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COLLECTION OF

THE REVENUE.

167

Revenue.

federation. The 3d and 4th sections of the name, including therein so much of the collection of report read:

the customs as relates to light-houses, buoys, and “ That the said Commissioners shall be authorized matters of that nature, I appoint General W.W.

Hartee. to invite the Seceding States to meet in Convention, at such time and place to be agreed upon, for the

Fifth : Interior.—The direction of local matters purpose of forming and putting the motion for such within the State, including the militia and coast poProvisional Government, so that the said Provisional lice, I appoint General A. C. Garlington.” Government he organized to go into effect at the The Convention (January 4th,) appointed earliest period previous to the 4th of March, 1861. delegates to the General Congress of the SeThe same Convention of Seceding States shall pro- ceding States, as follows: The Hons. T. J. ceed forthwith to consider and propose a Constitu- Withers, L. M. Keitt, W. W. Bezee, James tion and plan of permament government for such Chesnut, Jr., R. B. Rhett, Jr., R. W. BarnStates, which proposed plan shall be referred back

well, and C. G. Memminger. to the several State Conventions for adoption or

The fortifications of the rejection.

The Collection of the “ That the eight deputies elected by ballot in this harbor began rapidly to as. Convention be authorized to meet the deputies of

sume shape early in Janother Slaveholding Seceding States of the Federal uary. The appointment, by Mr. Buchanan. Union, for the purpose of carrying into effect the of Mr. McIntyre, of Philadelphia, to be Colforegoing resolutions. It is recommended that each lector at Charleston, in place of Calcock, who of the said States be entitled to one vote in the said was paying over his revenues to the State, Convention upon all questions, and each State to was before the Senate for confirmation. As send so many deputies, equal in number to the Sena

soon as that confirmation could be obtained, tors and Representatives she is entitled to in the it was the purpose of the Administration to Congress of the United States."

send him to Charleston on the ar med steamer The new order of Gov- Harriet Lane, from which he should proceed New Executive Departments.

ernment (see page 113,] to collect the revenues of the port. To pro

embraced a division of the vide against such an “invasion,” the State executive into departments somewhat similar hastened to throw up batteries at several to the Cabinet of the President. On the 4th, points commanding the entrances to the port. ' the Governor announced these departments Buoys and ranges were removed, and the and appointments as follows :

lights suppressed. It was the positive deterFirst: The State Functions.-- Assistance of the mination of the authorities to allow no floatGovernor, with the exercise of his powers as now ing Custom-house in the harbor, nor to suffer delegated, and more especially in his intercourse a Federal Government vessel to enter their with the States ; also arrangements with foreign waters for any purpose whatever. As the powers, as in the appointment of Consuls, negotia- Southern Senators, aided by a few Northern tion of treaties, and formation of regulations for Democrats, refused to confirm Mr. McIntyre commerce. For this I appoint the Hon. A. J. Ma

—thus directly co-operating with the rebels grath.

Scond: The Law and War Object. For the su- in thwarting the Government--the President pervision of matters relative to the condition of hos- was not able to carry forward his policy for tilities, the management of the military, the dispo- collecting the duties, and the Harriet Lane sition of the troops, to receive the different ordinan- did not pay her promised visit to the bristling ces of the Convention and acts of the Legislature, harbor. For that pandering to treason the and as to the management of the troops in actual country ever must hold the Senate responsiservice, I appoint General D. J. Jamison.

ble; and loyal men will not cease to blame Third: The Treasury Jurisdiction.--The super- these Senators who interposed their authority vision of matters connected with the fiscal relations to prevent the President from doing his of the State, practical details, in the raising of funds

plain, palpable duty. provided for by any ordinance of the Convention and acts of the Legislature, not especially transferred to

The Charleston papers of Jan. 2d, gave nosome of the other departments, I appoint the Hon. tice of formidable military preparations on C. G. Memminger.

the islands. The Mercury said: “The military " Fourth: The Post-office Functions.--Indicated by movements are progressing rapidly all around

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us. The brave sons of Caro- | did not reply; while those few who replied The Military Move

lina, cheered by the en- negatively, were immediately stricken from ments.

couragement of her equally the rolls and their offices closed, thus giving courageous daughters, are earnestly and si- the Southern people a foretaste of the manlently doing all that men can do towards ner in which the General Government would putting our State in a position to defend her- exercise its constitutional prerogatives. The self against the world. For the present we reply of the Charleston Postmaster proved refrain from giving the particulars of the va- that, though the State had voted herself inrious works that are progressing. We will dependent of all Federal relations and oblionly say, for the benefit of anxious friends, gations, she still was willing to acknowledge that the gallant volunteers stationed at the “Uncle Sam” yet a little longer in her postal various posts around us are, one and all, de- matters, and was willing that he should con-. voting themselves to fill the exigencies of a tinue to lose money in carrying her mails.* noble cause, and that they are and will, Mr. Huger said :—“I do consider myself doubtless, continue in high spirits, and as responsible to the Government of the United comfortable as circumstances permit. ” States, in conformity with the existing laws,

