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“Fort Moultrie is an enclosed them has been built. The one completed is formed Fort Moultrie. water battery, having a front of solid masonry. In constructing the other, how.

on the South, or water side, of ever, a framework of plank has been substituted. about 300 feet, and a depth of about 240 feet. It is Against the inside of this wooden outwork loose built with salient and re-entering angles on all sides, bricks have been placed. Both bastionettes are and is admirably adapted for defense, either from armed with a small carronade, and a howitzer pointthe attack of a storming party, or by regular ap- ed laterally so as to command the whole intervening proaches.

moat by a cross-fire. “ The outer and inner walls are of brick, capped “In the hurried execution of these extensive inwith stone, and filled in with earth, making a solid provements, a large force-about 170 men—are wall 15 or 16 feet in thickness. The work now in constantly engaged. Additions are daily made to progress consists in cleaning the sand from the walls this number, and the work of putting the post in the of the fort; ditching it around the entire circumfer- best possible condition for defense, is carried on ence, and erecting a glacis; closing up the postern with almost incredible vigor. gates in the east and west walls, and, instead, cut "A few days ago Colonel Gardner, who for years ting sally-ports, which lead into strong outworks on had held the Commandant's position,and whose courthe south-east and south-west angles, in which 12- tesy and bearing had won the friendship of all who pounder howitzer guns will be placed, enabling the knew him was relieved in the garrison to sweep the ditch on three sides with command by Major Robert An The Garrison. grape and canister. The north-west angle of the derson of Kentucky. Major fort has also been strengthened by a bastionette, Anderson received his first commssion as Brevet 2d to sustain the weight of a heavy gun which will com- Lieutenant, 2d Artillery, July 1st, 1825, was acting mand the main street of the island. The main en- Inspector-General in the Black Hawk War, and retrance has also been better secured, and a trap-ceived the rank of Brevet Captain, August, 1838, for door, two feet square, cut in the door for ingress his successful conduct in the Florida war. On Sepand egress. At this time, the hight of the wall from Jember 8th, 1847, he was made Brevet-Major, for his the bottom of the ditch to the top of the parapet is gallant and meritorious conduct in the battle of 20 feet. The ditch is from 12 to 15 feet wide at the Molino del Rey. base, and 15 feet deep. The nature of the soil “ The other officers are: Captain Abner Doubleday, would not seem to admit of this depth being in- Captain T. Seymour, Lieutenant T. Talbot, Lieutencreased, quicksand having been reached in many ant J. C. Davis, Lieutenant N. J. Hall-all of the places. The work on the south side is nearly fin- First Regiment Artillery. ished. The counterscarp is substantially built with * Captain J. G. Foster and Lieutenant G. W. Snyplank, and spread with turf. The glacis is also der, of the Engineer Corps. finished. It is composed of sand, and covered with Assistant-Surgeon S. W. Crawford, of the Medical layers of loam and turf, all of which is kept firmly in Staff. place by the addition of sections of plank nailed to “The force under these gentlemen consists of two · uprights sunk in the sand, and crossing each other companies of Artillery. The companies, however, at right angles, making squares of ten feet each. are not full, the two comprising, as we are informed, The purpose of the glacis, which is an inclined only about seventy men, including the band. A plane, is to expose an attacking party to the fire of short time ago two additional companies were exthe guns, which are so placed as to sweep it from pected, but they have not come; and it is now posithe crest of the counterscarp to the edge of the tively stated that there will be for the present, at beach. On the north side all the wooden guncases least, no reinforcement of the garrison. have been placed close together on the ramparts, “ While the working men are doing wonders on the apparently for the purpose of securing it against an outside, the soldiers within are by no means idle. escalade, but possibly as a screen for a battery of Field pieces have been placed in position upon the heavy guns. A good many men are engaged in green within the fort, and none of the expedients of clearing the ramparts of turf and earth, for the pur-military engineering have been neglected to make pose of putting down a very ugly-looking arrange the position as strong as possible. It is said that the ment, which consists of strips of planks 4 inches greatest vigilance is observed in every regulation wide, 14 inches thick, and 6 or 8 feet long, sharpen- at this time, and that the guns are regularly shotted ed at the point, and nailed down, so as to project every night. It is very certain that ingress is no about 3 feet horizontally from the top of the walls. longer an easy matter for an outsider, and the visitor

“ A noticeable fact in the bastionettes to which we who hopes to get in must make up his mind to aphave above alluded, is the haste in which one of | proach with all the caution, ceremony and circumlo

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ACTION OF

THE

SOUTHERN STATES.

