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This is a good application; it acts by cold.

TO MAKE EXCELLENT BREAD. Mix seven pounds of best flour, with three pounds of pared boiled potatoes. Steam off the water, and leave them a few minutes on the fire; mash them fine, and mix them whilst quite warm in the flour, with a spoonful or more of salt.' Put a quart of water, milk warm, with three large spoonsful of yeast, gradually to the potatoes and flour." Work it well into a smooth dough, and let it remain four hours before it is baked.


Take of solution of the acetate of lead, one drackim; distilled water, one pint ; rectified spirit, half as ounce : mix them."


i Put one bushel of flour into the A NEW WAY TO PAY YOUR HOST. trough, mix three quarters of a pinto of warm water, and one tea-spoonful “Stop, stop.", cries Dick, "you're of thick yeast well together: i pour a

paid your host, 3 ; ; ; small quantity in a hole: made in the . “Then wherefore need you run centre of the flour, large enough to . : away contain 'two gallons of water; then .“ Because, . what troubles me the stir with a stick; about two feet long,

. . most," : some of the flour, until it is as thick ; Quoth Tom, “I've got a host to as pudding.batter. Strew some of the

pay. "NE", ini. " dry flour over it, and let it rest for an i..!:..:*iiiiii'. hour; then pour", about a quart more water, and having stirred it'as before, wenieni u ? leave it for two hours, and then add NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. a gallon, more of warm water. : Stir . We have received a beautiful Poem in the flour again, and in about four from W, M. ) If the writer permit hours more, mix up the dough, and us to alter a little of it, it shall apcover it warm ; in about four hours spear. '';.; ' ; . more you may put it in the oven, ånd · W.R. T.-yes. : . as light bread will be obtained as

Fair Play next week: !

though a pint of yeast had been


The Shoemaker's “ Reward" - shall appear.

- A Country Clout-yes..', DYEING.

S. next week. The root of Barberry boiled in Several under consideration. water forms' a beautiful green for glove - leather. A brilliant yellow matter for dyeing, exists in potatoe-tops. The mode of obtaining

Communications (post paid) to be ad it is, cutting the top when in flower,

dressed to the Editor, at and bruising and pressing it to extract the juice.

THE PUBLISHERS, Linen or woollen soaked in this liquor, during forty

KNIGHT AND LACEY, eight hours, takes a fine, solia, and permanent yellow. If the cloth be 55, Paternoster-Row, Londis afterwards plunged in a blue dye, it then acquires a beautiful permanent green colour.

T. C, Hansard, Pater nosterHow Press.

General adviser.

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........................ Behold, the earth has root
Within this mile break forth an hundred springs :
The oaks bear mast, the briars scarlet hips;
The bounceous huswife, Nature, on each bush
Lays her full wess before you.-Shakspeare.


[Price 3d.

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............ 482 Christmas Waits ....... St. Paul'. School ..

Allint to Graziers ......... A Word to the Farmers; or, the Agri.

ANNALS OF GULLING, No. ) cultural Question Examiner Elton Examiner ....... 18

Plated Polaloes, Acc. .......... La sys relating to Bills of Exchange, COOKERY-Plum-podding. Mince Pies 19+

Promissory Notes, &c. .............. 488 USEFUL RECEIPTS ..................498 Advice to an Apprentice .............. 491 DOMESTIC MEDICINE ...... ... tb. Dr. Dode

......... 492

Notice to Correspondents...............'.

*2 I

week, for the time of year, tolerably THE MARKETS.

cheap. The graziers have been much dis- VEGETABLES.-Potatoes, from 21. appointed; they anticipated a large : 10s. 'to 4l. 10$. per ton; or from advance in the market; the very 2s. 9d. to 55. washed; or from 2s.6d, great and prime supply of Christmas to 45. 6d. in the mould, per cwt., cattle in Monday's market had the "which is about from 1s. 9d. to 3s. 3d. effect of keeping down prices even per bushel. Cabbages, from 1s. 6d. below those of last week, there were to 3s, per dozen heads; broccoli, more sellers than buyers; the supply from 1s. 9d. to 25. 3d.; horse-radish, consisted of 5,002 beasts, 2,000 sheep, from 2s. to 45.; and celery, from 163 calves, and 220 pigs; but we ls. 6d. to 25. 6. per bunde; carrots, own, notwithstanding the retrogres from 5s. to 8s.; turnips, from 23., to sion in Smithfield, that we expect 38.; coleworts, or greens, from 2s. Ad. towards the close of this, and during to 4s., and leeks, from 1s. 6d: to the next week, meat will advance. 25. 6d. per dozen bunches; onions, We are unable to bring the prices from 1s. 9d. to 4s. the half sieve down beyond Wednesday. Prime (about a third of a hushel); apples, beef, choice cuts, brought, retail, 9d. from 5s. to 22s. per bushel ; pears, per lb.; same and boiling together, from 6s. to 9s. 6d. the half-bushel viz. ribs or sirloin and thick flank, 7d. basket; lemons, from 31. to 4l. 48., per Ib.; same, with brisket or thin and new oranges, from 21. 5s, to tlank, 6 d.; the two last-named parts, 21. 158. the chest; Spanish chesnuts, by themselves, 4 d. per lb.; mutton, from 21. 10s. to 31. 10s.; French legs, 8 d. per lb. ; shoulders, 7d.; chesnuts from 21. to 21. 10s., and veal, prime parts, 10d. per lb.: pork, French walnuts, from 11. 55. to the same. These prices, of course, 11. 10s. per bag; English walnuts refer to the very finest meat in the from 2s. to 4s. per hunılred; sound markets; the same parts may be had old oranges, from 4s. to 8s. per dozen. from ld. to 14d. the pound of inferior quality.

