple be removed. A pliial thus prepared, may be used every night for six months.
ENGRAVING IN RELIEF UPON AN
EGG-SHELL. The shell must be a thick one. Wash it well in fresh water, and dry it carefully with a linen cloth. Melt some - tallow or fat, and while very hot, make any figures you please with it upon the shell, either with a pen or pencil. Take the shell then Ly the two ends, and lay it gently in a tumbler filled with vinegar, or diluted aquæ fortis, the acid of which, in about three hours and a half, will have corroded so much of the shel, as to leave the parts drawn upon in relief, the vinegar having no influenice upon the fat which covered them.
TO MAKE FIRE FLASH FROM WATER.
Pour a little clear water into a small glass tumbler, and put one or two pieces of phosphoret of lime into it. In a short time flashes of fire "will dart from the surface of the water, and terminate in ringlets of smoke, ascending in regular succession.
TO TAKE A BIRD OUT OF A CAGE,
AND TO MAKE IT APPEAR AS IF
Lay the bird upon a table, and wave a small feather before its eyes; it will immediately seem as if dead : remove the feather, and it will revire as soon. Let it lay hold of the stem part of the feather with its feet, ani it will twist and turn about just like a parrot ; you may then turn it about upon the table at your pleasure.
SYMPATHETIC INKS. Sympathetic inks are such as do not appear after they are written with, but which may be made to appear at pleasure, by certain means to be user? for that purpose. A variety of substances have been used as sympathetic inks, among which are the following: Nitro-muriates of Gold and Tin.
Write with a solution of gold in aqua-regia, and let the paper dry gently in the shade. Nothing will appear; but draw a sponge over it, wetted with a solution of tin in aquaregia, and the writing will immediately appear of a purple colour.
Gallate of Iron. Write with an infission of galls, and when the writing is required to
· TO PRODUCE FIRE FROM A CANE.
Split a Chinese rattan, and strike the parts together, when perfectly dry, and they will emit fire like a flint and steel.
TO MAKE WATER FREEZE BY THE
FIRE-SIDE. This curious feat can only be performed in winter.
Set a quart pot upon a stool before the fire, throwing a little water upon the stool first. Then put a handfui of snow into the pot, having pric ately conveyed into it a handful of
appear, dip it into a solution of sul..in a solution of prussiate of potass, phate of iron : the letters will appear and rubbed over the paper, the writblack.
ing will appear of a beautiful yellow Sympathetic Ink of Cobalt.
colour, occasioned by a formation of Digest zaffre in aqua-regia, aud di. prussiate of bismuth. lute the solution with four times its weight of pure water. Characters written with it, do not appear till the paper is warmed, when traces of the pen are visible, under a fine seagreen colour. This colour disappears as the paper cools, and is renewed on warming agajn; and thus alternately vanishes and re-appears, for an interminate number of times. As the solution of regulus of cobalt, or zaffre
ANNALS OF GULLING in spirit of nitre, acquires a reddish
N XXXII. colour, by the application of heat, so a variety of colours may be given. A very pretty and amusing effect
GRINDING YOUNG-BY A Cow
DOCTOR. is produced by applying this ink in the following manner: sketch a land (All the papers have rung the changes scape with common ink, to give a upon this affair; the following is our prospect of winter ; wash the picture ding-dong.) with the solution ; on the application Some call us a thinking nation of heat, it gives the verdure of spring; some a learned nation-all a great and the nitrous solution may repre, nation, but who calls us a wise gent fruit, flowers, &c.
nation ? None but fools. Can we Another Sympathetic Ink.
be called wise wbo entrust our health
to quack-doctors, our lives to airWrite on paper with a solution of
balloons, and our purses to stockritrate of bismuth, and smear the
bubblers? What can be thought of writing over, by means of a feather,
John BULL when he does not know with some infusion of galls. The
his own cow ? Out upon it; we are letters which were before invisible,
a nation of Gulls, and nothing else will now appear of a brown colour.
