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John Watt, a citizen of was produced, and he was Instances of Outrage

Instances of Outrage Michigan, and Suffering. was working taken to Charleston, to jail.

and Suffering. near Vicksburg, Missis- Around the jail a mob of sippi, in January. While under the influence "citizens” gathered, demanding that the jailer of liquor a “committee” extracted from him should give the prisoner up to them. It was " dangerous · sentiments," and he was taken only dispersed by the horse patrol. He was over the river into Louisiana and hung, and allowed neither food nor water. On the af his body left hanging to the tree.

ternoon of the day succeeding his arrest, he The first officer of the bark Indian Queen was taken before the “ Vigilance Association made a statement in the New York journals, Tribunal,” for examination. Confessing, March 16th, to the effect that the vessel put again, that he had said to the workman what into St. Marks, Florida, in January-himself was reported, he was remanded back to jail, and his second officer both being ill of the to be passed over to the Criminal Court. Chagres fever. Both were sent ashore to The “Judge” of the Tribunal treated the the United States Marine Hospital at that prisoner with a choice lecture, chiefly complace, for proper care, while the vessel an- posed of oaths and imprecations. He was chored in the harbor below, to await their placed in a bare cell, where the night was recovery. As soon as Florida seceded, (Jan- spent; and only on the morning of the secuary 11th,) the Hospital was seized and the ond day's confinement was he allowed food, invalids turned out. The vessel lay at an- consisting of a small piece of black bread chor about ten miles below the town. She and a pint of bad water. For fourteen weeks had, as part of her crew, seven colored sea- this man lay in that wretched dungeon. At the men--all able and trusty fellows. A plot end of that time the son of his employer was hatched to seize all these men and sell came to the jail, and stated that his wages, them into glavery—a judge of the Supreme $248, still due, should be paid him, and his (State) Court being one of the conspirators. release procured, if he would leave at once. The plot was revealed to the captain at two The promise was gladly given. He was tao'clock in the morning. He arose, hired a ken to the steamer amid the hootings and steamer, ran down to his vessel, and had her howlings of a mob, which made threats of towed out to sea, beyond the jurisdiction of lynching. On the way to the steamer, he Florida. The discomfited citizens swore called upon a watchmaker for a fine watch dreadfully over their disappointment. and chain which he had left for repairs

The same officer stated that, a few days before his arrest. The watchmaker bade after the ordinance of secession was passed, a him, with an oath, to leave his premises. resident of St. Marks remarked that the South Once on the steamer, he expected his wages, was wrong and the North right in the contro- as promised; but received nothing, and was versy. Whereupon, he was seized, stripped, permitted to work his passage to New York, whipped, and started “out of the country.” where he arrived in a perfectly destitute

Mr. H. Turner, a New Hampshire man, condition. had for several years, spent the winter on Captain E. W. Ryder, of the bark Julia E. the plantation of Woodworth & Son, near Aery, and his son, James B. Ryder, as mate, Charleston, South Carolina. Before the were landing a cargo at Encero Mills, CamPresidential election, in reply to the question den County, Georgia, in November, 1860, of a fellow-workman, he had stated that, if he when a negro came aboard the vessel with held the casting vote, it should be given for oars to sell. None being wanted, he was sent Lincoln. Two weeks after the election he away. He paid a second visit, and some was visited by two members of a "Vigilance clothes were intrusted to him to wash, upon Committee," and asked if what had been re- his telling that he belonged to a Dr. Nichols, ported was true. He answered that he had living near. That afternoon five men came made that single remark to a fellow- work- to the vessel, and demanded the right to man, but to no other person. A warrant for search for the negro. The captain gave perhis arrest, as an incendiary and Abolitionist, mission for the search, freely, but stated that

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INSTANCES OF

OUTRAGE

AND SUFFERING.

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the fellow had gone ashore, I was deemed a lenient punInstances of Outrage

