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in any other that may hereafter be acquired, protect the interest and preserve the Government of was considered. On Wednesday it was fur- the country, and that an appropriation be made to ther discussed and rejected. Mr. Nelson's defray the expenses of such Convention. resolutions, which Mr. Crittenden offered in

The Border State Com

The Border State the Senate were then taken up, and the Com- mittee, appointed under

Committee's Propomittee amended them, so as to declare it in- instructions from the cauexpedient for Congress to abolish Slavery in cus of Border State memthe dockyards, arsenals and the like, of the bers, decided, Friday evening (January 4th), United States, instead of being mandatory upon the following propositions: not to do so. A similar amendment con

First : Recommending a repeal of all the Personcerning the District of Columbia was pend

al Liberty bills. ing upon adjournment. On Thursday it, for the preventing of kidnapping, and so as to pro

Second: That the Fugitive Slave law be amended also, was adopted. The Committee then con- vide for the equalization of the Commissioners' fee, sidered and adopted the following, offered by &c. Mr. Bristow of Kentucky:

Third: That the Constitution be so amended as Resolved, That we recognize Slavery as now ex to prohibit any interference with Slavery in any of isting in fifteen of the United States, by the usages the States where it now exists. and laws of these States, and we recognize no au

Fourth: That Congress shall not abolish Slavery thority, legally or otherwise, outside of a State in the Southern dockyards, arsenals, &c., nor in the where it so exists, to interfere with slaves or Slavery District of Columbia, without the consent of Maryin such States, in disregard of the rights of their land, and the consent of the inhabitants of the Disowners and the peace of society,

trict, nor without compensation. Resolved, That we recognize the justice and pro " Fifth: That Congress shall not interfere with the priety of a faithful execution of the Constitution, and inter-State slave trade. all' laws made in pursuance thereof, including those

Sixth: That there shall be a perpetual prohion the subject of fugitive slaves, or fugitives from bition of the African slave trade. service or labor, and discountenance all mobs, or " Seventh: That the line of 36 deg. 30 min., hindrances to the execution of such laws, and that shall be run through all the existing Territory the citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the of the United States; that in all North of that privileges and impunities of the citizens of the sove line Slavery shall be prohibited, and that South of ral States.

that line, neither Congress nor the Territorial LegisResolved, That we recognize no such conflicting lature shall hereafter pass any law abolishing, proelements in its composition, or sufficient cause, from hibiting, or in any manner interfering with African any source, for a dissolution of this Government; Slavery; and that when any Territory containing a that we were not sent here to destroy, but to sustain sufficient population for one member of Congress in and harmonize the institutions of the country, and any area of 60,000 square miles, shall apply for to see that equal justice is done to all parts of the admission as a State, it shall be admitted, with same; and, finally, to perpetuate its existence, on or without Slavery, as its Constitution may deterterms of equality and justice to all the States." mine." These resolutions, having the assent of the

This scheme, though it favorably met every Republicans, only repeated those previously point raised by the Southern malcontents, introduced by Mr. Grimes, Mr. Seward, and did not secure their concurrence, in that it did others on the Committees.

not positively consign all the Territory South Friday, being fast day, by proclamation of of 36 deg. 30 min., to Slavery. For that the President, the Committee was not in ses- little alteration—that mere technicality of sion. Saturday the following was introduced construction of the seventh proposition, they by Mr. Hamilton, of Texas :

rejected all. No further evidence was want" Resolved, that this Committee do recommend did not desire a settlement or compromise

.

ing to disclose the fact that the revolutionists the passage of joint resolutions, respectfully recommending to the several States a general Convention Here was an adjustment, conceding all the in this city, on a day to be fixed by delegates chosen points at issue, meeting practically every dedirectly by the people in the several States, to con- mand made by Mr. Toombs, having the sider of and advise such amendments to the Consti- assent of the Border States, and yet it failed tution of the United States, as may be necessary to to satisfy the disunionists. The Republicans

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seeing that spirit, gave over every effort for ministration of the Government is resisted adjustment. If it was necessary to make by those opposed to Mr. Lincoln, the crime the Constitution itself recognize Slavery, to will be theirs. When the Republicans took protect Slavery, by special enactment, they their position before the election, they knew would not touch the question of Constitu- they would have to meet this state of things, tional amendment. Mr. Crittenden visited and now they should not put the burden the President, Saturday, to congratulate upon posterity. with him on the adoption, at length, of a Messrs. Hickman and Stevens of Pennsettlement. The pure-hearted and patriotic sylvania, and Case of Indiana, opposed all statesman was yet to be undeceived as to the compromises in speeches couched in unmisanimus of the Southern secessionists ; his takable language. congratulations were premature.