THE CONNOISSEUR.-/Plate.) We recommend our readers to We saw not what the Plate of this whom it may be convenient, to walk Number was until printed. It comes round Leadenhall-market on the to us as a “ strange sight;" however, 22nd or 23rd ; they will see some of something must be said on it. This the finest meat perhaps ever exhibited, is Christmas time, and perhaps the with other curiosities well worthy wag who furnished it, did it to make their attention.

us merry; or meant it as a sly hit at Poultry, &c. - Considering the the Connoisseurs of the present day, approaching season, poultry is sold at the greatest number of whom are moderate prices : a handsome turkey either arrant "gullers," or ignorant may be bought for 10s. 6d.; a very coxcombs: however, as we find it, large goose for 6s. ; a couple of fowls, so we leave it. from 5s. to 9s.; chickens, 2s. 6d. to 45. the pair; ducks, 3s. to 5s. 6d. the

ST. PAUL'S SCHOOL. couple; rabbits, la. to 1s. 6d. each; St. Paul's School was founded and prohibited birds and beasts, according endowed by Dr. John Collet, Dean to the risk run, and the desire be- of St. Paul's, on the scite of a more trayed by the purchaser; eggs, 1s. 6d. ancient seminary, that had been suba score.

ordinate to the cathedral establishFish-A fine cod (a fit present to ment. The Reverend Dean was so conyour country friend, who just sent vinced of the vital importance of such you, or is going to send you, a fine an institution, that he spent much time turkey; a barrel of oysters to match abroad in the society of learned men, should accompany it: beware of and never relaxed in his exertions till stinted barrels) would cost you half he had acquired sufficient knowledge a-guinea. Soles from 1s. Ad. to 55. a to enable him to perfect the plan he pair. Upon the whole, fish is this had been so long meditating upon,

and which he finally brought to so happy a consummation. He commenced the building in 1509, and completed it about five years afterwards; though, it is said, not without great opposition from the narrow-minded few who build their empire on the ignorance of the many. This benevolent and pious prelate was the eldest son of Sir Henry Collet, knt. Mercer, who was twice Lord Mayor of London. A summary of Dr. Collet's character has thus been given : “ He was a complete Christian philosopher, and capable of the most rigid selfdenial ; a conqueror of himself-another Socrates though inclined by nature to love luxury,, fond of wine and levity, avaricious and high-spirited, he yet mastered all those propensities, through a mental conviction of the pernicious consequences attending their indulgence, so effectually, that he was chaste, abstemious, an early riser, temperate, grave, generous, and meek, even to the bearing reproof from his own servant."

Whilst he was at Oxford, he became acquainted with the learned Erasmus; and the boldness with which they canvassed the abuses of the Catholic hierarchy, contributed much to the advancementofthe Reformation; 80 much so, indeed, that the bishops and vicars of his own church would gladly have consigned the dean to the stake and martyrdom, if his en. lightened and powerful friends, com bined with the undeviating regularity of his own conduct, had not preserved him. He was buried in St. Paul's church, under a monument erected by himself in the south aisle of the choir.

The foundation of this school is thus described by Erasmus, in a letter written by him to Justin Jonas: “ The wise and sagacious founder saw that the greatest hopes and happiness of the Commonwealth were in the training up children to good letters, and true religion, for which purpose he laid out an immense sum of money; and after he had finished all, he left the perpetual care and oversight of the estate, not to the clergy, not to the bishop, not to the

chapter, not to any great minister at court, but amongst the married laymen-to the Company of Mercers, men of probity and reputation; and when he was asked the reason of so committing the trust, he answered to this effect that there was no certainty in human affairs; but for his part, he found less corruption in such a body of citizens, than in any other order or degree of mankind.'

