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ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRES.DENT. nois, having received a majority of the whole LINCOLN. BRECKENRIDGE. BELL. number of Electoral votes, is duly elected California..... 4 Alabama.. 9 Kentucky....12 President of the United States, for the four Connecticut... 6 Arkansas 4 Tennessee.....12 Illinois... .11 Delaware,...

3 Virginia...... 16 years commencing on the 4th of March, 1861; Indiana. .13 Florida.....

and Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine, having reIowa. 4 Georgia.. 10 Total......39

ceived a majority of the whole number of Maine. 8 Louisiana..... 6 Massachusetts 13 Maryland

Electoral votes, is duly elected Vice-President Michigan..... 6 Mississippi.... 7 DOUGLAS. of the United States for the same term." He Minnesota. ... 4 N. Carolina... 10 Missouri...... 9

added, that the business for which the two N. Hampshire. 5 S. Carolina... 8 New Jersey.. 3 New Jersey... 4 Texas....

Houses assembled having been completed, New York. ...35

Total......12 the Senate will now return to their own Ohio.. 23 Total......72 Oregon 3

chamber. Pennsylvania..27 For Lincoln and Hamlin .....180

The members of the House rose and remainRhode Island. 4 For Breckenridge and Lane... 72 Vermont..... 5 For Bell and Everett......

39 ed standing until the Senators left the hall, Wisconsin.... 5 For Douglas and Johnson..... 12 when that imposing throng of five thousand Total..... 180 Total.....

spectators slowly and without excitement dis

persed. A President of the United States Lincoln's majority over all .......

57 had been constitutionally declared with that Whereupon the Vice- rather formal and not impressive ceremony. The End. President, rising, said : Was any ruler of a great nation ever before

" Abraham Lincoln, of Illi- given the reins of power with less form?

303

CHAPTER XXVIII.

JOURNEY OF THE PRESIDENT-ELECT TO WASHINGTON. INCIDENTS

BY THE WAY. SPEECHES AT INDIANAPOLIS, CINCINNATI, Co. LUMBUS, PITTSBURG, CLEVELAND, BUFFALO, ALBANY, NEW YORK, TRENTON, PHILADELPHIA, AND HARRISBURG. IMMENSE POPULAR OVATIONS.

RUMOR OF ASSASSINATION. NIGHTRIDE THROUGH BALTIMORE. THE GENIAL RECEPTION AT WASHINGTON.

THE

The journey of the Pres-, respective Assemblies and The Programme. ident-elect to the seat of to become their guest—the

The Programme. Government was one of invitations of the Corporathose events of the time which, though an tions of the leading cities on the route for individual incident, still became historically him to tarry a day among them and receive significant, and formed one of the most ex- their hospitalities, served to change the citing episodes of the month.

original purpose to that of a progress, by His preparations at first contemplated a special trains and easy stages, from Illinois to speedy journey to the Capital; but, the fever- Washington. The route, as finally arranged, ish anxiety expressed by the people to see embraced Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Columhim on his way—the invitations of the State bus, Pittsburg, Cleveland, Buffalo, Albany, Legislatures of Indiana, Ohio, New York, New York, Trenton, Philadelphia, HarrisNew Jersey, and Pennsylvania, to visit their burg, and Baltimore.

MR. LINCOLN

AT INDIANAPOLIS.

373

The President left Spring-ing the Stars and Stripes, showed that a comThe Farewell. field on the morning of mon feeling moved all classes. And so the

Monday, February 11th. train sped along, followed by the hearty He was greeted at the railway depot by a blessings of an honest people.” large concourse of his fellow-citizens, whom At Indianapolis he was he addressed as follows:

received by an immense At Indianapolis. “MY FRIENDS—No one not in my position can concourse of people. Thirappreciate the sadness I feel at this parting. To ty-four guns announced his arrival. Governor this people I owe all that I am. Here I have lived Morton, on behalf of the citizens and Legismore than a quarter of a century; here my children lature of Indiana, welcomed him. A carriage were born, and here one of them lies buried. I know and four white horses awaited his coming. not how soon I shall see you again. A duty de- The cortege presented a striking appearvolves upon me which is, perhaps, greater than that ance—the procession embracing both Houses which has devolved upon any other man since the of the Legislature, State officers, the municdays of Washington. He never would have succeeded except for the aid of Divine Providence, upon citizens. · Arrived at the hotel, he thus ad

ipal authorities, the military, firemen, and which he at all times relied. I feel that I cannot

dressed the multitude from a balcony: succeed without the same Divine aid which sus

“FELLOW-CITIZENS OF THE STATE OF INDIANAtained him. In the same Almighty Being I place my reliance for support, and I hope you, my friends, I am here to thank you much for this magnificent will all pray that I may receive that Divine assist welcome, and still more for the very generous supance, without which I cannot succeed, but with port given by your State to that political cause

which I think is the true and just cause of the whole which, success is certain. Again I bid you all an affectionate farewell."