Another paragraph of the same paper an- for all the postal revenues received by me as nounced that two hundred and sixty-three Postmaster at the City of Charleston." "prime field hands ” had passed through the Again :-“You will accordingly receive my city, en route for the defences. The paper re- quarterly accounts in a few days.” He inmarked: "Our young men will do the closed a copy of the Ordinance concerning storming and escalading—our slaves will postal affairs, and did not consider it incomraise our crops, and make our ditches, glacis patible with his position. It was not “inand earthworks for our defence." It was compatible with his position,” though the estimated that one thousand Negroes were authorities did not design the deposits of the at work, at a later day, upon the harbor Postmaster to account of the Federal Govfortifications, all volunteer laborers—that is, ernment should leave the State. "volunteered by their masters."

On the 3d, Governor Pickens sent to the Resignations of army and navy officers Legislature a special Message, detailing incicontinued. It was announced, among other dents, and covering his view of the facts reitems from Charleston, January 4th, that garding the recent movements in the harbor Commodore Shubrick was the guest of Colo- and city. It read as follows: nel Isaac Hayne—that Captain Hartstene

“ EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. would assume a command in the navy-to-be " To the Members of the Senate and --that “ Commodore” Barron and Captain

House of Representatives : Ingraham would be with them at the proper

“ The events that have rehour,* &c., &c.

cently transpired in the harbor

Governor Pickens

Message.
Late in December Post- of Charleston make it proper
The Post-oflice not

Master-General Holt ad-
Seceded.

dressed a circular to all * The following table will show to what extent Postmasters in the revolutionary States, to the Postal system of the South drew upon the Public know if they still recognized the authority of

Treasury : the Government over them and their offices.

Maryland ... $109,135 60 | Texas ..... $578,103 29 Many replied, chiefly affirmatively; others Virginia..... 255,339 26 Kentucky.. 196,042 39

N. Carolina. . 128,859 89 | Louisiana *" In 1832–33, when General Jackson was Presi- S. Carolina. . 140,409 67 Tennessee.. dent, and nullification was threatened by South

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EXCESS OF EXPENDITURES OVER RECEIPTS.

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357,693 14 161,273 59 426,714 81 289,808 14

Georgia 165,744 23 Missouri

Florida Carolina, he directed the Secretary of War and the Alabama

..... 167,218 78 | Arkansas

282,351 44 Secretary of the Navy to issue circular letters to all Mississippi .. 251,904 80 Total deficit $3,510,598 93 officers of the army and navy, enclosing a printed A total deficit of three and one-half miilions per oath which they were compelled to take, binding annum, for mail service alone, is one of the items of themselves to stand by the government. Mr. Bu- which the South forgot to complain, in its long list of chanan was not General Jackson.

impositions and losses it had suffered in the Union.

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SOUTH CAROLINA'S ORDINANCES,

169

that I should communicate the general facts in rela-sion of, to prevent any premature collision, and for tion to the same.

safekeeping, in the present exeited state of the pub" It was distinctly understood that those who had lic mind. All steps which have been taken, have the right to pledge the faith of the United States been taken from necessity, and with a view to give Government, on the one part, and those who had a security and safety in the present condition of the similar right on the part of this state, had agreed country. that after the act of secession there shonld be no

“The Convention has by its Ordinance withdrawn change in the forces within its keeping at the forts the State from the Federal Union, and by consein the harbor, nor should there be any increase of quence impose upon the Executive the duty of enthe United States forces until after the Commission-deavoring to sustain the honor and the rights of the ers appointed by the Convention should present State, and in this emergency I confidently rely upon themselves at Washington, and lay before the Presi- the Legislature to sustain the Executive in all proper dent of the United States the Ordinance of Seces- measures."