Mr. Pettit, of Indiana, from the Committee A general caucus of Re- of Border States, said he had approved all the Caucus of Repub

publican members, Satur- propositions in that Committee except the licans.

day, was called to espe- one proposed by Mr. Hale, upon which he cially consider that seventh section, which was did not vote. He defended the Border States the proposition of Mr. Hale, of Pennsylvania, for their efforts to arrange matters. on the Border Committee. Mr. Howard, of Mr. Stanton, of Ohio, and Mr. Nixon, of Michigan, objected to any “compromise" at New Jersey, expressed themselves in favor of all, as it would, of itself, be an acdnowledg- some compromise. ment of wrong which did not exist. Mr. The caucus unanimously agreed to press Lovejoy, of Maine, expressed similar senti- the business of the country in the House. ments. Speaking of the malcontents of the Mr. Dawes of Massachusetts moved that Slave States, and the proposed compromise no vote be taken on any of the propositions, of dividing the Territory between Freedom and that the caucus adjourn sine die, which and Slavery to the Pacific, he said: “There was carried. never was a more causeless revolt since Luci The caucus was fully attended, and was fer led his cohorts of apostate angels against harmonious at the close against all comprothe throne of God; but I never heard that mise in view of the ultimatum made by the the Almighty proposed to compromise the disunionists of a positive session to Slavery matter by allowing the rebels to kindle the of all territory south of 36 deg. 30 min. fires of hell south of the celestial meridian They resolved to stand by the Constitution of thirty-six thirty."

as it is, and to abide the issue. A corresMr. Sherman stated that, “as a member pondent at the capital, of a leading Repubof the Committee from the Border States, helican (New York) Journal, wrote: could neither vote for the proposition pro “It may be stated that a majority of the Repubposed by Mr. Hale, nor that proposed by Mr. licans would sustain the extension of the old MisCrittenden, to restore the Missouri line and souri line, pure and simple, through the present Terextend it to the Pacific. He was also oppos- ritory as a final settlement, regarding it as a vindied to the compromise to prevent the aboli- cation of the principle upon which the party was tion of Slavery in the District of Columbia. originally established. They will never concede the While he did not wish to abolish it now, he recognition and protection of Slavery south of it, was opposed to yielding up the right of Con- either in the present or prospective territory. gress to do so at any future period.

It was announced in Mr. Grow of Pennsylvania expressed him- Washington, January 22, Seizure of Forts. self decidedly opposed to all compromises

. that the State authorities He asked what better platform the North or of Georgia had seized the forts Pulaski and the South could have to stand upon than the Jackson, at Savannah, and the United States Tnion, the Constitution and the laws The Arsenal at the same place. Republican party has chosen a President in The United States Arsenal at Mobile, and accordance with the forms of the Constitu- Fort Morgan, were seized, Jan. 4th. These tion, and is entitled to fair play. If his ad- seizures were expected by the State Depart

Cost.

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88

ment at Washington, and added not a little lain, in the Representatives' Hall, was a most to the gathering sentiment in Congress and eloquent invocation for the Union, for peace, throughout the North against the revolution. and for fraternal conciliation. It impressed These acts of violence, and appropriation of its hearers profoundly. the unprotected property of the General Gov During the week troops were concentrated ernment, eventually awakened the spirit of in Washington and vicinity to the number of coercion in the breasts of men of all parties in about three hundred. Fort McHenry, in Balthe Free States--a spirit which, except for timore, was occupied by one company of arsuch overt acts might forever have slumbered. * tillery, while another company was thrown

January 4th was observed at Washington into Fort Washington, on the Potomac, with great solemnity, as a day of fasting and twelve miles below the Capital. The Navy prayer. A sermon, preached to an immense Yard was placed under a strong guard, and audience, by Rev. Thomas Stockton, Chap- every arrangement made for giving a de

cidedly "warm reception” to the madmen * As frequent reference will be made to the forts who might attempt to seize the government of the South, we append, from Col. Totten's Peport, buildings. It seems incredible that the dea table of the Navy Yards and Forts built by the sign of such a seizure, at that early moment U.S. Government in the Southern States, together of the revolution, was conceived and enterwith their cost and armament:

tained; but, there can be no doubt of such a Where located.

No. of

Guns. plot having been concocted. Even papers in Fort McHenry, Baltimore..... .$146,000

Richmond advised the seizure. “Seizures" *Ft. Carrol, Baltimore....

