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SECRETARY DIX'S NERVE.

367

men who were retained on the “I am still in hope the good sense of all parties may Commodore Porter's active list by the late detest- cease to trust to traitors and wily politicians, and Patriotism.

able Retiring Board.' In doing retrace their steps, and that harmony may yet be this you were endorsed as one mentally, physically restored to my distracted country. and morally fit to occupy the station you hold as an

“W. D. PORTER, officer in the Navy. And you are one of the first to

Commander United States Navy.prove this decision of that Board was as erroneous in

Lieutenant Berryman, in your case as it was in mine, whom they · retired from

Secretary of the

command of the United the Navy.' I was then in the deepest trouble, and I

Navy's Weakness.

States steam gun - boat never dreamed of becoming a traitor to my country; and now that my country has recalled me to active

Wyandotte, lying off Fort Pickens, wrote to service and intrusted me with an important com

a Pensacola paper, after the delivery of the mand, I will not betray the trust. The Constitution navy-yard and forts into the hands of the of the United States defines treason to be bearing | revolutionists by their commanding officers, arms against the United States. You have fre- [see page 194,) as follows: “My orders from quently heard this read on the quarter-deck of the proper authorities of a Government I these vessels of the Navy, and yet you would per have loved and served as faithfully as I suade the gallant men of the Navy to place them- could, I still respect, and when that Governselves alongside of the traitor Arnold and yourself.

ment shall be dissolved by the decision of It has ever been the boast of the Navy that she has

my great and noble State, (Virginia,) I hope never had one traitor within her corps. You, sir,

to prove myself worthy of holding a commisare the first to destroy the proud boast! Future his

sion, even under a Southern Confederacy." tory will place you alongside of Arnold, and you

And this man, after this declaration was pubwill be the first to blot the page of naval history, illarninated by the example of Decatur, Porter, Hull,

lished, was allowed to “resign,” honorably, Bainbridge, Jones, Caldwell, and other gallant and

from the service! Mr. Toucey, though a Northpatriotic officers.

ern man, was a weak vessel, so far as patriotism "You also boast of the Star of the West, having and nerve were implied. His acceptance of been driven back by the rebels of South Carolina, and resignations when arrests should have been relief prevented that gallant officer, Col. Anderson. made, did not crown his name with the

“There are in the employment of the Govern "odor of excellence;" and he must live in ment sons of a gallant officer, late of the Navy, who

history as an illustrious example of the miscarried on the seas the Stars and Stripes with honor

fortune which ever awaits those who act from to himself, and glory to his country, and the third

policy rather than principle. “To serve his within call.' Had either of them commanded the

friends,” he tainted his own fair fame with: Slar of the West, the gallant Colonel would have

the stigma of having dealt leniently with been relieved ; and at any time the Government wants this done, it will only be necessary to send

treason and desertion.* one of those sons. You, sir, have not much to boast

The revenue cutters be

Secretary Dix's of in driving off an unarmed steamer, commanded

ing in the Customs' service, by a merchant captain !

were under charge of the "Whatever right the Southern people had under | Treasury Department. How Secretary Dix the Constitution, those States that have chosen re dealt with the unfaithful officers of the Lewis bellion have forfeited their rights, and the only | Cass and McClelland, surrendered at Mobile means for them to obtain justice will be to return and New Orleans, (see page 199,) is a subject to their allegiance. No one, for a moment, who has

upon which the loyal heart will ever dwell been born and brought up on Southern soil can ap

with satisfaction. His orders to the secret prove of the course of Northern fanatics. Bnt, on

agent, Hemphill Jones, dispatched to relieve the other hand, a true patriot will not approve of dismembering his country merely because a few

Captains Morrison and Breshwood of their fanatics on the other side have been guilty of

commands, viz., "to shoot down on the spot wrong, which can be righted by legislation To fly any man who attempted to haul down the to revolution is to seek the very worst of evils, and the people of the United States must be aware that * The Report of the Special (House) Committee “revolution is simply rapine, murder, bloodsned;' of Five, on the Secretary's conduct in this matter, that nothing but distress ever follows in its train. 1 (made Feb. 21st,) will be given in a future chapter.

Nerve.