“F. W. PICKENS." sion, and the proposition to negotiate for the deliv

Mr. Farrow moved that the Message of his ery of the posts, and for the State to account for the public property on just and equitable principles. Excellency be referred to the Committee on All this was admitted and stated by the late Secre- Foreign Relations. tary of War, Governor Floyd, in his letter of resig A resolution was adopted in secret session, nation, which has been published. Pending this sol- changing the name of the Committee on Fedenn pledge, during the night of the 26th of Decem- eral Relations to Committee on Foreign Afber last, the commandant of Fort Moultrie sud- fairs, and, on motion, the Message was referdenly, without notice, evacuated that fort, and with red to that Committee. nearly every effective man under his command, and transferred the garrison over to Fort Sumter, the

In the Senate, on the same day, Mr. Bryan strongest position, commanding the harbor, and to offered the following, upon which he moved a great extent Fort Moultrie itself. He not only immediate consideration : did this, but actually burned the carriages of most " Resolved, That it be referred to the Committee of the heavy guns in an effective position, and on Military and Pensions to enforce and report whespiked all the guns, and injured the public property ther, in the event of actual hostilities between the in other respects. The fort was enveloped in smoke late Governmenment of the United States, or the citiand flames.

zens or Government of any one of them and this "When this was known in the early morning to State, it would be expedient for the General Assemthe good people of Charleston, they were thrown bly to provide for the granting letters of marque and into great excitement. I sent off an aid-de-camp to reprisal and letters of sea service to such persons as the fort to know by what authority the Commandant may volunteer for the naval service of this State, had acted, and to require that the Commandant should and will give adequate surety for a due observance return back to Fort Moultrie, as the Government of of the law of nations while in such service; and if the United States was pledged to keep all its forces so, to report by bill the most effectual method of as they were in the different forts.

proceeding in the premises." "The reply of Major Anderson was that he had The resolution was thereupon adopted. not known of any such pledge, and acted on his own

The South Carolina State responsibility, with a view to prevent the effusion of Convention adjourned Jan- Ordinances Passed. blood, and declined to return. I immediately ordered the occupation of Castle Pinckney and Sulli- uary 5th, subject to the van's Island, and if it could be done in safety, after call of the Governor. Among the ordinances an examination as to the reported undermining, then passed in secret session, were the following: Fort Moultrie itself should be occupied.

“ An Ordinanee Concerning Powers latety vested in " In the orders issued it was expressly stated that the Congress of the Uniten Stales.--That all powers these occupations were made with a view to pre- which by this State were heretofore delegated to the Fent the further destruction of public property, and Congress of the United States, shall be vested in the to secure the public safety, if possible. The officer, General Assembly, except that during the existence in taking possession of Castle Pinckney, stated if it of the Convention, the powers of the General Ashad not been done, the public property in that fort sembly shall not extend, without the direction of Fould have been destroyed, as was done in Fort this Convention, to any one of these subjects, to wit: Moultrie.

duties and imposts, the post-office, the declaration "The Arsenal, containing the arms of the United of war, treaties, confederacy with other States, citiStates, in the city, was more recently taken posses- zenship and treason.

An Ordinance Concerning Judicial Powers.—The “Scheme after scheme to keep the Union together Judicial powers heretofore delegated to this State, is formed, and bursts like bubbles on a fretful tide. so as to form a part of the Judicial power of the Every day brings its proof of the steady progress of United States, having reverted to this State, shall be the Government of the United States to dissolution, exercised by such Courts as the General Assembly and of the South to Union, while every effort made shall direct.

to avert this inevitable drift of things, only accele" An Ordinance to Define and Punish Treason.-In rates them to their final consummation. Not to act addition to what has been already declared to be is fatal, and to act is more speedily fatal. So, why treason by the General Assembly-treason against not at once acquiesce in the destiny of things-pitch this State shall consist only in levying war against the account-book of the Union into the fire, and take the State, or adhering to its enemies, giving them down the new account-book of a Southern Confedaid and comfort--and that treason shall be punished eracy? Then, spread out its fair pages for a glorious by death without the benefit of clergy."

history of independence, prosperity, and liberty. As Adverting to the doings

to the North--let it go over to Canada-or break up A Look Through of the Convention, the

into an Eastern, and Middle, and Western ConfedSouthern Spectacles.

eracy-all inferior in power, wealth, and civilization results impending the

to the great predominating Republic oi the SlaveCharleston Mercury thus chronicled its view

holding States of North America. Can they help of affairs at that juncture, January 5th:

themselves? We will see.”

CHAPTER VII.

AFFAIRS IN WASHINGTON EARLY IN JANUARY. STATE OF PUBLIC

FEELING. ACTIVITY IN THE WAR DEPARTMENT. BORDERSTATE COMMITTEE. THEIR PROPOSITION. THE ACTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF THIRTY-THREE. THE FORTS-THEIR COST, ETC. THE MORALE OF THE CONSPIRACY.