135,000 159

were, indeed, a potent agency in hastening Ft. Delaware, Del. River, Del... 539,000 151

the revolution. The people were not to be Ft. Madison, Annapolis, Md... 5,000 31 Ft. Severn, Maryland...

hurried, nor “precipitated" in their steady 6,000 14

movement: public opinion was only develFt. Washington, Potomac River..... 575,000 Ft. Monroe, Oli Pt. Comfort, Va....2,400,000 371

oped slowly by ordinary processes. Therefore Ft. Calhoun, H. R’ds., Norfolk, Va..1,664,000 224 it was necessary, if the leaders would instantly Ft. Macon, Beaufort, N. C........ 460,000 61 create a fever for action, to seize Government Ft. Johnson, Cape Fear, Wil., N. C.. 5,000 10 property, and to urge, in justification, the Ft. Caswell, Oak Island, N. C...... 571,000 87 "impending dangers of coercion.” This is Ft. Sumter, Charleston, S.C........ 677,000 146

the key to the seizures at Pensacola, SavanCastle Pinckney, Charleston, S. C... 43,000 25

nah, Mobile, New Orleans, and, at a later Ft. Moultrie, Charleston, S. C...... 75,000 54

day, in North Carolina and Virginia. A desFt. Pulaski, Savannah, Ga...... 923,000 150

patch from Savannah, January 5th, said: Ft. Jackson, Savannah, Ga...

80,000

" The pretext that it was necessary to take the Ft. Marion, St. Augustian, Fla...... 51,000 25

forts here because the people would rise against Ft. Taylor, Key West.

185

them is the merest subterfuge. ' The only trouble Ft. Jefferson, Tortugas...

298

was the people were not forward enough, and it was Ft. Barancas, Pensacola..

315,000

necessary to create an excitement in order to bring Redoubt, Pensacola.....

109,000 26

them to the proper pitch. The common talk of the Ft. Pickens, Pensacola,

212

759,000

town declares that all these movements are but preFt. McRee, Pensacola.....

384,000 151

liminary to an attack upon the Federal Capital. Ft. Morgan, Mobile..

..1,212,000 132

Having a friendly country through which to march, Ft. St. Philip, Mouth Miss. River.... 143,000 124

and having possession of the forts and arsenals, they Ft. Jackson, Mouth Miss. River, .... 817,000 150

say that conquest would be easy. They rely on the Ft. Pike, Rigolets, La..

472,000 49

supposed weakness of the Administration, and are Ft. Macomb, Chef Menteur, La..... 447,000 49

elated with the ease with which they have gained Ft. Livingston, Barrataria Bay, La.. 342,000 52

the forts already taken." In addition to these there are incomplete works at

If Washington were seized, the South would Ship Island, Mississippi River ; Georgetown, s. C.; provide an army to retain it. This would Port Royal Roads, S. C. ; Typer Islands, Savannah; and at Galveston, Brazos, Santiago, and Matagorda the Government de facto, or would, at least,

render the proposed Southern Confederacy Bay, in Texas. * Incomplete.

enable the conspirators to dictate their own

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THE INTRIGUE EXPOSED.

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terms to the North. . The programme was a ' of the plot matured, in 1858, to initiate the brilliant one, it must be confessed, and doubt- long talked-of, the long prayed-for, the long less embodied the combined suggestions of perfected scheme of a Slave Confederacy. Messrs. Toombs, Floyd, Governor Wise, Wig

A very interesting docufall, and other Southern hot-heads. The ment, bearing on this ques

The Intrigue Exposed. President had no army-only a few compa- tion of the intrigues of the nies at his immediate disposal; and, having managers of the movement, was given to the no power to call out troops, twenty-five hun- public through the columns of the National dred Virginians and Marylanders were Intelligencer newspaper, in Washington, under deemed amply sufficient to hold the Federal date of January 9th. That journal said the Capital. Congress should not be disturbed communication came “from a distinguished only it should act "circumspectly;" and, as citizen of the South, who formerly representfor Mr. Lincoln--why, of course, he could not ed his State with great distinction in the be inaugurated!

popular branch of Congress. Temporarily All this performance was Plot to seize Wash

sojourning in this city, he has become authenthwarted by Gen. Scott's ington.

tically informed of the facts recited in the and Judge Holt's judicious letter, which he communicates under a sense disposition of their small but effective force of duty, and for the accuracy of which he at hand, and by the action taken to place the makes himself responsible.” The communiDistrict Military Companies and Militia in a cation was as follows: condition for service. The spirit of loyalty

“WASHINGTON, Jan. 9, 1861. grew stronger and stronger, day by day,

“I charge that on last Saturday night a caucus after January 1st; and if the seizure had been

was held in this city by the Southern secession Senattempted, after that day, at the call of the

ators from Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, President one hundred thousand men would Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas. It was then and have rushed, in arms, to the Capital, from there resolved, in effect, to assume to themselves the New York and Pennsylvania alone. General political power of the South, and to control all politScott, at no period, we are assured, felt the ical and military operations for the present. They city to be insecure—so well did he know his telegraphed to complete the plan of seizing forts, own strength and the resources available in arsenals, and custom-houses, and advised the Conevent of an emergency.

ventions now in session, as soon as possible, to pass To become possessed of the capital, was, ordinances for immediate secession; but, in order to beyond question, the dream of the revolu- thwart any operations of the Government here, the tionists. The seizure of all the property of Conventions of the seceding States are to retain the government in the Slave States was but their representations in the Senate and the House.