country and the whole world. Solomon says,

* There is a time to keep silence;' and when men This touching address, it was reported, wrangle by the month with no certainty that they was given with a choked utterance. His mean the same thing while using the same word, it auditors were moved to tears, and many perhaps were as well if they would keep silence. responded, “We will pray for you.” The The words - coercion' and 'invasion' are much used train moved off amid tears and cheers. The in these days, and often with some temper and hot President was accompanied by a select body blood. Let us make sure, if we can, that we do not of citizens and officers of the United States misunderstand the meaning of those who use them. Army, who served as a body-guard and Com- Let us get the exact definitions of these words, not mittee of Arrangements through to Wash- from dictionaries, but from the men themselves, who ington.

certainly deprecate the things they would represent Multitudes were gathered at every railway What is invasion ? The marching of an army into

by the use of the words. What, then, is' coercion ?' station on the route. A delay of a few South Carolina, without the consent of her people, minutes was made at Decatur and Tolono, to and with hostile intent towards them, would be invagive the crowds his greeting.

sion. It would be coercion' if the South CaroliOne of the reporters present wrote, of these niaus were forced to submit. But if the United country tributes: “In Macon County, where States should merely hold and retake its own forts he lived in 1830, a large gathering of the ola" and other property, and collect the duties on foreign inhabitants, farmers for the most part, clad importations, or even withhold the mails from places in the roughest garb, but showing that re

where they were habitually violated, would any or finement of soul which belongs to this sturdy all these things be invasion' or 'coercion? Do our race of workers, were waiting at the station professed lovers of the Union, but who spitefully re

solve that they will resist coercion and invasion, unto greet their friend, and give him the encouraging word which strengthens the heart. United States would be coercion or invasion of a

derstand that such things as these on the part of the At the small stations along the route one saw

State? If so, their idea of weans to preserve the groups of saddle-horses, a score or more in object of their great affection would seem to be exnumber, who had brought their masters from ceedingly thin and airy. If sick, the little pills of long distances to pay their tribute of love the homeopathist would be much too large for it to and respect. At the small, uncouth school- swallow. In their view, the Union, as a family relahouses, flags, rude in material, but all bear- tion, would seem to be no regular marriage, but

rather a sort of free-love arrangement, to be main- followed by a very imposing cavalcade. He tained on principles of passional attraction. In entered the hotel while the band discoursed what consists the special sacredness of a State? I “Hail Columbia" and the “ Star-Spangled speak not of the position assigned to a State in the Banner.” It was a thoroughly loyal ovaUnion by the Constitution, for that, by the bond, we tion-Union being almost written on the all recognize. That position a State cannot carry people's faces. In answer to the call of the out of the Union with it. I speak rather of that as vast crowd which surged to and fro in the samed primary right of a State to rule all which is less than itself, and to ruin all which is larger than streets, Mr. Lincoln appeared on the balcony itself. If a State and a county, in a given case,

and addressed it as follows: should be equal in extent of Territory, and equal in

“FELLOW-CITIZENS.--I have spoken but once benumber of inhabitants, in what, as a matter of prin- fore this in Cincinnati. That was a year previous ciple, is the State better than the county? Would a to the late Presidential election. On that occasion, mere exchange of names be an exchange of rights in a playful manner, but with sincere words, I adUpon principle, on what rightful principle, may a dressed much of what I said to the Kentuckians. I State, being no more than one-fiftieth part of the gave my opinion that we, as Republicans, would ulnation in soil and population, break up the nation timately beat them as Democrats, but that they and then coerce a proportionably larger subdivision could postpone that result longer by nominating of itself in the most arbitrary way? What myste- Senator Douglas for the Presidency than they could rious right to play tyrant is conferred on a distriet in any other way. They did not, in any true sense of country with its people by merely calling it a of the word, nominate Mr. Douglas, and the result State ? Fellow-citizens, I am not asserting any has certainly come as soon as I expected. I also thing. I am merely asking questions for you to told them how I expected they would be treated consider. And now allow me to bid you farewell.” after they should have been beaten; and I now wish

His stay in Indianapolis was one of tireless to call their attention to what I then said : “When enthusiasm on the part of the people-of

we do as we say, beat you, you perhaps want to whom many pleasantries were related. Au know what we will do with you. I will tell you, as classes apparently bade him Godspeed! He

far as I am authorized to speak for the Opposition : left for Cincinnati on the morning of Feb

