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CONDITION OF

FORT

MOULTRIE.

127

The Charleston Courier's small arms, clothing, provisions, accoutreCondition of Moultrie after the act.

special reporter, visiting ments, and other munitions of war had been

the partially evacuated fort removed off and deposited – nothing but to observe its condition, gave an interesting heavy balls and useless cannon remained. statement of his observations. He wrote: “The entire place was, to all appearances,

" In order to ascertain truthful statements littered up with the odds, ends, and fragof the actual damage done to the forts, of the ments of war's desolation. Confusion could causes of the movement, and of the state of not have been more complete had the late affairs generally, reporters were despatched occupants retired in the face of a besieging to the scene during the forenoon. On the foe. Fragments of gun carriages, &c., broway across the harbor, the hoisting of the ken to pieces, bestrewed the ramparts. SandAmerican flag from the staff of Fort Sumter, bags and barrels filled with earth, crowned at precisely 12 o'clock, gave certain indica- the walls, and were firmly imbedded in their tion that the stronghold was occupied by the bombproof surface, as an additional safetroops of the United States. On a nearer ap- guard -- and, notwithstanding the heterogeproach the fortress was discovered to be oc neous scattering of materials and implements, cupied, the guns appeared to be mounted, the walls of the fort evinced a vague degree and sentinels were discovered on duty, and of energy in preparing for an attack. A the place to give every sign of occupancy and ditch some fifteen feet wide and about the military discipline. The grim fortress frown- same in depth surrounds the entire wall on ed defiance on every side; the busy notes of three sides. On the south side, or front, a preparation resounded through its unforbid- glacis has been commenced and prosecuted ding recesses, and everything seemed to indi- nearly to completion, with a rampart of sandcate the utmost alacrity in the work on hand. bags, barrels, &c.

“ Turning towards Fort Moultrie, a dense "On one side of the fort a palisade of Palcloud of smoke was seen to pour from the metto logs is extended around the ramparts end facing the sea. The flagstaff was down, as a complete defense against an escalading and the whole place had an air of desolation party. New embrasures have been cut in the and abandonment quite the reverse of its walls so as to command the faces of the basbusy look one week ago, when scores of la- tion and ditch. These new defenses are all borers were engaged in adding to its strength incomplete, and are evidence of the haste all the works skill and experience could sug

with which they were erected. Considering gest.

the inferior force, in point of numbers, under " In the immediate vicinity of the rear or his command, Major Anderson had paid parlandside entrance, however, greater activity ticular attention to strengthening only a small was noticeable. At the time of our visit, a part of the fort. large force of hands had been summoned to “A greater portion of the labor expended deliver up their implements for transporta- was spent upon the citadel or centre of the tion to Fort Sumter. Around on every side west point of the position. This he had were the evidences of labor in the fortifica-caused to be strengthened in every way; tion of the work. In many places, a portion loop-holes were cut and everything was so of the defences were strengthened by every arranged that in case a well-concerted attack appliance that art could suggest or ingenuity was made, he would have retired from the devise ; while, in others, the uncompleted outer bastions to the citadel, and afterwards works gåve evidences of the utmost confu- blow up the other portions of the fort. For sion. On all hands the process of removing this purpose mines had already been sprung, goods, furniture, and munitions was yet go- and trains had been laid ready for the appliing on. The heavy guns upon the ramparts cation of the match. The barrack-rooms of the fort were thrown down from their car- and every other part of the fort that was inriages and spiked. Every ounce of powder defensible would have gone at a touch. and every cartridge had been removed from "On the ramparts of the fort fronting Fort the magazines; and, in fact, everything like Sumter, were nine eight-inch columbiads,

for Resistance.

mounted on wooden carriages. As soon as | took possession of Moultrie. Captain Foster, the evacuation of the fort was complete, the seeing the approach of the troops, retired up carriages of these guns were fired, and at the the beach to a small boat with his eight men, time of visiting the fort yesterday, were near- and was suffered to pull over to Sumter. The ly consumed, and the guns thereby dismount- work of restoration immediately commenced. ed. These guns, as well as those constituting Anderson could have shelled the fort, had he the entire armament of the fortress, were dared to assume the offensive; but, as his spiked before it was abandoned. This is the orders were imperative, to stand only on the only damage done the fortification, further defensive, he soon had to see one thousand than cutting down the flagstaff, and the troops and Negroes swarming on' Sullivan's breaking up of ammunition wagons to form and Morris' islands, throwing up fortifications ramparts on the walls of the fort.”