Instances of Outrage and Suffrages. taking with him some ishment-hanging was the

and Suffering. clothes to wash. The five usual mode of treating men completed the search which, it became “ such scoundrels.” The inhuman wretches evident to the captain, was but a cover for the took their prisoners to the front of the court* citizens” to examine his cargo, his means of house, where, both being stripped to the waist resistance, &c., as well as to discover, if pos- and tied to a tree, they were whippedsible, some “ Abolition literature" by which to twenty-five blows with heavy leather thongs to seize the entire crew and vessel as “ danger- being administered to each. The elder Ryder, ous to the peace of the community.” The being an old man, was a terrible sufferer " Committee” returned on the following day, under the horrible infliction. After the “pun late in the evening. It had grown to fifteen in ishment” both were thrust into cells in the numbers, who proceeded to thoroughly ran- jail. The large crowd which witnessed the sack the vessel's hold. Every chest and whipping enjoyed it, apparently with a bunker were overhauled. Nothing “danger- real zest, as it jeered and laughed voous" being found, the “ Committee" passed ciferously during the brutal punishment. on shore where, summoning the negroes who The two men lay fourteen days in that jail, had been engaged in unloading the vessel, suffering exquisite tortures from their they examined them as to the concersations on wou

rounds. At the end of that time five men the vessel. Six of them were finally most came, took them out, carried them to their unmercifully whipped, to make them “con- vessel, and remained until the craft stood out fess.” What they confessed, was not known

to sea. to the captain; but, as they probably stated

This instance of atrocious wrong was simanything required, the mob, it soon became ply one of several similar cases inflicted in evident, was ready for proceedings. The the same neighborhood. The civilized world captain and his son went before the “Com-'may be excused for doubting evidence so inmittee" and stated that, not only had no con- !

human; but, there is no room for disbelief versation been had, but that they had when an old man's scarred back is exhibited positively forbidden any unnecessary commu

to the pitying eye. nication between his men and the negroes

We may close this revolting record with that one or the other of the officers always the following statement made by the Cinwas present, to see that orders were obeyed, cinnati Gazette

, of May 18th : This did not satisfy the “ Committee," and the two were taken to the jail at Jefferson, gees from the violence and ferocity of the New Da

“ Nearly every day some fresh arrivals of refufifteen miles away. There they were again homey bring to this city fresh and corroborative arraigned before another “ Vigilance Associ

proofs of the condition of affairs in the rebel States. ation," and charged with being Abolitionists Many of these have come thence at the peril of their --a charge which both men denied as un- lives, and to avoid threatened death, have taken a founded in proof. No proof being produced, hurried journey surrounded by thick dangers from they were allowed to spend that night at a the madmen who now fill the South with deeds of hotel. A cook (black) from another vessel, violence and bloodshed. was produced on the succeeding morning,

** The people in that section seem to have been who stated that he had heard both white given up to a madness that is without parallel in the men say they were Republicans, and would history of civilization-we had almost written barhave voted for Mr. Lincoln if an opportunity barism. They are cut off from the news of the had offered. The black fellow who had taken North, purposely blinded by their leaders as to the

movements and real power of the Government, and the clothes to wash, was then brought for- in their local presses receive and swallow the most ward, and he corroborated the statement of outrageous falsehoods and misstatements. the other black man. This was deemed evi

“ Yesterday, one William Silliman, a person of indence conclusive to the “Committee” and the telligence and reliability, reached this city, returnsentence of a public flogging was immediate ing from a year's residence in Southern Mississippi. ly decreed against both father and son. This He was one of a party who, in 1860, went from this

city and engaged in the con- He had a family in the place. Instances of Vutrage struction of the Mobile and Guntown is 10 miles from Cup

Instances of Outrage and Suffering.

and Suffering Ohio Railroad.

ola. The same day, at Saltillo, "Mr. Silliman, for several months past, has lived a man was hung under similar circumstances, and still in Cupola, Itawamba County, one of the lower tier another at Vonona, where a traveller was seized in of counties, two hundred miles from New Orleans, passing through the place. All these towns are and one hundred and sixty miles from Mobile. He within 20 miles circuit of Cupola, where Mr. Silliman says a more blood-thirsty community it would be resided. He says that he can recall twelve instances difficult to conceive. Perfect terrorism prevails, of killing, whipping, and other outrages thus visited and the wildest outrages are enacted openly by the upon the victims of the rebels in that vicinity, within rebels, who visit with their violence all suspected of the past two months. Many have been waiting in loyalty, or withholding full adherenee to the king. I the hope that the storm would · blow over,' but have, dom of Jefferson Davis. Could the full history of one after the other, been forced to submit or seek these outrages be written, and that truthfully, many safety in flight." and most of its features would be deemed incredible

The instances herein given are such as and monstrous, belonging to another age, and cer- seemed to us to be so verified as to admit of tainly to another county than our own.

no doubt as to their entire truthfulness. " The party who is suspected of hostility, or even light sympathy, with the rebellion, is at once seized. Many others made public, and some of a most He is fortunate if he is allowed to leave in a given outrageous character, which have been retime, without flogging. He is still fortunate if only peated to us by refugees in person, we have a flogging is added to the order to depart. Many refrained from referring to, since a suspicious have been hung or shot on the spot. Mr. Silliman public might question the authenticity of details five instances of the latter as having occurred their unsupported statements. Enough has ’among the amiable people of Itawamba County, been given to throw an historical light upon within the past ten weeks, of several of which he was the animus of the Southern people engaged the eye-witness, a mob wreaking their vengeance in the revolution. The future historian of upon their victims under the approval of local au- the great rebellion will not fail to discover thorities. These five men were Northerners, at dif

in that spirit, not only a key to the social ferent times assailed by the rebels. Three of them

state of that section of the country, but will, were strangers to all about them..