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cution with which the allies are advancing upon the in advance, in that arsenal, the quotas of muscapital of the Celestial Empire.

kets to be assigned to several Southern States? Fort Sumter, the largest of our fortresses, is It will be found only one of many acts evia work of solid masonry, octagonal in form, pierced dencing direct complicity with the revolutionon the north, east and west sides with a double row ists on the part of Mr. Floyd, from an early

of port-holes for the heaviest Fort Sumter. guns, and on the south or land stage of the conspiracy, that 70,000 stand of

side, in addition to openings for arms were placed in that arsenal and turned guns, loop-holes for musketry, stands in the middle over for safe keeping to the revolutionists themof the harbor, on the edge of the ship channel, and selves. Whatever justification the secession is said to be bomb-proof. It is at present without leaders may urge for their refusal to obey the ang regular garrison. There is a large force of laws, it will be found impossible to justify workmen - some one hundred and fifty in all — the duplicity and treason practiced by cabibusily employed in mounting the guns and otherwise net officers who used their high positions and putting this great strategic point in order. The ar

sworn authority to betray their confiding mament of Fort Sumter consists of 140 guns, many constituents. If Mr. Floyd, or Mr. Cobb, or of them being the formidable ten-inch “ Columbi- Mr. Thompson, even thought secession, they ads," which throw either shot or shell, and which had no right, as honorable and just men, to have a fearful range. Only a few of these are yet in remain a single day in the cabinet. That position, and the work of mounting pieces of this calibre in the casemates is necessarily a slow one. they did remain, to scheme and plot against There is also a large amount of artillery stores, con

the government which was paying them their sisting of about 40,000 pounds of powder, and a pro- salaries, which they had sworn solemnly to portionate quantity of shot and shell. The workmen uphold and defend, from which they had reengaged here sleep in the fort every night, owing to ceived all their honors and political position, the want of any regular communication with the cannot fail to attach a stigma to their names city. The wharf or landing is on the south side, and which no historian may efface, let the result is of course exposed to a cross fire from all the of the Revolution be what it may. Benedict openings on that side.

Arnold's treason was not more odious to manThe fortress most closely commanding the city kind because of its failure—its success would and its roadstead is Castle Pinckney, which is have equally rendered his name a synonym located on the southern extremity of a narrow slip of marsh land, which extends in a northerly direc

of moral turpitude. tion to Hog Island Channel. To the harbor side the

Secretary Thompson paid

Secretary Thompso-called castle presents a cir son's Complicity.

a hurried visit to North Castle Pinckney, cular front. It has never been

Carolina (December 18th), considered of much consequence to induce the State Legislature to act on the as a fortress, although its proximity to the city question of a cooperation of States in the would give it importance, if properly armed and gar- Secession movement. The Secretary was unrisoned. From hasty observation, we find that there derstood to be entirely committed to the are about fifteen guns mounted on the parapet; the plans of the Seceders in disrupting the majority of them are eighteen and twenty-four Union ; but, like most of the Conservatives pounders. Some “ Columbiads” are, however, within in the Gulf States, preferred that there should the walls. There are also supplies of powder, shot, and shell. At present there is no garrison at the be cooperation among the States, thus to post; the only residents are one or two watchmen, render the safety of the act more assured, and who have charge of the harbor light. Some thirty the formation of a Slave Confederacy more or forty day laborers are employed repairing the expeditious. The Secretary acted as the Comcisterns, and putting the place generally in order.” missioner of Mississippi to North Carolina. The arsenal in Charleston was already lost The Crisis Committee of

The Crisis Committee. to the Government by direct orders of Secre- | Thirty-three, on Monday,

Second week. tary Floyd-having been, early in December, (December 17th,) received turned over to the Governor's care under plea from Mr. Rust, of Arkansas, a proposition of keeping it safe from mob seizure. Why which he assumed was the ultimatum of the were not the arms transported, in October, to South. It was, in substance, the extension of Fort Moultrie? Why had the Secretary placed, the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific,

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The Senate Commit

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with recognition and protection of Slavery | ultimatum proposition; but no definite action
South of it. Consultations were constantly was taken. The Republicans expressed their
being held by the different Congressional del opposition to an actual protection to the in-
egations, to consider the several schemes pro- stitution South of the line named. It would
posed and the action proper and necessary for involve the recognition of the right of Sla-
their representative on the Committee. This very to Congressional protection—a right they
representative, therefore, became the exponent were, under any circumstances, unwilling to
of the ideas and feelings of his State. concede,

Tuesday, Mr. Winter Davis' proposition Thursday's proceedings were devoted to
was adopted unanimously. It was as follows: the further discussion of the Rust proposi-

"Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives, tion. Mr. Adams of Massachusett's in a very
That several States be respectfully requested to able and elaborate speech, took the position
cause their statutes to be revised, with a view to that the Republican party could not consent
ascertain if any of them are in conflict with, or tend to any proposition looking to a protection of
to embarrass or hinder the execution of the laws of Slavery in Territories, or to amendments to
the United States, made in pursuance of the 20 sec- the Constitution, looking to a recognition of
tion of the IVth article of the Constitution of the Slavery by that instrument.
United States for the delivery up of persons held to

The proceedings of Friday were confined
labor by the laws of any State and escaping there to the Rust propositions. It was decided,
from; and the Senate and House of Representatives
earnestly request that all enactments having such finally, to adjourn the vote, on their accept-
tendency be forthwith repealed, as required by a ance or rejection, to Thursday, December

29th. After adjournment the Republican
just sense of constitutional obligations, and by a due
regard for the peace of the Republic. And the Presi- Members of the Committee remained in close
dent of the United States is requested to communi- conference for some time.
cate these resolutions to the Governors of the sey The Senate Committee of
eral States, with the request that they will lay the Thirteen also held a session

tee of Thirteen.
same before the Legislatures thereof respectively." on Friday. Mr. Wade of

This resolution, apparently, gave the Ohio repeated the substance of his previous assurance that the Republicans were solicit- declarations. He stated that “ no compromise ous in regard to Constitutional obligations. could be made, as the Republicans had done The discussion which grew out of its intro- nothing unconstitutionally, not having been duction elicited the confession from Southern in power to do so. Mr. Lincoln, having been members that the Republicans had been mis- elected according to the Constitution of the represented on the question of the enforce- United States, he ought to have the same ment of the Fugitive Slave Law, while the chance as others had before him to develop several "Liberty Bills” of Northern States, his policy, which would be perfectly consistwhich underwent a searching analysis, were ent with their constitutional rights. The asshown to be in strict concordance with the sumption that the Republicans, nothing Constitution, and comparatively harmless in having been brought against them of any their reputed opposition to an enforcement of practical character, were going to do some the Fugitive Law. The day's work was, wrong, was an insult, and came with bad therefore, highly satisfactory, as it won from grace from a party that had so much mischief the Southerners themselves, acknowledg- to the country.” ments of their hitherto misapprehensions and This brought out Mr. Douglas, who, in a misinterpretations of the Anti-Slavery oppo- spirit of great candor and earnestness, desition of the North. A sub-committee, con- clared that “ he was ready now to unite in sisting of Messrs. Davis, Dunn, Millson, Bris- recommending such amendments to the Contow and Kellogg, was appointed, to consider stitution as will take the Slavery question out the amendments proposed by Southern mem- of Congress. In view of the dangers which bers to the Fugitive Slave Law.

threaten the Republic with disunion, revoluWednesday's session of the Committee was tion, and civil war, he was prepared to act directed to the consideration of Mr. Rust's upon the matters in controversy, without any

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1

ON

105

COMPROMISE

RESOLUTIONS ACTED

regard to his previous action, and as if he to aid in the dismemberment of the Union. had never made a speech or given a vote on When he is satisfied that there is no hope of the subject."

adjustment, and not until then, will he exerMr. Crittenden expressed a like spirit, and cise any power with which he is vested to gave utterance to the hope that nothing might afford even an opportunity for such a proat least result from the acts of the Committee ceeding. Whatever powers he may have he which would, in any degree, savor of a disin- will use only after full consultation with the clination to adjust differences and thus to other Border States, since we and they, in court the calamities of disunion.

the event of any dismemberment of the Union, We may add to our chap- will suffer more than all the others combined. Gov. Hicks's Union

ter of the week's features He states that he is now in correspondence Declaration.

a reference to the recep- with the Governors of these States, and awaits tion, by Gov. Hicks, of Maryland, of the Com- with much solicitude the indications of the missioner from Mississippi, Judge H. K. Han- course to be pursued by them. When this is dy. Their correspondence, as published,Satur- made known, he will be prepared to take day, Dec. 22d, in the Baltimore papers, showed such steps as duty and the interests of the that, under the executive hand of Gov. Hicks, State demand. He is, consequently, unable Maryland could not be thrown into the seces to say whether or when the Legislature will sion movement. The gist of the correspon- be called. dence may thus be given:

The Hon. W. S. Featherstone, CommisJudge Handy inquires whether the Gov- sioner from the same State to Kentucky, had ernor will convene the Legislature for the an interview with Gov. Magoffin, of Kenpurpose of cooperating with Mississippi in tucky, Dec. 21st., but the result was not defimeasures necessary to defend the rights of nitively made known until a later day. the South and to form a new confederacy. December 21st, Caleb The Governor replies at some length. He Cushing arrived in Char