THE withdrawal of the be maintained by the Free States to the last Strengthened Public

South Carolina Commis- extremity. All classes wished for peace : Opinion. sioners was followed by a 'many to whom compromise was hateful ask

more determined spirit of ed for it rather than encounter the horrors resistance in the Cabinet, and by unmistaka- of a disrupted Confederacy. But, when it bly patriotic demonstrations on the part of became a demonstrable fact that the revoluthe Northern people. “Union ” meetings tionary States did not want compromisebecame numerous and imposing: the press, that they were unalterably set upon the forfast forgetting its chronic distemper towards mation of a Southern Slave Confederacy, the adversaries, began to harmonize on the ques- masses of the North drew closer together, tion of constitutional obligation, and to de- and, even before their representatives and leadmand of the President a rigorous policy of ers, were steeling their hearts for the crisis resistance to revolution: State Legislatures, of conflict. That no overtures might be left with singular unanimity, counselled resis- untried, the labors of the Border States to tance to revolution, and offered their tremen- concoct some remedy for the National disdous resources to aid the Executive in the ease, were patiently accepted, though, from discharge of his duty: messages from State the very first, it was apparent that no remedy Governors indicated clearly that the time for of theirs could allay the fever coursing in treating with treason had passed: the invio- the veins of the body politic. · lability of the Union, it was evident, would During the flrst week of January it was

TIE COMMITTE OF THIRTY-TIREE.

171

The Border State

Committee.

made known that the President would not dered to that effect. The steamer Star of the order Anderson back to Moultrie. Having West, at New York, was commissioned De

got rid of Floyd, he found cember 31st, and, all the week succeeding, New Elements in the in Judge Holt, a pure-mind was taking in stores and munitions with Cabinet.

ed adviser, whose patriot- which to sustain and strengthen the garrison, ism and energy at once seemed to change the On the 2d of January the President sent in whole current of affairs. General Dix, as Sec- the name of Wm. McIntyre, of Philadelphia, to Fetary of the Treasury, was equally patriotic be collector of revenue for the port and neighand trusted. Mr. Toucey, Secretary of the borhood of Charleston. Southern members, Navy, if he did not enter with ardor upon in this, saw the President's purpose to force the duty of resistance to the conspirators, South Carolina into submission to the Fedestill, being a Northern man, was not in league ral laws for the collection of duties, and of with them, and gave his casting vote on the course resisted. With the aid of Southern side of his government. Thus strengthened Democrats an adjournment was had,—thus in his counsels, and encouraged by the indi- refusing to consider the nomination. This cations of the people and state authorities "fillibustering” was resorted to at every atof the entire North, Mr. Buchanan would tempt to consider the appointment; and to have been worse than weak to have restored a few Northern Democrats was the country Anderson to certain destruction or disgrace indebted for that most direct collusion with by ordering him back to Moultrie.

treason, in tying the President's hands. Mr. IIolt was given the War Department Anticipating the failure portfolio Dec. 31st. He had assumed its du- of all propositions for a setties upon the resignation of Floyd, and with tlement before the Comsuch unmistakeable evidences of fitness for mittee of Thirty-three, a caucus of the Senathe trust that his appoinment gave the loyal tors and Representatives of the Border country much pleasure. The disloyal Senate States alone was convened, at the earnest refused to act upon his confirmation for many solicitations of Mr. Crittenden, Mr. Dougdays, but the growing strength of public las, the President, General Cass, and others, opinion toward resistance to, if not actual co- eminent citizens, then at Washington. It ercion of, the rebellious States, finally forced held a session Saturday evening, Dec. 29th, his recognition. General Winfield Scott was and appointed a committee to name tendered the seat, at the earnest solicitation member from each Border State, to sit as a of the best friends of the Government, but joint committee for the purpose of considerthe wise old warrior preferred to retain his ing propositions of compromise and adjustcommand of the army, and declined the Cabi- ment. The following names were reported: net appointment to serve his country in his “Senator Crittenden, of Kentucky, Chairman; own department. Mr. Holt very judiciously Messrs. Harris, of Maryland; Sherman, of called the veteran into his counsels, and the Ohio; Nixon, of New Jersey; Salisbury, of country found that, with the mere shadow Delaware; Gilmer, of North Carolina ; IIatof an army, the two men were prepared for ton, of Tennessee ; Petit, of Indiana ; Harris, the threatened emergencies as far as their of Virginia ; McClernand, of Illinois ; Barmeans at command would permit.

rett, of Missouri; Sebastian, of Arkansas; It was reported from Vandeveer, of Iowa; and Hale, of PennsylvaReinforcements for

Charleston, December 31st, nia."
Anderson.
that strong fortifications The Committee of Thirty-

The Committee of were being erected on the islands command three continued its session

Thirty-three. ing the harbor entrances, to prevent any re- during the week (Deceminforcements being sent to Sumter. Not-ber 31st-January 5th). On Monday, Mr. withstanding, General Scott and Judge Holt, Millson's proposition, to extend the Missouri with the consent of the President, prepared Compromise line, with recognition and proto make the attempt to send in supplies and tection of persons held to service or labor men. Secret preparations were instantly or- south of it, either in the present Territory, or

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