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American flag,” expressed the spirit with | important "Keys to the Gulf ” were rendered which he regarded betrayals of trust. The secure-much to the chagrin of the Confedcutters named having been “transferred” to erate authorities, who deemed their conquest, the revolutionists by their commanders, were and that of Fort Pickens, necessary to their lost to the Government. Captain Morrison independence. The country will love to honor had the temerity to send in his resignation the brave men who preserved their loyalty in immediately after his act, when Mr. Dix the midst of the temptations and trials which published the following order:

beset them ; while it surely will never cease “ TREASURY DEPARTMENT, to execrate the memory of those who proved

February 11th, 1861. unfaithful to the country, to their honor, and "J. J. Morrison, of Georgia, a captain in the reve- to their own best interests. nue-cutter service of the United States, late in command of the Lewis Cass, having, in violation of his official oath, and of his duty to the Government, mation we may subjoin the fol

NOTE.-As a matter of infor

Interesting Statesurrendered his vessel to the State of Alabama, it is

ment.

lowing table of the share each hereby directed that his name be stricken from the State had in officering the navy, from 1800 to 1860. roll of the said service. By order of the President The table includes no officer below the rank of Actof the United States.

" JOHN A. DIX,

ing Midshipman:
Secretary of the Treasury." Virginia .... .210 | Vermont ....

19 Maryland...

125 Delaware...
Missouri..

8 The steam gunboat Cru- South Carolina..

Louisiana... 18 Mississippi Loyal Men. sader was lying at Mobile New Jersey.

Michigan.
when Fort Morgan was Kentucky..

Dist. Columbia.
Florida.

New York... seized. Her commander, Lieut. John N. Maf

Alabama.

10 | North Carolina.. fit, was notified by the authorities that he lowa.

Maine..

86 must pass over the command to one Maury, Wisconsin..

Georgia. .

Pennsylvania, 205 Rhode Island. 13 of the “ Alabama Navy." His admirable re

Connecticut.

50 Ohio.... ply was: “He might be overpowered, but, in Massachusetts.... Indiana.

Illinois that event, what was left of the Crusader Tennessee....

New Hampshire.... 24 Arkansas. would not be worth taking.” And his vessel

During the same period a number of foreigners was not "seized.” She sailed to Key West

also held commissions, as follows: and the Tortugas, and rendered Capt. Meigs

West Indies..... 3 | Wales..... valuable assistance in transporting heavy

Ireland

11 South America..... ordnance to the fort at the latter station, England..

8 Greece....... where Major Arnold was in command ; while

As a singular fact, it may be stated that all Profes the gallant Capt. Brannon, of Chapultepec sors of Mathematics (with one exception) were memory, held command at Key West. With Northern men, as also were all the Chaplains ! [See these incorruptible men in charge, those most / pages 116–17.]

17

33

50
17

9 7 53 216

5
5

23

97 22

29 13 7

2

CHAPTER XXVII.

TIE CEREMONY OF PRESIDENT-MAKING. COUNTING TIE ELEC

TORAL VOTE. GRAPHIC PICTURE OF THE OCCASION, AND OF ITS NOT ABILITIES. THE ELECTORAL VOTE.

The Occasion.

a

ONE of the few interest | on the floor and in the galleries, were some ing ceremonials connected of the baffled conspirators, who, but for the

with the installation of the premature explosion of their plot, and the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Depart- presence in the Capital of the peerless artilments of our Democratic Government, is that lery that won the field of Buena Vista, would of counting the Electoral votes for President to-day have held high revel of riot, and, if and Vice-President of the United States. The need be, bloodshed, in the two Houses of occasion usually attracts a large concourse to Congress, and prevented, by force, the declathe Hall of the Lower House; and, although ration, according to the formula of the but a mere form of procedure, is invested Constitution, of the election of Lincoln and with a weighty interest, since that form is Hamlin." requisite of legalization of the election, and At twelve o'clock Speaka necessary preliminary to the inauguration er Pennington called the The Prayer. of the Chief Magistrate of the Union. House to order, when

The excitement reigning in the country the Chaplain, Reverend Thomas Stockton, rendered the occasion of February 13th, 1861, pronounced an eloquent and impressive of more than ordinary interest. So many prayer, in which he said: wild rumors had been afloat respecting the “ Bless the outgoing Administration ; may it close loss of the electoral votes—the refusal of the its labors in peace, with out further violence, and Vice-President to declare the vote—the with without any stain of blood. And we pray for the holding of the ballots of all the Southern incoming Administration ; that Thy blessing may States—the use of violence to prevent the rest on the President-elect in his journey hither

ward ; that Thy good Providence may be around counting; and so many threats had been reported, of violence to Mr. Lincoln's person- every step; and we pray that he may be peacefully

him day and night, guarding and guiding him at then on his progress towards the Capital and happily inaugurated, and afterwards, by pure, that the occasion referred to was invested wise, and prudent counsels, that he may administer with more than the usual importance. A the Government in such a manner as that Thy name description of the ceremonial, as well as of may be glorified, and the welfare of the people, in the special features of that particular event, all their relations, be advanced, and that our example will not be out of place at this point of our of civil and religious liberty be followed in all the narrative.