and mounting guns for his own destrucThis movement of the tion. Had he been empowered to forbid this Active Preparations

commander was construed hostile work, the shot and shell of his tre

by the Convention as a mendous Columbiads would haver endered it threat of coercion, and every means were simply impossible for the revolutionists to taken to prepare for resistance. A commu- erect their batteries. One of Mr. Buchanan's nication was dispatched to the Commission- most unfortunate mistakes was to resist reiners at Washington, authorizing them to de- forcements of the forts in the harbor, when mand of the President the unconditional they could have been thrown in early in Noevacuation of the forts in the harbor in vember. His next great error was to hamper event of his refusal to order Anderson hack Anderson with orders which forbade him to to Moultrie, and thus restore the status ante assume the responsibility of destroying fortiquo bellum. The telegraph offices were placed fications expressly designed for the subjugaunder State control. The post-office was con- tion of the besieged garrison. The patriotism sidered to be under surveillance. The cus- and courage afterwards introduced into the tom-house already had become part of the Cabinet, in the persons of Judge Holt, Judge machinery of State. Orders were issued, du- Black and General Dix, gave the country ring the day, for the occupation of Castle good cause to regret their introduction at so Pinckney and Fort Moultrie by the State late an hour. troops. The arsenal, already in possession The movement into Sum

Honor to of State troops under Major Humphreys, gave ter was received with re

Major Anderson freely of its plentiful stores to equip the markable unanimity of troops, and to furnish munitions and artil- approval in all sections of the country, save lery as they were required. Mr. Floyd had, in the disaffected States. Even there many during his four years' administration, suc were found who saw in the act the attitude ceeded in placing ten years' ordinary supplies best calculated to force matters to a speedy in that arsenal, and thus had, indeed, be- settlement. It would seem to prove that, if friended “the cause."

it had “precipitated” matters politically, it During the afternoon of had also precipitated the unsettled patriotism Seizures by the State

Thursday (December 27th), of the people to glisten like a ruby on the Troops.

the two forts were occu- “Ethiop breast” of the rising storm. The pied. Castle Pinckney was taken by Colonel press, the pulpit, the platform, the poets-all J. J. Pettigrew, with a force of two hundred chaunted pæans for the loyal Andersonmen. That fort had not a soul in it, and was more loyal and true, indeed, than his supeso barricaded that scaling ladders had to be riors. His name became the theme of disused to secure an entrance. The guns were course, for many a day, in public and private, found spiked, the ammunition and stores throughout all the States still faithful to the secured, and the flagstaff down. When it constitution and the Laws. Such spontahad been stripped no one knew. Lieutenant- neous, heartfelt congratulation never before Colonel De Saussure, with two hundred men, I was offered to a servant of the United States.

HISTORICAL SUMMARY OF EVENTS,-NO2.

FROM DECEMBER 27th, 1860, TO MARCH 4th, 1861.

Dec. 27.-Occupation of Fort Sumter, in Charles- | that Lieutenant-General Scott had been appointed ton Harbor, by Major Anderson. Fort Moultrie is Secretary of War, ad interim, produced a thrilling dismantled.

effect and occasioned much indignation among the - The United States Revenue Cutter Aiken betray. is in favor of extensive military preparations. Post

Secessionists, who are fully aware that General Scott ed by its commander, Capt. N. L. Coste, into the master-General Holt is in temporary charge of the hands of the South Carolina authorities.

War Department, and to-night is attending to the Dec. 28.-South Carolina authorities seize the duties there, in company with the Chief Clerk. Custom-house and Post-office. Castle Pinckney

Dec. 31.-Senator Benjamin, of Louisiana, made a and Fort Moultrie occupied by State troops. The Arsenal at Charleston is held by orders of Governor powerfnl secession speech in the United States

Senate. Pickens. Large numbers of troops pouring into Charleston. One body of eighty men received from

Jan. 1, 1861.-The New York Journals of to-day Georgia. The Palmetto flag flying from the forts, all regard the capital as in danger of seizure. One public buildings, &c. The Stars and Stripes only says: “It is now well known that military companies flying from Fort Sumter. A dispatch to a member have been organized and drilled for months past in of the Cabinet, from Charleston, says troops are Maryland and Virginia--some of them under the eye pouring in from all directions.