The dean left particular instructions for the government and regulation of the school, and directed that children of all nations and countries indiffera ently should be taught, and limited the number of scholars to one huna dred and fifty-three, in allusion to the fish taken by St. Peter.*

The ancient school was destroyed in the great fire in 1666; it was rebuilt in 1670 by the active zeal of the Mercers' Company, under the particular direction of the warden of the school : the present edifice has been erected by the same highly respectable Company, whose zeal time has not abatcd, nor change dimi. nished.

The present masters are, the Rer. Dr. Sleath, head master; the Rev. W. A. C. Durham, head master of the lower school; the Rev. J. P. Bean, second master of the upper school; the Rev. J. Cooper, second master of the lower school.

This is a free school, and confined to that mode of tuition alone which is strictly classical ; and without any other charge than the payment of one shilling on the entrance of each boy, and the cost of their books. The admission of scholars is in the Mercers' Company; the surveyor or accomptant, one of the court of as.. sistants, being the officer delegated by them to nominate, during his year of office. Scholars are admitted to the age of fifteen ; but at present no boy is eligible to an exhibition, if he is admitted after the age of twelve ; and it is probable that some further alteration will be made in the ad mission of boys, as to their eligibility to exhibitions, and an earlier period than twelve will most likely be fixed.

• John, xxi. 11.

There is no prescribed time of super- A WORD TO THE FARMERS ; OR, THE annuation by the statutes : but no AGRICULTURAL QUESTION EXA« boy is expected to remain at the MINED. school after his nineteenth birth-day.

(From a Correspondent.) On Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, The agricultural question has never of each week, the school begins at yet been discussed in a manner suffi-' seven o'clock in the morning (except ciently clear. In the first place, the from the Monday after the first of relative interests of the landlords and November to the Monday before the tenants should be separately and first of March, when it begins at clearly inquired into and explained, eight), and continues till twelve, when and not blended together, as has it closes for the rest of the day. On hitherto been the case. By viewing Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, these interests separately, it will be the school begins at seven (except as found, that what may benefit the lande above), and continues till eleven; then lord, may not serve the tenant, and begins again at one, and continues till that both may be materially injured four. The grand examination of the by the very measures they ask for scholars takes place after Easter, and their protection. It has been the occupies two days; and on the fol- practice, for several years past, to perlowing day, the grand apposition, suade the tenants, that a high price when Greek, Latin, and English for corn, would keep them in the situspeeches are recited by the greater ation of gentlemen; and in discuspart of the seventh and eighth sing this subject, the landlords and classes ; at this time also one or two of tenants were artsully blended together the eighth class recite their own com under the general term of agricultu, positions, in which they may have rists,' as if the interests of the landlord displayed so much talent as to be and his tenant were one and the same: thought deserving a prize (indepen- every argument was urged to that dent of that presented to the captain effect, and indeed circumstances of each class by the Mercers' Com- tended to keep up the delusion. I pany), and which they receive before any person only hinted to the farmer, the company assembled, with the that the benefits of high prices went thanks of the head master. The wholly to his landlord, the immediate captain of the school leaves it at this answer was, that the rent was no season.

object; and if he were then asked the There are no fewer than twenty- reason why (as the rent did not affect seven exhibitions belonging to this him) the produce of the earth could seminary.

not be sold at the same prices as were Amongst the number of celebrated demanded 35 years ago? his answer and learned men who were educated was, the taxes prevented it. It is here, we select the following from a not long since, that the tenant of about list that would more than fill this Num- 1,000 acres of land was in conversaber: Camden, the immortal antiquary; tion with his neighbour on the subMILTON, Dr. Calamy, Dr. Nicholls, ject of the Corn Laws; he admitted Robert Nelson, Charles Duke of that his landlord was disposed to get Manchester, the Great Duke of Marl, the greatest possible rent for the farm, borough, Lord Wilmington, Dr. and that since the enlargement of Hooper, Dr. Bentley, Earl of Orrery, farms, and thus lessening their nuinRev. John Strype, Dr. Halley, Ad ber, whilst the tenantry bore' their miral Trowbridge.

share in the increase of the population, The masters, from the foundation to the competition amongst the farmers the present time, have been men emi. caused the utmost rent to be giren; nently gifted with great talents and get, he said, that experience had acquirements.

taught him that high prices were the [We are reluctantly compelled to best for the farmer; for that during defer the List of the Wardens and the late war, the farmers were better Court of Assistants of the Mercer's off than since the commencement of Company to another opportunity.) peace.

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