“On Saturday of last week a man was hung at if he be a disciple of Schlegel, find in it an Guntown, who refused to join the rebel army, and effect of a cause—which cause had sedulousalso refused to leave. He was taken to a tree in the ly, and for generations, insensibly undermindoutskirts of the village, and left hanging to a limb. led the moral sentiments of the peeple.

CHAPTER XLII.

THE

FINAL ISSUE.

MR. BUCHANAN AND HIS ERRORS,

THE Southern seceded States, notwith- | its leaders had, with entire reliance, counted standing their apparent confidence in their upon a strong defensive support in the North future, still were much alarmed at the at- which would restrain any attempts at coertitude of the North, as well as at Mr. Lin- cion, should they be made by the Repubcoln's expressed determination to "retake licans and Douglas Democrats. New York and hold” the property of the Government City alone was regarded not only as ready to seized by the revolutionists. From the pre- sustain the South in its secession, but, lookliminary stages of the secession movement, ing to the future through the medium of

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Mayor Wood's treasonable and preposterousolutionists in the Senate; with equally dis-
manifesto regarding the independence of New tasteful men in the Lower House; with
York island, Southern men felt assured that Toombs, Davis, Pickens, Brown, Slidell, Yan-
the result would justify their most arrogant cey, Rhett, Cobb, Benjamin-all plotting and
and precipitate steps in the formation of a counter-plotting for their own preeminence
Confederacy of Slave States. This rashness in the new' nation : it is not remarkable that
unquestionably was their ruin. Peaceable the secession movement should have resulted
secession the administration Democracy stood as it did-in driving the North, as a section,
ready to defend, as all their speeches in Con- into an attitude of firm and determined re-
gress during December, and the tone of the sistance. Had the wiser counsels of Mr. Ste-
leading administration journals in the North, phens, Judge Campbell, and other Southern
during the same month and the first half of " conservatives” prevailed, it is highly prob-
January, will demonstrate. But, who ever able that the history of the revolution would
knew the South, as a section, to treat any not have been written in blood-that diplo-
measure with calmness which affected their macy would have taken the place of the bay-
social or political status ? The spirit which onet. Let the story of that reign of madmen
domineered at home was not one to play the remain, with its moral, as a warning to future
courtier in the presence of its legislative malcontents !
equals; and when the serpent of the revolu In view of the apparently inevitable issue
tion began to uncoil-began to put forth, of a defence against their aggressions, the
one by one, its hydra heads, its fangs were most extraordinary exertions were put forth
freely shown, and those who would have by the Provisional Government to meet im-
bade the monster depart in peace from the pending emergencies. As stated elsewhere,
National Capital, were compelled to assume the levy of troops became general throughout
an attitude of defence against its malice the Seceded States. The forts in possession
and folly. The speech of Mr. Sickles, in the of the revolutionists were strengthened, and
House, February 5th, sounded the alarum in strongly garrisoned. Before Fort Pickens,
these words of warning:

off Pensacola, a powerful army gathered in
" In November it was peaceable secession. We February, under command of Braxton Bragg,
could agree to that. I am for it. In January it was late of the United States army. Before Fort
forcible secession; and then, sir, the friends of Sumter the outlines of the lands around
peaceable secession in the North were trans- fairly bristlcd with guns. It was of the first
formed into timid apologists. In February it is necessity, in event of a conflict with the Fed-
spoliation and war. Armies were raised under the eral Government, that both of these fortresses
guns of forts belonging to the United States, the ju-
risdiction of which has been ceded to us by the should be in possession of the Confederates.
solemn acts of the Seceding States. Measures of They thus become, per consensum, the points
open war only yielded to Mexican spoliations, and I of all interest to the people: around, and
say, in the presence of this new and last phase of within their ramparts must the first blood be
the secession movement, that it can have no friends shed of a contest at which the civilized world
in the North-it can have no apologists in the should stand aghast.
North; but there will soon be no exception to the In view of Mr. Lincoln's several declara-
general denunciation which it must meet from every tions, on his route from Springfield to the
loyal and patriotic citizen of this country."