world." As early as ten o'clock On motion of Washburne, of Illinois, a The Gathering of the Crowd.

on the morning of Wednes- message was sent to the Senate, informing day, February 15th, the the Senators that the House

Advent of the great crowd set in toward the Capitol. It was now waiting to receive

Senators. swarmed into the Hall of Representatives, them, so that, in a joint filling galleries, lobbies, cloak-rooms, and pas- body, the Electoral votes for President and sages, while the floor of the Chamber itself Vice-President might be opened, and the was graced by the presence of distinguished result announced. persons. It was a “ representative” crowd, After a short interval the Senators, preembracing the intellect and beauty of many ceded by their officers, were announced. of the States. “Scattered here and there, The members of the House immediately

rose and remained standing, till the Senators) as much the centre of observation as the took seats in a semicircular range, in front Senators below. of the Clerk's desk.

of the personality of that assemblage of Vice-President Breckenridge was con- legislative wit and wisdom several of the reducted to the right of the Speaker, and the porters present gave graphic sketches. One, Tellers, viz., Senator Trumbull and Repre- by the New York Herald correspondent, we sentatives Washburne, of Illinois, and Phelps, may reproduce, as embodying a clear and of Missouri, took seats at the Clerk's desk. admirably conceived picture of the men and

When order was restored, Vice-President their manners :-“Directly in front of us, and Breckenridge arose and said: “We have facing the Vice-President of the United States, assembled, pursuant to the Constitution, in whose duty it is to declare order that the electoral votes may be counted, the result of the vote, is Ste Life Photographs. and the result declared, for President and phen A. Douglas, of Illinois, Vice-President, for the term commencing on the rival democratic candidate for the Presithe 4th of March, 1861; and it is made my dency with the said Vice-President of the duty, under the Constitution, to open the cer- United States, John C. Breckenridge, of tificates of election in the presence of the two Kentucky. To the right of Judge Douglas Houses. And I now proceed to the perform- for he is at once the centre of all eyes as well ance of that duty.

as seated in the centre of the semicircle Vice-President Breckenridge then opened forming the area in front of the Speaker's the package containing the electoral vote of chair—is the Premier of the incoming AdMaine, and handed it to the Tellers, when the ministration, William H. Seward. To Dougcertificate thereof was read, the Secretary of las' left is the late candidate for Vice-Presithe Senate making a note thereof.

dent on the opposing Democratic ticket, The electoral votes of New Hampshire, General Joseph Lane. Beside Seward, to Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, his right, is Senator Cameron, of PennsylVermont, and New York were similarly dis- vania, and their familiar and easy manner posed of, when Senator Douglas suggested, towards each other is believed to be indicaand no objection was made, that the form- tive of their warm and intimate relational part of the certificates and the names of political as well as personal. Sweeping the electors be omitted from the reading, around a gentle curve, still to the right, which was done.

facing the chair, are Senators Solomon Foot, The view from the Re- of Vermont; J. R. Doolittle, of Wisconsin; View from the

porters' gallery, at this mo- J. W. Grimes, of Iowa; and snugly beside Gallery,

ment, was particularly each other are Senators Daniel Clark, of New pleasing. The galleries, " glittering with the Hampshire, and Charles Sumner, of Massa gay,” looked down upon the legislators be- chusetts, who is looking quietly on, appa low, to study the scene there presented, of rently indifferent, as if he felt that his hour the men who held the nation's fortune in of triumph had arrived in the election of a their keeping. The person of each particu- Republican President, and nothing more was lar “great one” was pointed out, to be, for at this time to be done; and just behind the moment, the object of opera-glass scru- these twain we catch a glimpse of the bushy tiny and special remark. Men, in groups, gray head of the unwearied Senator from canvassed the events of the day and of the Rhode Island, Hon. J. F. Simmons. We try moment with an earnestness quite in conson- to see who there are to his right, but the ance with the solemn destiny which seemed to compact crowd prevents us, and we turn our hang over all. Probably the country never glance to the left of our starting-pointbefore saw so many of its eminent sons Judge Douglas—and find in close proximity, gathered at the Capitol to devote their influ- calm as a June morning, the erudite Judge ence to their country's good. All were collamer, Senator from Vermont; the brilassembled in the gallery on the momentous liant-minded and silver-tongued Fessenden, occasion, and, for a brief period, were quite of Maině; the industrious and able Powell,

THE ELEOTORAL VOTE.