of an officer of the regular army-and that the dis

tinct object of their organization is to aid in the -Mr. Holt, the Postmaster-General, sends orders seizure of Washington city in the interest of the disto the Sub-treasury at Charleston, to remit all the unionists, or the prevention by force of Lincoln's balance, $35,000, on the Post-office account in his inauguration. Some of the less prudent of their possession, immediately, to the credit of the depart- leaders boast in private circles that they have five ment. If this order is not complied with at once, he thousand well-armed and organized men ready to will demand of the Federal Government to enforce strike the blow instantly upon the concerted signal orders. He is also determined, as before suggested, being given." to suppress mail matter to and from South Carolina, Jan. 2.-In view of the dangers which threaten the if the mails are interfered with in that State.

city of Washington, General Scott has taken steps to -The Cabinet broke up to-night, after five hours place the militia of the district under arms. Regusession, without coming to any conclusion relative lars are also being ordered to the Navy Yard and to the disposition of troops at Charleston. The im- every precaution is to be taken to avoid a surprise, pression prevailed that a conflict was inevitable. and to repel any attempt at revolutionary proceedSecretary Toucey and Mr. Holt, Postmaster-Gene- ings. ral, urged defense; the others, a further evacuation, --A dispatch from Georgia states that the elecif necessary.

tion returns indicate that the State has voted, by Dec. 29.-John B. Floyd resigns his appointment a large majority; for immediate secession. The State in Mr. Buchanan's Cabinet as Secretary of War. In troops are also reported to be in possession of the bis letters of resignation he charges the President United States arsenal in Savannah, as well as of with a purpose to inaugurate civil war by refusing Forts Pulaski and Jackson. to withdraw Anderson from Charleston harbor en --Gov. Ellis, of North Carolina, dispatched troops tirely. “I cannot consent to be the agent of such a to-day to seize upon Fort Macon at Beaufort, the calamity," (civil war,) and therefore tenders his re forts at Wilmington, and the United States arsenal signation. It was accepted by the President, Dec. at Fayetteville. It was done to keep the property 31st, in a very curt and summary note.

from seizure by mobs--so Gov. Ellis wrote to the -- The South Carolina Commissioners make known Department of War. their mission, by official communication to the Pre - Private accounts from Charleston state that a

thousand negroes are engaged in the erection of forDec. 30.-The President replies at length to the tifications in the harbor, and that the channels leadSouth Carolina Commissioners, declining to receive ing to Fort Sumter have been obstructed by sunken them.

vessels, and the buoys removed. Also, that Gov.

Pickens has received the offer of 10,000 volunteers Dec. 31.—Reports from Charleston state that strong from without the State, who hold themselves in fortifications are going up in and around the harbor, readiness to march at a minute's warning. to resist any reinforcement of Fort Sumter.

--Senator Baker, of Oregon,concluded his response --It is announced from Washington that the report to Mr. Benjamin's speech, in the United States Senate. which prevailed throughout the city this afternoon It was pronounced a “ masterly effort."

sident.

Jan. 2.-Mr. Baker was followed by Mr. Douglas, , meets. Ex-Secretary Floyd and United States Sen. who charged upon the Republican party the presentator Mason are both in Richmond, and both urge a troubles. He declared for compromise, and for giv, policy looking to co-operation with South Carolina. ing the South any necessary Constitutional guarantees.

--Toombs, of Georgia, made a very violent and Jan. 3.--The Florida Convention met at Talla

treasonable speech in the United States Senate. hasse.

Jan. 8.-Salutes very generally fired thronghout - The South Carolina Commissioners return home,

the Northern cities in honor of the battle of New having failed of recognition by the Federal govern

Orleans, Major Anderson and the Union. ment, They wrote insulting letters to the President, Jan. 8.-The South Carolina Commissioners ad. prior to their departure.

dress the Alabama State Convention. -The War Department rescinded the order for - The South Carolina and Alabama Commissionthe shipment of guns from Alleghany Arsenal to the ers address the Florida Convention. unfinished forts in the South. This uews gave great

— The South Carolina and Alabama Commissioners satisfaction to the loyal people of Pittsburg.

invited to seats in the Mississippi Convention. Jan. 4.-Fast day, by proclamation of the President. It is quite generally observed in the Northern

- Secretary Thompson resigns his seat in the States and in the Border Slave States, but is not re

Cabinet, urging, as the cause, that, against positive garded in the Gulf States.

promises to the contrary, troops had been sent to

Major Anderson. The South Carolina Convention nominated as

-Agents for the purchase of arms for the Southdelegates to the proposed Southern Confederate Congress: Hon. T. J. Wither, L. M. Keitt, W. W.

ern States are busy in New York and Philadelphia. Boyce, James Chesnut, junior, R. B. Rhett, junior,

Large orders are being filled by Colonel Colt, for R. W. Barnwell and C. G. Meminger.

pistols and rifles for the South. -The United States' Arsenal, at Mobile, seized.