Capital, regarding the forts and the property Before such an issue, rashness and insolence of the Government, the Charleston Mercury would have given way at least to an out- called, in these terms, for haste and extent ward show of kindness, in order to foster the of warlike preparations : moral and material force of that Northern

“ If his (Lincoln's) declarations are to be relied sentiment in favor of peaceable secession; but, on, he will attempt to retake the forts now in the poswith a mountebank like Wigfall— with such / session of the Confederate States and reenforce a “tower of strength" as that embodiment those now in the possession of the United States. of coarseness, James M. Mason—with the dis- That will be war-war in our bays and harbors. He tempered and thwarted Robert M. T. Hun- will probably be willing to confine it to such localiter-to defend and direct the cause of the rev- , ties. We have no idea that he will dare a campaign

!

sea.

with an army to conquer the South, but we can Whiting was dispatched by Jefferson Davis make the war he will have begun as wide as the to inspect the fortifications of Charleston, ocean itself. It is said that New England made The “ Floating Battery," of which great exmore money than she lost in the war of 1812, by pri- pectations were formed, was launched Febvateers on the British commerce. We of the Con- ruary 25th. It was simply a floating fortififederate States cannot be the greatest loser at such cation about one hundred feet front, to a game. But, whatever may be our instrumentalities of defence or aggression, the Provisional Govern mount four to six heavy guns. It was low ment was established to put them in full operation in the water, built of pine and palmetto logs against our enemies of the North. It is a war gov- and ribbed with iron--thus supposed to be ernment. It may be compelled to raise an unusual impervious to shot. The design was to anarmy. It may be compelled to lay unusual taxes, chor it in a commanding position off Sullito call for unusual loans. Let the people of the Con- van's island, where it could enfilade the federate States view with forbearance its imperfec- ramparts of Sumter.*. tions or irregularities, and be prepared to support The fortress on Cumming's point was a it in all its difficulties. Within one month we will firm structure of green logs covered in sand, know what our necessities require. The Provisional mounting guns, of a very heavy calibre, with Government may be useless, and a permanent gov- one or two very effective rifled cannon. The ernment, looking to all those guaranties which a free government require, may supersede its tempo- Morris and James islands, were located in

other batteries strung along on Sullivan, rary existence. The terms here used—“ our enemies of the Sumter-thus to cut off all reenforcements by

spots to command the channel approaches to North”-implied a fact which should be given due weight, viz.: that the Southern of a nameless number of guns, evidently pre

Fort Moultrie was a frowning fortress, populace had been educated to believe that

pared for throwing shot and shell in an the North was, an open and declared enemy of the South; hence , the unanimity with appalling shower upon the sea-girt fastness

of the “Invincible Eighty" which lay off in which they responded to the call to arms, the harbor, as gullen, silent and dark as a and submitted their necks to their rulers'

sleeping volcano. yoke. The relative strength of each section became a subject of quite general attention, federate Government vouchsafed to the

This was the consideration which the Conas well as the comparative courage and activity of the Northern and Southern people. maintain relations of peace.”

Union, with which “its only desire was to The intelligent community never before took such interest in the census statistics. It is indicative of the extraordinary self-deception which the Southern people practised

Audi alteram partem. We feel the force of upon themselves, that they deemed their six the injunction when we are called to sit in millions of white population fully equivalent, judgment on the Administration of Mr. Buin material force, to the nineteen millions of chanan. With the effects of his misrule we the North. It would have been considered are so painfully impressed, that the impulse an cvidence of cowardice in the South for a to pronounce a sweeping condemnation is in person to have confessed the equality of the deed strong. The tragedy of war-the huNorth with the South, man-for-man. The miliation of our National prestige—the awful local and State prejudices which ever have prevailed in the Cotton-growing States * The idea of this battery was by no means an owing as much to the want of general intel-original one. At the seige of Gibralter, 1782, ten ligence among the masses of the people, as floating forts were constructed, at a cost of upwards to the egotism and dictatorial spirit engen

of $500,000. They were so compactly built as to be dered by long exercise of the rights of deemed invulnerable, and, mounting from ten to masters over slaves--served to strengthen of destruction. They worked well and did great

eighteen guns each, truly were formidable engines this over-estimate of strength and the re-execution, until the fortress threw hot shot, when sources of war,

they were soon all in flames, and those on board During the last days of February, Col. I perished almost to a man.

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