“They also advised, ordered, or directed the aspreliminary to the forcible possession of the sembling of a Convention of delegates from the seNational Capital itself. The rapidity of ac- ceding States at Montgomery, on the 13th of Febrution in the seceded States in the formation ary. This can, of course, only be done by the revuof a Provisional government — the sudden lutionary Conventions usurping the powers of the manner in which an army was brought into people, and sending delegates over whom they will the field-demonstrate that the details of the lose all control in the establishment of a Provisional revolution were matured by the leaders long Government, which is the plan of the dictators. before their movements became public. The

“This caucus also resolved to take the most effecfilling of Southern Arsenals with rich stores tual means to dragoon the Legislatures of Tennesof arms and munitions—the withdrawal of see, Kentucky, Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, and Virgarrisons from Southern forts to send them ginia into following the seceding States. Maryland far off on the Western plains—the depletion passion as have led to the revolutionary steps which

is also to be influenced by such appeals to popula: of the National treasury to the very verge of promise a conflict with the State and Federal Govbankruptcy, so as to leave the incoming ad

ernments in Texas. ministration powerless from want of means " They have possessed themselves of all the avethe disruption of the Charleston Democratic nues of information in the South—the telegraph, the Conyention, all were, unquestionably, parts press, and the general control of the postmasters.

They also confidontly rely upon defections in the system of intrigue, of duplicity, of usurpation army and navy.

and wrong through which the entire rebel“ The spectacle here presented is startling to con- lion was controlled. When the secret histotemplate. Senators intrusted with the representa- ry of the conspiracy is written, the Southern tive sovereignty of the States, and sworn to support people will be amazed to find to what an the Constitution of the United States, while yet act

extent they were instruments in the hands of ing as the privy counsellors of the President, and anxionsly looked to by their constituents to effect the designing and restless spirits whose polisome practical plan of adjustment, deliberately con

tical ambition was only second to their selceive a conspiracy for the overthrow of the Govern- fishness and slave-owners' pride. We have yet ment through the military organizations, the danger to learn, from a careful examination of all evious secret order of the Knights of the Golden Circle, dence at this moment available--from a rigid " Committees of Safety," Southern leagues, and scrutiny of individual acts and public moveother agencies at their command; they have insti- ments—that there has been, on the part of tuted as thorough a military and civil despotism as the instigators of the revolution, anything of ever cursed a maddened country.”

patriotism, of pure motive, of earnest desire The confirmation which these statements for the good of the whole. If this, indeed had in succeeding events gives assurance that be true, time surely will unmask the hypocthe writer was well informed, and unveils the racy of professions and acts.

CHAPTER VIII.

PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS CONTINUED. SIXTH WEEK. SPEECHES

OF TOOMBS, HUNTER AND SEWARD. THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. RESOLUTIONS ENDORSING MAJOR ANDERSON AND SUSTAINING THE PRESIDENT.

THE proceedings of this ritory until it becomes a State? The TerriMr. Crittenden's

week were of the most im- tory was acquired as the common property Speech.

portant and interesting na- of all, and now a few attempt to exclude a porture. In the Senate, Monday, (January 7th,) tion from their just rights, because they have Mr. Crittenden called up his resolutions for conscientious scruples on the subject. Were a reference of his compromise to the people, Senators willing to sacrifice the country and supported the proposition with an earnest rather than yield their scruples? But, as a and eloquent appeal. It seemed to him the matter of right, have Senators any right to only course left—to appeal to the people, exclude any property? The Constitution was who would be just arbiters. There was no- formed by men who well knew we had differthing improper in such an appeal-nothing ent institutions in different parts of the counwhich forbade it. He then referred to the try, and no section of the country has s features of his propositions, approving of the right to set up a particular opinion as a rule suggested amendments to the Constitution as for all the rest. Suppose the different secdesirable, to take the Slavery question from tions had different religions, would one secCongress forever. The establishment of a tion try to establish a religion for the other ? line dividing the common Territory was less a But the pulpit has become the minister of compromise than a fair adjustment of rights. the politician, and the politician has become The alternative was civil war. Were mem- the minister of the Gospel. No man has the bers of Congress prepared for such an alter- right to insist that another man's conscience native rather than recognize Slavery in a Ter- shall be ruled by his. But he was to deal

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