We mean to treat you, as nearly as possible, as

Washington, Jefferson, and Madison treated you. ruary 12th, pausing by the way at several we mean to leave you alone, and in no way to inter of the chief towns. At Lawrenceburg, among fere with your institutions; to abide by all and other remarks, he said, looking over into every compromise of the Constitution ; and, in s Kentucky, “I say to you that the power in- word, coming back to the original proposition, to treat trusted to me shall be exercised as perfectly you, so far as degenerate, men—if we have degento protect the rights of your neighbors across erated—may, according to the example of those the river, as of your own.” A voice in the noble fathers, Washington, Jefferson, and Madison. *crowd cried out, “ May the rulers be as right we mean to remember that you are as good as we; as the people.” Mr. Lincoln replied, “Yes;

that there is no difference between us other than the and let me tell

difference of circumstances. We mean to recognize 'if the people remain

you, right, your public men can never betray you. hearts in your bosoms as other people, or as we

and bear in mind always that you have as good If I, in my brief connection with public af- claim to have, and treat you accordingly.' fairs, shall be wicked or foolish, and if you

" Fellow-citizens of Kentucky! Friends and remain true and honest, you cannot be be- brethren !-(may I call you so in my new position ?) trayed"--arriving there in the afternoon. --I see no occasion and feel no inclination to reHis reception at the “Queen City” was wor-tract a word of this. If it shall not be made good, thy of his high office. The crowd was so be assured the fault shall not be mine."

great that the train was The reception during the evening was of a stopped, and could only brilliant character. Most of the leading men

proceed to the depot, after of that section of the State, together with the military and police had opened a way. many from Kentucky, paid their respects to The city was decorated profusely with Ameri- him. Party distinctions were forgotten in can flags. He was received by the Mayor of their earnest congratulations. To all rethe city, and, in a barouche drawn by six marks expressive of anxiety for the Union white horses, escorted to the “Burnet House,” the President gave gratifying replies.

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At Cincinnati.

MR. LINCOLN AT PITTSBURG.

375

A deputation of citizens from Columbus, reliance on that God who has never forsaken this and the Joint Committee of the Ohio Legis people. Fellow-citizens what I have said, I have lature, acted as an escort to the Capital City said without premeditation. I bid you all a most on the 13th. The enthusiasm of the people heartfelt wish for your prosperity, and for the prosseemed to increase as the East was approach- perity of our whole country.” ed. At all leading points on the route to

In the evening a brilliant reception was Columbus great crowds had gathered to bid given at the Governor's mansion. Gentlehim welcome. The American flag seemed to men of all political persuasions sought the wave from every house. Such a display of President's hand, and uttered words of enthe "Stars and Stripes” never before was wit- couragement. At Columbus the President

nessed. He was received at was informed, by telegraph, of the peaceful At Columbus. Columbus by Gov, Denni- counting of the electoral votes at Washing

son; and, escorted by the ton, and the constitutional promulgation of military, proceeded to the State-House, where his elevation to the Chief Magistracy. The the Legislature was in session. The Hall of numerous threats reported, of violence to preRepresentatives was given up to his recep- vent the declaration of the vote, had caused tion. In a response to the welcome of the him anxiety. The news that all had passed Legislature, made by Lieutenant-Governor off peaceably gave much satisfaction to him Kirk, Mr. Lincoln said:

and his friends. “MR. PRESIDENT, AND MR. SPEAKER, AND GEN The route to Pittsburg TLEMEN OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY—It is true, as was pursued, February At Steubenville. has been said by the President of the Senate, that 14th, by way of Steubenvery great responsibility rests upon me in the posi- ville, where, in response to an address made tion to which the votes of the American people have by Judge Lloyd, on behalf of the concourse called me. I am deeply sensible of that weighty responsibility. I can but know what you all know,

present, he said: that, without a name, perhaps without a reason,

"I fear that the great confidence placed in my there has fallen upon me a task such as did not rest ability is unfounded. Indeed, I am sure it is. Eneven upon the Father of his Country ; and so feel compassed by vast difficulties, as I am, nothing shall ing, I can but turn and look for that support with be wanted on my part, if sustained by the American out which it will be impossible for me to perform people and God. I believe the devotion to the Conthat great task. I turn, then, and look to the Amer- stitution is equally great on both sides of the river. ican people, and to that God who has never forsaken It is only the different understanding of that instruthem. Allusion has been made to the interest feltment that causes difficulty. The only dispute is, in relation to the policy of the new Administration. What are their rights? If the majority should not In this I have received from some a degree of credit rule, who should be the judge? Where is such a . for having kept silence, and from others deprecation. judge to be found? We should all be bound by the I still think that my reticence was right. In the majority of the American people—if not, then the varying and repeatedly-shifting scenes of the pres. minority must control. Would that be right? Would ent, and without a precedent which could enable me it be just or generous ? Assuredly not. He reitto judge by the past, it has seemed fitting that, be- erated, the majority should rule. If he (Lincoln) fore speaking upon the difficulties of the country, I adopted a wrong policy, the opportunity to condemn should have gained a view of the whole field, to be him would occur in four years' time. Then I can sure of my way - being at liberty to modify and be turned out, and a better man with better views change the course of policy as future events may put in my place.'" make a change necessary. I have not maintained At Pittsburg the recepsilence from any want of real anxiety. It is a good tion was as cordial and dething that there is no more than anxiety, for there