but GULLS, as “ The Economist" full If the previous use of nitrate of bis
plainly showeth ; and we proceed to muth be concealed from the specta
register one instance, amongst the tors, great surprise will be excited by
many which prove us so. the appearance of writing, merely by
Some three weeks ago, John Bull, the dash of a feather. The same
as honest and as leather-headed a phenomenon will take place, when an
farmer as ever fed an Essex calf, took infusion of galls is written with, and the salt of bismuth applied after
it into his thoughts, from motives of
sheer economy and prudence, to part wards.
with the oldest cow in his herd-the Another.
great-grandmother of as fat and as If a letter be written with a solu chuckle-headed a race as ever were cation of sulphate of iron, the inscrip ravanned through Mile-End turnpike. tion will be invisible; but if it after The day was fixed, and Simon, his wards be rubbed over by a feather, sapient cow-boy, deputed to separate dipped in a solution of prussiate of for ever old Bald-face from the pas. potass, it will appear of a beautiful tures of her progeny, and the friends of blue colour.
her declining years! Another.
“ Dulcia linquimus arva. Write a letter with a solution of With tears in his eyes, Simon folnitrate of bismuth—the letters will be lowed her tail to Rumpford-market; invisible. If a feather be now dipped and, as he gently urged her tediour
THE ECONOMIST, way, pitied from his beart and market-day at Rumford, the cow bowels the infirmities of his com- was driven to it, and although she panion; for though the road was did not walk much better than when smooth, her foot was weak, and she last she left it, yet she appeared the stumbled most confoundedly.
very belle of the market, so sleek and Let us not dilate upon scenes of so clean was she. By-the-bye, it sorrow and separation :--the cow was would be well for some of our old sold for four pounds ten shillings, and belles, if currying and dressing them she parted, with a farewell “moo,” for up, could so well disguise their age ever, from Simon and her long-served as in the case of old Bald-face. master.
Now, so satisfied was the cow. Now the person who bought old dealer with this metamorphosis, that Bald-face was a dealer in afflicted he determined to offer the cow cattle, and those whose days were for sale to her late master, whom he
“ Dwindled to the shortest span;”. then saw in the market, and whom, a sort of vaccine slave-driver, of not on inquiry, he learnt had not yet a whit more feeling than his brethren supplied the place of that which he of the West Indies, who lend the lash had sold to hiin some weeks before. to their biped property as liberally as The farmer, on being asked to he did to his quadruped. In short, purchase her walked round and he bought up all sorts of otherwise round her, examining her at all points, unsaleable cattle-living, dying, and without the least suspicion that his dead, for the purpose of supplying eyes accosted an old acquaintance, sausage constructors, and “ polony" although poor Bald-face recognized pudding manufacturers with whole him with a smell and a lick, such as some meat.
if he had been her own calf.: , For three successive market-days Twenty pounds was the price de did he drive the old cow to Smith manded for her, at which the farmer field, but, happy for her, there was did not much grumble ; particularly no buyer; and thus came reprieve when he learned that she was a trie after reprieve; for the late floods had “Alderney. He ba gained and barstuffed all sausages and “polonies” gained, and offered and re-offered, with drowned meat. “There's luck till at length he got the cow-dealer in a lousy calf," says the adage, and down to fifteen pounds seven skillings. this instance has shown that there This sum the farmer forthwith paid, may be luck in a dry old cow. About and entrusted the conveyance home the close of the third day, a phy- of the purchase to Simon, his cowsicianer-as Loony Mac Wolter says boy, who, notwithstanding his former -ycleped a cow-doctor, seeing the intimate fellowship with her "ladyvenerable mother of calves there for ship," did not recognize her; although the third time, shrewdly began to heremarked“ that this young'un stunthink that he might, in her, pick up bled woundedly like the old 'un." In a patient; and, addressing the owner, two or three days, however, when informed him, that if he would per the cement had worn off her horns, mit him, he would make his old cow and her hide became rough, her tail young again; for which worthy ser deprived of its pomatum, and her vice he would only demand five face, and haunches of certain colours shillings. This was a tempting offer, artfully laid on, and more particularly and the çow-dealer gladly accepted it. when he found that, instead of a pail
Accordingly, the doctor took his ful of good milk, she gave only half patient to a neighbouring stable, and a pint of sky-blue, poor Simon disthen currry-combed her old hide all covered the trick, and pointing out over, greased her tail, filed her those things to his master, proved, horns, and cemented the nicks so to his soft head's satisfaction, that, admirably, that the cow-dealer gave instead of a young Alderney milch cow, him two additional pots of beer for he once more possessed his old dry his pains.