371

of Kentucky; the clear- | man, I think-not the AlLife Photographs. headed Fitch, of Indiana; bany Atlas, at any rate, for

Life Photographs. the go-a-head and self- those men have not that willed Ten Eyck, of New Jersey; and beside amount of girth.' 'Ah! I see who you mean. him, in deep contemplation profoundly That is Preston King, of New York, who has as wrapt,' is the new Senator from "away down much weight in the Senate, and probably will East,' Morrill, of Maine. Hard by, looking as have as much in the next Administration, as if he did not have more than his share of care “any other man.”. And then come before your on his mind, is K. S. Bingham, of Michigan. vision the faces of Şenators Rice, of Minnesota, In the second circle of seats is to be noticed and Latham, of California. They seem to take the patriotic and self-sacrificing, Union-loving quite an interest in the proceedings as the and incessant and indefatigable laborer for electoral vote of the different States is declarhis whole country, the venerable Senator ed. Near them sits Senator Hale, of New from Kentucky, John J. Crittenden. And Hampshire, who is in a quiet way talking to now to the right and left we have Senator Representative Hamilton, of Texas. They Pearce, of Maryland; Senator Andrew John- pause in their conversation to hear Represon, of Tennessee, in confidential confab with sentative Phelps declare the vote of Illinois. the spirited and talented Etheridge, of the It goes for Lincoln. Douglas smiles faintly same State, member of the House. And then but good-humoredly, and twitches his cane there is Senator Baker, of Oregon, looking a closer between his legs. Lane, still sitting little more gray and bald than he did twen- beside Douglas, does not want to hear how ty-five years ago, when he and Col. John J. his State (Oregon) has gone-hè has heard Hardin-good man- -used to crack jokes to- that before, probably, and proposes to leave. gether in Jacksonville, Ill. The worthy Sen- | 'No, no, General,' says Douglas, laying his ator is even looking a little more bald than hand pleasantly on Lane, ‘you have heard when he first came to Washington this ses- how my State has gone, now listen to how sion, having probably worn a good deal of yours has.' Lane subsided into his seat his hair off in rubbing through the Pacific again, and shortly after enjoyed the satisfacRailroad bill, of which great project he is a tion of seeing the leading candidate on his firm and steadfast friend. That queer, rough, ticket (Breckenridge) blush, when Senator but intelligent-looking man with Baker is Trumbull—who alternated with Mr. Phelps old Wade-old Senator Ben. Wade, of Ohio, in announcing the vote— leclared that even who don't care a pinch of snuff whether peo- his State—his beloved Kentucky - had gone ple like what he says or not. He is a patriot against her favorite son. It is a somewhat who believes that he could pass the gates of remarkable fact that not one of the States to St. Peter, whether he was entitled to or not, which two of the Presidential and one of the if he was only wrapped in the American flag. Vice-Presidential candidates belong, and who And near Wade are Senators Bigler, of Penn- were present at the counting of the votes, sylvania, and Bragg, of North Carolina. The cast its electoral vote for either. Douglas former bears the same steady, careful, thought- lost Illinois, Breckenridge Kentucky, and ful front he usually presents. Near them are Lane Oregon." Anthony, of Rhode Island, and Foster, of Con The reading of the vote of South Carolina necticut. And not far off you see the smooth was productive of good-humored exciteface and marble brow of Senator Wilson, of ment, and the comments which followed Massachusetts, together with the honest fea- were anything but flattering to the little tures and sturdy frame of Chandler, of Michi- State with large aspirations. gan. And here you may be induced to inquire, The reading of all the "Who is that burly-framed individual talk- electoral votes having been The Electoral Vote. ing to Representative Spaulding, of New completed, the Tellers reYork ?' 'Do you mean him with the Atlas ported the result, which we give in tabular shoulders'? 'No; he can't be an Atlas form, viz.:

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