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lofty.—A very great collection of pictures.—Three of Raphael. Two Holy Family.-One small piece of M. Angelo.-One room of Rubens.- I thought the pictures of Raphael fine.

“ The Thuilleries.-Statues.—Venus.-Æn. and Anchises in his arms.–Nilus.—Many more.—The walks not open to mean persons. -Chairs at night hired for two sous a piece.-Pont tournant.

“ Austin Nuns.-Grate.—Mrs. Fermor, Abbess.She knew Pope, and thought him disagreeable.-Mrs. has many books ;has seen life.—Their frontlet disagreeable.—Their hood.—Their life easy.-Rise about five; hour and half in chapel.-Dine at ten.Another hour and half at chapel; half an hour about three, and half an hour more at seven :-four hours in chapel.—A large garden.Thirteen pensioners.—Teacher complained.

“ At the Boulevards saw nothing, yet was glad to be there.Rope-dancing and farce.—Egg dance.

“N. [Note.] Near Paris, whether on week-days or Sundays, the roads empty. “Oct. 17. Tuesday. At the Palais Marchand.—I bought A snuff-box,

6 Table book

15 Scissars 3 p (pair] 18

24 L.

63=2 12 6 “We heard the lawyers plead.-N. As many killed at Paris as there are days in the year.-Chambre de question.—Tournelle at the Palais Marchand.-An old venerable building.

“ The Palais Bourbon, belonging to the Prince of Condé. Only one small wing shown ;-lofty ;—splendid ;-gold and glass.—The battles of the great Condé are painted in one of the rooms. The present Prince a grandsire at thirty-nine.

“The sight of palaces, and other great buildings, leaves no very distinct images, unless to those who talk of them, and impress them. As I entered, my wife was in my mind : she would have been pleased. Having now nobody to please, I am little pleased.

“ N. In France there is no middle rank.

“So many shops open, that Sunday is little distinguished at Paris.-The palaces of Louvre and Thuilleries granted out in lodgings.

* His tender affection for his departed wife, of which there are many evidences in his “Prayers and Meditations," appears very feelingly in this passage.

1 Niece to the “Belinda ” of “The Rape

of the Lock."


“In the Palais de Bourbon, gilt globes of metal at the fire place. “ The French beds commended.—Much of the marble only paste. « The Colosseum a mere wooden building, at least much of it.

“ Oct. 18. Wednesday. We went to Fontainebleau, which we, found a large mean town, crowded with people.The forest thick with woods, very extensive.—Manucci secured us lodgings.—The appearance of the country pleasant.--No hills, few streams, only one hedge. I remember no chapels nor

on the road.Pavement still, and rows of trees.

“N. Nobody but mean people walk in Paris.

“Oct. 19. Thursday. At court, we saw the apartments ; -the King's bed-chamber and council-chamber extremely splendid.Persons of all ranks in the external rooms through which the family passes ;-servants and masters.—Brunet with us the second time.

“The introductor came to us ;-civil to me.—Presenting.--I had scruples.—Not necessary.-We went and saw the King and Queen at dinner.-We saw the other ladies at dinner-Madame Elizabeth, with the Princess of Guimené.–At night we went to a comedy. I neither saw nor heard.—Drunken women.-Mrs. Th. preferred one to the other.

“Oct. 20. Friday. We saw the Queen mount in the forest.Brown habit; rode aside : one lady rode aside.—The Queen's horse light grey ;-martingale.—She galloped.-We then went to the apartments, and admired them.—Then wandered through the palace.

- In the passages, stalls and shops.—Painting in fresco by a great master, worn out.-We saw the King's horses and dogs.—The dogs almost all English.—Degenerate.

“ The horses not much commended.—The stables cool; the kennel filthy.

“At night the ladies went to the opera. I refused, but should have been welcome.

“ The King fed himself with his left hand as we.

“Saturday, 21. In the night I got ground.—We came home to Paris.—I think we did not see the chapel.—Tree broken by the wind. -The French chairs made all of boards painted.

N. Soldiers at the court of justice.-Soldiers not amenable to the magistrates.—Dijon woman."

“Faggots in the palace. Every thing slovenly, except in the chief rooms.-Trees in the roads, some tall, none old, many very young and small.

“Women's saddles seem ill made.- Queen's bridle woven with silver.—Tags to strike the horse.

a See p. 577.

“Sunday, Oct. 22. To Versailles, a mean town.-Carriages of business passing.–Mean shops against the wall.—Our way lay through Séve, where the China manufacture.-Wooden bridge at Séve, in the way to Versailles.—The palace of great extent.—The front long; I saw it not perfectly.--The Menagerie. Cygnets dark; their black feet; on the ground; tame.-Halcyons, or gulls. -Stag and hind, young-Aviary, very large; the net, wire.-Black flag of China, small.—Rhinoceros, the horn broken and pared away, which, I suppose, will grow; the basis, I think, four inches cross; the skin folds like loose cloth doubled over his body, and cross his hips; a vast animal though young; as big, perhaps, as four oxen.The young elephant, with his tusks just appearing.–The brown bear put out his paws;—all very tame.—The lion.—The tigers I did not well view.—The camel, or dromedary with two bunches, called the Huguin, taller than any horse.—Two camels with one bunch.-Among the birds was a pelican, who being let out, went to a fountain, and swam about to catch fish. His feet well webbed : he dipped his head, and turned his long bill sidewise. He caught two or three fish, but did not eat them.