-The President sends a special message to ConIt contained large quantities of munitions and arms,

gress. Fort Morgan, at Mobile, was also seized and garris Jan. 9-A dispatch from Washington states that oned, by order of Governor Moore.

the Cabinet is in session, deliberating upon the proJan. 5.- Enrolment of volunteers going on in

priety of arresting Senators Toombs and Wigfall, for several Northern cities, to be offered to the Presi- / high treason. dent to enforce the laws.

-The steamer Star of the West, with supplies, and --Great Workingmen's meeting in Cincinnati.

250 troops for Fort Sumter, is fired into from Fort Resolutions passed declaring that the Union must be

Moultrie and a battery on Morris' Island. She is preserved in its integrity by the enforcement of the

struck by a shot and puts to sea again, without comlaws in all parts of the Union by any necessary

municating with the fort. means. An immense meeting was also held in Phila — The Virginia House of Delegates, of Virginia, delphia in honor of Anderson and the Union. Reso-adopts the Convention Bill, and names February 4th. lutions were passed, demanding the President to en- | as the day of election of delegates. force the laws. All parties took part in the pro

-Fort McHenry, at Baltimore, is occupied by a ceedings.

company of United States troops. :-À despatch from Washington says :—“The Alabama and Mississippi delegations held a confer

-The Mississippi Convention passes the ordinance ence last night, and afterward telegraphed to the of secession by a vote of 84 to 15. Conventions of their respective States advising them! Jan. 10.-The Florida Convention passes the ordito secede immediately, saying there is no prospect nance of secession by a vote of 62 to 7. of a satisfactory adjustment. They resolved to remain there, awaiting the action of their States."

Jan. 11.-The Alabama Convention passes the

ordinance of secession by a vote of 61 to 30. ---The Florida Legislature and Convention assemble.

---Mr. Thomas, Secretary of the Treasury, resigns. -The steamer Star of the West sailed secretly from The Arsenal at Baton-Rouge, Louisiana, seized New York with supplies and reinforcements for by the State authorities. Forts Jackson and St. Fort Sumter. Governor Hicks, of Maryland, pub- | Philip, at the mouth of the Mississippi river, and lishes his address to the people, stating, at length, Fort Pickens, at the Lake Ponchartrain entrance, his reasons for not convening the Legislature. He seized by State troops, by order of Governor reiterated strong Union sentiments.

Moore. -- It is rumored in Washington that the President - A detachment of United States troops occupied is firm in carrying forward his new policy of resist the Post-office, Custom-house and Sub-Treasury ance to further encroachments, so far as lies in his , at St. Louis, as a precaution against their seizure by power. Companies of Federal troops are being the mob. quietly concentrated in and around the Capital, for

-General John A. Dix, of New York, is appointed its defense.

Secretary of the Treasury, in place of Mr. Thomas, Jan. 7.--Alabama Convention meets.

of Maryland, resigned. -Mississippi Convention meets.

Lieutenant Talbot, as bearer of despatches from ---Tennessee Legislature meets.

Major Anderson, arrives at Washington. He reports -Special Session of the Virginia Legislature the Major able to hold out for about two months,

HISTORICAL

SUMMARY.

131

with the supplies of food on hand. He has a pass-nary for a settlement. He is not received by the port from Governor Pickens. A long Cabinet meet- President in any official capacity, but is requested ing followed.

to state to the War Department, in writing, his pro- The Florida Ordinance of Secession passed.

positions. ---Resolutions pass the New York Legislature,

Jan. 17.–Military Committee of Sonth Carolina tendering the President of the United States aid in Legislature report that the exigencies of the times

demand that South Carolina be placed on a war support of the Constitution and the Union.

footing. The plan for submarine telegraph lines to Jan. 12.-Mr. Seward speaks in the Senate. His all the fortifications was adopted. position as the prospective Secretary of State in the Lincoln Cabinet, gave his words the weight of au