Caleb Cushing's says that Maryland is identified with the leston as a messenger from Mission to Charleston. Southern States in feeling, institutions, and the President to the Conhabits ; but she is also conservative and de- vention. His mission was understood to be voted to the union of the States under the to prevail upon the Convention to respect the Constitution, and her people will use all hon- status quo of the Federal laws during Mr. Buorable means to preserve and perpetuate these. chanan's administration, giving guarantees He declares that the sentiments of the people of a non-reinforcement of Major Anderson. are almost unanimous in favor of upholding He remained but five hours in the city, and and maintaining their rights under the Con- returned immediately to Washington to restitution. They believe that their rights will port that the Convention would make no yet be admitted and secured, and not until it promises whatever—that it must act as ciris certain they will be respected no longer- cumstances might dictate-leaving all negonot until every honorable, constitutional, and tiations to special commissioners. A cabinet lawful effort to secure them is exhausted—will meeting was called (Dec. 22nd,) upon his they consent to any efforts for a dissolution return, when a stormy and anxious session is of the Union. The people of Maryland are reported to have been held. anxious that time should be given and oppor The Committee's Saturday's Session, was tunity afforded for a fair and honorable ad-one of earnest consideration. Mr. Crittenjustment of the difficulties and grievances of den's Compromise Resolutions were brought which they, more than the people of any other forward and acted upon. The entire plan State, have a right to complain.

was supported by Messrs. Bigler and DougHe believes that a large majority of the las, as well as by Mr. Crittenden himself, with people of the Union desire an adjustment, remarkable power and zeal. Mr. Douglas reand he thinks it will be promptly effected. iterated his expressed determination to conUntil the effort is found vain, he cannot con- sider the question for the preservation of the sent to any precipitate revolutionary action country, as though he had never cast a vote

or uttered a sentiment on the subject before. it if the Republicans would propose it in good If that mode of compromise would not an- faith. swer, he declared himself willing to go for The second proposition submitted by Mr. any other, consistent with honor or justice. Crittenden, denying the right of Congress to

The appeals of Mr. Crittenden in behalf of abolish Slavery in the dockyards and arsenals, the Union are said to have been sublime. He, was voted against by Messrs. Collamer, Dootoo, was willing to embrace any other effec- little, Grimes and Wade. The remainder of tive mode of adjustment.

the committee voted for the proposition, but Mr. Bigler, of Pennsylvania, preferred a as it had not a majority of the Republicans, it division, by a line, across the country, because was defeated under the rules adopted by the in that way the question of Slavery could be Committee, that no proposition should be taken out of Congress and separated entirely considered adopted and recommended to the from the popular elections in the North, Senate which did not receive a majority of without which we never could have perma- the Republican votes and also a majority of nent peace.

those opposed to the Republicans. Messrs. Wade, Doolittle, Collamer and The third clause, denying the right of Grimes, opposed the proposition with much Congress to abolish Slavery in the District earnestness. They maintained that the people, of Columbia was defeated by the same vote, in the late election, decided the question of the Republicans all voting against it, and the Slavery in Territories, and therefore they had remainder of the Committee for it. no concessions to make or offer. They mani

The fourth clause, establishing the right of fested great unwillingness to act, in the transit, was defeated by the same vote. absence of Mr. Seward, but as they could give no assurance of his immediate return, Fugitive Slave law, by requiring the several

The fifth, which is intended to perfect the the Committee declined to defer action on States to pay for fugitives who might be resaccount of his absence. Messrs. Davis, Toombs and Hunter dis- the same vote, the Republicans all voting in

cued from the officers of the law, was lost by cussed the present unhappy condition of the

the negative. country with real feeling and power, and, while manifesting a willingness to accept

Many other propositions were offered and any measure of final settlement which would voted upon, but none of leading importance, secure their just rights in the Union, insisted none that would meet the great exigencies of

the times. that propositions must come from the dominant party, the Republicans.

Mr. Davis submitted a resolution expressly The vote on Mr. Crittenden's first resolu- recognizing property in slaves, but no vote tion was as follows:

was taken on it. For the proposition-Messrs. Bigler, Crittenden, Mr, Toombs submitted a series of resoluDouglas, Rice and Powell—5.

tions, embraeing substantially the principles Against it-Messrs. Davis, Doolittle, Collamer, of the Breckenridge platform, but final action Wade, Toombs, Grimes and Hunter-7.

was not taken on them, Messrs. Hunter, Toombs and Davis, never The Committee adjourned, to meet at ten theless, intimated an inclination to go for lo'clock on Monday morning.

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