At Pittsburg. is nothing irreparably wrong. It is a consoling cir

monstrative as at other cumstance that, when we look out, we find that points. The President addressed an imthere is nothing which is really incurable. We

mense throng, which, in spite of a severe entertain different views upon political questions, storm, had congregated in front of his hotel, but nobody is suffering from that cause. This is a with a few words of recognition, adding that most consoling circumstance, and from it we may he should have the pleasure of speaking to conclude that all we want is time, patience, and a the people on the morrow. On the morning

of the 15th he addressed other clouds have cleared away in due time, so will At Pittsburg. the immense crowd that this great nation continue to prosper as heretofore." awaited him. We quote:

The President then adverted at length to Mayor Wilson and CITIZENS OF PENNSYLVANIA the Tariff question. He assumed that a tariff —“I most cordially thank His Honor, Mayor Wix of revenue was necessary, so fong as the GoFson, and the citizens of Pittsburg generally, for their ernment was to be sustained otherwise thau flattering reception. I am the more grateful be by direct taxation. Without committing cause I know that it is not given to me alone, but himself to the Morrill Tariff bill, then before to the cause I represent, which clearly proves to Congress, he argued the great necessity of a me their good-will and that sincere feeling is at the revenue measure. He closed : bottom of it. And here I may remark that in every " According to my political education, I am inshort address I have made to the people, in every clined to believe that the people in the various crowd through which I have passed of late, some portions of the country should have their own views allusion has been made to the present distracted carried out through their representatives in Con. condition of the country. It is natural to expect gress. The considerarion of the Tariff bill should that I should say something on this subject, but to not be postponed until the next session of the touch upon it at all would involve an elaborate dis- National Legislature. 'No subject should engage cussion of a great many questions and circumstances your representatives more closely than that of the requiring more time than I can at present command, Tariff. If I have any recommendation to make, it and would perhaps unnecessarily commit me upon will be that every man who is called upon to serve matters which have not yet fully developed them the people, in a representative capacity, should selves. [Tremendous cheering, and cries of "Good,' study the whole subject thoroughly, as I intend to * That's right.'] The condition of the country is an do myself, looking to all the varied interests of the extraordinary one, and fills the mind of every patriot common country, so that when the time for action with anxiety. It is my intention to give this subject arrives, adequate protection shall be extended to all the consideration I possibly can before specially the coal and iron of Pennsylvania, and the corn of defining in regard to it, so that when I do speak it Illinois. Permit me to express the hope that this may be as nearly right as possible. When I do important subject may receive such consideration speak I hope I may say nothing in opposition to the at the hands of your representatives, that the interspirit of the Constitution, contrary to the integrity ests of no part of the country may be overlooked, of the Union, or which will prove inimical to the lib- but that all sections may share in the common beneerties of the people, or to the peace of the whole fits of a just and equitable tariff.” country. [Vociferous applause.] And furthermore, This address was received with the most when the time arrives for me to speak on this great lively enthusiasm by the denizens of the subject, I hope I may say nothing to disappoint the Iron City,” whose most material interests people generally throughout the country, especially

so nearly concerned in the Tariff, as if the expectation has been based upon anything

well as in the Union. which I have heretofore said. Notwithstanding the troubles across the river, (the speaker pointing

The trip to Cleveland, southwardly across the Monongahela, and smiling,) Friday, passed off pleas

Northern Obio. there is no crisis but an artificial one. What is antly. The usual patriotic there now to warrant the condition of affairs pre- demonstrations were made along the route, sented by our friends over the river? Take even and the reception at the “Forest City" proved their own views of the questions involved, and there that the Western Reserve was quite as deis nothing to justify the course they are pursuing. voted to the Union as other loyal sections, I repeat, there is no crisis excepting such a one as notwithstanding its reputed tendency to may be gotten up at any time by turbulent men, “ Abolitionism.” The trip to Buffalo passed aided by designing politicians. My advice to them off most agreeably, though the President was under such circumstances is Keep cool.' If the

so seriously indisposed from frequent speakgreat American people only keep their temper both sides of the line, the troubles will come to an end, ing and hand-shaking that he could but and the question which now distracts the country briefly respond to the truly stirring crowds be settled, just as surely as all other difficulties of a gathered at every stoppage. The enthusiasm like character, which have originated in this Gov. of Northern Ohio exceeded that of the southernment, have been adjusted. Let the people on ern and eastern portions of the State, cheering both sides keep their self-possession, and, just as

as it was.

were

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