---In the Virginia Legislature the Committee on thority. His speech is pronounced to be “emi Federal Relations report the Crittenden resolutions Dently conciliatory."

as a proper basis of adjustment: that Commissioners

be appointed to South Carolina and to Washington, -A despatch from Springfield, Illinois, says : requesting non-action of a belligerent character un" The conviction now prevails, in Presidential cir- til Virginia can act, &c., &c., for compromise. cles, that the day of compromise is past, and that nothing but force will bring rebellious States back ries of resolutions was passed by a unanimous vote,

Jan. 18.-In the Massachusetts Legislature a seinto the Union."

tending to the President of the United States such --Lieutenant Hall, on the part of Major Anderson, aid in men and money as he may require, to mainand Colonel Hayne, as bearer of the ultimatum of tain the anthority of the General Government. The the South Carolina Government, leave for Washing- preamble to the resolution declares that the State of ton.

South Carolina, in seizing the fortifications of the Jan. 13.—The Virginia Legislature resolves to Federal Government, the Post-office, Custom-house, call a State Convention on the 13th of February.

moneys, arms, munitions of war, and by firing upon

a vessel in the service of the United States, had com--The Navy Yard and Fort Barrancas, at Pensamitted an act of war. cola, surrendered to the Florida and Alabama troops, by Commander Armstrong. Fort Pickens, under

-The Virginia Legislature passes a bill approcommand of Lieutenant Slemmer, bids defiance to priating $1,000,000 for the defense of the State, and Armstrong's orders, and will hold out to the last.

a bill authorizing the issue of treasury notes to that Lientenant Slemmer withdrew from Fort McRae to amount, bearing six per cent. interest. occupy the stronger post of Pickens.

- The Georgia State Convention, in secret sesJan. 14.-An act passes the South Carolina Legis- and duty of Georgia to secede ; and, second, ap

sion, adopted resolutions, first, declaring the right lature declaring that “any attempt by the Federal pointing a Committee of Seventeen to report an OrGovernment to reenforce Fort Sumter will be regarded as an act of open hostility and a declaration dinance of Secession, by a vote of yeas 165, nay,

130. of war; also approving of the act and promptness of the military in firing on the Star of the West, and Georgia State Convention. Yeas 208, nays 89.

Jan. 19.-Secession Ordinance passed by the promising to support the Governor in all measures of defense."

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-The Committee on the Confederacy of the MisJan. 16.—The Crittenden Resolutions lost in the sissippi Legislature has reported resolutions to proC'nited States Senate by the adoption of Mr. Clark's vide for a Southern Confederacy, and to establish a substitute to the effect that the Constitution is good provisional Government for seceding States and enough-only wants to be obeyed; that secession is states hereafter seceding. The proposed Southern a dangerous remedy, against which all the energies Convention will meet at Montgomery on the 4th of of government should be directed.

February.
--The Majority Reports of the Committees of patches from high sources in Charleston show that

-A despatch from Washington says :-“DesThirty-three and Thirteen are published.

the authorities there feel disappointed that Lieuten-- The Arkansas Legislature unanimously passes a ant Talbot, who reached there to-day, did not bring bill submitting the question of calling a Convention back evidences that the United States Government to a vote of the people, February 28th.

was ready to surrender to their demands at once.

A gloom hangs over the city." -The State Convention bill passes the Missouri Legislature. The election of delegates to be held --The Tennessee Legislature calls a State ConFebruary 18th--the Convention to assemble Febru. vention to assemble February 25th. Election of ary 2sth. The voters for delegates are to say “yes” Delegates to be held February 9th. The Ordinance or “no" on their ballots to decide whether or not of Secession, if passed, is to be submitted to the the ordinance of secession if passed shall be submit- people for ratification or rejection. ted to the people for ratification.

Jan. 20.—The Alabama Delegation in Congress Major-General Sandford tenders to the Governor withdrew, having received official notice of the seand through him to General Scott the service of the cession of their State. first Division of the New York State militia, numbering seven thousand thoroughly armed and disciplined McRae is being occupied and the guns manned by

Jan. 21.--A dispatch from Pensacola says “ Fort men, " for any service which may be required of the allied forces of Florida, Alabama, and Missisthem."

sippi.” One thousand of these “allied” troops are Col. Hayne, as agent" of Governor Pickens, besieging Fort Pickens, and seven hundred more demands the surrender of Fort Sumter as a prelimi- I are reported to be on the way. The work of per

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