Bald-face! The next day -bappening to be The farmer made application at the
lord-mayor's office for redress, but could, of course, receive nothing but a well-merited laugh for his pains.
that the geese and turkeys in that country were thrice as large as those in England. “ That is likely enough," said the Englishman; “for since I have been here, I have seen a bug larger than any goose I ever saw in England.” “ Iudeed !” says the astonished Yankee.“ Pray what sort of a bug was it?" "Why,” replied the Englishman, “ a humbug, to be sure.'
WHEN TO LEAVE OFF DRINKING
When you feel particularly desirous of having another glass, leave off ; you have had enough—When you look at a distant object, and appear to see two, leave off'; you have had too much -When you knock over your glass, spill your wine upon the table, or are unable to recollect the words of a song you have been in the habit of singing for the last dozen years, leave the company; you are getting troublesome- When you nod in the chair, fall over the hearth-rug, or lurch on your neighbour's shoulder, go to bed; you are drunk.
PERSONAL SECURITY. « Will you do me a favour?" says young George Brooks, to his wealthy friend, Simon Hanson. “ What is it, George ?" says Hanson. “I wish you to lend me a hundred pounds, Sir,” replies George. “ Call at my counting-house," rejoined Hanson. George was not long in paying his respects. “ What security can you give me, young gentleman ?” “My own personal security, Sir.” “Very well ; get in here,” says Hanson, lifting up the li:l of a large iron chest. "Get in there !” exclaimed George, in astonishment: “ what for?” « Why that is the place where I always keep my seciuities.'
FEAST OF ASSES. It was formerly a custom in France for the clergy to walk in procession at Christmas, dressed to represent the Prophets, in honour of Balaam's ass.
THE DAY AFTER A DROP TOO MUCH.
If by any accident you should have taken one glass too much upon a festival, rise an hour later than usual, and immediately drink a wine-glass full of warm water; if it produce a
certain effect, all the better. Wash - your face and neck well with cold water, vot simply wiping it with a wet towel, but lave it liberally, particularly the neck and forehead: if you bave soda water, take a glass of it; if not, some plain water. Do not drink tea or coffee for two or three hours after you have risen ; then eat a small piece of rump steak, or a piece of beef skirt, or a sheep's heart developed, nicely broiled with the gravy in it, with a piece of bread one day old ; drink only one cup of tea, with lillle sugar and little milk--no butter ; take a walk, if fine; if wet, play with the children; if there are enough of them, they'll find you plenty of exercise: don't attempt to read--it's all nonsense. By four you will be able to eat a good dinner. “ Broth," says aunt Becky. “ Pooh! no, broth, aunty; a bit of steak is worth a gallon of broth."
ORIGIN OF GROG. Old admiral Vernon first introduced rum and water as a beverage on board a ship; the veteran used to wear a grogram cloak in foul weather, which gained him the appellation of Old Grog; from himself the sailors transferred this name to the liquor, and it may be a question, to which of the grogs they were most attached.
MARRIAGE OF COUSINS. It is a mistaken notion that first cousins may marry, but second cousins cannot; the civil law prohibits first cousins from intermarrying, but the canon law prohibits both.
A LARGE BUG. An Englishman in America happening to remark upon the size of English geese, an American asserted
TOX AND THE GRAPES. The well-known fable of the Fox and the Grapes, where the fox is re