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The Drone—No. X 707

Remarkable Watch 709

On Disrelilh of Life, 710

Anecdote of Foote, 712

Of the Prison of Philadelphia,

and Prisons in general, ... 713 Visit to the Bettering-House, or

House of Correction 714.

Observations on the annual Passage of Herrings 717

Anecdotes of Santa Teresa, . . 720 Ideas of ancient Luxury, . . . 722

Character of Livy, ibid

Character of Virgil, 723

Character of Horace, 724

Character of Ovid 725

A Tell sordiscovering, in Wine,
Metals that are injurious Co

the Health, ibid

The Miscellanist—No. VII. . 726

Walter: A Tale, 727

Religion theFoundation of Content: An Allegory, .... 732 View of the Origin, Education, ■nd Progress, of a Modern Burister before the Inferior Courts, 735

Page. A short Historical Account of

Athens, 739

Picture of an ill-natured Man, 743
Character of Dr. S. Johnson, . 745
Extracts from Meares's Voyages
to the North-West Coast of

America, 748

History of Anningait and Ajut, 752 The Rose, 7S6

The American Must.

ORIGINAL.

To the Memory of Mrs. Scriba

and her infant Daughter, . . 757

ToEthelinde, 758

A Mirror for Vice 759

SELECTED.

Messiah 760

Mrs. Robinson's Handkerchief, and Judge Bullets Wig: A Fable . . . 762

Monthly Registir.

Foreign Department, 763

Domestic Occurrences 76;

Marriages, 768

Deaths ibid

With a beautiful Engraving 0/ Isaiah the Prophet.

NEW-YORK: rRINTID BT THOMAS AND JAMKS SWORDS, No. 27, WILLIAM-STRUT.

— I792 —

To Correspondents

The Editors Have to acknowledge the receipt of severi Essays -, some of which, but for their length, would \av. had a place in this number-, but as this concludes a vokiirc they did not think it proper to insert any which required t-. be continued—They will therefore be duly noticed nexi month.

^C? Our Correspondents will please to recollect, this a Letrer-Box for the reception of communications intended for the New-York Magazine, is placed in an eligible situation in front of the house where it is published; they will likewise recollect, that letters sent through the Post-Offici are attended with considerable expence; and as the ctf mode of communication is full as easy as the other, '» hoped for the future those who prefer the Post-Office to our Box, will be good enough to pay the postage that may become due on their favours.

The List of Subscribers' Names will accompany the Magazine for January.

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PART of oar entertainment at the last meeting consisted in the following letter from one of our members, who resides at a small distance from this city. It was directed to the President, with permission to lay it before the Society, and contains some judicious observations, tho* somewhat tinged with that peculiarity of sentiment and stile which more strongly marked the writer in conversation while with Ut.

DEAR. SIR,

THIS comes hoping that you are in good health, as I am at present.— I make no doubt but you will be surprised at this exordium to one of my epistles, as I usually leave health and compliments to the postscript, and not unfrequently seal up the letter without thinking upon that appendage. Having a good constitution of my own, I have seldom enquired into the health of others, except I had reason to think them actually out of order; but a late indisposition has taught me better manners, and I intend in future to be more polite and more inquisitive.

Our own calamities teach us to feel for those of others. That from which I have received this useful lesson was a severe cold, by which 1 was confined at home for about ten days;—

when perfectly recovered, I thought no more on it, and should have continued answering " very well," to the usual question at meeting, had not my friends kept me continually in mind of my late situation, by kind enquiries, "honu my cold tuas"— "how long I had been confined"— "hosing I had not caught the epidemical sore-throat, and happy that I bad not"—remarking, " that they had not had the pleasure os seeing me for nearly 1>wo iveekt."—I must confess, that this apparent tender anxiety, expressed with the graces of politeness, the warmth of friendship, or the musical softness of the female voice, had a most pleasing effect upon me, who am but little used to sickness and its etiquettes; and tho' I had reason to suppose that none of those who so warmly congratulated me were possessed of that regard which their expressions teemed to import—tho' I knew these expressions to be words of course, applicable and applied to every person in a similar situation, yet I could almost have wished to be confined by sickness seven days in every fortnight, in order to enjoy the congratulations of my friends lor the remainder.

In every circumstance of life, I

seek, and usually find, two lessonr,

one for particular, aud the other for

general genera! use; in the present case, the beginning of this letter exemplifies the former; and the latter, as J deduce it, is, that moj} ofour pleasures arise from the ii.Hl to receive them, from •whatever Jour ce they may bederived; and many arc too eft to refuse them admittance, merely because Reason does not direSly prove that they ought to be considered as pleasures. H ad I realoned upon (he real meaning and propriety of the compliments of my acquaintance, or had I considered them as having no meaning at all, I must have been deprived of a considerable part of my happiness in so inany affectionate friends:—1 knew the fact indeed, but I did not wish to call it up to interpose between ire •nd my enjoyments. I would not wish, however, to inculcate a love of pleasure at the expence of reason, as this is a Idson too easily learned; I will therefore make the proposition more general, and state it thus:—

Reason may be frequently misapplied by being applied to ohjeSs not -within its jurisdiction, audits ptjjejj'or in such cafes becomes either ridiculous or mt' happy.

Reason may be compared to speech —both are important faculties, characteristics of the Lord of the Creation —but both may be misused: there •re objects so sublime or so incomprehensible, that in the contemplation of (hem both language and reason mull give pl.ice to admiration and ■we. This is a proof that reason is not given to be applied to every purpose—to be continually exerted. But it is not only in the sublime and incomprehensible that this faculty cannot he applied; even in familiar life we often meet with circumstances where it would be, if not arfunwclcome, at k il an improper guest.

The polite flattery of common conversation, the fashionable amusements, the decoration of the person, and, above all, that science which

teaches us in female society to siwport an agreeable conversation abee, nothing, all afford ample scope fx the reprehension of this grave Bcktor, Reason: yet they ore at!J /-ass, in their season, agreeable, useful aii necessary.

To exert the powers of reason arson objects like these, is to debase rt: inestimable faculty; it is like appi> ing the complicated powers of a wi machine to the removal of a weigi. of a few pounds. The march of ti: Roman Emperor to the sea shore t: gather shells was a mighty work ; h:< army, no doubt, was completely ci:ciplincd and equipped for the exse-' dition; their motions and er camp mer.ts were probably regulated by the . rules of art; and the triumph wnka . followed must have been n agoiC.-ecf. all this was great—it was acmirab.'e; but it was out of season, and the occasion made the march of an army, i victory and a triumph, objects of contempt. King Agit, ridinp npoa a stick among his children in the hours of relaxation, was a more agreeable sight, and more to (he honour of human nature.'

I cannot help thinking, perhaps sometimes uncharitably, that tfcfe who employ so much of their wisotta upon small things, have but link a spare, and that but little acaprec? to greater objects. I will not inuouiice a simile to illustrate this, as your Iimgination will easily find several: in the mean time, let me present yon with a picture from real life.

Solanus has reasoned himself «» a most unhappy and contemptible situation by this too great exercise oi his rational powers. He is always enveloped in thought, consequently always grave, and as ur fit for society as the ghost of Bar quo. He is seldom pleased in company, since the usual conversations and plans of amufement scarcely ever come up u> his ideas of what stub thimgs csgktt

be;

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