“ Trianon is a kind of retreat appendant to Versailles. It has an open portico; the pavement, and, I think, the pillars, of marble. There are many rooms which I do not distinctly remember.—A table of porphyry, about five feet long, and between two and three broad, given to Lewis XIV. by the Venetian State.-In the council. room almost all that was not door or window, was, I think, lookingglass.—Little Trianon is a small palace like a gentleman's house.— The upper floor paved with brick.—Little Vienne.—The court is ill paved.—The rooms at the top are small, fit to sooth the imagination with privacy. In the front of Versailles are small basons of water on the terrace, and other basons, I think, below them. There are little courts.—The great gallery is wainscotted with mirrors, not very large, but joined by frames. I suppose the large plates were not yet made.—The play-house was very large.—The chapel I do not remember if we saw.–We saw one chapel, but I am not certain whether there or at Trianon.—The foreign office paved with bricks. -The dinner half a Louis each, and, I think, a Louis over.—Money given at Menagerie, three livres; at palace, six livres.

“Oct. 23. Monday. Last night I wrote to Levet.-We went to see the looking-glasses wrought. They come from Normandy in cast plates, perhaps the third of an inch thick. At Paris they are ground upon a marble table, by rubbing one plate on another with

This epithet should be applied to this animal with one bunch.

grit between them. The various sands, of which there are said to be five, I could not learn. The handle, by which the upper glass is moved, has the form of a wheel, which may be moved in all directions. The plates are sent up with their surfaces ground, but not polished, and so continue till they are bespoken, lest time should spoil the surface, as we were told. Those that are to be polished, are laid on a table covered with several thick cloths, hard strained, that the resistance may be equal; they are then rubbed with a hand rubber, held down hard by a contrivance which I did not well understand. The powder which is used last seemed to me to be iron dissolved in aqua fortis : they called it, as Baretti said, marc de l'eau forte, which he thought was dregs. They mentioned vitriol and saltpetre. The cannon ball swam in the quicksilver. To silver them a leaf of beaten tin is laid, and rubbed with quicksilver, to which it unites. Then more quicksilver is poured upon it, which by its mutual (attraction] rises very high. Then a paper is laid at the nearest end of the plate, over which the glass is slided till it lies upon the plate, having driven much of the quicksilver before it. It is then, I think, pressed upon cloths, and then set sloping to drop the superfluous mercury; the slope is daily heightened towards a perpendicular.

“In the way I saw the Grêve, the mayor's house, and the Bastile.

“ We then went to Sans-terre, a brewer. He brews with about as much malt as Mr. Thrale, and sells his beer at the same price, though he pays no duty for malt, and little more than half as much for beer. Beer is sold retail at 6d. a bottle. He brews 4,000 barrels a year.

There are seventeen brewers in Paris, of whom none is supposed to brew more than he :-reckoning them at 3,000 each, they make 51,000 a year. They make their malt, for malting is here no trade.

“ The moat of the Bastile is dry.

“Oct. 24. Tuesday. We visited the King's library-I saw the Speculum humana Salvationis, rudely printed, with ink, sometimes pale, sometimes black; part supposed to be with wooden types, and part with pages cut on boards.—The Bible, supposed to be older than that of Mentz, in 62 : it has no date; it is supposed to have been printed with wooden types.-I am in doubt; the print is large and fair, in two folios.-Another book was shown me, supposed to have been printed with wooden types; I think, Durandi Sanctuarium in 58. This is inferred from the difference of form, sometimes seen in the same letter, which might be struck with different puncheons. -The regular similitude of most letters proves better that they are

metal.-I saw nothing but the Speculum which I had not seen, I think, before.

“Thence to the Sorbonne.-The library very large, not in lattices like the King's. Marbone and Durandi, q. collection 14 vol. Scriptores de rebus Gallicis, many folios.-Histoire Genealogique of France, 9 vol.-Gallia Christiana, the first edition, 4to. the last, f. 12 vol.—The Prior and Librarian dined (with us] :-I waited on them home. Their garden pretty, with covered walks, but small; yet may hold many students.—The Doctors of the Sorbonne are all equal ;-choose those who succeed to vacancies.-Profit little.

“Oct. 25. Wednesday. I went with the Prior to St. Cloud, to see Dr. Hooke.-We walked round the palace, and had some talk. -I dined with our whole company at the Monastery.-In the library, Beroald,Cymon,-Titus,-from Boccace Oratio Proverbialis; to the Virgin, from Petrarch ; Falkland to Sandys ;-Dryden's Preface to the third vol. of Miscellanies.

“ Oct. 26. Thursday. We saw the china at Séve, cut, glazed, painted. Bellevue, a pleasing house, not great: fine prospect.Meudon, an old palace.—Alexander in porphyry: hollow between eyes and nose, thin cheeks.—Plato and Aristotle.—Noble terrace overlooks the town.-St. Cloud.—Gallery not very high, nor grand, but pleasing.-In the rooms, Michael Angelo, drawn by himself, Sir Thomas More, Des Cartes, Bochart, Naudæus, Mazarine. -Gilded wainscot, so common that it is not minded.—Gough and Keene.—Hooke came to us at the inn.-A message from Drumgould.

“Oct. 27. Friday. I staid at home.-Gough and Keene, and Mrs. S 's friend dined with us.—This day we began to have a fire.—The weather is growing very cold, and I fear, has a bad effect upon my breath, which has grown much more free and easy in this country.

“Sat. Oct. 28. I visited the Grand Chartreux built by St. Louis. -It is built for forty, but contains only twenty-four, and will not maintain more.—The friar that spoke to us had a pretty apartment. -Mr. Baretti says, four rooms; I remember but three.—His books seemed to be French.-His garden was neat; he gave me grapes. -We saw the Place de Victoire, with the statues of the King, and the captive nations.

“We saw the palace and gardens of Luxembourg, but the gallery

# He means, I suppose, that he read these different pieces, while he remained in the library.


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